ST Report: 27-Jan-95 #1104

From: Bruce D. Nelson (aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 01/30/95-11:36:39 PM Z

From: aa789@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: ST Report: 27-Jan-95 #1104
Date: Mon Jan 30 23:36:39 1995

                            SILICON TIMES REPORT
                       STR Electronic Publishing Inc.
   January 27, 1995                                              No. 1104
                            Silicon Times Report
                        International OnLine Magazine
           MNET - Toad Hall BBS.....................1-617-567-8642

 > 01/27/95 STR 1104  "The Original * Independent * OnLine Magazine!"
 - STR INDUSTRY REPORT    - Compaq TOPS in '94     - NAVCis PRO 1.5 
 - Apple Licenses Logo    - Wings of Glory         - Prodigy SIGNS!
 - About 32 Bit           - Jaguar DOOM Review     - Legal WAR Clouds?
 - Jaguar NewsWire        - People Talking         - STR Confident           Featuring: * 45GB * of Download Files
          Operating with * Mustang Software's WILDCAT! BBS v4.01 *
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               Delivered via Subscriber List through Internet
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           MNET - Toad Hall BBS.....................1-617-567-8642

 > 01/27/95 STR 1104  "The Original * Independent * OnLine Magazine!"
 - STR INDUSTRY REPORT    - Compaq TOPS in '94     - NAVCis PRO 1.5 
 - Apple Licenses Logo    - Wings of Glory         - Prodigy SIGNS!
 - About 32 Bit           - Jaguar DOOM Review     - Legal WAR Clouds?
 - Jaguar NewsWire        - People Talking         - STR Confidential!

                         -* INTEL: "NEVER AGAIN!" *-
                          -* NEW UNISYS DEAL OK! *-
                    -* SHARP CLAIMS 3-D BREAKTHROUGH! *-

                   STReport International OnLine Magazine
                The Original * Independent * OnLine Magazine
                           -* FEATURING WEEKLY *-
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      Current Events, Original Articles, Tips, Rumors, and Information
              Hardware - Software - Corporate - R & D - Imports
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 > From the Editor's Desk             "Saying it like it is!"

      Since we don't have "real" winters here in the south, <g> I wish
 somebody would tell mother nature this little factoid.  The morning frost
 and ice on the windshield is getting to be a real pain.  If you believe
 that... I'll tell you another.  Actually, the winters here in north
 Florida are a pleasure.  They're cold enough to knock out the fleas and
 mosquitos but certainly not unbearable.  I do not miss the snow shoveling
 and digging the car out of ice crusted ruts.  One incident that seems to
 happen at least once every winter to those living (living?) up north is
 not missed a bit.  Have you ever stepped off a curb into the street only
 to step on a frozen over puddle that's been obscured by snow or broken
 pieces of ice and wind up ankle deep in super cold ice water??  No sir, I
 don't miss the Northern Winter one bit.  
      This coming Sunday is the Super Bowl.  During the day, We may go Bass
 Fishing and then watch the "game" and all its super expensive ad time. 
 Have many of you noticed who the real winners seem to be through the play-
 offs?  The advertisers; Microsoft, IBM, Intel, 3DO, Sega..  Etc..  How
 many others can you name that seemed to be "in the national sports
 spotlight" throughout the playoffs?  They are the real winners folks, they
 got their logos and product names in-front of more people than their
 competition did with all their hard copy and regional cable ads and
 remarkably, did it faster and more effectively! 

      On new and different front, apparently the real game machine winner
 (Sales Wise) for Christmas, 1994 is estimated to be at "three sales to
 one" for all the others is none other than the 3DO format.  There is no
 point in mentioning who was the most dismal.  They'll soon disappear from
 the market anyway.  Most all outlets report "almost runaway sales" for the
 3DO format.  
      One can only imagine what the same picture will look like this coming
 Christmas 1995.  One thing is for sure, advertising ..well placed
 advertising is the name of the game.  3DO enjoys a recognition factor
 that's beyond remarkable.  Its superb.  Regardless of opinions of Trip
 Hawkins and his methods the bottom line is he "pulled off the marketing
 coup" of the year.  A few other "smart" companies could and would do well
 if they paid attention to Hawkins' methods of promotion and advertising.

      Have a good weekend and of you are going to a SuperBowl Party, please
 don't forget your designated driver.


 Of Special Note:
      STReport will be branching out further to Internet's userbase in the
 very near future.  We've received numerous requests to receive STReport
 from a wide variety of Internet addresses.  As a result, we're putting
 together an Internet distribution/mailing list for those who wish to
 receive STReport on a regular basis, and we'll UUENCODE each issue and
 mail it to you.
      If you're interested in being added to our mailing list, please, send
 your requests to either "" or, RMARIANO@DELPHI.COM.  Look
 for mailings to begin by October first.  We are also considering a number
 of Internet ftp sites in which to post our issues for as well.  Whatever
 we can do to make STReport available to you. we'll try it!


  STReport's Staff                      DEDICATED TO SERVING YOU!

                             Publisher -Editor
                              Ralph F. Mariano

                  Lloyd E. Pulley, Editor, Current Affairs

 Section Editors
      ----------     -------------       -----------    -------------
      R.D. Stevens     R. Niles           J. Deegan     D. P. Jacobson

 STReport Staff Editors:

           Michael Arthur           John Deegan         Brad Martin    
           John Szczepanik          Paul Guillot        Joseph Mirando
           Doyle Helms              Frank Sereno        John Duckworth
           Jeff Coe                 Steve Keipe         Guillaume Brasseur
           Melanie Bell             Jay Levy            Jeff Kovach    
           Marty Mankins            Carl Prehn          Paul Charchian

 Contributing Correspondents:
           Dominick J. Fontana      Norman Boucher      Clemens Chin   
           Eric Jerue               Ron Deal            Mike Barnwell  
           Ed Westhusing            Glenwood Drake      Vernon W.Smith
           Bruno Puglia             Paul Haris          Kevin Miller   
           Craig Harris             Allen Chang         Tim Holt  
           Patrick Hudlow           Tom Sherwin

       Please, submit letters to the editor, articles, reviews, etc...
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 develop  the  high standards of straight forwardness our readers have come
 to expect in each and every issue.

                                              The Staff & Editors



                         IBM/POWER-PC/PC SECTION (I)

                   Computer Products Update - CPU Report
                   ------------------------   ----------
                  Weekly Happenings in the Computer World
                                Issue #04
                    Compiled by: Lloyd E. Pulley, Sr.

                  ******* General Computer News *******

                   >> Sharp Claims 3-D Breakthrough <<

    Prototype displays for three-dimensional moving images that could be 
 used for 3-D television in the future have been developed by European 
 researchers for Japan's Sharp Corp.
    Sharp Laboratories of Europe Ltd., based in Oxford, Britain, developed 
 14 and 8.6-inch liquid crystal displays, "enabling viewers to see three
 dimensional color images of television quality without wearing special 
    The new 3-D display is composed of two LCD panels, put together at a 
 right angle with a mirror between them. Images shown on the panels are 
 reflected on the mirror, creating a three-dimensional effect for the 
    In Tokyo, a Sharp spokesman said that marketing plans for the new 
 displays have yet to be established. The spokesman said the displays 
 also can be used in existing computers and video camera-recorders, as 
 well as in various kinds of multimedia terminals to be developed in the 
                   >> Maxtor, Hyundai Team on Disks <<

    A manufacturing partnership to produce hard disk drives has been 
 created by Maxtor Corp. and Hyundai Electronics Industries Co.
    Reports from Maxtor say the agreement calls for the two companies to 
 exchange technology and that Hyundai will build the product at its 
    The two companies, which last year formed a strategic relationship 
 when Hyundai invested $150 million in Maxtor, say they hope their latest 
 agreement will lead to production at a Korean plant by the summer.
                     >> Spectrum Files Chapter 11 <<
    Spectrum Information Technologies Inc. says it and three of its four 
 operating subsidiaries have filed voluntary petitions for Chapter 11 
 bankruptcy. The company says it took the step in order to stem substantial
 financial losses and focus on developing its core wireless data
 transmission technology.
    Spectrum says it also has closed its unprofitable Computer Bay
 subsidiary, which served as a national franchisor of independent resellers 
 that sell microcomputers and related products.
                   >> Sony Spurns Toshiba Video Disc <<
    Sony Corp., which has been under strong pressure to abandon its new 
 video disc standard for one that is backed by a group of rivals led by 
 Toshiba Corp., announced this week it will not give up on its own 
    The standard that was developed by Toshiba and Time Warner Inc. 
 already has the international support of Matsushita Electric Industrial 
 Co. Ltd., Hitachi Ltd., Pioneer Electronic Corp. Thomson Consumer 
 Electronics SA of France and MCA Inc. of the United States.
    Sony and Philips Electronics NV have developed their own standard, 
 and the Toshiba-led DVD, which is a different and incompatible standard, 
 has been a major blow to Sony's work.
    The new systems are upgrades of music CDs which use new laser
 technology to store more data -- 7.5 times as much in the case of the
 Toshiba camp. Its disc is double-sided, with each side capable of storing
 five gigabytes of data, enough for 135 minutes of film. The Sony-Philips
 version is a single-sided disc capable of storing 135 minutes of film and
 has a 3.7 gigabyte storage capacity.
                      >> Intel Vows Future Disclosures <<
                       "NO MORE PENTIUM CONTROVERSIES"
    That's the promise from chipmaker Intel Corp., which, intent on putting
 its recent Pentium public relations nightmare behind it, says in the
 future it will openly disclose any new flaws in its products as they are
 discovered and analyzed.
    Spokesman Howard High is reported as saying that his employer learned 
 a critical lesson from the recent uproar over Intel's delay in informing 
 the general public about an obscure flaw in its Pentium chip: that the 
 public want to be fully informed about any problems in products.
    "Rather than make a decision for the computer user we'll disclose (any
 flaw) in technical detail," High said.
                     >> Apple to License Its Logo <<
    Apple Computer, Inc. has announced a worldwide corporate brand
 licensing program. The computer maker will license its well-known
 spectrum-colored Apple logo and other Apple trademarks for third-party
    Apple has selected The Beanstalk Group, a New York- based company that
 specializes in corporate brand licensing, to represent Apple as its
 exclusive licensing agency.
    "Apple's objective with the brand licensing program is to extend
 positive brand awareness and to protect our trademarks," says Mike Dionne, 
 Apple's vice president of worldwide corporate communications. Dionne 
 notes that research has shown strong consumer recognition of the Apple 
 logo. He adds that the Apple name is associated with characteristics 
 such as ease-of-use, innovation, high quality, good value and education.
                   >> Dell, Microsoft Ink Win95 Deal <<
    Dell Computer Corp. says it has signed a market development agreement 
 with Microsoft Corp. that calls for the two companies to work together 
 to market the upcoming Windows 95 operating system.

    Dell says the deal ensures that its customers will be able to take 
 advantage of the new operating system as soon as it becomes available. 
 The computer maker adds that Windows95 will be offered across its 
 desktop and notebook product lines.
    "We see Windows95 as the most important systems software transition 
 of the past several years," says Michael Dell, the company's chairman 
 and CEO. "Dell is very focused on ensuring a smooth and rapid transition 
 for our customers."
    Dell adds that the company has begun training its technical support 
 and sales teams to ensure that they are knowledgeable about the new 
 operating system.
                   >> Compaq Top PC Company in 1994 <<

    Dataquest Inc.'s final 1994 PC shipment estimates show that worldwide 
 personal computer market grew by 20% in 1994.  And for the first time in 
 more than a decade, a company other than IBM or Apple Computer led the 
 world in PC shipments as Compaq leapfrogged the perennial PC shipment 
 leaders. The market researcher notes that Compaq took the top spot in 
 dramatic fashion by shipping 847,000 more PCs than any other 
    Compaq managed to lead the U.S. market by outpacing previous leader 
 Apple. Packard Bell jumped to third in the U.S. market on the strength 
 of its retail sales. IBM slipped to fourth, and Gateway 2000 rounded out 
 the top five with 41% growth in 1994.

    Compaq and Packard Bell experienced large growth rates as they 
 shipped 53% and 101% more PCs in 1994 than in 1993, respectively. In 
 fact, Compaq and Packard Bell were the only companies in the top five to 
 increase their share of the market.
                  >> Electronic Arts Wraps Up Buyout <<

    Entertainment software publisher Electronic Arts says it has completed
 its acquisition of Bullfrog Productions Ltd., a European interactive game
 developer based in Surrey, U.K.
    Bullfrog becomes a wholly-owned subsidiary of Electronic Arts. 
 Financial terms of the agreement weren't disclosed.

    Bullfrog is best known for its strategy and simulation CD-ROM games, 
 such as Populous, PowerMonger, Syndicate, Theme Park and Magic Carpet.
    Bullfrog is the third major interactive software company acquired by 
 Electronic Arts in the past three years. Origin Systems Inc., a developer
 of entertainment software titles, including the Wing Commander and Ultima
 series, was acquired in 1992. Distinctive Software Inc., developers of
 such EA SPORTS properties as NHL Hockey and FIFA International Soccer, was
 acquired in 1991.

                  >> Microsoft, Sony in Network Deal <<
    Microsoft Corp. and Sony Corp. have announced plans to cooperate on 
 the development of hardware and software for interactive broadband 
 networks (IBNs).
    The products will include continuous-media servers for on-demand 
 audio and video, and interactive home terminals to allow users to access 
 and navigate network services.
    Microsoft and Sony plan to evaluate the technology in Microsoft's 
 Redmond, Washington, laboratory in 1995 and later in conjunction with 
 network operators and system integrators.
    Microsoft and Sony will also work together to explore the creation of 
 new markets in electronics for consumer and professional applications 
 through the development of next-generation devices and services.
    "The continuing convergence of the consumer-electronics and computer 
 markets makes Sony's strengths in building state-of-the-art products the 
 perfect complement to our software expertise," says Bill Gates, chairman 
 and CEO of Microsoft. "When we sat down to discuss the areas where we 
 have shared goals, it was clear that consumers worldwide can benefit 
 from our cooperative innovations."

    Sony will participate in the Microsoft Insight Program, a collabora-
 tive program for network operators, original equipment manufacturers, 
 and systems integrators offering training, technical information and 
 participation in design and testing.
                 >> IBM Triples Fourth Quarter Profits <<
    IBM Corp.'s fourth quarter profits more than tripled to $1.2 billion, 
 compared with earnings of $362 million a year ago. Fourth quarter reve-
 nue was $19.9 billion, an increase of 6.6% from the 1993 period, after 
 adjusting for the sale of the IBM's Federal Systems Company. Quarterly 
 earnings were equal to $2.06 a share; analysts had projected earnings of 
 $1.40 to $1.93 a share.
    Annual revenues climbed 6% to $64.1 billion from $60.4 billion. IBM 
 said fourth quarter growth was strongest in its Asian and European 
 markets, while the United States lagged and Latin America declined.
                   >> IBM Recalls ThinkPad Adapters <<
    IBM Corp. is recalling 32,000 power adapters for its ThinkPad port-
 able computers. The company says the devices could create an electrical 
 shock hazard.
    IBM says it knows of no injuries caused by the adapter, which works 
 with the ThinkPad models 360CS, 755C, 755CE and 755CD.
    The computer maker notes that adapters purchased after October 1, 
 1994 bearing the model number AA19210 are the only units with the 
 internal fault. IBM says it will offer replacement parts at no cost.
                     >> Stanford Computers Invaded <<
    Officials at Stanford University's Linear Accelerator Center, which 
 helps conduct energy research for the federal government, reports their 
 computers were electronically invaded last weekend, but apparently no 
 permanent damage was caused.
    Reports say the electronic break-in occurred Sunday night and was 
 discovered Monday.
    The hacker or hackers tried to get passwords and accounts to gain 
 access again later.  The center, run by Stanford for the U.S. Energy 
 Department, cut off outside access to the system while investigating the 
    Chuck Dickens, the center's director of computing services, said 
 "This is a public laboratory, there's no secret work here, nothing 
 confidential ... nothing at all related to national security."
    Subsequently, the center said in a statement the intruder modified 
 one of the computer systems in an attempt to obtain passwords and 
 accounts for later access and then tried to hide what he or she had 
 done. But it said there appeared to be no permanent damage to any 
 research data. 



 > NAVCIS PRO 1.5 STR Spotlight

                     NavCIS Pro version 1.5 for Windows

                    P E R F O R M A N C E   U P G R A D E
                            (25% to 30% faster!)

 Filenames:  WP15.EXE, UPGR15.TXT 
 Location :  LIB 15  (Registered NavCIS Pro users only)

 Version 1.5 was designed to increase performance.  We changed our
 development tools in order to increase NavCIS's overall speed.  First and
 foremost, we changed compilers and used an optimizing compiler.

 Next, we upgraded our database library to a newer version (and improved on
 it).  We've also upgraded the communications library.  The net result is a
 faster, more robust NavCIS.  Our beta testers report overall performance
 to be somewhere between 25% and 30% faster.  Without significant file size

 We decided to use an optimizing compiler and "tweak" NavCIS's performance
 because we saw the day approaching when the amount of features added to
 NavCIS to make it easier and more powerful would, in fact, cause NavCIS to
 bog down.  Rather than create a feature-laden Rubenesque program, we
 decided to trim NavCIS down *before* adding more features.  This gives us
 the added benefit of creating a defacto standard against which we can
 measure future NavCIS performance.

 New Features
 Even though this is a "Performance Upgrade" we have added some interesting
 new features.  Here's a brief recap of the new features:

 1. Enhanced auto-quoting:  now you can quote from the original msg
    multiple times with just one mouse-click.

 2. Improved spell checker: edit or remove words that you have added to
    private dictionaries, also better suggestions provided.

 3. Unread: mark a msg as "unread" and it will appear as New each time you
    fetch new messages.  An easy to use reminder on a message by message
    basis. For e-mail and forum messages.

 4. Saved indicator: shows you when you've saved a message to disk.

 5. Exit & Pack: now you can "force" the databases to pack when exiting.

 6. Define database buffer size: this allows you to choose the best buffer
    size for your data... and will cut down on long integration times.

 7. Support for 8.3 forum filenames: CompuServe will shortly support
    8.3 filenames (vs. the current 6.3 format).

 8. 57.6k baud support: designed for users with 28.8k modems.

 9. Reduced packet sizes: even the "noisiest" of phone lines can 
    reliably download data by using the 128-byte packet size.

 10. Improved OnLine help: topics like OS/2 and Windows NT are discussed,
     in addition to many other enhancements.

 11. Support for "snap-to" mouse drivers.  This can be configured by
     changing the SnapTo= in the NavCIS section of the NAVCIS.INI file.

 12. Support for alternate area "What's New".  Some areas have their own
     What's New menu, such as the Central Pacific region.

 13. Blinking Focus:  In Configuration, Options, Environment, there is a
     new check box called Blinking Focus.  This allows you to turn off
     the new blinking focus we've added. What's a blinking focus? 
     If you touch a button, say in Catalog view, it's easy to forget that
     the focus is now on that button rather than the editing area of the
     catalog dialog.  The blinking focus provides a much more obvious
     reminder where the focus is currently.

 14. Database robustness: faster database access as well as better data
     integrity assurance routines have been added.

 15. Easy to use Windows self-extractor:  we've changed from a DOS self-
     extracting EXE file to a Windows self-extractor program.  The new
     self-extraction program is much smarter, and very easy to use,
     thereby making the upgrade to v1.5 painless and simple.

 NavCis is available in the Dvorak Forum on Compuserve.  Type: GO DVORAK


 > CD7 CD-ROM STR InfoFile             FAST.... Seven Disc CD-ROM

                                 CD7 CD-ROM

                  Seven Disc CD-ROM Automatic Loader System

 Mountain's new CD7 CD-ROM Minichanger is designed to increase productivity
 for high-volume CD users. The CD7 keeps up to seven discs on-line, which
 virtually eliminates the disc swapping you do every time you change
 applications with a traditional single-disc drive. And Mountain's CD7
 won't keep you waiting, because any one of the seven discs can be loaded
 in just five seconds.

 Mountain's CD7 also allows you to keep multiple CD-ROM applications open,
 because the CD7 will manage the disc swaps for you. In addition, adding a 
 new disc to your stack is quick and simple with the CD7's push-button
 loading. You don't need to grapple with caddies or cartridges to load;
 just drop a disc in the tray and the CD7 does the rest.

 The CD7's integrated DOS and Windows software automatically manages disc
 selection, so you don't have to remember where a particular CD is located. 
 Mountain's innovative software uses standard system calls to determine
 which CD to load for each application, and automatically loads the correct
 one every time you launch the program.

 Mountain's CD7 has all the features of expensive CD changer systems at a
 fraction of the cost. It manages up to seven discs -- more than any other
 system in its price range! In fact, the CD7 is so affordable, it actually
 costs less than many single-disc drives. Abundant features and low price
 make the CD7 perfect for both sophisticated users seeking upgrades 
 as well as novices buying their first CD-ROM drive.

 Features                                Benefits
 --------                                --------
 Manages up to seven discs          Keeps almost 5GB of data on-line and 
                                    loads the Correct disc when you 
                                    launch each application

 Changes discs in less than         Allows quick access to 
 5 seconds                          your data

 Simple push-button loading         No hassle loading magazines or disc

 Automatically selects the          You can access multiple 
 correct disc                       discs without keeping track of slots or
                                    using a loader menu each time

 Rugged 2X CD-ROM drive             Provides reliable high speed access to
                                    your data at twice the speed of    
                                    Standard CD-ROM drives

 Stereo headphone and RCA-type      Allows use of Audio CDs for 
 jacks                              creation of multimedia 
                                    programs and entertainment

 High Performance Double Speed Drive Mountain's CD7 uses a rugged
 double-speed 300KB drive with an average access time of 380ms. Twice 
 the speed of standard CD-ROM players, the CD7 is perfect for demanding
 applications like multimedia, games, and desktop publishing.

 Audio CD compatibility lets you integrate music into your presentations,
 or simply listen to your favorite artist while you work. The CD7 is also 
 compatible with multisession Photo CDs, so you can view your personal
 photographs or access stock photo libraries for desktop publishing.

 Simple Installation
 Because the CD7 connects to your computer through a standard SCSI port,
 installation couldn't be easier.  Most users who already own a CD-ROM
 drive can use their existing SCSI controller for the CD7 and keep their
 single-disc drive as well. Mountain also designed the CD7 with a selection
 switch to provide either SCSI or SCSI II compatibility.

 Mountain's CD7 Minichanger includes the external drive, power supply cord,
 installation and operations manual, integrated software and user's guide,
 and comes with a one year warranty.

 Mountain CD7
 P/N: 01-37080-01 Includes:
      External CD Changer
      Power Cable
      Installation and Operations Manual
      Integrated Drive Software and User's Guide
      One year warranty
 System Requirements
      IBM PC/AT or compatible computer
      MS-DOS version 6.0 or higher
      512KB of conventional memory
      SCSI host adapter supporting the ASPI standard
      SCSI interface cable with a SCSI I D-type connector

 CD7 CD-ROM Minichanger

 Number of discs supported
 Up to 7

 Compatible disc standards
 Photo CD (multisession)

 User data per block
 2048 (mode 1)
 2336 (mode 2)

 Audio outputs
 Front panel - Stereo mini phone jack (headphone output)
 Rear panel - RCA-type phono jacks (line output)

 Switch selectable for either SCS I or SCSI II
 SCSI I 50-pin D-type connector

 Data transfer rate
 300KB/s (sustained double speed)
 1500KB/s (burst)

 Average access time
 380 ms

 Disc rotation speed
 1061 - 411 rpm

 Disc change time
 5 seconds

 Buffer memory
 65 KB / 256KB (optional)

 Reliability read error rate
 10-12 bytes (mode 1)
 10-9 bytes (mode 2)

 Power Requirements
 110-130V~  60hz  0.12A
 210-240V~  50hz  0.06A

 Operating temperature
 +5 degrees to +50 degrees C

 Operating relative humidity
 4% to 85% (non-condensing)

 CD Subsystem (WxLxH in./cm)
 7.8 x 12.6 x 3.7 / 19.5 x 32.0 x 9.5

 Shipping Container (WxLxH in./cm)
 11.7 x 16.7 x 9.1 / 29.8 x 42.4  x 23.0

 Shipping Weight (lbs./kg)
 8.6 / 3.9

                       Mountain Network Solutions, Inc.
                             360 El Pueblo Road
                        Scotts Valley, CA 95066-4268
                     Tel: (408) 438-6650  (800) 458-0300
                             Fax: (408) 461-3047
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                            Tel: (44) 276 686454
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     All other product names are trademarks of their respective owners. 
              Specifications subject to change without notice.


 > What IS 32 Bit? STR FOCUS!


      With the recent release of Windows for Workgroups there has been a
 great deal of confusion regarding the wonderful phrases "32-bit file
 access" and "32-bit disk access". 32-bit disk access has been with us
 since Windows 3.1 while 32-bit file access is new with WFW 3.11. Many
 users find that they are not precisely sure what it is that these types of
 access actually do, but they sound like something they should have. After
 all, many of the great advances of the past years stem from the change
 from 8-bit computers (8086) to 16-bit (80286 AT class) to 32-bit
 microprocessors (80386 and above, to include the Pentium superscalar 32
 bit technology). It would seem only fitting, therefore, that 32-bit
 anything must be good. The proper response, as with so many other things
 in computing, is "maybe".

      It is worth remembering that even the now despised 8086 class
 machines were, in reality, 16 bit processors internally. They interfaced
 with the computer's bus structure through an 8-bit aperture, as it were, 
 in order to make the machine itself more affordable. Those were the days
 when a 16 bit card (as in modem, video card, etc.) were shockingly more
 expensive than their 8 bit counterpart. This meant the microprocessor 
 (with 16 bits) could address any number (in memory, say) from hex 0 to
 hex FFFF or 65,535 in decimal notation (computer types call this 64k).

      This was not a great  deal of memory, even in the early 1980s. By
 using a segmented addressing scheme the microprocessor could be made to
 address any number from 0 to F:FFFF or 0 through F 64k page frames (where
 0 is decimal 0 and F is decimal 16). This is 1,048,575 to normal persons,
 1 Meg to the computer afflicted. This addressing scheme, incidentally, is
 the reason for the 640k limit to DOS's conventional memory ( 0 through 9
 page frames conventional memory, frames A through F reserved for adapter
 and system BIOS). By the way, because the limit is imposed by the logic
 of hexadecimal mathematics buying more hardware memory does nothing to
 lift the limit and is an unfortunate source of confusion at times.

      At any rate, simply addressing a single memory location with an 8086
 involved a high degree of situational awareness. Whenever you are running
 your 32-bit microprocessor in 8086 compatible mode (Real mode), as you are
 whenever you are running DOS, it is jumping through these funny loops. 
 Beginning with the 80286 class machines it became possible to address far
 more memory directly (a "flat" or non-segmented memory model) but it was
 done in Protected mode. The 80386 processors added more flexibility to how
 protected mode programming could be accomplished as well as increasing the
 addressable memory space. This is what your high-speed processor is doing
 whenever you are running in Window's 386-Enhanced mode, as well as why
 Virtual Memory in Windows can be so much larger than your actual RAM
 memory (Windows is swapping the less-likely-to-be-addressed sections of
 code out to disk at this time).

 32 Bit Disk Access ---

      What benefits does 32 bit disk access provide? There are a couple of
 benefits. If you are running DOS based applications through Windows you
 will notice a slight performance increase. This may not be as much of an
 increase as actually running your DOS based application in DOS.

      The largest benefit will be for those people running multiple Windows
 applications concurrently. 32 bit disk speeds up the paging to and
 from your swapfile. If  you only run 2 or 3 applications at a time you
 may not notice any difference in switching since your background
 applications will be in memory and will not have been swapped to your

      But, if you have a lot of applications running at the same time you
 will be able to switch from your current application to a background
 application faster if you have 32 bit disk access. The program will not
 run any faster, but you can switch to it faster. Performance is improved
 only for those who must do a lot of switching between multiple
      Where things begin to get sticky is when Windows has to access disk
 and file structures through (Real mode) DOS while it is doing Protected
 mode stunts. There is a great deal of transposition between a Virtual
 Memory direct address and an appropriate segmented address that DOS can
 grab on to (and then write to disk). Taking the time to do this can impose
 significant performance hits on your machine. The workaround is to
 substitute special protected mode-aware drivers for both the disk BIOS
 (32-bit disk access) and the file allocation table and disk caching scheme
 (32-file access). Because "Protected Mode Virtual Device Driver" is rather
 a clumsy term the marketing folks substituted the far more sexy "32-bit X"

      So it's good, right?  Well, as it turns out, not every disk BIOS is
 the same. When Microsoft wrote the 32-bit disk access driver they assumed
 that it would substitute for a Western Digital 1003 IDE drive controller's
 BIOS (or, for that matter, the old ST-506 controller). As you can imagine,
 inserting a device driver in the place of the BIOS code can be risky. If
 the hard drive is not properly accessed by the driver, data loss can
 result. So Microsoft built in several different safety checks into the
 WDCTRL driver to ensure that data transfer would remain reliable.

      One of the things it checks is to make sure that  the hard drive
 controller is WD1003 compatible. The 32 bit disk access standards are
 based on a WD1003 standard with no more than 1023 cylinders. Another thing
 that is checked is to see that the INT13 BIOS code has not been modified.
 When loading the Fast disk driver, it will write to and read from the
 drive to ensure reliable data transfers. If your disk's BIOS isn't 1003
 (or ST-506) register-compatible, i.e. if it isn't a conventional IDE (like
 a "big" IDE drive, one with more than 1023 cylinders) or RLL/MFM drive,
 this driver doesn't do you much good, since it will not load. In fact,
 forcing 32-bit disk access in these circumstances can degrade your system
 performance by forcing Windows to spend its time trying to work this out.

      SCSI drives interface through their own drivers (ASPI.SYS, in most
 cases), which are optimized for them. The same goes for certain local-bus
 aware big IDE drives such as the WD2540 (540meg), WD2700 (730meg), or the
 WD31000 (1gig) drives. You can run disk access with the system set to
 autoconfigured and the cylinders reading to more than 1023 *BUT* you need
 the FASTDISK (WDCDRV version 2.3 or 2.5) driver available from the Gateway
 BBS (1-800-846-7562), or from Western Digital's BBS. The instructions for
 installing this driver should be contained in the readme files.

      Please remember, the 32 bit Disk access _driver_ does not give you a
 32 bit data path to move data on. The drive remains a 16 bit device. The
 driver only gives you 32 bit code vs 16 bit BIOS code for accessing your
 Windows swapfile.

 Potential 32 bit disk access problems
 [Big drives, but no 32bit disk access driver]

 What do you do if you don't have a system which has the LBA settings in
 the BIOS, and you have a 540 meg drive? You have to lose some of the hard
 drive space to set the drive to the parameters the operating system can
 work with.  

 Here are the steps to follow:

 1)  Backup all of the information on your hard drive.

 2)  Get into the BIOS on booting and go to the hard drive setup.

 3)  Change the hard drive from Auto Config to User Defined and use the
     following parameters:

        Cylinders - 1023
        Heads - 16
        Sectors -63

 4)  Save these settings and boot onto the first DOS disk.  Press F3
     twice to exit the setup program.

 5)  Type FDISK to repartition the drive to the new parameters.  You
     have to delete the original partition, then recreate it with
     the new settings.

 6)  When this is done, press Escape to reboot the system and load DOS
     on it.  Have the software format the drive for you

 7)  When the format is complete, reload your backup software, then
     restore your system.

 [540, 730, 1gig, or larger IDE drives]

 If you get the error "WDCTRL validation failed at phase 07,FF", this
 indicates  you are trying to use the WDCTRL driver that is included with
 Windows on a drive that has more than 1023 cylinders. The fix for this is
 to get a driver that supports drives with more than 1023 Cylinders. If you
 have a Western Digital drive, you can get the WDCDRV driver (FASTDISK)
 from most all the online services. If you have a other makes of "big"
 drive, you will need to contact the manufacture of the drive to see if
 they have written a 32 bit disk access driver.

 The WDCDRV driver will not mount on any drives located on the secondary
 controller. Western Digital, the authors of the driver, believe that the
 secondary controller will be mainly used by IDE CD-ROM's and IDE TBU's,
 devices which can not utilize the driver anyway and would cause the driver
 to not load. So to avoid conflicts, they just prevented the driver from
 using the secondary controller.  The only work around, should you have 3
 hard drives, is to put the "Big" drives on the Primary controller, and use
 the smaller drives on the secondary controller. If all of your hard drives
 have a cylinder settings of more than 1023, the drives on the secondary
 controller must forego 32 bit disk access.

 For GateWay Machines....
 [P4D- Saturn II motherboard: BIOS ver 4.03]

 On the P4D machines with Saturn II motherboard's, the "paddle board", as
 it is referred to, is used for the hard drive interface in lieu of the
 integrated controller , such as those used on the JX-30 and P5
 motherboards. It will function as a plain IDE controller, when *not*
 loading the DTC2130 or the DOSEIDE device driver (depending on the
 particular version of the paddle board you have). But when you do load
 that driver, the INT13 BIOS code becomes modified (hooked), the safety
 check fails, the WDCTRL driver will not load, and you do not have 32
 bit Disk access enabled. To resolve this, you can remark out the PCI
 driver in the Config.sys file or you can not load the 32-bit Disk
 Access driver.  There is no other option, because of the 32 bit disk
 access safety checks.

 [P4D- Aries motherboard: BIOS ver 4.04]

 Should your P4D machine have the Aries motherboard, you will not have
 the paddle board mentioned above, but the motherboard features the CMD
 hard drive controller chipset integrated onto the motherboard. This
 chipset is noted for improved transfer rates between the hard drive
 and the processor, with one caveat: it requires drivers to take
 advantage of this speed. As we have discussed previously, these
 drivers will hook INT 13,  thus effectively disabling 32 bit disk
 access. Things are not as bad as they might seem, because the good
 people at CMD have taken the time to write some drivers equivalent to
 the 32 bit disk access drivers. When the CMD drivers are loaded in the
 Config.sys file, the protected mode drivers are enabled, thus giving
 you "32 bit disk access" even though the "magic check box" does not
 indicate 32 bit disk access is enabled.
 There is the possibility that the drivers have been removed, or are
 not present, in which case you will need to copy the files cmd640x.386
 & cmdint13.386 [from the CMD disk] to the Windows directory. Now make
 the necessary changes below in the [386Enh] section by adding and/or
 remarking out the following lines:

 rem DEVICE=IOS.386
 rem DEVICE=*INT13
 rem DEVICE=*WDCTRL [if present]

 One thing to be aware of, if you use the "green" features of the
 system, the CMD drivers have been found to conflict with the hard
 disk power management feature. You may still use the Windows CMD
 driver [with power management enabled] providing that the hard disk is
 permitted to spin-up fully prior to launching any applications.

 If an application is launched while the hard disk is in the process of
 spinning-up, then cmdint13.386 will fail to detect the hard disk
 controller and an error message will appear.  If  you allows a 3 sec
 delay before the hard disk is accessed then the error message will
 not be displayed, and you should have no problems.

 If you have the NEC 2x, or the Mitsumi 4x IDE CD drive in your system
 and it is installed on the same controller as your hard drive, you
 cannot enable 32-bit Disk Access.  This is because the file structures
 for the CD won't support the writing to the drive, so it fails one of
 the 32 bit disk access compatibility tests. If you have a Pentium
 system with two controllers, make sure you have the most updated CD
 drivers and connected to the CD to the ISA controller. Leave the hard
 drive connected to the PCI controller.  You will have to change the CD
 driver line to show its movement from the primary to the secondary
 controller in hte Config.sys driver line. Please consult your cd-rom
 manual for the specific changes needed. With this setup, you can
 enable 32-bit Disk Access.

 [INT 13 hooking drivers]

 Something to watch for when trying to figure out why 32 bit disk
 access is failing, is any device driver that hooks INT13h will cause
 32 bit disk access to fail. Some Novell drivers,  caching controller
 drivers, or other misc. drivers might be causing the Fast Disk driver
 to fail to load because they are "hooking" INT13.

 [None of the above]

 If all of the above criteria is being met, the problem could be that
 there are some lines missing from the [386ENH] section of the
 SYSTEM.INI file. The lines to look for are:


 Some common error messages and solutions. Courtesy of RJ Smith,
 Western Digital Corporation ---

 [WDCDRV can not load due to conflict with another virtual device]

 Probable Cause:

 1. The line


  is probably missing from the [386Enh] section of SYSTEM.INI.

 2. There is another VxD (Virtual Device Driver) loaded through the
 [386Enh] section of SYSTEM.INI. This is probably the SYMEVNT.386
 driver from the Norton Desktop for Windows or the Norton Utilities
 v8.0. This driver must be removed for 32-bit disk access to load.

 3. The CMD Windows VxD CMD640x.386 or the CMD DOS TSR driver
 CMD640x.SYS is loaded. If using these two drivers. WDCDRV.386 is
 redundant and should not be loaded. This is seen on the Gateway
 BATIP-3 Anigma 486 PCI motherboard. These drivers provide EIDE
 functionality and 32-bit Disk Access.


 1. Insert the line


   in the [386Enh] section of SYSTEM.INI.

 2. Remove the SYMEVNT.386 driver from SYSTEM.INI file. Or contact
 Symantec for an updated version of this driver.

 3. Try to identify other recently installed VxDs or other device drivers
 that attempt to program the hard disk controller I/O ports directly.
 Remove them if you want to continue using WDCDRV.386.

 The WDCTRL driver was unable to register itself to Windows 3.1 as a
 device driver, or it wasn't able to take over exclusive control of the
 I/O ports used by the hard disk controller. At this point, the
 controller has passed compatibility tests but software initialization
 of the control parameters hasn't been done yet. Some other VxD has
 already registered with the same VxD ID as WDCTRL or has already taken
 over the I/O port addresses that WDCTRL wants to take over. This can
 happen if you try to load WDCTRL more than once, or a vendor-supplied
 VxD wants to reserve the same I/O addresses or uses the same VxD ID as
 WDCTRL. Microsoft registers all VxD IDs to try to prevent these
 conflicts. The proper action is to identify recently installed VxDs or
 other device drivers that attempt to program the hard-disk controller
 I/O ports directly and  remove them if you want to continue using

 [WDCDRV can not load. Unrecognized disk software installed.]

 Probable Cause:

 1. The most probable cause is STEALTH mode in QEMM v7.0x.

 2. This error can also mean that a DOS device driver has hooked the
 ROM BIOS Int 13h incorrectly. WDCDRV checks for correct hooking of the
 interrupt by looking at the address of the interrupt handler. If it is
 not in conventional memory, and WDCDRV is loading , WDCDRV considers
 the address incorrect. Begin removing device drivers that hook Int 13h
 until you can successfully enable FastDisk. These device drivers can
 be identified by most diagnostic programs. If you still have problems,
 verify that all device drivers that hook Int 13h are up to date and
 follow Microsoft's guidelines for hooking disk interrupts.

 NOTE: WDCDRV checks the BIOS Int 13h interrupt vector value to see if
 it is "acceptable". It broadcasts an Int 2Fh that asks DOS Int 13h
 hookers if they are "BLOCKDEV Aware". If they are aware of BlockDev
 and want fastdisk drivers to load then they will return 0 in CX.


 1. Removing the command line option ST:M (or possibly ST:F) from the
 QEMM command line will disable STEALTH completely. The customer can
 also use the command line options XSTI=13 x=ssss-nnnn, where ssss is
 the segment address of the Int 13h handler and nnnn is the offset
 address. Information on obtaining the correct numbers for ssss and
 nnnn are contained in the file XSTI.TEC on the Quarterdeck BBS and on
 their Compuserve forum.

 2. Run FINDHOOK.COM (available in Lib 1 of IBMHW on Compuserve in the
 compressed file FHOOK.COM) to identify the software hooking Int 13h.
 Determine if this software is critical to proper system operation. If
 it is not, remove it. If it is critical, do not use 32-bit disk

 [WDCDRV Validation Failed At Phase 01,00]

 Probable Cause:

 1. The values returned by Int 13h Function 8h (Read Drive Parameters)
 do not match the values stored in the Drive Parameter Table or
 Enhanced Drive Parameter Table pointed to by Int 41h (drive C:) or Int
 46h (Drive D:). This can happen if the STEALTH feature of QEMM v6.0
 and above relocates the DPT or EDPT to protected mode memory. Since
 the FastDisk device is in its initialization phase and running in real
 mode, it cannot access the DPT or EDPT and cannot verify the values
 contained therein match the BIOS Int 13h Function 8h values.

 2. The BIOS is operating the drive in LBA (Logical Block Addressing)
 mode but has not built a valid Enhanced Drive Parameter Table. Either
 the signature is invalid (does not conform to the Axh pattern) or the
 checksum is invalid.

 1. Removing the command line option ST:M (or ST:F) from the QEMM
 command line will disable STEALTH completely. Customer can also use
 the command line options XSTI=13  x=ssss-nnnn, where ssss is the
 segment address of the Int 13h handler and nnnn is the offset address.
 Information on the correct numbers for ssss and nnnn are found in the
 file XSTI.TEC on the Quarterdeck BBS or their Compuserve forum. These
 options prevent Stealth from relocating the Drive Parameter Tables and
 the Int 13h handler.

 2. Run WDTBLCHK.EXE to determine if the BIOS is operating the drive in
 LBA mode and whether it has created a valid EDPT. If there is no valid
 Enhanced Drive Parameter Table, WDCDRV cannot determine the
 translation mode and therefore cannot load. A BIOS upgrade is
 necessary in this case.

 [This program tried to access your hard disk in a way that is
 incompatible with the Windows 32-bit disk access feature (WDCTRL).
 This may cause your system to become unstable.]

 Probable Cause:

 A device driver, TSR, or application tried to access the hard-disk
 controller ports directly while WDCDRV was loaded. WDCDRV returns an
 error code without performing the operation. This is probably a Virus
 Checker writing directly to the drive. This also occurs with the DOS
 UNDELETE program when run from a DOS window.

 Find the application or device driver that attempted to program the
 hard-disk controller ports directly. If you discover that the
 offending application or device is essential to the operation of your
 system, your only alternative is to disable FastDisk. Disable the
 32-bit disk access checkbox in the Change Virtual Memory Settings
 dialog in the 386 Enhanced section of the Control Panel.

 [WDCDRV Validation Failed at Phase 09,1F]
 Probable Cause:

 You attempted to use WDCDRV.386 in a system with no Western Digital
 high capacity drive installed. WDCDRV.386 will only load if there is
 at least one Western Digital drive in the system.


 1. Remove the line


   from the [368Enh] section of SYSTEM.INI.

 2. Install a Western Digital drive.

 [Application Error: Control Caused a Load Segment Failure in module
 CPWIN386.CPL at address 0001:3CCA]

 Probable Cause:
 WDCDRV.386 has a Block Count set which is greater than 0 and Windows
 For Workgroups is using 32-Bit File Access which uses Scatter/Gather
 DMA . This only occurs under the following conditions:

      Windows For Workgroups is in use
      32-bit File Access is enabled
      WDCDRV.386 is loaded
      ROCKET.BIN is loaded in Config.sys

 1. Run the CAVIAR.EXE program and set the WDCDRV.386 Block Count to
 zero (0). If the customer has the older version of CAVIAR.EXE have
 them insert the following line in the [WDCDRV] section of SYSTEM.INI:


 2. Place the command line option /W=1 ( or /W=1,1 for a two drive
 system) on the device=rocket.bin command line. This disables block
 writes in rocket.

 [WDCDRV Validation Failed at Phase 0A,1F]

 Probable Cause:

 The BIOS has built an invalid Enhanced Drive Parameter Table.


 1. Run WDTBLCHK to verify that there is an invalid/no Enhanced Drive
 Parameter Table.

 2. Inform customer that a BIOS upgrade is necessary.

 [None. Windows For Workgroups locks up after the customer exits
 Windows For Workgroups and then restarts it.]

 Probable Cause:

 Customer is running WFWG on top of Novell Netware 3.12 and using the
 Microsoft supplied ODI support layer VxD MSODISUP.386 (in the [386Enh]
 section of SYSTEM.INI. WDCDRV.386 v2.5 is incompatible with the
 Microsoft supplied ODI support driver MSODISUP.386.


 1. Disable WDCDRV.386. This allows network drivers to load.

 2. Start WFWG with the /N command line option. This prevents the
 network drivers from loading and allows 32-bit Disk Access but no
 network access.

 [None. Windows For Workgroups locks up when the customer starts

 Probable Cause:

 Customer is running WDCDRV with DMA transfers set to "Auto-Detect" and
 the motherboard PCI-EIDE chipset does not properly implement DMA


 1. Start Windows with the command line option /D:F to prevent
 WDCDRV.386 from loading.

 2. Run CAVIAR.EXE and disable DMA transfers and Scatter/Gather DMA.

 [Fatal Error #2 - Turn Off Your Computer Now!]

 Probable Cause:

 Customer machine has a Phoenix BIOS v4.03 dated prior to July 1994
 (7/94). This BIOS does not build a valid Enhanced Drive Parameter
 Table yet it performs LBA translations.


 1. Start Windows with the command line option /D:F to prevent
 WDCDRV.386 from loading.

 2. Disable WDCDRV.386.

 3. Advise the customer that a BIOS upgrade is required from the
 motherboard/system OEM. One is available from Phoenix, but only to the

 [WDCDRV Validation Failed at Phase 0A,1F. Page 7]

 Probable Cause:

 1. Disk Manager is being used in a system which auto-detects the
 drive's correct CHS geometry and which supports the drive at full

 2. The drive is attached to a caching controller


 1. Remove Disk Manager. It is not needed.

 2. Disconnect the drive from the caching controller or do not use

 32 Bit File Access  --

 32-bit file access is probably the more confusing issue. With the
 release of WFW 3.11 came a number of protected mode enhancements that
 Microsoft refers to as the "Installable File System". (Thus the title
 of the IFSHLP.SYS driver that is installed in your CONFIG.SYS file -
 more on this later.) The basic idea behind all these services is the
 same - to make writing information to and from system devices more
 efficient by obviating DOS's inherent file handling processes.
 Besides "32-bit file access" (Virtual File Allocation Table services
 or VFAT) there is VCACHE, which does more or less the same job that
 SmartDrv does, only in protected mode, and VREDIR, the protected mode
 network redirector.
 All of these new services (the "Installable File System" family) are
 driven by the IFSMGR driver that is loaded by WFW 3.11. It is
 necessary to have the IFSHLP.SYS driver loaded in your CONFIG.SYS in
 order for IFSMGR to bind itself into DOS's existing file system. Thus
 we have second mode of failure for the IFS - you must have the
 IFSHLP.SYS running in order to enable "32-bit file access" (or any
 other part of the IFS family).

 Because the VCACHE driver takes over SmartDrv functions for the hard
 drive when it is running (whenever you are in Windows for Workgroups)
 SmartDrv is effectively disabled whenever you have 32-bit file access
 enabled. It still has a role when you are running real mode DOS, and
 for floppies and CD-ROMS.

 Potential 32 bit file access problems  --

 All of these 32 bit file access expansions build on the WDCTRL device
 driver that handles protected mode disk access and so will not be
 available if you attempt to, but cannot enable "32 bit disk access".
 If you leave 32 bit disk access disabled, you shouldn't have a
 problem. This is the first mode of failure and acompanying workaround
 for getting "32-bit FILE access".

 There are, of course, other interesting things that can kill off the
 IFS. Curiously, one of these is disk compression in the form of DOS
 6.0 DoubleSpace. You cannot use 32-bit file access if you are running
 DOS 6.0 DoubleSpace partially because of the extra processing overhead
 involved in running disk compression schemes and partially because
 VCACHE cannot reliably estimate the true amount of space available on
 a compressed drive (the available space reported is only an estimate
 based on how compressible likely data will turn out to be). Version
 6.2 DoubleSpace does accommodate the IFS.

 It has been seen that Norton Desktop can cause 32 bit file access to
 fail to load, as can loading a NOEMM driver with PCTools for Windows.
 Both Norton and PCTools offer some sort of patch to allow 32 bit file
 access to be enabled with their shells.

 The QUALITY line in the Autoexec.bat file can also cause problems
 loading 32 bit file access.

 Intel's line of "SatisFaxtion" modems, because of the drivers they
 use, will prevent 32 bit file access from loading.

 An interesting trade off with the VFAT is that you cannot run
 Undelete with it (it has replaced the FAT structure that DOS normally
 uses). Another way to disrupt the VFAT is to when a DOS program hasn't
 properly closed files in use before Windows starts. Under these
 conditions the VFAT will not load but SmartDrv is disabled anyway. The
 result is very slow system performance.

 Another part of the IFS family is VCOMM.386. This is, as you might
 have guessed, the protected mode communications driver. Applications
 that install their own replacements for Window's COMM.DRV driver have
 the potential to disrupt the IFS stack and thus make it impossible to
 get "32-bit file access". Examples are fax packages that substitute
 their own driver for COMM.DRV (e.g. WinFax).  A related anomaly occurs
 with any of Intel's CAS modems (notably the SatisFaxtion series).
 There tends to be timing conflicts with the CAS drivers that
 effectively disable 32-bit file access. Workarounds exist but there
 continue to be problems with this particular software/ hardware

 On a more theoretical basis, all of these issues arise as a matter of
 running "advanced" services on top of a operating system architecture
 (DOS) that must accommodate everything back to the original 8088
 processors. In some ways Window for Workgroups 3.11 represents a sort
 of halfway house to Windows 4.0. We most likely have not seen the last
 of these structures.

 NOTE:  I have decided to add this to the standard file, the following
 is part of a posting from another customer describing how he got 32
 bit access working using the latest WDCDRV driver from Western

 1. I first copied wdcdrv.386 dated 22.06.94 into the WINDOWS directory
 to replace the old file dated 16.02.94 put there by my previous
 experimenting with WIN31.

 2. In DOS, I opened SYSTEM.INI and did the following changes in the
 [386Enh] section:
 device=*int13 device=c:\windows\wdcdrv.386

 3. I then erased all entries in the [wdcdrv] section, leaving just the
 section name intact.

 4. I then fired-up WfW and ran CAVIAR, telling it to sense everything

 5. Next the usual bit with the CONTROL PANEL virtual memory setting,
 selecting 32bits file access, and following the procedures of
 restarting windows.

 It worked for me, so it should work for others as well.


 The WDCDRV.386 driver mentioned above is available in the MSWFWG forum
 under the 32-Bit Access section.  I hope this helps in your quest for
 32 bit access.

         A T T E N T I O N -- A T T E N T I O N -- A T T E N T I O N


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 access  from almost 300 SprintNet locations.  Best of all, this high-speed
 access  will  not  be subject to high-priced surcharges.  The normal $2.00
 per  hour  SprintNet  surcharge  will apply...even at 9600 bps!  This open
 beta test is expected to run through the end of the year.

 To find the number of the SprintNet access number nearest you, simply type
 PHONES  at  any  GEnie menu prompt (or use the "Move To Keyword" option in
 GENIE  for  Windows and type PHONES).  Remember, this rate applies only to
 9600  bps  access  via  SprintNet.  So be sure to choose the access number
 showing  "9600" in the "Baud Rate" column AND "SprintNet" in the "Network"

 From  the  "Fine  Print"  department,  please note that the $2.00 per hour
 surcharge for SprintNet access is applicable even during your initial four
 hours of monthly usage.

 So,  whether you're into downloading software, reading bulletin boards, or
 accessing databases, it's about to become cheaper to do it faster!

       GENIE Information Services copyright   1995 by General Electric
             Information Services/GENIE, reprinted by permission

        ___   ___    _____     _______
       /___| /___|  /_____|  /_______/           The Macintosh RoundTable
      /____|/____| /__/|__| /__/                 ________________________
   /__/ |___/ |__|_/   |__|_/____                  Managed by SyndiComm
  /__/  |__/  |__|/    |__|______/

          An Official Forum of the International Computer Users Group
                    *** STReport available in MAC RT ***
                                 ASCII TEXT
                            for ALL GENIE users!

                           MAC/APPLE SECTION (II)
                         John Deegan, Editor (Temp)



     ROCHESTER, N.Y. and SOQUEL, CA., January 17 -- Eastman Kodak Company
 and Live Picture, Inc. (formerly FITS Imaging) today signed a broad
 technology and product development agreement covering a range of imaging

     As part of the agreement, Kodak obtains a license to apply Live
 Picture's new and advanced resolution-independent image viewing and
 editing technology in future Kodak digital imaging products.

     The combination of the Live Picture technology and Kodak's digital
 imaging and color management science will make it easier to open and
 manipulate high quality images. In addition to requiring less computer
 power, this combination of capabilities will greatly enable the
 utilization of images on computer networks and common carriers.  For
 example, users 
 will be able to utilize regular telephone lines in the process of
 retrieval, manipulation and transmission of high quality images.

     Live Picture's technology will also provide a strong complement to
 future Kodak imaging products, offering users of digital images the
 ability to efficiently manipulate a digital image faster and with less
 computing power than with other software.  Images can be opened and
 displayed in seconds.  Subsequent cropping, zooming, panning, and
 geometric transformation can be accomplished with similar speed.  This
 capability will be provided all the way from the sophisticated graphics
 arts user to the desktop user in the home.

     "Later this year, when this new technology has been incorporated into
 Photo CD applications, many more PC users with lower levels of random
 access memory (RAM) will be able to manipulate high resolution images,"
 said Carl Gustin, vice president and general manager of Kodak's Digital
 and Applied Imaging business.  "And those images will be available for
 immediate printing or inclusion in compound documents with little or no

     "Photo CD technology will provide an even more potent bridge to
 digital imaging and it will continue to be easily available through local
 photo processors and other service providers," Gustin added.  "With this
 and other steps we intend to take, Photo CD  will gain new power and

     "Kodak and Live Picture will pursue an open licensing strategy as
 products emerge from the alliance.  Initially, software developer kits
 will be available, as well as libraries that can be included in popular
 operating systems such as Windows, Macintosh, UNIX, etc.

     Live Picture president Bruno Delean explained why his company is
 teaming up with Kodak:  "Most importantly, Kodak has a profound
 understanding of our technology and the speed and quality advantages that
 it offers the customer.  Incorporating our technology with Photo CD and in
 other ways is a natural step and shows that Kodak, with its new 
 management, is truly a leader in digital imaging.

     "The combination of Kodak's market leadership and an open licensing
 strategy will make this the next big standard in digital imaging," Delean
 added.  He noted that future versions of Live Picture, as well as
 forthcoming applications from Live Picture, will support Photo CD and the
 Kodak Color Management System.

     The Live Picture technology is a new way of formatting and
 manipulating the millions of pixels -- dots of color information -- that
 digitally define an image.  Images are stored as a sequence of subimages
 (from full resolution to low resolution) which are organized into discrete
 "tiles" or segments, making it possible to quickly access only the
 information needed to fill the screen and to smoothly and rapidly
 manipulate the image.

     This formatting allows for high-quality image composing and editing. 
 Image edits are stored separately as commands that can be updated, deleted
 and reordered prior to rendering the final image for printing, thus
 avoiding the cumulative error buildup due to independent sequential edits
 and the loss of speed caused by the processing of unnecessary image data.

     Live Picture currently offers the new technology in the award-winning
 Live Picture software product, a "high end" image editing and composition
 system for photographers, graphic artists and other publishing
 professionals.  The software is published by HSC Software in North
 America, Koyosha Graphics in Japan, and elsewhere by Live Picture, Inc.

     As part of the agreement, Kodak will make an equity investment in Live
 Picture.  The size of the investment was not disclosed.


 (c) 1995 Eastman Kodak Company


 > Wings of Glory STR InfoFile        Computer Pilots & Dogfighting

                              "WINGS OF GLORY"

             Takes Computer Pilots Back to Basics of Dogfighting

 (AUSTIN, TX): Before laser-guided missiles, before infrared bombs,even
 before radio, there was still war in the sky. ORIGIN's Wings of Glory on
 CD-ROM, takes you back to the days of World War I, when high-tech aircraft
 were those that didn't shoot off their own propellers. The game is
 scheduled to ship in January.

      Wings of Glory captures the silver-screen magic of classic films like
 the Blue Max and Hell's Angels. Daring young pilots took to the skies in
 canvas-covered aeroplanes with nothing but a machine gun and their wits.
 Flying for the British Royal Flying Corps, and later the Americans, you'll
 fly through puffy, white clouds in the open-air cockpits of five historic
 planes: the Sopwith Pup, Sopwith Camel, SE5a, SPAD XIII and the Fokker Dr.
 I. With ORIGIN's RealSpace graphics engine, you'll see unprecedented
 detail in the colorful but deadly planes of the German Hunter Squadrons.
 As your superiors recognize your skills, they'll send you on deadlier
 missions, taking out the so-called "sausage" observation balloons as well
 as behemoth zeppelins. All the while, newspaper headlines will keep you
 updated on the progress of the war, both the good news and the bad.

      Four-channel digital sound gives you the roar of dogfighting the way
 WWI pilots heard it. An Instant Mission Generator lets you fly against any
 combination of enemies you choose. A Mission Recorder lets you save your
 favorite battles and watch them again from multiple camera angles. The
 mission files are so small, they can be traded on disk or shared with
 other would-be aces over online services such as CompuServe and America

 Current system requirements* for Wings of Glory are:
 IBM-PC, 486/50+
 256-color VGA graphics
 8 MB RAM 
 15 MB minimum hard drive space
 MS-DOS 5.0 or higher
 Double speed CD drive or faster
 Keyboard, mouse (joystick recommended, also supports rudder pedals)
 MUSIC (optional): Ad Lib, Sound Blaster, Roland SCC-1, General MIDI
 or 100% compatible sound board
 SPEECH/SOUND EFFECTS (optional): Sound Blaster 
 or 100% compatible sound board
 Expected retail price $55-$70

 *System requirements subject to change


                              IMPORTANT NOTICE!

 STReport International OnLine Magazine is available every week for your
 reading pleasure on DELPHI.  STReport's readers are invited to join DELPHI
 and become a part of an extremely friendly community of enthusiastic
 computer users there.

                           SIGNING UP WITH DELPHI

        Using a personal computer and modem, members worldwide access
                   DELPHI services via a local phone call

                                JOIN --DELPHI

                 Via modem, dial up DELPHI at 1-800-695-4002
                 When connected, press RETURN once or twice
                At Password: type STREPORT and press RETURN.

                       DELPHI's 20/20 Advantage Plan 
                           20 Hours for Only $20!

 Advantage Members have always enjoyed the lowest DELPHI access rates
 available. On the new 20/20 Advantage Plan, members receive their first 20
 hours of access each month for only $20. If you happen to meet someone
 OnLine or find some other diversion, don't worry because additional usage
 is only $1.80 per hour.

 20/20 Advantage rates apply for access via SprintNet or Tymnet from within
 the continental United States during home time or via direct dial around
 the clock. Home Time is from 6pm to 6am weekdays. Access during business
 time carries a surcharge of $9 per hour. These rates apply for most
 services, but note that there are some surcharged areas on DELPHI which
 are clearly marked with a "$" sign.

 Who is eligible to take advantage of the plan?  Any DELPHI member in good
 standing.  Applications are reviewed and subject to approval by Delphi
 Internet Services Corporation.

 It's easy to join. If you meet the eligibility requirements, you can apply
 OnLine -- at any time -- for membership in the DELPHI 20/20 Advantage
 Plan. Your membership becomes active at 4 a.m. Eastern Time on the first
 billing day of the following month. 

 The $20 charge will be billed to you at the beginning of the month to
 which it applies. Any portion of the 20 hours not used in any month does
 not carry forward into the next month. 

      Advantage rates may be changed with 30 days notice given OnLine.

                         TRY DELPHI FOR $1 AN HOUR!

 For a limited time, you can become a trial member of DELPHI, and receive 5
 hours of evening and weekend access during this month for only  $5.  If
 you're not satisfied, simply cancel your account before the end of the
 calendar month with no further obligation. If you keep your account
 active, you will automatically be enrolled in DELPHI's 10/4 Basic Plan,
 where you can use up to 4 weekend and evening hours a month for a minimum
 $10 monthly charge, with additional hours available at $3.96. But hurry,
 this special trial offer will expire soon! To take advantage of this
 limited offer, use your modem to dial 1-800-365-4636.  Press <RET> once or
 twice. When you get the Password: prompt, type IP26 and press <RET> again.
 Then, just answer the questions and within a day or two, you'll officially
 be a member of DELPHI!  

         DELPHI-It's the BEST Value and getting BETTER all the time!


                           ATARI/JAG SECTION (III)
                            Dana Jacobson, Editor

 > From the Atari Editor's Desk              "Saying it like it is!"

      Well, the phones are back online again - only four days to fix
 them this time....sigh.  It seems a few of us on the Atari staff had
 similar problems last week.

      We've got some interesting information this week.  Personally, I
 don't have a lot to say this week; so why not turn the heat up a notch
 (those of us who have a real winter!) and enjoy the reading!

      Until next time...


 > In The News! STR InfoFile!

                -/- Team Warns of New Internet Threat -/-

     Computer watchdogs are warning that online vandals have come up with
 a new trick to break into systems linked to the Internet, saying intruders
 could copy or destroy documents or even work undetected by masquerading as
 an authorized user.

     Officials of the government-backed Computer Emergency Response Team
 are expected this week to outline ways to prevent the intrusions,
 according to a report in The New York Times this morning.

     The Associated Press says the first known attack using the new
 technique, known as "Internet protocol spoofing," was on Dec. 25 against
 the computer of computer security expert Tsutomu Shimomura at the San
 Diego Supercomputer Center. Shimomura told The Times the intruder took
 over his computer for more than a day and electronically stole a large
 number of security programs.

     "Several attacks have been reported since then, but the exact number
 is unknown," AP says.

     CERT officials at Carnegie-Mellon University in Pittsburgh say the new
 assaults are a warning that better security precautions must be taken
 before businesses dive into the Internet.

     "Essentially everyone is vulnerable," said James Settle, a former FBI
 computer crime expert who is now an executive at the Inet Corp., a
 computer security firm.

     AP says, "The intruders fool computers into believing that a message
 is coming from a trusted source. By posing as a familiar computer, an
 attacker can get access to protected computer resources and seize control
 of what was considered a well-guarded system."

     The wire service adds classified government computer systems are not
 thought to be at risk because they are not directly connected to the
 Internet, but that many of the new business systems on the Internet might
 be targeted.

     The Times says CERT will post a security warning today that will
 include a list of brands of computers that can use a program to guard
 against the intrusion method.

     Meanwhile, the Reuter News Service says "Internet spoofing" can be
 compared "to finding that master keys to all the front doors in the
 neighborhood have fallen into the hands of burglars."

     The technique "made use of a flaw in the Internet design to fool
 router computers into believing a message is coming from a trustworthy
 source," Reuters says. "By masking its data as coming from a familiar
 computer the illegal hackers can gain access to protected computer
 resources and penetrate the system."

                  -/- CERT Posts Internet Warnings -/-

     Following up on its promise, the government-backed Computer Emergency
 Response Team has posted its advisory about the latest threats to security
 on the Internet.

     As reported yesterday, CERT says online vandals are using a trick
 called "Internet protocol spoofing" that enables them to break into linked
 systems, copy or destroy documents or work undetected by masquerading as
 an authorized user.

     CERT officials now add Internet users may be able to detect if
 security has been breached on the host computer they're logged in on. Two
 signs of possible trouble are if commands that users didn't type start
 appearing on their screens, or if a blank screen appears that no longer
 responds to commands.

     The advisory posted on the Internet urged operators of Internet host
 computers to encourage users to report such activity, and to "pay
 particular attention to connections that have been idle for a long time."
     Further information is available on the Internet at the FTP site, or by electronic mail addressed to The
 advisory urged that any sensitive information sent by electronic mail be
 encrypted; contact the team for details. (Enter GO INTERNET to reach
 CompuServe's FTP feature.)

     Associated Press writer Mike Mokrzycki reports the "spoofing" isn't
 new, at least in theory.

     "It exploits a weakness in the Unix operating system, the backbone of
 the Internet, that was described in an academic papers in 1985 and 1989,"
 he writes. "The Internet breaks computer messages into digital data
 'packets' with addressing information -- the protocols -- used by network
 computers known as routers, which deliver the data. Spoofing can fool the
 router into believing a message is coming from an authorized source."

     The CERT advisory notes, "Intruders can use IP spoofing to gain root
 access for any purpose."

     After "getting root," as it's sometimes called, intruders can use a
 "hijacking tool" to take over connections from any user on the system,
 CERT says.

     The advisory says some types of networks already include filters that
 should prevent the attacks, but many others don't.

                 -/- Apple Appeals to Supreme Court -/-

     Apple Computer Inc. is asking the U.S. Supreme Court to review its
 long-running copyright suit against Microsoft Corp. and Hewlett-Packard
 Co., arguing lower-court rulings could sharply limit protection of

     However, lawyers familiar with the case told reporter Don Clark of
 The Wall Street Journal it is a long-shot that Apple will persuade the
 high court to review the matter.

     It was seven years ago this spring that Apple filed its original suit,
 contending Microsoft's Windows and HP's NewWave illegally copy the screen
 displays of Apple's Macintosh computer. Apple lost the first round before
 the U.S. District Court and then the U.S. Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
 upheld the findings last September.

     The Journal reports this morning Apple argues in its petition for
 Supreme Court review that lower court rulings:

     -:- Concluded only "virtually identical" copying was illegal, where
 other courts have ruled against competing programs that were only
 "substantially similar" to the original.

     -:- Erred by dissecting the Macintosh displays to consider individual
 symbols or other elements, and should have considered the overall
 resemblance of the Macintosh to the rival programs.

     Calling the dispute the "most significant copyright case of recent
 times" to the software industry, Apple said the lower-court rulings could
 open U.S. companies to foreign copying on a massive scale.

     The Journal says the petition was filed Dec. 19, but was not disclosed
 until recently when Hewlett-Packard distributed a reply to some reporters,
 arguing Apple resorted to "gross mis-characterizations" of the lower-court
 rulings to argue that they departed from other copyright precedents.

     Clark says HP argues the courts properly narrowed the case to a small
 number of features that weren't covered by a license that Apple had
 to Microsoft, and said only those items must be "virtually identical" to
 the original.

     Meanwhile, a Microsoft spokeswoman told the paper her employers is
 confident that the rulings will stand.

     Attorney G. Gervaise Davis III of Monterey, California, has studied
 the case and predicted the Supreme Court won't review it, because the key
 issue is the license with Microsoft, not a broad issue that affects many

 > Computer Virus Handbook! STR InfoFile! - Ultimate Virus Killer Book!

          THE ULTIMATE VIRUS KILLER BOOK, by Richard Karsmakers

  Yes! Finally it *will* happen!

 Over the past few years I've been writing a book called the "Ultimate
 Virus Killer" book, i.e. the ultimate book for those of you who are
 interested in the virus phenomenon  -  or your protection against it.

 o    What to do against viruses.
 o    What viruses can and can't do.
 o    A history of viruses on Atari, MS-DOS, Apple and other systems.
 o    Extensive virus classification described.
 o    All sense and nonsense ever said about Atari viruses outlined.
 o    A full and extended "Ultimate Virus Killer" manual.
 o    A list of all Atari viruses and their symptoms.
 o    The biggest glossary you ever saw.
 o    A total of around 250 pages of know-how.

 The book is planned to be ready by July 1st 1995, but if you order
 before  May 1st (post mark!) you will get an interesting discount.
 Please refer to the ordering details, below.


                           Ordering conditions

 United Kingdom:

 !11.99 to be sent as a UK cheque made out to "Mr. Karsmakers".  If you
 order before May 1st, you will get a !2 discount, making the amount !9.99. 
 should be in July 1995.  If you order after August 1st 1995, please allow
 up to six weeks for delivery.  Please  *clearly*  state your name and
 address and send your cheque off to the address below.

  Nederland / The Netherlands:

 Hfl 29,95 per Nederlandse cheque op naam van "Dhr.  Karsmakers".  Indien U
 voor 1 Mei bestelt (let op:  Het boek is in het Engels!) krijgt U 5 gulden
 korting, dus dan betaald U slechts Hfl  24,95. UW CHEQUE WORDT PAS GEIND
 WANNEER HET BOEK AAN U WORDT VERSTUURD. Dit gaat gebeuren in Juli 1995.
  Indien U na 1 Augustus 1995 besteld, houd s.v.p. rekening met een
 levertijd tot vier weken. Vermeld s.v.p. *duidelijk* Uw naam en adres en
 stuur Uw cheque naar het hieronder vermelde adres.

  The rest of the world:

 US$ 25 to be transferred via an International Money Order.  Absolutely no
 cheques or cash!  When you order before May 1st you will get a discount of
 US$ 5, making the amount to be paid a mere US$ 20.  YOUR INTERNATIONAL
 should be in July 1995.  If you order after August 1st 1995, please allow
 up to six weeks for delivery.  Please  *clearly* state your name and
 address and send your IMO off to the address below.

                   The address to send your stuff to:

  International:                         For the Netherlands:

  Richard Karsmakers                     Richard Karsmakers
  P.O.Box 67                             Postbus 67
  NL-3500 AB  Utrecht                    3500 AB  Utrecht
  The Netherlands

                            Important notes:
  o   In case of the Ultimate Virus Killer book not happening at 
      all, your International Money Order or cheque will be 
  o   If you have an email account and specify it upon ordering, I 
      will let you know when the book is being sent off.
  o   The prices include postage and packaging costs.
  o   Remember: The book won't be available anymore after December 
      31st 1995!


 > Fonts & GDOS! STR InfoFile - ALL You Ever Wanted to Know about FontGDOS!

 From Compuserve:
 [Editor's note: Spelling corrections and some editing done for clarity]

 Fm: HANK WEICHBRODT 73645,1756
 To:  100126,2777 (X)


 I downloaded those GDOS fonts that you mentioned and they don't appear
 to be working with FONTGDOS.  I still have not been getting any ACTIVE
 FONTS just INACTIVE FONTS on the Devise ID's that I use.

 * Reply:       105151

 Sb: #105085-#FONTGDOS
 Fm: Simon Churchill 100126,2777
 To: HANK WEICHBRODT 73645,1756


 ******   Very LONG message save me PLEASE!!!!!  ******

 I'm not sure if all your message was received by CIS, it stops with an
 'a' and that's it.   P.S watch out for my spelling it's crap!

 Anyway, just out of interest, I take it you have unpacked any files
 that needed unpacking (Eg ZIP's), all the fonts are in a directory
 say FONTS or GDOS and you have a printer(s) driver in there as well.


 Gone to play, please wait.  8-)


 Right, I have been off and had a play with FONTGDOS on my hard disk and
 am now back to try and give you what I have found out.

 First of all there is the AUTO folder where the FONTGDOS.PRG should be,
 is it? Next, There are 3 Accessories. These need to be installed to set
 up Fontgdos correctly, one is used for setting up the main system, the
 other 2 are extras to adjust other things. The acc's are: FSM.ACC,

 FSM.ACC  This is used for the scalable part of the FONTGDOS system and
 sets up the EXTENDED.SYS cache sizes.   The scalable part is not used.

 FONTGDOS.ACC  This is the set up acc and the most important and MUST be
 in the root directory with the others if you want to get the system
 working. This sets up the ASSIGN.SYS file completely.

 FSMPRINT.ACC  This is to set up the FSM printer configuration, not
 much use to us but have it there for fun.  This adjusts the printer
 driver .SYS files.

 O.k. if they are in the root dir, the PRG is in the AUTO dir and the
 fonts and printer driver are in a dir.   (Fonts have an extension of
 FNT, just so you can see if there are any in the directory you have.)

 There should be no ASSIGN.SYS file and no EXTENDED.SYS file, remove
 them if they are present and then reset the computer, FONTGDOS.PRG will
 get upset and not load, this is correct, first you need the ACC's
 loaded. (Unless you are using the CPX's where you will use the control

 Right, forget FSM.ACC for now, our first port of call is FONTGDOS.ACC.
 And this is where things get fun.  A tip for you, click on just about
 every word in the window as this normally brings up an option or will
 enable you to change something.

 Click on the 'Printer Selector' (This is FONTGDOS.ACC) from the desktop
 acc area so a window pops up with a lot of text on it, at the bottom is
 a box with the word 'OPTIONS' in it, go and click here. You will be
 placed at a sub screen, at the bottom of the list is a PATH, click here
 to set the path for the fonts and drivers.

 The top option is the driver's install bit.  You need to play with this
 but basically you should end up with No. 1-4 as Screen.sys with the
 option to the right set for ROM.  No. 21 should be a Printer.sys with
 the option RES and No. 31 should be Meta.sys and the option set for
 RES.  You may need to add the last two with the bottom section in the

 Get that part. No, then have a play and see what it does.

 Once finished click on the MENU box at the bottom right.  Next is the
 vital font active/inactive option, that's the middle one of the three.

 Once in its sub screen the top option will say 'ACTIVE FONTS', at a
 guess there will be none, click on the words and change it so it reads
 'INACTIVE FONTS',  if the PATH has been set then you should see a list
 of fonts with a scroll bar on the right.

 Notice the No. and it's reference to the top right, you now have to
 set the fonts to each of these No. So for No. 1 SCREEN.SYS  you would
 highlight (by clicking on them, Hold shift for multiple selection) and
 then APPEND them to that driver.   You should APPEND only screen fonts
 to the SCREEN.SYS No.'s and Printer fonts to the PRINTER.SYS (No.21).
 To see what has been appended change the option to 'ACTIVE FONTS'

 Once all fonts have been appended then you can click on MENU and return
 to the main 3 options menu area.  Click on TOP MENU to return to the
 main menu.

 At the top a small window says 'CURRENT PRINTER', if you have installed
 all the printer driver(s) then click here to choose the one for your
 printer, if you only have one then its name should be printed in the
 box.   If the printer driver is a FSM type then it will have some
 details about it underneath, if it's not then you won't!

 Click on SAVE to save a ASSIGN.SYS file then on exit, believe it or not
 that's the main part done!

 If your printer driver is an FSM type (You will know because of the
 extra details the previous ACC's main menu.) The you can use the
 'Printer Config' in the desktop ACC's slots.   All this will do is give
 you some options to change the paper size and the odd other item, of
 no real use.

 O.k. it's off to the desktop ACC's slot once again and click on the
 FSM Manager. Click on the OPTIONS button and select the OUTLINE fonts.
 You should have a new menu on screen, click on the 'Set Cache' button.
 You will now be shown the settings for the cache system, if you have
 little memory then click on the down arrow to decrease the value. When
 you are happy with the figures, (The cache is normally slightly larger
 than your largest uncompressed font, EG a 36 Point printer font would
 be one of the biggest unless you have a bigger point size) click O.k.
 or exit.

 Once you are back at the main menu click on save to save the
 EXTENDED.SYS file then you can exit.

 If you want to save memory then rename all the ACC's to ACX, however
 the most important ACC is the FONTGDOS.ACC and should be available
 from the desktop ACC slot at all times.

 Guess what? it's time to reset that computer again and see if the
 system starts with out any problems.

 If it starts o.k. find an application that uses GDOS and run it.  If
 you get fonts then it worked, if you don't then go back to
 FONTGDOS.ACC and check both the screen and printer fonts are set
 correctly. (EG they are in the ACTIVE menu and you have screen fonts
 for the screen and printer font's for the printer.   Screen fonts
 should have an 'S' or 'SL' at the beginning or a XXLO.FNT for low res,
 XXCG.FNT for mid res and XXHI.FNT for high res at the end.  Printer
 fonts can have just about any name so what's left is normally them!).

 Well that just about wraps it up, have fun and report back on how
 things go.

 Enjoy.   8-)



 > PDP Magazine! STR NewsFile!  -  European Atari Magazine to Debut Soon!

                                PDP Magazine

    A non-profit making, paper-based, magazine for Atari ST owners - a
    venture run by two computer science students.

    Topics covered include full page reviews (inc screenshots), mini
    reviews, reviews on Public Domain Libraries, graphics, comms,
    programming pages and a number of general computer related articles.

    PDP has changed just recently, it is now bigger, covers more news
    and interests.

    PRICES - 1 Trial issue ........ 70 UK pence
             4 month subscription . 2 UK pounds
             8 month subscription . 4 UK pounds

    These are the prices for residents of mainland UK.  Europe - add
    50 pence. World - multiply prices by 2.  For overseas subscribers - a
    refund will be given if you end up paying too much!

    Subscription form is included in this file, or mail

    or snail mail at the following address:

       PDP Magazine
       22 The Birches       South Wootton
       King's Lynn

   email - INTERNET: (Editor)

                matter if you have never written anything before, or
                you think you cannot write (let us be the judge of
                that!) - if you have anything to say about the
                computer world, or can review Atari and/or Amiga
                software then you can help us!

 PDP Magazine Subscription Form
 (Paper Based Version Only - Online Version FREE!)

 Please tick one of the boxes:

 [] Trial copy                 70 pence
 [] Four issue subscription    2 UK pounds
 [] Eight issue subscription   4 UK pounds

 Europe add 50 pence onto total
 World multiply prices by 2

 IMPORTANT - In the case of overseas orders a refund may be given if the
             initial payment covers our costs and we still have a lot
             left over!  Likewise, further payment may be required if
             we are unable to cover all postage costs to you country.
             Whatever the case, you can cancel your subscription at any

 Name _____________________________________

 Address _____________________________________________________


 Computer Make and Model ______________________

 Memory _______________

 OS Version No. ____________________________

 Today's Date ____________________________

 Please make all cheques and postal orders payable to John Briggs - it is
 unwise to send us cash through the post.  All payments in UK currency.

 You can either print this file out and send it to us along with your
 payment, or email this to us and send payment separate through the post.
 Which ever way you choose, your first magazine will be sent as soon as
 your cheque has cleared.

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 PDP ONLINE - For readers who have access to InterNet, you can now take
              advantage of PDP Magazine online.  The same as the paper
              based version, but on the net, and completely free!

              To be added onto the mailing list, send mail to
     with the subject line MMsubscribe.


 > Atari Developer Status! STR InfoFile  -  Moving Pixels Calls It Quits!

 An open letter from Moving Pixel's Tony Barker, from Compuserve:

 Hi all,

 It's been a long time coming but I've finally decided to remove all
 vestiges of Atari from my life.

 So I'm selling off everything I have and getting the hell out of here.

 One thing I'll be doing is gathering together as much of my 680x0
 source code as I can find and uploading it here for anybody who might
 be interested. This will include the code to all of the official demos
 I did for Atari on the STE, Falcon and TT. I'll even include the full
 source to all of my commercial games (as long as I can find it).

 One thing that concerns me is that I have one of the few (only) copies
 of the Tina Turner demo I did for the launch of the Falcon (what
 launch?) at the Boston Computer Society that caused a standing ovation.
 I'd kinda like to see it going to a good home, but it's a little large
 (~80meg). So if anyone would like it and a lot of other stuff on a
 fully loaded 250meg SCSI hard disk drive in an external case with power
 supply etc. for only $400 Australian leave me a note in Email.

 My program Art For Kids is now available for Windows and all future
 products from me will be on the PC. I've faced the reality of the PC
 phenomenon and hell, it ain't so bad. And here's my prediction for the
 year 2000, goodbye Apple, this PC thing is just too big and it'll cause
 the death of all others in competition. Unless Apple start using the
 PowerPC chips to make faster and faster Windows platforms they'll go
 the way of Amiga/Atari etc. I'm only looking in my crystal ball here,
 I'm just reporting what I see not what I'd like to see, so nobody jump
 on me for it.

 Otherwise I guess it's so long and thanks for all the fish, I'm off into
 the real world to make some money, 8 years on the Atari, 9 commercial
 products and more than 30 demos (half official demos for Atari) haven't
 netted me anything. I sat on Atari Aus's Falcon Advisory Board (FAB), I
 did presentations for them, I worked stands at shows, I did staff
 training for them and was the place they directed most of their
 customer support questions, for what? A couple of free lunches? And
 some equipment. I wish I'd gone to the dark side (PC) much sooner,
 perhaps my experience will make a few of you remaining people think a
 little about your own situation...

 The best I got from the Atari computer was the friends I made, thanks
 all and goodbye.

 Tony Barker Moving Pixels


                               JAGUAR SECTION

 Doom, Revisited!  Iron Soldier Tips!
 New Jaguar Area on Genie!  
 Updated Games List!  and more!

 > From the Editor's Controller  -  Playin' it like it is!

      Since the holiday push, it's been fairly quiet on the Jaguar
 front.  To be honest, I was expecting the flow of games to continue
 right into January and February, but it appears that these games have
 been pushed back.  The WCES didn't give us anything really new in this
 regard, except for new titles being announced.
     One can only wonder when the dry spells will narrow.  The
 excitement that I see online which is generated with most every new
 title tells me that the users are chomping at the bit for more and more
 games to choose.  And, they're getting impatient.  There just aren't
 enough games out there, for many, to keep the excitement going for any
 length of time.  Where are the 3rd party titles?  Without their
 support, it's going to be a long year for Jaguar enthusiasts.
     But, we're still optimistic that the games will be coming and many
 of them will really blow the socks off of anything on the current
 market.  I'm also hopeful that Atari will listen to the many online
 suggestions to set aside some time to put a CD together with many of
 the old classic games, with perhaps some "2000" versions alongside.

      Let's get to the rest of the issue and see what's happening out
 there in the land of the cat!

      Until next time...


 > Jaguar Catalog STR InfoFile  -   What's currently available, what's
   """""""""""""""""""""""""""      coming out.

    Current Available Titles ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    CAT #   TITLE                 MSRP      DEVELOPER/PUBLISHER

     J9000  Cybermorph           $59.99         Atari Corp.
     J9006  Evolution:Dino Dudes $49.99         Atari Corp.
     J9005  Raiden               $49.99     FABTEK, Inc/Atari Corp.
     J9001  Trevor McFur/
            Crescent Galaxy      $49.99         Atari Corp.
     J9010  Tempest 2000         $59.95     Llamasoft/Atari Corp.
     J9028  Wolfenstein 3D       $69.95       id/Atari Corp.
     JA100  Brutal Sports FtBall $69.95          Telegames
     J9008  Alien vs. Predator   $69.99     Rebellion/Atari Corp.
     J9029  Doom                 $69.99        id/Atari Corp.
     J9036  Dragon: Bruce Lee    $59.99         Atari Corp.
     J9003  Club Drive           $59.99         Atari Corp.
     J9007  Checkered Flag       $69.99         Atari Corp.
     J9012  Kasumi Ninja         $69.99         Atari Corp.
     J9042  Zool 2               $59.99         Atari Corp
            Bubsy                $49.99         Atari Corp
            Iron Soldier         $59.99         Atari Corp
            Val D'Isere Skiing   $59.99         Atari Corp.

     Available Soon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     CAT #   TITLE               MSRP          DEVELOPER/PUBLISHER

             CatBox              $69.95               ICD
             Cannon Fodder        TBD               Virgin
             Hover Strike        $59.99              Atari

     Hardware and Peripherals ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

     CAT #   TITLE               MSRP          MANUFACTURER

     J8001  Jaguar (complete)   $249.99        Atari Corp.
     J8904  Composite Cable     $19.95      
     J8901  Controller/Joypad   $24.95         Atari Corp.
     J8905  S-Video Cable       $19.95
            Jaguar CD-ROM       $149.99        Atari Corp.

 > Industry News STR Game Console NewsFile  -  The Latest Gaming News!

                 -/- Electronic Arts Wraps Up Buyout -/-

     Entertainment software publisher Electronic Arts of San Mateo,
 California, says it has completed its acquisition of Bullfrog Productions
 Ltd., a European interactive game developer based in Surrey, U.K.

     Bullfrog becomes a wholly- owned subsidiary of Electronic Arts.
 Financial terms of the agreement weren't disclosed.

     Bullfrog is best known for its strategy and simulation CD- ROM games,
 such as Populous, PowerMonger, Syndicate, Theme Park and Magic Carpet.

     Bullfrog is the third major interactive software company acquired by
 Electronic Arts in the past three years. Origin Systems Inc., an Austin,
 Texas-based developer of entertainment software titles, including the
 Wing Commander and Ultima series, was acquired in 1992. Distinctive
 Software Inc. of Vancouver, Canada, developers of such EA SPORTS
 properties as NHL Hockey and FIFA International Soccer, was acquired in

     On CompuServe, Electronic Arts is represented in the Game
 Publishers A Forum (GO GAMAPUB).

               -/- New Jaguar Area Announced on GEnie! -/-

 Type M475;1   <-- to get there

  The Atari Roundtable on GEnie is proud to announce the expansion of our
 Jaguar area. Demand outgrew the available space so a NEW Jaguar area has
 now been created that will allow us to expand and grow and better meet
 your future needs. This area will be more organized specifically to
 deal with Atari's Jaguar and will subsequently have plenty more elbow
 room to handle the creative needs of our customers. We hope this will
 be to your liking.

 The move will occur THIS Thursday, January 26, 1995. As a result, our
 Bulletin Board will be unavailable during a portion of that day. We
 apologize in advance for any inconvenience this may cause. We are trying
 to make EVERY effort to avoid having you see old messages as new which
 sometimes can occur during a move of this magnitude. We cannot make any
 promises but we will do our best to prevent this. We are, in fact, going
 through GREAT lengths to assure this will not happen but still, there
 is Murphy's Law (sigh). So, we ask that if you want to make sure you do
 not see any messages that were moved, as new, enter the bulletin board
 and type this:

 SET 39    <-- Sets to the Category
 IGN 1-50  <-- Ignores older messages in Topics 1 through 50

  SET 40    <-- Sets to the Category
 IGN 1-50  <-- Ignores older messages in Topics 1 through 50

 SET 43    <-- Sets to Category
 IGN 1-50  <-- Ignores older messages in Topics 1 through 50

 SET 44    <-- Sets to Category
 IGN 1-50  <-- Ignores older messages in Topics 1 through 50

 You will not need to set to Category 41 or 42 as there are not yet
 messages in these Categories.

 If you do not want to see a certain Category, log in to page 475 and
  enter the bulletin board by selecting option #1. Then follow these

 CANcel 43    <-- If you type this, you will never again see any new
                  messages in Category 43.

 If you prefer to eliminate certain topics, without eliminating the
 entire Category, and want to see the new topics that are created,
 follow these instructions:

 SET 43       <-- Typing this will take you to the Category in which you
                  you want to eliminate certain topics.

 IGN 1-8 PERM <-- Type this, for example, if you want to ignore topics 1
                  through 8 permanently or, leave the PERM off, which then
                  allows you to simply update your pointers, eliminating
                  the possibility of reading any old messages at that
                  time but still allowing you to see any new messages in
                  the future that are posted to these areas.

  ** PLEASE see BB.HLP file #11984 found in the software library for
 more detail on how you can get the most out of the bulletin board with
 the commands available to you.

 Here's is where you will find your NEW topics. If you use Aladdin,
 update your topics by selecting your Roundtable menu and then selecting
 the "Update Topic" menu. This will go online and update all the topics
 that are new.

  No. Subject
  --- -------
  From Cat 26                 to                  Cat 39
  -----------                 --                  ------
   1 Jaguar News ~ Events ~ Games                      1
   2 Atari JAGUAR, 64-bit RISC Game Console            2
   3 Future Uses, Rumours, & Misc Jaguar Inf           3
  13 Jaguar Advertisements:Sightings,etc.              4
  23 Atari Corp. & Jaguar Press Releases               5
   30 Jaguar Support                                   6
  39 Atari Jaguar CD_ROM Drive                         7
  49 Jag Cartridge vs Jag CD                           8
  29 Jaguar to Atari SC1224 Monitor                    9
  18 Cat Box                                          10
   4 Ideas & Suggestions For New Games                11
  24 30-50 Games, eh?                                 12
   5 Cybermorph                                       13
   6 Crescent Galaxy (Trevor McFur in the)            14
   7 Evolution: Dino-Dudes                            15
   8 Raiden                                           16
   15 Tempest 2000                                    17
  21 Wolfenstein 3D                                   18
  31 Brutal Sports Football                           19
  16 Alien vs. Predator                               20
  48 1 User Edit-able Games on Jaguar!                39
  27 Rainmaker Software Howdies                       40
  20 Hi From Hand Made Software Ltd.                  41
  11 Videogame violence and Atari's Jaguar            42
  19 Multimedia Standard ... Oxymoron?                43
  43 The Jaguar Library                               44
   9 Jaguar Dealer Horror Stories                     45

   From Cat 26              to                      Cat 40
  -----------              --                      ------
  14 Val d'Isere Skiing and Snowboarding               2
  34 Rayman- THE Platform game to own?                 3
  38 Fight For Life!                                   4

  From Cat 18              to                      Cat 44
  -----------              --                      ------
   6 Jaguar Related Debates                            2
  10 Jaguar vs. Other Systems                          3
  11 Jaguar vs 3DO, Facts and Figures                  4
  12 Jaguar vs. 32X                                    5
  14 Jaguar vs. Sony Playstation                       6

 A Brand New Area Separated by Game Titles:
 Category 43

 No. Subject                                  Msgs Status Author
   1 Jaguar Cheats, Hints, Tips & Tricks!      2 Closed ARCHIVIST [Charlie]
   2 Raiden                                    2 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   3 Tempest 2000                              5 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   4 Cybermorph                                3 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   5 Alien Vs Predator                        80 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   6 Checkered Flag                            3 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   7 Doom                                     21 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   8 Club Drive                                2 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
   9 Kasumi Ninja                             34 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
  10 Iron Soldier                             11 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
  11 Zool 2                                    3 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]
  12 Bubsy                                     1 Marked DARLAH [RT~SYSOP]

 These are our NEW categories:
  39 The Jaguar - Atari's latest Game Console!
  40 Jaguar '95 - The Expansion Category
  41 Jaguar - Future Expansion Category
  42 Jaguar - Future Expansion Category
  43 Atari Jaguar - Cheats, Hints & Tips
  44 Jaguar - Flames and Debates!

 It is your interest and participation that has resulted in this
 expansion. On behalf of the Atari Roundtable, thank you. If we can
 answer any questions, please don't hesitate to ask. Sending mail to us
 is simple as sending mail to JAGUAR$


 Darlah J. Potechin
 >Atari Roundtables

                   CATNIPS... Jaguar Notes from Don Thomas

  As many of you know, online services such as Prodigy and America
  Online depend on specialized front end software as a users' interface.
  CompuServe and GEnie have also had user-friendly software for specific
  computer platforms. I have personally been using CompuServe's WinCIM
  with wonderful results. When I combine it with a shareware Windows
  Spell Check (which I did register), it works great!

  I would like to pass on to everyone that I just recently received
  software from GEnie called "GEnie for Windows". While it lacks a
  couple features which I hope they place in upcoming versions such as
  multiple reply options for threads and macro keys, the interface is a
  wonderful upgrade to the old fashioned terminal approach. This
  combined with GEnie's announced expansion of a Jaguar-specific
  support, makes GEnie a wonderful way to get Jaguar support. The
  version is 1.2.
  To access the Jaguar support areas on CompuServe, type GO JAGUAR.
  To access the Jaguar support areas on GEnie, type JAGUAR. Jaguar
  interaction is also available on Prodigy and America Online. Also get
  the latest issues of Atari Explorer Online, STReport, and Atari Press
  Releases on CATscan by dialing 209/239-1552. There are about 250
  members and membership is free with legitimate registration. (Normal
  phone charges apply).


  Don't forget that Iron Soldier cinema-quality posters are still
  FREE with a prepaid $4.95 S&H fee. Hundreds of the Alien Vs. Predator
  posters have been given away and many gamers have told me how they
  had them specially framed! The Iron Soldier posters are equally
  appealing and I have enough set aside for all onliners if they
  respond promptly. Order on CATscan 209/239-1552, sending E-Mail to:

        75300, or
                        fax to 408/745-2088.
  Also available is the Tempest 2000 Soundtrack (they're selling fast
  and EVERYONE who has purchased ones tells me they LOVE it!)
  Please ask online for others who have heard it. The ONLY complaint
  I have received to date is that the font is too small on the side
  and the user can't find it fast enough in his collection when he
  wants to hear it. (I swear that was the real complaint.) The
  Soundtrack is $12.99 (makes great gifts).
  There are still some Dealer Preview videos remaining featuring
  revealing clips of a lot of great existing and upcoming Jaguar
  software (and TV spots.) The price is $8.95.
  $4.95 minimum S&H charges apply. 8.25% Tax in Calif., and $2 are
  added to Canadian orders (U.S. funds). Not available out of
  North America.

 > Jaguar Developers STR InfoFile  -  Current Developer Lists & Titles

 Game Title             Date   Game Type           MSRP      Publisher
 Air Cars               1Q/95  Racing              $59.99    Midnight Ent.
 Alien vs Predator       NOW   Role Play/Adventure $69.99    Atari
 Arena Football         1Q/95  Sports               TBD      V Reel
 Assault                1Q/95  Action/Combat       $59.99    Midnight Ent.
 Baldy (CD)                    Action/Adventure     TBD      Atari
 Barkley Basketball     2Q/95  Sports               TBD      Atari
 Battlemorph            1Q/95  Flying/Action       $59.99    Atari
 Battle Sphere          1Q/95  Flying/Action        TBD      4-Play
 Battle Wheels          1Q/95  Racing/Combat        TBD      Beyond Games
 Blue Lightning (CD)    1Q/95  Flying/Action       $59.99    Atari
 Brett Hull Hockey (CD) 2Q/95  Sports               TBD      Atari
 Brutal Sports Football  NOW   Sports/Combat       $69.99    Telegames
 Bubsy                   NOW   Action/Adventure    $49.99    Atari
 Burnout                2Q/95  Sports               TBD      Atari
 Cannon Fodder          1Q/95  Action/Adventure     TBD      Virgin
 Casino Royale                 Gambling             TBD      Telegames
 CD League Bowling (CD)        Sports               TBD      V Reel
 Checkered Flag          NOW   Racing              $69.99    Atari
 Club Drive              NOW   Racing              $59.99    Atari
 Commando                      Action/Combat        TBD      Atari
 Creature Shock (CD)    1Q/95  Adventure/Sci-Fi     TBD      Atari/Virgin
 Cybermorph              NOW   Flying/Action       $59.99    Atari
 Dactyl Joust           2Q/95  Action               TBD      Atari
 Demolition Man (CD)    1/95   Action/Combat       $59.99    Atari
 Doom                    NOW   Action/Combat       $69.99    Atari
 Double Dragon V        1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $59.99    Williams
 Dragon:Bruce Lee Story  NOW   Combat              $59.99    Atari
 Dragon's Lair (CD)     1Q/95  Adventure            TBD      Ready Soft
 Dreadnought (CD)       2Q/95  Adventure            TBD      Atari
 Dungeon Depths         1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $59.99    Midnight Ent.
 Evolution: Dino Dudes   NOW   Puzzle/Adventure    $49.99    Atari
 Fight For Life         1Q/95  Combat               TBD      Atari
 Flashback              1Q/95  Action               TBD      US Gold
 Flip Out                      Puzzle               TBD      Atari
 Freelancer 2120 (CD)          Adventure/Sci-Fi     TBD      Atari
 Galactic Gladiators           Space/Combat         TBD     
 Graham Gooch Cricket          Sports               TBD      Telegames
 Hammerhead                    Flying/Sci-Fi        TBD      Atari
 Hardball Baseball      2Q/95  Sports               TBD      Atari
 Highlander (CD)        1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $59.99    Atari
 Horrorscope            1Q/95  Combat               TBD      V Reel
 Hover Hunter           2Q/95  Combat               TBD      Hyper Image
 Hover Strike           1Q/95  Action/Combat       $59.99    Atari
 Iron Soldier            NOW   Action/Strategy     $59.99    Atari
 Jack Nicklaus Golf(CD) 2Q/95  Sports               TBD      Atari
 James Pond 3                  Action/Adventure     TBD      Telegames
 Kasumi Ninja            NOW   Combat              $69.99    Atari
 Legions of the Undead         Role Play/Adventure  TBD      Atari
 Off Road Rally         2Q/95  Racing               TBD      TWI
 Phear                  2Q/95  Puzzle               TBD      Atari
 Pinball Fantasies      1Q/95  Action               TBD      21st Cent.
 Rage Rally             1Q/95  Racing               TBD      Atari
 Raiden                  NOW   Action/Adventure    $49.99    Atari
 Rayman                 2Q/95  Action/Adventure     TBD      UBI Soft
 Redemption (CD)               Adventure            TBD      Atari          
 Robinson Requiem       1Q/95  Adventure            TBD      Atari
 Ruiner Pinball                Arcade               TBD      Atari
 Sensible Soccer        1Q/95  Sports               TBD      Telegames
 Soccer Kid             1Q/95  Sports               TBD      Ocean
 Soul Star (CD)                Action/Sci-Fi        TBD      Atari
 Space Ace (CD)                Space/Combat         TBD      Ready Soft     
 Space War 2000         1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $59.99    Atari
 Star Raiders           1Q/95  Space Simulation     TBD      Atari
 Syndicate              1Q/95  Simulation           TBD      Ocean
 Tempest 2000            NOW   Action/Adventure    $59.99    Atari
 Theme Park             1Q/95  Simulation           TBD      Ocean
 Tiny Toon Adventures   1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $59.99    Atari
 Trevor McFur            NOW   Action/Adventure    $49.99    Atari
 Troy Aikman NFL Ftball 1Q/95  Sports              $69.99    Williams
 Ultimate Brain Games   1Q/95  Puzzle               TBD      Telegames
 Ultra Vortex           1Q/95  Action/Adventure    $69.99    Beyond Games
 Val D'Isere Skiing...   NOW   Sports              $59.99    Atari
 Vid Grid (CD)                 Puzzle/Music Video   TBD      Atari
 White Men Can't Jump   1Q/95  Sports               TBD      TriMark
 Wolfenstein 3D          NOW   Combat/Action       $59.99    Atari
 Zool2                   NOW   Action/Adventure    $59.99    Atari

 [Editor's note: Titles, scheduled release dates, and prices are
 verified from Atari and Edelman Public Relations - all subject to



 > STReport Jaguar Game Review:    "DOOM"
    Atari's Jaguar gets DOOMed!

                           -= Available Now =-
                        Developed by: ID Software
                           Published by Atari 
                       Sugg. Retail Price: $69.99
                          Ease of Play: Average

 by Joe Mirando
 You are walking down a dark corridor, your weapon sweeping back and forth
 across your path as you go.  As you turn a corner, an Imp, a human-shaped
 beast with thorny protrusions at odd places on its body, bellows at you
 and sends a searing fire-ball in your direction.  You side-step out of
 it's path.  The fire-ball slams into the wall where just moments before
 you had been.  You fire your handgun at the Imp once before a Zombieman
 comes around yet another corner and levels his shotgun at you.  Before he
 can fire, you pump three rounds into him and hear him yell as he falls
 down in a bloody mess.  You quickly go to the pile of smouldering
 hamburger and pick up his shotgun.  As you do so, another Zombieman comes
 from around the corner and fires at you.  You side-step again and the
 shotgun blast meant for you enters the Imp's forehead and he too moans,
 spurts a crimson, viscous fluid and falls to the floor.  Another Imp and
 Zombieman appear and both fire at you.  You dodge and watch as each is
 hit and destroyed by the other's fire.  You turn to the wall and push at
 a discolored section.  A panel slides up and reveals a hidden room.  You
 rush inside and activate the double knife switch.  You are safe...  For

 A scene from a Stallone movie?  Another "Arnold" flick?  The latest
 installment of Die Hard?  A really bad episode of The X Files?  Nope.
 You have entered "DOOM", ID Software's latest first-person game for the
 Atari Jaguar.

 Once available only to PC users, DOOM is set in installations on Mars,
 Phobos, and Deimos.  You are the last true human and you must wipe out
 the altered humans and beasts from other dimensions that inhabit the
 installations.  Along the way you will find health potions, medical kits,
 weapons, and armor to help you on your quest.  Secret rooms abound and
 often contain these items.  The objective for each level is simple:
 Survive!  From the time you enter a level until the time you exit to the
 next one, you will be presented with "unfriendlies", pools of
 radio-active waste, barrels of toxic sludge, and countless hidden rooms
 and passageways.  DOOM, unlike many popular video games, requires as much
 thought as it does reflex action, so this is not merely another
 shoot-em-up for over active 14 year-olds.  There are no high/low
 kicks/punches, or tricky combination moves that must be mastered in order
 to do well.  While speed is important, so is good reasoning ability.
 Opponents can often dispatch each other while trying to do you in if you
 can move out of the cross-fire.  Bad guys can also be taken out by
 shooting barrels of toxic sludge.  The barrels explode, taking any
 creatures nearby with them (this holds true for yourself as well, so take
 with weapons around barrels).

 "Levels" range from dimly lit underground mazes to outside courtyards
 with volcanic mountains in the background and brilliant Martian-red skies
 above.  Each level is not merely a re-hash of a previous level, but a
 unique experience with its own dimensions, demons, perils, and secrets.
 Simply completing a level does not necessarily mean that all of the
 secret rooms and passageways have been uncovered, or all of the available
 goodies such as weapons, ammo, or health potions have been found.  For
 this reason the game remains playable even after the final level has been


 Zombiemen:          Former Marine grunts, now ready to shoot you on
                     sight.  They're the easiest to kill.

 Former Sergeants:   Not much different from Zombiemen, but a bit harder
                     to kill.  You can tell a Sergeant by his spiffy
                     black uniform.

 Imps:               Loud, mean, and ugly, Imps throw fire balls at you
                     every chance they get and take three or four pistol
                     shots to fell.

 Demons:             Big, top-heavy, pink, and much more harmful than
                     Imps, Demons bite and tear at you at a fearful cost
                     to your health.

 Lost Souls:         They look like comets with faces, they fly at you,
                     wailing and sapping your strength.

 Cacodemons:         Large, floating balls of nastiness that just keep
                     coming and coming.

 Barons of Hell:    Big, smart, tough, ram-horned muscle-men.  They lob
                    massive pulses of energy at you and simply laugh at
                    all but the most destructive of your weapons.

 I was at first slightly disappointed by DOOM's resolution, comparable to
 the low rez mode on a PC, but after only one level resolution ceased to
 be a concern.  When I was a child and my parents tried to interest me in
 reading instead of watching television (they succeeded, by the way) my
 mother pointed out that the monsters that we create in our minds are
 scarier than anything they could put on television.  What Jaguar DOOM
 does is almost as good.  I've noticed that the opponents that I see are
 much more "defined" than what the Jaguar shows. And since less resolution
 allows the Jaguar to spend more of it's precious CPU time manipulating
 the scene, motion is quite smooth and the PC version's slight delay
 between mouse, keyboard, or joystick input and screen updates has no
 counterpart on the Jaguar.  There are no jerky movements, slowdowns, or

 Although this incarnation uses a lower resolution than the PC version's
 best, this is compensated for by the fact that Jaguar DOOM uses more
 colors than the PC version's 256.

 I started out making a conscious effort to avoid making comparisons
 between this version and DOOM on other platforms but, let's face it, the
 question on the mind of anyone who has played DOOM on another platform is
 going to be "How does it measure up to the <fill in the blank> version".

 As I've already stated, Jaguar DOOM plays not faster, but smoother, than
 the PC version and, as I haven't mentioned before, it includes side and
 rear views of your opponents unlike the version for another popular game
 machine.  This makes it much easier for your opponents to shoot each
 other while trying to hit you.

 In keeping with the Jaguar's abilities, all sound is 16-bit (CD quality)
 and is quite crisp and clean.  The sound effects are faithful to the
 original and set the mood well.

 Music is absent (but not noticeably so) from gameplay, but accompanies
 the title screen and "intermissions" between levels.  Anyone used to the
 PC version will immediately notice the absence during play, but it is
 soon forgotten in the heat of battle.

 Sound volume can be adjusted via the "Options" screen at any time by
 hitting the "Options" button on the Jaguar Joypad (isn't it funny how
 these things work out?).  Volume settings, as well as the highest level
 attained are held in flashram memory within the cartridge and remain
 until you change them.

 After the Title Screen is shown, the Menu Screen allows the user to
 decide which mode will be used.  The options are Single, Co-Op, and
 Deathmatch.  Single is the normal mode of play in which you face the bad
 guys alone.  Co-Op allows you to play in conjunction with another
 player, and Deathmatch allows you to fight against another player
 instead of monsters.

 Co-Op and Deathmatch modes require two Jaguars, each with their own
 television or monitor, and a JagLink cable.  Because of the high rate of
 data exchange between Jaguars, Network errors are not an uncommon
 occurrence.  After a network error players will be placed in random
 locations.  Due to a lack of a JagLink cable (not to mention a second
 Jaguar), I haven't played either of these modes.

 The Menu Screen also allows you to set the difficulty level of gameplay.
 In ascending order of difficulty, the levels are:  I'm a wimp, Not too
 rough, Hurt me plenty, Ultra-violence, and Nightmare.

 The Options screen allows you to set the sound volume and re-arrange the
 control buttons.  If you are not comfortable with the standard
 arrangement of using button A for speed, B to fire, and C to push or
 strafe, you can change them to your liking.

 DOOM is not as "intense" as Alien vs. Predator and is much more
 enjoyable to me because of it.  While AvP tends to produce a tense mood,
 often resulting in the player acting like a hyper-active pre-adolescent
 after a double Espresso and three cans of Jolt Cola, DOOM provides
 steady action at an entertaining level.  Because of the graphic nature
 of the action (ie: constantly shooting weapons at human and humanoid
 figures and the gratuitous graphics and sound), DOOM may not be suitable
 for younger players.

 As with the manuals for all of the Jaguar games that I've seen, the DOOM
 manual provides all the instructions necessary for the uninitiated
 player to jump in and start smoking bad guys.  It provides graphics of
 all opponents, weapons, and items that might help you along the way.  It
 also sets the mood with such light-hearted phrases as: "'re the
 toughest trooper ever to suck vacuum" and "Don't get too close or
 they'll rip your friggin' head off".  The message that the manual
 conveys is quite clear:  It's just a game... go ahead and blast some

 Okay, this is probably the shortest list in the review.  My biggest
 disappointment with DOOM was the lack of a true "SAVE" feature.  The
 Jaguar keeps track of the highest level completed and will not normally
 allow you to move to a level unless all lower levels have been
 completed.  The one secret level is an exception.  The secret level is
 accessed via an alternate exit from a much lower level.  You cannot save
 your position within a level, only the level itself.

 The ONLY other complaint I have about Jaguar DOOM is that, when hugging
 a corner, you can sometimes get stuck as if there is an invisible
 obstacle blocking your movement.  This results in the need for making
 wider turns which, if there are bad guys around the corner, can result
 in a loss of health.

 Since the PC version of DOOM is so popular (many say that DOOM sells as
 many PCs as WINDOWS does), this one was a tall order to fill.  There
 will no doubt be comparisons between the different "flavors" of DOOM,
 and the Jaguar version will be right at the top.  It can stand toe to
 toe with DOOM on any other platform and compare quite favorably.
 Because of the profusion of hidden rooms, the challenge remains even
 after the game has been completed the first time (looking for the hidden
 level gave me fits for quite a while).

                      Graphics                  :  8.5
                      Sound FX/Music            :  9.0
                      Control                   :  9.0
                      Manual                    :  9.0
                      Ent./Gameplay             :  9.5

                      Reviewer's Overall Average:  9.0

 While DOOM didn't turn out to be the game-to-end-all-games, it is still
 a very good game which does not pretend to be anything other than what
 it is:  A fast paced shoot 'em up with all the bells and whistles that
 game players have come to expect.  It's well worth the money, and will
 remain entertaining and enjoyable for quite a while.


 > Jaguar Easter Eggs/Cheats/Hints STR InfoFile  -  Solving Those Riddles!  

 From Compuserve's Atari Gaming Forums, courtesy of Jeff Kovach:

 Well, this isn't exactly something that you could call a tip or trick. 
 It's more like a tiny little undocumented feature in the game.  Nothing to
 get excited about, but still one of those things that makes you wonder
 what other kinds of details they've slipped in...

 Anyway, when selecting your armaments, you can make the image of your
 IS rotate to the left and right slightly.  To do this, simply use the
 1 and 2 buttons on the keypad while the selected weapon is 'flashing'
 on your IS.

 So far for this game the following 'secrets' have been revealed:

  - a code to enable all missions and weapons
  - a code to turn on 'Insane' difficulty mode
  - button 8 brings up HUD during gameplay
  - 'PAUSE' message can be removed from screen
  - frame-by-frame available in pause mode
  - A and C together allow super fast turning
  - IS rotation during weapon selection

 In case you couldn't tell, I'm really fond of hidden features in games!


 > ONLINE WEEKLY STReport OnLine          The wires are a hummin'!
                            PEOPLE... ARE TALKING
 On CompuServe
 compiled by
 Joe Mirando

      Hidi ho friends and neighbors.  Before we get into this week's (and
 last week's) scuttlebutt, I'd like to clear up a micro-controversy that
 popped up this week.  In my last column, I made mention of the fact that I
 had included a post the previous week regarding the Pentium FDIV bug that
 hadn't made it into the published column.  I made mention of the fact that
 STReport was composed on a Pentium machine and posted that perhaps that
 was the reason that the piece hadn't made it into the column.

      Someone asked me online if the publisher would actually cut something
 out because it made fun of the type of computer he used.  My answer to
 that is a resounding "NO".  I had thought that my meaning was clear
 enough, but it now seems that I was wrong.  What I had meant to imply was
 not that  personal opinion had caused the text to be removed but that the
 flaw in the Pentium processor had caused it.

      There.  Now that that's out of the way, let's get to this week's
 info... heck, maybe there'll even be be something controversial for us to
 hash out again next week <smile>.

 From the Atari Computing Forums

 Ann Zachman tells us:

   "I'm having trouble finding a comm program to work with my 1040st.  I
   need to run it off a floppy, since I don't have a hard drive, and I
   *believe* I need one that uses VT52.  I've tried a couple, that I found
   in the file finder, but have gotten error messages trying to load them.
   Does anyone know of, or have a comm program that they've successfully
   used under these conditions? I'd be willing to accept a copy sent via
   email postage due if someone would be willing to send it if one isn't
   in the library somewhere."

 Albert Dayes of Atari Explorer Online Magazine tells Ann:

   "You might try STorm which is shareware and it is in the library."

 Sysop Bob Retelle asks Ann:

   "What error messages have you gotten with the telecom programs you got
   from our software libraries..?
   They should all work from floppies on a 1040 as far as I know..."

 Benjamin Voiles tells us:

   "I have just installed a Gemulator into a Pentium 60.  I do not
   completely understand how to use the different video modes.  I also
   tried place the hard disk driver in an auto folder on floppy so that it
   would install itself but so far I have been unsuccessful.  Also, my
   system loads from both floppy and hard drive very slowly is there any
   way to optimize the system.  I have been loading it under windows,
   could this be part of the problem?"

 Robert Carpenter tells Benjamin:

   "First of all, the different video modes are accessed via an AUTO
   folder program VGA.PRG.  This program gives you a menu of resolutions
   to choose from.  You'll need to know the chip set of your video card in
   order to pick the right choice

   To install the hard disk driver, you'll have to run HINSTALL (if you're
   using HDX 5.0) and choose the "Install" option.  Having the hard disk
   driver on a bootable floppy will allow you to access the hard drive,
   but it will not make the hard disk auto booting."

 Robert Aries posts this about his computer usage habits:

   "We got a Mac for my wife, who's going back to grad school.  My ST is
   doing just fine in my music studio.
   There are quite a few things about the Mac that took getting used to.
   After using a computer whose OS is in ROM, some of the Finder
   operations seem sluggish (especially when the hard disk has spun down
   and I have to wait for it to get back up to speed -- a characteristic
   of all Powerbooks).  And, there's no doubt that Mac software is
   expensive.  From what I've seen, the freeware & shareware Mac stuff is
   NOT up to the level of what's available for the Atari.
   Still, I'm not sure that a Portfolio could do what my wfe needs --
   writing 20- page papers with assorted graphs & charts, etc.  Like you
   said, each has their uses."

 Jon Sanford tells Robert:

   "I have been trying to learn to keep my mouth shut about all the
   places the Mac is Kludgey comparied to AtariST 2.06. Mac people won't
   believe me anyway. Eaven alowing that screen redraws are slow on any
   LCD screen. The Atari feels like a sports car The PB like a Buick."

 Robert tells Jon:

   "There is no point in trying to sell a Mac person on the Atari.  I use
   each computer in different ways, depending on what I need to do. I'm
   sure you do the same."

 Richard Brown adds his thoughts on the matter:

   "I have a PowerBook as well - I got tired of carrying a Mega 4,
   Megafile 88C, eight Syquest platters, keyboard, mouse, modem, and
   Bubblejet printer along (as carry-on!) on my frequent trips to Los
   Angeles (I keep a monitor there). So, like you, I use the PowerBook for
   CompuServe and AOL, but the GEnie front end for the Mac is a dog with
   fleas, to be complimentary.
   Regarding Word 5.1: Atari That's Write from Compo kills it dead.
   Nothing beats programmability in word processing. As a screenwriter, my
   TT does things Word 5.1 wouldn't dream of doing. That's Write is so
   programmable via an extensive macro language, including control of
   dialog box buttons that I've been able to make it outperform even
   _dedicated_ screenwriting software like Final Draft - the "only"
   recommended Mac scripting package according to LA's Writers Computer
   Store. While I own Final Draft, it is SO SLOW next to That's Write
   (we're talking 5-10 times faster, here) and my macro set that I would
   never use it for scripting. I sometimes port a screenplay over to Final
   Draft for travleing with the PowerBook, but using the Mac for general
   scripting is like writing with a dull crayon on hot asphalt - not too
   effective. Of curse, I just got Word 6, and it claims to have macros at
   long last. We'll just see. Implementation is the key. And then there's
   the lack of the delete key...
   We must also remember that the Atari has other WP's that are top
   notch. Papyrus does things you can't even do in DTP, and bridges nicely
   the gap between WP and DTP, with perhaps the best spell checker ever in
   any program. It has Mac-esque niceties like marking and then moving
   blocks of noncontiguous text, freely placeable text and picture boxes
   with anchoring, and more. Using a host of on-screen toolboxes, a huge
   amount of control is possible (the microspacing control is out of this
   world), and it is a pleasure to use with the TT's 19 inch hi-res
   screen, as the program has fully variable zoom control (up to the
   resolution of the target printer to 2,400 dpi).
   Printing to my LaserJet 4MP from either That's Write or Papyrus yields
   quality equal to my Macs or IBM's at there best - there is no "gap" as
   there once was thanks first to Speedo, and now NVDI's support of bezier
   outline fonts, which include Bitstream Speedo, Truetype (NVDI and
   Speedo), and PostScript Type 1 (Speedo).
   Additionally, Calligrapher is a powerful choice, extremely fast with
   built-in TypeAlign-esque curved text path options, full bar code
   implementation, and, like That's Write, extensive footnote capabilities
   and more. The weakness here - no Speedo support. Calligrapher went the
   other way with its own, non-bezier but straight line segment outline
   technology. That's for those with non-PostScript printers. Calligrapher
   will also allow substitution of PostScript faces via the printer's
   internal fonts, but this, of course, is limited to the standard 35
   fots. (That's Write also has a PostScript version which prints

   Regarding the backspace/delete key problem: highligting the text and
   hitting delete also works on the Atari, it's just that, if it's a word
   just to the right of the cursor, a true _forward_ delete key would take
   it out about a week faster than goofing with the mouse! :)
   Regarding your past dilemma over the GCR, the funny thing about
   anything Mac that is sub 40MHz 68040 / System 7.x - the Spectre GCR
   under System 6.05 emulating on a 16MHz 68000 Atari (like an Adspeed
   Mega) sure feels a LOT faster! My PowerBook (soon to move from a 145B
   to a 540C) is amazingly slow doing a great many things. 15-20 seconds
   for a floppy read is common. 8-10 seconds to display the hard disk
   directory, etc."

 Robert tells Richard:

   "I hear everything you're saying.  I'm into music, and it's just
   amazing how much better my almost *nine* year old 520st with Dr. T
   sequencing software is than these much-touted Mac programs like
   Performer and Vision.  And my sequencer can be had for $60, as opposed
   to $300+ for the Mac stuff!
   You've definitely gone farther into the Atari high-end than I have.  My
   original 520st is now at 2.5 megs, and I installed TOS 2.06.  The
   system was floppy- only up until about two years ago, when I bought a
   used Megafile 30.  Now I run it off a floptical, which is a bit of a
   pain (each disk is 21 megs, and switching them means waiting 15 seconds
   to re-read the directory) but the lack of any fan or HD noise in my
   music studio is worth it.
   I've switched to the Mac for telecommunicating ONLY because the Atari
   has problems with the new 14.4 modem I just got.  Flash I (which I
   used) can't handle over 5K or so of continuous data at 14.4kb without
   choking, and CIS QB/B+ doesn't work at all at that speed.  I tried the
   Flash II demo but the text scrolling is so slow compared to I (they
   switched to the "GEM-legal" way of printing text to the screen) that it
   negates the speed upgrade.  This is a big drag as Flash I is superior,
   IMO, to ZTerm which is what I'm using for now.  ZTerm's capture buffer
   features are nowhere near Flash's, forcing me to switch to Word to
   compose replies.

   Of course, there are some pluses.  Since I haven't gone to the TT and
   larger monitor like you, I find the Mac's 640x480 at 256 colors pretty
   cool, even thoug in the Mac world that's considered to be the bottom
   end!  And my word processing experience on the Atari is limited to ST
   Writer and Word Writer.  You'll probably agree that Word looks pretty
   good compared to those!
   Of course we could go on until we're blue in the face about all this.
   Maybe others considering going from the Atari to a Mac will read this
   thread and get some insights.  I'd agree that for someone needing to
   run Mac stuff where system 7, midi, and color support isn't needed,
   Spectre would be a good choice (hey, if GBS has solved those
   limitations, someone jump in here!)."

 Dan Danilowicz asks for help with his monitor:

   "This must be a common problem with the ST platform getting to be 10
   years old:  what causes the monochrome monitor's display to shake? It
   started doing it only last week. It's slight, but annoying, and I'm
   sure it's a component inside going bad, since the color monitor is
   still rock-steady. Is this a matter for the dealer, or is there a
   little thingy inside I can get to and replace fairly easily?"

 Sysop Bob Retelle tells Dan:

   "There is one component in the Atari monochrome monitor that's somewhat
   prone to failure, but the symptom is usually just that it suddenly
   stops working.
   Monitors do develop "shimmies" like you described over time.. if it
   gets too bad you could try to find a repair shop that can handle Atari
   components, or see if you can find someone selling one... (of course,
   it too would be in the almost 10 year old range too, probably...)
   My monochrome monitor tends to wiggle a bit if I have it too close to
   my color monitors when the're all turned on.. have you moved your
   monitors lately..?"

 Our own Atari Editor, Dana Jacobson tells Bob:

   "This thread interests me.  I have a multisync that is displaying these
   "characteristics" when in mono.  Color is fine, if not faded if I
   don't let the monitor warm up a bit before turning on the system.  In
   mono, the screen shimmies bad, from either a quarter of the screen down
   (or up, can't remember offhand) to the opposite end of the screen.  It
   can get so bad that it's difficult to work with, especially when doing
   word processing or DTP work.  Any ideas if this is something that can
   be fixed?  Why does it only happenin mono mode and not color?"

 Bob tells Dana:

   "The Atari monochrome monitor uses a vertical sync rate of 70 hz to
   help give it the characteristic sharpness you see, while the color
   monitors sync at the more normal 60 hz. That would probably help
   explain why the problem only shows up in monochrome.
   It sounds like your monitor has problems syncing at the higher scan
   rate.. has it always done this, or has it developed over time..?"

 Dana tells Bob:

   "I've had the monitor for about 2-3 years, and it's a relatively new
   problem (say, perhaps over the last 4 months)."

 Bob concludes:

   "Sounds like age is setting in...  we have monitors that have
   developed that wiggle symptom at work.. they get progressively worse
   until everyone starts getting "seasick" working with them...
   Unfortunately I can't think of anything that you could easily do to
   fix it..  sounds like a trip to the computer doctor may be in order if
   it gets to the point where you can't read it."

 From the Graphics Support Forum

 As you no doubt know, there has been something of a storm raging around
 the decision of UniSys, the company that holds the patent on the
 compression used in GIF graphic format (among other things).  It seems
 that they have always held the patent and have always had the option of
 charging for its use.  The furor is over the fact that they have just
 decided to enforce the patent.  Let's take a look at what folks like you
 and me are saying about it...

 Mark Hayton asks:

   "I've been told that the LZW patent is not on the decompression of LZW,
   just the compression only. If this is true then all the programs that
   just VIEW GIF files would be ok.. it would just be the programs that
   SAVE GIF files that would have to license the LZW algorithm.  Is this
   true or does anyone know?"

 Tim Wegner tells Mark:

   "I know there are informed people who have that view, and informed
   people who say decompression *is* covered.
   I can tell you this: I have looked at the patent itself, and it has a
   zillion claims for encoding, followed by a zillion claims for
   decoding. This is not a legal opinion, but it sure looks like the
   patent was written with the idea in mind that decompression *was*

 Dan Farmer adds:

   "If Unisys even *thinks* that it has claims on decompression, then
   decompression is out for anyone not willing to fight the claim in the
 Tim tells Dan:

   "Exactly. That's the trouble with this legal stuff.  Anyhoo, I have
   seen the patent, and it sure *looks* to the uninitiated like it covers
   decompression. There are all kinds of claims specifically mentioning
 Steve Sneed adds his thoughts:

   "All I know is:
   (1) Unisys claims that the patent covers both compression and
       decompression.  Certainly, the patent document itself claims to
       cover both sides of the equation.

   (2) Unisys' patent has been reviewed and upheld at least once by the
       Patent Office.

   These two items make me believe that decompression is covered."

 Ed Hamrick tells Steve:

   "That's the whole point of legal blackmail.  If a company is willing
   to spend money threatening to take someone to court over amost
   anything, and it is arguable enugh to not be judged frivolous, and if
   the settlement offered is less than the expected legal fees, then any
   rational company will settle.
   People will ettle regardless of their expectation of prevailing.  It
   doesn't really matter if Unisys would have won if they had taken
   CompuServe to court - it was probably cheaper for CompuServe to settle.
   Legal blackmail is endemic in the United States.  Why do you think
   there are so many lawyer jokes?"

 Dan Farmer posts:

   "At this point, I don't believe that we have any reason to believe that
   decompression is not covered.  On the contrary, everyone that's studied
   the patent seems to say that it "seems to be covered".

 Ed Hamrick tells Dan:

   "The development team of GNU ZIP (gzip) believe otherwise.  They've
   claimed gzip is free of patent problems, and gzip includes LZW
   decompression (but not compression)."

 Tim Wegner tells Ed:

   "Not so. Gzip includes a variant of LZ77 compression, definiely *not*
   LZW.  Gzip has been thoroughly researched and is as safe from patent
   problems as is possible under the present circumstances."

 Ed Hamrick tells Tim (and the rest of us):

   "The main point... is there exist people and patent attorneys who
   sincerely believe that a program that only contains LZW decompression
   (and doesn't do LZW compression) doesn't violate Unisys' patent.
   Whether this is true or not is irrelevant, since the way the U.S. legal
   system works is that when the license fees being demanded are smaller
   than the expected legal fees, most rational companies will pay the
   license fees.  This is a side-effect of the way the legal system works,
   and makes Unisys' legal blackmail effective.  Since Unisys has little
   to lose from bad PR (they don't market many products to the general
   product), they can do this.  IBM has a lot to lose from bad PR, so
   they're unlikely to do this."

 Don Milne adds his thoughts:

   "I don't think it does. ZIP and friends use an LZ variant, certainly,
   but it *doesn't* use the LZW variant covered by the Unisys patent. ZIP
   (and GZIP I presume), uses a sliding dictionary implementation of the
   LZ 2 scheme."

 Dick Oliver tells us that this is...

   "A good time to bring a reminder into this discussion that the current
   LAWS may not be problematic. After all, as I understand it (dimly!
   <g>), no patent is supposed to be awarded for software techniques which
   have prio use or are "obvious in the field." The means all the RLE and
   XOR-cursor and linked list patents are technically illegal.
   The real problem may be that the people in the patent office have no
   idea whatsoever what they're doing, or what's "obvious" and what's

 Paul Schmidt makes a good point:

   "...Unisys has hundreds (if not thousands) of algorithm patents, and
   they pursue patents on a regular basis.  This move to cover GIF is not
   going to make Unisys a heck of a lot of money compared to modem
   licensing, for example.
   If a large corporation is in trouble, the last thing they're going to
   be very interested in is picking up a project that is (1) bad PR, (2)
   very, very low margin, and (3) legally very difficult to enforce.
   Now, if they charged 10%, then they could make some money to go with
   their new found enemies."

 Mike Edgerton tells Paul:

   "The other reason that Unisys might have decided to finally go after
   the GIF format is that one of the many manufacturers of modems that is
   currently paying royalties to them might have raised the issue. If in
   negotiations, one licensee had said "why should we pay you at all,
   you're not charging he GIF folks", I'm sure that flags would have been
   raised, and Unisys would have been obligated to pursue the matter no
   matter what."

 Paul tells Mike:

   "This is true, although there has been a tremendous amount of talk in
   the world about Unisys not pursuing software implementations.  Modems,
   no matter how software like, are a piece of hardware, and it would be
   very easy for Unisys to defend that notion, even if the LZW ode was
   loaded into RAM.
   But, you're right.  This could be a necessary reaction to something we
   can't see behind the scenes.  From my dialogues with the Unisys
   attorneys, I did not get the impression that this was a defensive mve.
   It seemed to me that this is more a "business as usual" thing for

 Ed Hamrick adds:

   "Unisys doesn't market many of it's products directly to consumers, so
   they don't get hurt much by bad PR.  They've only spent energy going
   after big pockets of money (like CompuServe), and wouldn't bother
   filing suit against a small shareware developer - they wouldn't recoup
   teir legal costs.
   Unisys is doing what many companies do - they're involved in simple,
   legal blackmail.  The cost of defending a lawsuit for patent
   infingement is always higher than the license fees they ask for, so it
   really doesn't matter whether the patent is valid.  This is a problem
   caused largely by our legal system that doesn't havethe person who sues
   pay the legal costs of the other side if they lose.  Companies like
   Unisys that don't care abou PR can get away with this - oh well...
   Unisys' stock price will only suffer in the face of bad PR if people
   stop buying their products.  Since they don't market products to
   consumers, bad PR won't hurt them much (unfortunately).  However, they
   are quite capable of going out of business without the help of bad PR,
   and are well on the way to fading away.  Unfortunately, it takes 10
   years for a company their size to fade away - look at how long it took
   Control Data Corporation (CDC) to almost go out of business (even
   though a few scraps remain)."
 From The Sega Forum

 On the subject of playing 32X games on the as-yet-unreleased Saturn,
 Stanley Chow posts:

   "State-of-the-art games written especially for that system not games of
   a lsser technology that are compatible with my system.  I'd rather the
   Saturn be 32X incompatible and have it be a bit cheaper.
   Making the Saturn 32X compatible to encourage developers to contnue
   developing for 32X may appear to be sound reasoning at first but if you
   think about it for a while you will realize that it is a fallacy.  For
   the Saturn to be successful the system is going to have to strong
   complement of sotware available for it.  This software has to be
   written especially for the Saturn and make the statement that the
   Saturn is WAY BETTER than the 32X otherwise consumers will not be able
   to justify the Saturns premium price.  With a full complement of Saturn
   software, Saturn owners are not going to buy 32X ames just because they
   are compatible.
   One might argue that there won't be enough software for the Saturn in
   the beginning so the 32X software could fill in the void at the
   beginning of the Saturn's life.  Once again, if the Saturn is going to
   be successful then this void can't last very long and 32X developers
   should not rely on software starved Saturn owners to buy their
   The bottom line is that 32X has to survive on its own merits.  32X
   developers that think that Saturn owners are going to be a part of the
   market for their games are either fooling themselves or hoping for the
   failure of the Saturn market."
 Assistant Sysop Joel Hilke tells Stanley:

   "...a big selling point for a system is what you can do on it when it's
   released. If, say, Jaguar was released with Genesis compatibility (I
   know it would never happen - but it's an example) then it would have
   had 3 games to play, plus a ibrary of over 500 Genesis games.  Granted,
   they wouldn't have been as good s Jag games (theoretically) in graphics
   and sound, but that doesn't make them bad games and give the consumer a
   larger library to choose from. Afterall, here's only so much
   Cybermorph and Trevor McFur a person can handle.
   Now, take the Saturn. If it comes out here with Daytona and Virtua
   Fighter only there will be a lot of people saying, "Yea, but I want NHL
   Hockey." Well, NHL Genesis could tide them over until NHL Saturn comes
   out. Of course, if you still have a Genesis, you could leave it next to
   the Saturn and swap between them, but wouldn't compatibility be just a
   lot easier?
   ... Historically (Genesis, SNES, CD, Jag, 3DO) it takes a while for
   developers to make the great games for a system. Surviving on its
   merits has always taken a lot of precious time. Never hurts to use a
   crutch until you can get up on your own two feat.
   I think I would buy a more expensive Saturn to get backwards
   compatibility.  Depending on how backwards it got - if we're talking
   about Genesis/CD/and 32X then I'd definitely spend considerbaly more -
   and then I could pawn off my FrankenSega! If only 32X compatibility,
   that would be nice, but I wouldn't be willing to spend _too_ much
 Well folks, it's been a tough couple of weeks for me.  My aunt died two
 weeks ago and it's been a strain all the way around.

 Be sure to tune in again next week, same time, same station, and be ready
 to listen to what they are saying when...

                             PEOPLE ARE TALKING


 > STReport CONFIDENTIAL    "Rumors-Tidbits-Predictions-Observations-Tips"

 - New York City, NY            UNISYS BECOMES "FRIENDLIER & KINDER!"

      Our "Super Snoop" has found a bright side to the anger, apprehension
 and dismay resulting from the "GIFiasco" that has decidedly caught the
 attention of the world's computing community.  It appears they (Unisys) do
 not have their "sights" solely set on the programming community as a whole
 nor the OnLine networks as most had thought.  

      As for the pending agreement: Here's the straight skinny..  The
 GIF/LZW deal will appear like this; 

      Unisys has authorized Larry Woods of the Go Graphics Forum on
 CompuServe to announce that they now have a GIF/LZW or a GIF/TIFF/LZW
 developer agreement ready for the developer community to consider.  The
 following is Larry's reading of the agreement.

      GIF/LZW ... $25 license fee up front, creditable to future
 registrations; a .45% royalty on total selling price, per unit, not to be
 less than $0.10 per unit nor more than $10.00 per unit.

      GIF/TIFF/LZW ... $50 license fee up front, creditable to future
 registrations; .65% royalty on total selling price, per unit, not to be
 less than $0.20 per unit nor more than $25.00 per unit.

      For further information and a copy of the written agreement, call
 (215) 986-4411.  Please advise them if you are a CompuServe-'Go Graphics'
 Group Shareware author.  We don't get a kickback [g], but we want them to
 know where the registrations come from.

      As I read the agreement, there are no unfavorable terms which would
 preclude any developer from making use of this agreement to cost
 effectively continue GIF and/or GIF/TIFF development.

      Larry will be available later tonight in the forum to answer further
 questions.  Please keep questions one to a message so I can handle what I
 am sure will be a flood of questions.

      As one un-named industry observer put it... this is a very good
 arrangement for everyone from the little guy right on up to the heavy
 hitters.  The observation was also made that this agreement seemingly
 makes it fairly obvious that Unisys has a far greater goal in mind.  Or,
 as they say in the north woods, "a much bigger fish to fry".

 - Redmond, WA                         MICROSOFT REDESIGNING COMPRESSION?

      My, oh my!  But our snoops have been busy!  Reportedly, A hot, fast
 moving rumor emanating from somewhere in the great northwest goes
 something like this...  Seems a certain biggie is paying attention to the
 latest uproar over LZW and GIF.  Therefore, it appears there is seemingly
 a new compression scheme (algorithm?) aggressively being sought.  This is
 also rumored to possibly be one of the deciding factors in the recent
 delay announced relative to the anxiously awaited Win'95.  It was also
 rumored there would perhaps be litigation over the entire matter.


      Once the rumors began to fly , our editor called the man most folks
 regard as the authority about "things graphic" in the computing community;
 Larry Woods.  When Larry was asked if he felt the rumors were or, could be
 basically true, he replied "yes and the agreement's excellent".  In fact,
 he almost sounded jubilant.  He went on to say that he was glad to know
 the beginning of the end to all the gloom and doom recently enveloping the
 graphics and desktop publishing community was at hand.  "Everybody should
 be very pleased with the good news from Unisys".  He said.

 - Washington, DC                   PRODIGY SIGNS UNISYS AGREEMENT

      Apparently there are sketchy reports filtering in that Prodigy has
 signed with Unisys relative to the LZW patent Unisys holds.  Other
 services are soon to follow with AOL (America OnLine) reportedly being
 "next in line".  Speaking of AOL, it appears our super snoop has uncovered
 a rumor snippet about a possible "Class Action Suit proposal by AOL's
 Steve Case against Microsoft for having the Microsoft Network code written
 into Win'95.  It was also mentioned that further rumor has it AOL will
 have to "go it alone" as the other big networks are simply; "not

 - Chicago, IL                     Well-Known Online Service in TROUBLE?

      These are interesting times as far as Commercial Networks are
 Concerned. ...mentioned one well placed observer to our super snoop. "One
 major network is fast becoming a "has been" with rapidly dropping
 subscribers.  In fact, its so bad there's a rumor circulating about it
 closing down before the end of this year".  Another vibrant network is
 picking up those migrating subscribers as fast as they drop" ... he added. 
 Delphi, the "sleeper" of the bunch is the fastest growing and most
 impressive network at this time among all in the last three years.  Of all
 the networks Delphi appears to be the most progressively minded behind of
 course, the giant trend setter, CompuServe".  He said.


                       STReport's "EDITORIAL CARTOON"

 > A "Quotable Quote"        A true "Sign of the Handwriting on the Wall" 
   """""""""""""""""          "The Telltale Signs are Beginning to Show"

      "I shop 100% with MacConnection and always enjoyed what I thought was
      the  most readable of the mail order catalogs.  What a drag to see an
      IBM  ThinkPad  on  the  cover  and a Windows icon on page 3!  Did you
      notice  that insert in the middle of the catalog has PC Connection as
      the  address.  I'll also ask to be removed from their mailing list if
      they keep this format."

           As seen, this past week, in a very popular MAC area....

                   STReport International OnLine Magazine
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 STR OnLine!         "YOUR INDEPENDENT NEWS SOURCE"        January 27, 1995
 Since 1987         copyright   1995 All Rights Reserved            No.1104
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 Editorial  Articles  presented  herein  are  not  necessarily those of the
 editors/staff  of  STReport  International OnLine Magazine.  Permission to
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