ST Report: 15-Mar-91 #711

From: Ed Krimen (al661@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 03/28/91-03:13:58 PM Z

From: al661@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Ed Krimen)
Subject: ST Report: 15-Mar-91 #711
Date: Thu Mar 28 15:13:58 1991

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 March 15, 1991                                                     No.7.11

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 > 03/15/91: STReport? #7.11  The Original 16/32 bit Online Magazine!
     - The Editor's Desk      - CPU REPORT        - MAC REPORT
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     - YABOCUD IS HERE!       - ATARI, NOW!       - STR Confidential

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     Atari is on the MOVE!  Alwin Stumph of Atari Germany is heading up the
 group marketing  the two new products, the Atari ST Book and ST pad world-
 wide.  Here, at home, Atari US is on the verge of  unleashing an extremely
 aggressive marketing  campaign.   Yessir.... For  the first  time in three
 years, I am confident we are about to witness the actions we have all been
 clamoring for. 
     Can you  imagine being  "proud" of  owning and  using an  Atari ST and
 telling folks about the machine without  them looking  at you  like you're
 ready for  the rubber  room?  I can't hardly wait!  Actually for a serious
 moment, this marks the end of what has been perhaps the roughest six month
 period most  all US  Atari developers  and dealers have experienced.  Both
 the hardware and software fields have been rather dismal to say the least.
 However in  all fairness,  I must  point out  the real facts, Atari is not
 entirely to blame.  WE all must share some of the blame  as we  all sat on
 our  collectively  complacent  bottoms  when times were decent but getting
 shaky.  We saw the shakiness  in the  market but  refused to  recognize it
 and try to help smooth the rough edges.  Most all saw fit to let the "next
 guy" do something about it.  Instead, politics  was the  order of  the day
 with "Tony  the Rug"  'playing the  game' behind  the scenes.  Thankfully,
 those days and 'the rug' are gone forever!   Atari  has made  the positive
 moves and  changes.   Perhaps even setting the example for the majority of
 us to learn from.  Actions produce results, empty words produce rhetoric.
     The Atari US team, (Team America, if you  will) is  destined for great
 things  this  year.    The  product  lineup along with the expected market
 penetration are strong indicators of  1991  being  the  year  of  the "new
 beginning" and  1992 has  all the  earmarks of  being the "Year of Atari".
 With the help of the users worldwide along with a generous, periodic, "en-
 thusiasm fix"  from Atari, we can make a BIG difference.  We must all work
 together to make it happen.

                               Thank you for your Strong Support!


 ps; Hey Darek, its a BAD IDEA that will only bring HEADACHES.

                           TODAY'S NEWS ..TODAY!


 > STReport's Staff              The regulars and this week's contributors!

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          Lucien Oppler       Brad Martin              Walter Daniel
                    Oscar Steele        Robert Allbritton

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          Michael Lee         Richard Covert           Roger Stevens
          Brian Converse      Oliver Steinmeier        Ed Krimen
                         Bill Elledge        Mark Leair

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                 WHAT'S NEW IN THE ATARI FORUMS (March 15)


 Atari has shown two new 68000-based Note Pad computers.   See CEBIT.TXT in
 LIBRARY 1 of the Atari Arts Forum (GO ATARIARTS) for an eye witness report
 by Tom Harker of ICD Inc. covering the  CeBIT '91  show in  Hannover, Ger-


 Version 1.10 of Cowboy Term -- a multi-featured communications package
 designed to run in medium and high resolution -- is available in LIBRARY 1
 of the Atari Productivity Forum (GO ATARIPRO) as CTERM1.LZH.

                             NEW DEMO PROGRAM

 An EXCELLENT STe 4096 color/stereo demo  program from  Sweden is available
 in the Atari Arts Forum (GO ATARIARTS) LIBRARY 1 as ANCOOL.ARC.

                      CODEHEAD ANNOUNCES MAXIFILE 3.0

 Codehead Software  announces the  release of MaxiFile 3.0, a major upgrade
 to this excellent program!  See  the press  release entitled  MAX30.TXT in
 LIBRARY 16 of the Atari Vendors Forum (GO ATARIVEN).


 Don't miss  "DC INVERT" available in LIBRARY 13 of the Atari Vendors Forum
 (GO ATARIVEN) as DCINV.ARC.  DC INVERT will  flash your  screen whenever a
 BELL character  is printed  to the  screen.   You can  set the flash rate.
 100% Assembly; uses 536 bytes installed.


 Please join us in welcoming GRIBNIF SOFTWARE and  LEXICOR SOFTWARE  to the
 Atari Vendors  Forum (GO  ATARIVEN)!  Message Section 8 and Library 8 will
 be used by GRIBNIF SOFTWARE.  Messages to them should be addressed to User
 ID number  75300,1131.   Message Section  9 and  Library 9 will be used by
 LEXICOR SOFTWARE.  Messages to them should be addressed to  User ID number


 BJ Gleason  has uploaded  a file  with ordering information for his PBASIC
 hardcopy manual.  SYSOP*Ron Luks has seen a copy and he reports that it is
 a FABULOUS piece of documentation.  See MANUAL.INF in LIBRARY 1 or LIBRARY
 8 of the Atari Portfolio Forum (GO APORTFOLIO).

                         HAS BEEN DESIGNATED AS AN




   Issue #103

 by Michael Arthur



     Much of the typical  modem  user's  online  time  is  spent performing
 uploads or  downloads of files from BBS's, Online Services like Compuserve
 or GEnie, or Information  Networks like  Usenet or  Internet.   Given that
 this  always  takes  up  a  lot  of time, and usually costs a considerable
 amount of money, the need to  shorten the  time necessary  to perform file
 transfers, and  other modem  applications has  always been prevalent.  One
 innovation in this field has been  the development  of advanced Algorithms
 for compacting,  or compressing  data so  it takes up much less space, and
 packing multiple files into one Archive, or data  file, so  many files can
 be sent at one time.

     The current  technology, an  offspring of data encryption methods used
 in World War II, reduces the time it  takes to  transfer a  file through a
 modem, by  reducing the  size of the data itself.  Given the proliferation
 of many data compression methods (ARC, PKZIP, ZOO,  SIT, and  LHARC, for a
 few  examples)  that  try  to  provide  the  most efficient method of data
 compression, the topic has always been controversial in nature.

     Haruhiko Okumura provided  a  great  source  of  knowledge  about data
 compression algorithms  by writing this essay, which describes some of the
 effort involved in creating  a  data  compression  standard.    Except for
 modifications in its formatting, or presentation, and various notes placed
 in this text to provide more information on certain subjects,  the content
 of Haruhiko Okumura's text is identical....

 Introduction:  History of LHARC's Forefathers

     In the  spring of 1988, I wrote a very simple data compression program
 named LZSS in C language, and uploaded it  to the  Science SIG  (forum) of
 PC-VAN, Japan's biggest personal computer network.  That program was based
 on Storer and Szymanski's slightly modified version of  one of  Lempel and
 Ziv's algorithms.   Despite its simplicity, for most files its compression
 outperformed the archivers then widely used.

     Kazuhiko Miki rewrote my LZSS in  Turbo Pascal  and assembly language,
 and soon made it evolve into a complete archiver, which he named LARC. The
 first versions of LZSS and LARC were rather  slow.   So I  rewrote my LZSS
 using a binary tree, and so did Miki.  Although LARC's encoding was slower
 than the fastest archiver available, its decoding was quite fast,  and its
 algorithm was  so simple that even self-extracting files (compressed files
 plus decoder) it created  were  usually  smaller  than non-self-extracting
 files from other archivers. 

     Soon many  hobby programmers joined the archiver project at the forum.
 Very many suggestions were made, and LARC was revised again and again.  By
 the summer  of 1988,  LARC's speed  and compression  have improved so much
 that LARC-compressed programs were beginning to be uploaded in many forums
 of PC-VAN and other networks. 

     In that summer I wrote another program, LZARI, which combined the LZSS
 algorithm with adaptive arithmetic  compression.   Although it  was slower
 than LZSS,  its compression  performance was amazing.  Miki, the author of
 LARC, uploaded LZARI to  NIFTY-Serve, another  big information  network in
 Japan.    In  NIFTY-Serve,  Haruyasu  Yoshizaki  replaced LZARI's adaptive
 arithmetic coding with a  version of  adaptive Huffman  coding to increase
 speed.   Based on  this algorithm, which he called LZHUF, he developed yet
 another archiver, LHarc. 

 Data Compression Algorithms, Lempel-Ziv, and ARC.TTP

       In what follows, I will review several of these algorithms and
 supply simplified codes in C language.

 1.  RLL Encoding

     Replacing several  (usually 8  or 4)  "space" characters  by one "tab"
 character is a very primitive method for data compression.  Another simple
 method is Run-Length coding  , which  encodes the  message "AAABBBBAACCCC"
 into "3A4B2A4C", for example.

 2. LZSS coding

     This scheme  is initiated  by Ziv and Lempel [1].  A slightly modified
 version is described by Storer and Szymanski [2].  An implementation using
 a binary  tree is  proposed by  Bell [3].   The algorithm is quite simple:
 Keep a ring buffer,  which  initially  contains  "space"  characters only.
 Read several  letters from the file to the buffer.  Then search the buffer
 for the longest string that matches  the letters  just read,  and send its
 length and position in the buffer. 

     If the  buffer size  is 4096  bytes, the position can be encoded in 12
 bits.  If we represent the  match  length  in  four  bits,  the <position,
 length> pair  is two bytes long.  If the longest match is no more than two
 characters, then we send just one character without  encoding, and restart
 the process with the next letter.  We must send one extra bit each time to
 tell the decoder whether we are  sending a  <position, length>  pair or an
 unencoded character. 

 3. LZW coding

     This scheme  was devised  by Ziv and Lempel [4], and modified by Welch
 [5].  The LZW coding has been adopted by most  of the  existing archivers,
 such as  ARC and PKZIP.  The algorithm can be made relatively fast, and is
 suitable for hardware implementation as well.  A  Pascal program  for this
 algorithm is given in Storer's book [6]. 

     The algorithm  can be  outlined as  follows: Prepare  a table that can
 contain several  thousand items.   Initially  register in  its 0th through
 255th positions  the usual  256 characters.  Read several letters from the
 file to be encoded, and search the table for the  longest match.   Suppose
 the longest  match is  given by  the string  "ABC".   Send the position of
 "ABC" in the table.  Read the next character from the file.  If it is "D",
 then register  a new  string "ABCD"  in the table, and restart the process
 with the letter "D".  If the table becomes full,  discard the  oldest item
 or, preferably, the least used. 

 4. Huffman coding

     Classical  Huffman  coding  is  invented  by  Huffman  [7].   A fairly
 readable account is given in  Sedgewick  [8].    Suppose  the  text  to be
 encoded is  "ABABACA", with four A's, two B's, and a C.  We represent this
 situation as follows:

                                 4    2    1
                                 |    |    |
                                 A    B    C

     Combine the least frequent two characters  into one,  resulting in the
 new frequency 2 + 1 = 3:

                                 4      3
                                 |     /  \
                                 A    B    C

     Repeat the above step until the whole characters combine into a tree:

                                   /  \
                                  /     3
                                 /    /  \
                                A    B    C

     Start at  the top  ("root") of  this encoding  tree, and travel to the
 character you want to encode.  If you go left, send a  "0"; otherwise send
 a "1". Thus, "A" is encoded by "0", "B" by "10", "C" by "11".  Altogether,
 "ABABACA" will be encoded  into ten  bits, "0100100110".   To  decode this
 code,  the  decoder  must  know  the  encoding  tree,  which  must be sent

     A modification to this  classical Huffman  coding is  the adaptive, or
 dynamic, Huffman  coding.   See, e.g.,  Gallager [9].  In this method, the
 encoder and the decoder processes the first letter of the  text as  if the
 frequency of  each character  in the  file were one, say.  After the first
 letter has been processed,  both parties  increment the  frequency of that
 character by  one.   For example,  if the  first letter  is 'C', then freq
 ['C'] becomes two, whereas every other  frequencies are  still one.   Then
 the both  parties modify  the encoding  tree accordingly.  Then the second
 letter will be encoded and decoded, and so on.

 5. Arithmetic coding

     The original concept of arithmetic coding is proposed by P. Elias.  An
 implementation in C language is described by Witten and others [10]. 

     Although  the  Huffman  coding  is  optimal  if each character must be
 encoded into a fixed (integer) number of bits,  arithmetic coding  wins if
 no such restriction is made.

     As an  example we  shall encode  "AABA" using  arithmetic coding.  For
 simplicity suppose we know beforehand that  the probabilities  for "A" and
 B" to appear in the text are 3/4 and 1/4, respectively.

     Initially, consider an interval:

                             0 <= x < 1.

     Since the  first character  is "A" whose probability is 3/4, we shrink
 the interval to the lower 3/4:

                             0 <= x < 3/4.

     The next character is "A" again, so we take the lower 3/4:

                             0 <= x < 9/16.

     Next comes "B" whose probability is 1/4, so we take the upper 1/4:

                             27/64 <= x < 9/16,

     Because "B" is the second element in our alphabet, {A, B}.  The last
 character is "A" and the interval is

                             27/64 <= x < 135/256,

     which can be written in binary notation

                             0.011011 <= x < 0.10000111.

     Choose from this interval any number that can be represented in fewest
 bits, say  0.1, and  send the  bits to  the right of "0."; in this case we
 send only one bit, "1".  Thus we have encoded  four letters  into one bit!
 With the  Huffman coding, four letters could not be encoded into less than
 four bits. 

     To decode the code "1", we just reverse the process:  First, we supply
 the "0."  to the  right of  the received  code "1",  resulting in "0.1" in
 binary notation, or 1/2.  Since  this number  is in  the first  3/4 of the
 initial interval  0 <= x < 1, the first character must be "A".  Shrink the
 interval into the lower 3/4.  In this new interval, the number 1/2 lies in
 the lower  3/4 part, so the second character is again "A", and so on.  The
 number of letters in the original  file  must  be  sent  separately  (or a
 special 'EOF' character must be appended at the end of the file).

     The  algorithm  described  above  requires  that  both  the sender and
 receiver know  the  probability  distribution  for  the  characters.   The
 adaptive  version  of  the  algorithm  removes  this  restriction by first
 supposing uniform  or  any  agreed-upon  distribution  of  characters that
 approximates  the  true  distribution,  and then updating the distribution
 after each character is sent and received.


     In each  step  the  LZSS  algorithm  sends  either  a  character  or a
 <position, length>  pair.  Among these, perhaps character "e" appears more
 frequently than "x", and a <position,  length> pair  of length  3 might be
 commoner than one of length 18, say.  Thus, if we encode the more frequent
 in fewer bits and the less frequent in more bits, the total  length of the
 encoded text  will be diminished.  This consideration suggests that we use
 Huffman or arithmetic coding, preferably of  an adaptive  kind, along with
 LZSS.   This is  easier said  than done,  because there  are many possible
 <position, length> combinations.   Adaptive compression  must keep running
 statistics  of  frequency  distribution.    Too many items make statistics

           LZARI, and the Creation of a Data Compression Program

     What follows is not even an approximate solution to the  problem posed
 above, but anyway this was what I did in the summer of 1988. 

     I extended  the character set from 256 to three-hundred or so in size,
 and let characters 0 through 255  be the  usual 8-bit  characters, whereas
 characters 253  + n represent that what follows is a position of string of
 length n, where n = 3, 4 , ....  These extended set of  characters will be
 encoded with adaptive arithmetic compression.

     I also  observed that  longest-match strings  tend to be the ones that
 were read relatively recently.    Therefore,  recent  positions  should be
 encoded into  fewer bits.   Since  4096 positions  are too  many to encode
 adaptively,   I fixed  the probability  distribution of  the positions "by
 hand".  The  distribution  function  given  in the accompanying LZARI.C is
 rather tentative;  it  is  not  based  on  thorough  experimentation.   In
 retrospect, I could encode adaptively the most significant 6 bits, say, or
 perhaps  by  some  more  ingenious  method  adapt  the  parameters  of the
 distribution function to the running statistics.

     At any  rate, the present version of LZARI treats the positions rather
 separately, so that  the  overall  compression  is  by  no  means optimal.
 Furthermore,  the  string  length  threshold above which strings are coded
 into <position, length> pairs  is  fixed,  but  logically  its  value must
 change according  to the  length of  the <position,  length> pair we would


     LZHUF, the algorithm of Haruyasu Yoshizaki's  archiver LHarc, replaces
 LZARI's adaptive  arithmetic coding  with adaptive Huffman.  LZHUF encodes
 the most significant 6  bits of  the position  in its  4096-byte buffer by
 table lookup.   More  recent, and hence more probable, positions are coded
 in less bits.  On the other hand, the remaining 6 bits are sent verbatim.

     Because Huffman coding encodes each  letter  into  a  fixed  number of
 bits,  table  lookup  can  be  easily  implemented.   Though theoretically
 Huffman cannot  exceed  arithmetic  compression,  the  difference  is very
 slight, and LZHUF is fairly fast. 


   [1] J. Ziv and A. Lempel, IEEE Trans. IT-23, 337-343 (1977).

   [2] J. A. Storer and T. G. Szymanski, J. ACM, 29, 928-951

   [3] T. C. Bell, IEEE Trans. COM-34, 1176-1182 (1986).

   [4] J. Ziv and A. Lempel, IEEE Trans. IT-24, 530-536 (1978).

   [5] T. A. Welch, Computer, 17, No.6, 8-19 (1984).

   [6] J. A. Storer, Data Compression: Methods and Theory
       (Computer Science Press, 1988).

   [7] D. A. Huffman, Proc IRE 40, 1098-1101 (1952).

   [8] R. Sedgewick, Algorithms, 2nd ed. (Addison-Wesley, 1988).

   [9] R. G. Gallager, IEEE Trans. IT-24, 668-674 (1978).

  [10] I. E. Witten, R. M. Neal, and J. G. Cleary, Commun. ACM
       30, 520-540 (1987).


   Issue #12

 Compiled by: Lloyd E. Pulley, Sr.

 - Torrance, California                 NEW FILE COMPRESSION SYSTEM SHOWN

 A new PC graphics file compression system capable of packing a five  meg 
 graphics  file  down to just one meg had been released  by  Video  Image 
 Compression  Corporation  (VIC).    The  program,   Picture  Packer,  is 
 available  as  a $79 software package which will compress the  five  meg 
 file in 20 seconds or as a $595 software package plus accelerator  board 
 which will do the same job in about 3 seconds on a typical AT with  both 
 having  similar decompression times.   A  freely-copyable  decompression 
 utility may be given to other users with the compressed files.

 Picture  Packer works on the most common bit-image file types  -  Targa, 
 Gif,  Tiff,  and  PCX.   Bit-image files can be compressed in this  way, 
 since  they  are effectively a map of all dots in the  image,  even  the 
 blank  (white) dots,  and therefore have a lot of  waste  space.  Vector 
 graphics files cannot be compressed using this technique.

 - Beaverton, Oregon                         NEW VIRUS PROTECTION PROGRAM

 Combining virus protection with a 24-hour hotline support program, and a 
 quarterly  newsletter,  Central Point Software has entered into  the  PC 
 anti-virus wars with its Anti-Virus program.

 According  to  a statement released by  Central  Point,  Anti-Virus  can 
 detect,  eliminate  and prevent infection caused by more than 400  known 
 and  unknown viruses in DOS,  Windows and networked  environments.   The 
 program  makes  executable files self-protecting,  can run as  a  memory 
 resident module and can be configured to make it suitable for users with 
 different levels of experience.

 - Oakhurst, California                      SIERRA AND BRODERBUND UNITED

 In an acquisition called "more a merger of equals",  Sierra On-Line Inc, 
 has acquired Broderbund Software for about $37.9 million worth of stock.  
 The  combined firms will be known collectively as Sierra-Broderbund  and 
 will   continue  to  exist  "as  sister  companies  sharing   a   common 
 distribution mechanism" with Broderbund being a subsidiary with its  own 
 separate publishing operation.

 - Tokyo, Japan                        SUN TO MAKE MULTIMEDIA WORKSTATION

 Sun Microsystems has agreed to join with Fujitsu, Toshiba and Matsushita 
 to  develop  a next-generation multimedia  workstation.   The  agreement 
 calls for the development of technologies concerned with the compression 
 and  decompression  of  digital  motion  pictures,   a  pictorial   data 
 processing  IC,  a window processor for motion pictures  and  high-speed 
 data transmission.

 The  multimedia  workstation  is being  developed  with  the  Integrated 
 Services  Digital Network (ISDN) market in mind,  a technology which  is 
 expected  to  gain  wide acceptance within  the  next  five  years.  Sun 
 Microsystems aims to sell the workstation to the education, seminar, and 
 business presentation markets.

 - Atlanta, Georgia         RURAL MISSISSIPPI GETS $1.25 MILLION FROM IBM

 IBM is donating hardware,  educational courseware,  teacher training and 
 technical  support worth $1.25 million to Mississippi  2000,  an  inter-
 active  distance  learning program that links teachers and  students  in 
 rural  classrooms  across  the state through  two-way  audio  and  video 

 IBM donated and installed 119 computers at eight sites with each  class-
 room networked with the IBM Classroom LAN Administration System  Version 
 1.3.  Plans  are  currently  underway to network  all  classroom  sites, 
 allowing  the exchange of computer information in addition to audio  and 
 video  transmission.   Each site is equipped with computer hardware  and 
 software,   video  cameras,   microphones,  television  monitors,  video 
 cassette recorder (VCR),  telephone and fax machine and uses fiber optic 
 technology which allows simultaneous communications in classrooms across 
 the state, so that teachers and students can simultaneously see and hear 
 each other.

 - Cupertino, California                            OLDER MAC PRICING CUT

 In a change from last years marketing strategy of pursuing  high-powered 
 and high-margined sales, Apple Computer has cut the prices on all of its 
 older Macintosh models in hopes to gain a larger market  share.   Prices 
 on the IIfx,  IIci and SE/30 were cut as much as 31%.  At the same time, 
 prices for Apple's PostScript-based laser printers were cut up to 21% to 
 bring them in line with the new printers which the company announced.

 - Cupertino, California                    APPLE INTRODUCES NEW PRINTERS

 Apple  Computer has introduced two printers;  the Apple  StyleWriter,  a 
 thermal   ink-jet  printer  with  a 360  dpi high  quality  mode  and  a 
 suggested retail price of $599; and the Apple Personal LaserWriter LS, a 
 300  dpi,  4  pages per minute,  stand-alone laser printer that  is  not 
 designed  to be hooked up to a network with a suggested retail price  of 

 - New York, New York                             ANOTHER HACKER ARRESTED

 After a year long investigation,  the New York State Police and  the  US 
 Secret  Service  have arrested 20-year-old  Paul  Stira  (aka SCORPION).  
 Stira  is charged with device fraud,  a violation of Federal Code  1049, 
 which  deals  with unauthorized access to computer systems  as  well  as 
 falsification  of  telephone credit card calling numbers and  carries  a 
 penalty of up to 10 years in prison.

 New  York  State Police Senior Investigator  Donald  Delaney,  who  also 
 participated in the arrest, pointed out that "Stira was the last of four 
 whose homes were searched in January, 1990."  Stira indicated that, from 
 his  contacts at the monthly "2600" hacker meetings,  computer crime  is 
 way  down.  Perhaps  the  investigatory efforts of  the  various  police 
 agencies have led to this decrease."

 - San Francisco,  California               APPLE WINS THIS ROUND IN SUIT

 In denying motions from Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard that said  Apple's 
 case  against them should be dismissed because the  Macintosh  interface 
 wasn't really Apple's to protect,  U.S. District Judge Vaughn Walker has 
 cleared  the  way  for a trial on Apple's  copyright  infringement  case 
 against Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard.  Judge Walker did not resolve the 
 question of whether Microsoft and HP infringed on Apple's copyright. His 
 ruling  only  answered  whether Apple owned  something  which  could  be 
 infringed upon.

 Walker also ruled that parts of the interface -- overlapping windows and 
 icon -- were not licensed to Microsoft or Hewlett-Packard.

 At issue in the three-year-old case is whether Microsoft's Windows  2.03 
 and Hewlett-Packard's New Wave implementation of it infringed on Apple's 
 copyright  of its Macintosh interface.  Microsoft had secretly  licensed 
 the  Mac  interface from Apple for Windows 1.0,  but Apple  claims  that 
 Windows 2.03 is a different product that required a separate license. No 
 suit has been filed over Windows 3.0.

 Xerox  last year tried in vain to protect the Star's interface  in  much 
 the  same way Apple is trying to protect the Mac interface.  One of  the 
 reasons Xerox was turned away was because it had waited too long to file 
 its suit.

 - Redmond, Washington                        FTC INVESTIGATING MICROSOFT

 The  Federal Trade Commission (FTC),  which investigates anti-trust  and 
 restraint of trade cases,  is apparently interested in whether Microsoft 
 is  intentionally restricting the functionality and features  of  future 
 versions  of Windows.   The investigation apparently arose from a  press 
 release  and statement issued by Microsoft during the 1989  Fall  Comdex 
 concerning its future plans for Windows.

 At  the time,  Microsoft had been going to considerable lengths  to  re-
 assure  software developers who had gotten wind of the upcoming  release 
 of Windows 3 that there was still a future for OS/2, and had stated that 
 OS/2  would remain aimed at the network server and  upscale  workstation 
 market.  Presumably,  the FTC read that as a conspiracy to restrict  the 
 powers  of  Windows.  At the time,  however,  the announcement  was  not 
 greeted with any surprise,  since Windows is still based on DOS, and DOS 
 cannot offer the same kind of multi-user throughput as OS/2.

 Microsoft has released a statement saying it first received notification 
 of the investigation in June of 1990 and is complying with requests  for 
 information made by the FTC made as part of a non-public  investigation, 
 apparently concerning Microsoft's plans for MS-Windows.


                    :HOW TO GET YOUR OWN GENIE ACCOUNT:

      To sign up for GEnie service: Call: (with modem) 800-638-8369.

               Upon connection type HHH (RETURN after that).
                         Wait for the U#= prompt.

                 Type: XTX99587,CPUREPT then, hit RETURN.

                       **** SIGN UP FEE WAIVED ****

           The system will now prompt you for your information.

               -> NOW!  GENIE STAR SERVICE IS IN EFFECT!! <-



   Issue #002

 by Robert Allbritton

     Quite a bit of action going on in the industry this week including new
 products and prices from Apple, a little progress on the court battles and
 Microsoft's investigation by the SEC.

 > MAC NEWS?                              LOW COST INKJET & LASER PRINTERS!

 ***     Apple Introduces Low Cost Inkjet & Laser Printers.

     With the introduction of the  StyleWriter  inkjet  printer,  Apple has
 finalized  its  transition  to  a  high volume, price competitive computer
 company.  In comparison to the older ImageWriter  dot matrix  printer, the
 StyleWriter sells  for about the same price ($450) and prints at about the
 same speed, but the new 360 dpi StyleWriter has much  better print quality
 and it  can print on transparencies (a first for an inkjet printer.)  Sug-
 gested retail of the StyleWriter is  $599  but  it  has  been  priced from
 several retailers for as low as $450.

     Both the  StyleWriter inkjet and the new Personal LaserWriter LS share
 Apple's new TrueType outline  font technology.   TrueType  is a  direct r-
 eplacement for  Adobe's PostScript  and will  be built into the new System
 7.0 software due from  Apple in  mid May.   (A  patch is  included for the
 current System/Finder.)   While TrueType claims better quality output than
 PostScript, it defiantly uses less  memory:  the  Personal  LaserWriter LS
 needs only  512K. Other  features of the Personal Laserwriter LS include a
 special serial chip that will allow data to be sent to the printer at 909K
 per second  (about 3  times faster than AppleTalk) and background printing
 software, which frees up the Macintosh  for normal  use while  it is prin-
 ting.    The  Personal  LaserWriter  LS  has a suggested retail of $1,299.
 Street price is expected to be under $1,000.

 ***                            MORE APPLE PRICE CUTS: '030 MACS AND LASERS

 I called most of the latest round of Apple price cuts correctly last week,
 but there were more of them than I expected.


                                   Old     New
                                  Price   Price       Change
     Macintosh IIfx (4MB/floppy)  $8,969  $7,369  -$1,600 -18%
     Macintosh IIfx (4MB/80HD)    $9,869  $8,069  -$1,800 -18%
     Macintosh IIfx (4MB/160HD)  $10,969  $8,669  -$2,300 -21%
     Macintosh IIci (5MB/floppy)  $5,969  $5,269    -$700 -12%
     Macintosh IIci (5MB/80HD)    $6,669  $5,969    -$700 -10%
     Macintosh SE/30 (1MB/40HD)   $4,369  $3,369  -$1,000 -23%
     Macintosh SE/30 (4MB/80HD)   $5,569  $3,869  -$1,700 -31%
     Personal LaserWriter NT      $3,299  $2,599    -$700 -21%
     LaserWriter IINT             $4,499  $3,999    -$500 -11%
     LaserWriter IINTX            $5,999  $4,999  -$1,000 -16%

     Additionally, the  Macintosh IIsi  now comes with 3Mb of  RAM as stan-
 dard equipment (no change in price) and a  new bundle  of a  Mac IIsi (5mb
 RAM, 80mb  Hard Drive),  NuBus adapter  with 68882  Math Co-processor, and
 A/UX 2.0.1 UNIX operating system for $5,169 is now available.   The Macin-
 tosh IIx and Mac IIcx are officially discontinued as of this week.


 When Apple  and Microsoft  agreed to  co-operate to  create TrueType, many
 thought it would be a major blow to Adobe.  TrueType was to offer superior
 performance and better support than PostScript, but Adobe had a few tricks
 up their sleeve.  The latest is called Multiple Master, and it has quickly
 stolen much  of the  thunder that  followed Apple's  introduction of their
 first TrueType products.

 Multiple Master is a whole new technology that will allow users to manipu-
 late the style, width, weight, and scale of a font from within an applica-
 tion on the fly. In addition it will allow these changes to be recorded in
 the application's  document and  will be  platform independent.  (Note: an
 patch to the Macintosh OS will be required.)

 These capabilities will have vast impacts on how word processing  and desk
 top publishing applications work.  For example: if you need to cram a long
 line of text on to a single line  with current  word processors,  you must
 "squish" the  characters closer  to one another. With Multiple Master, the
 font itself will become more narrow, producing much more legible text.

 Adobe will have two Multiple Master fonts available  this summer  (a serif
 and a  sans serif)  and they  are making the technology available to other
 font manufactures such as  ITC, Agfa,  MTI, Bitstream,  and Linotype. Best
 news of all is that Multiple Master will be compatible with current PostS-
 cript output devices (compatibility is not guaranteed for 
 PostScript printer clones.)

 > MacREVIEW?                         "... what makes System 7 so special?"

 System 7.0: A PREVIEW

 part 1


     It has been in the works for two years now.  It is said  to be Apple's
 answer to  Windows 3.0.  It is  due in  two months.  It is System 7.0. But
 what makes System 7 so special, so important, so great?  Over the next few
 weeks we  will look  at the various features of System 7 and how they will
 effect  computing on the Macintosh.

     There are  some  basic  differences  between  the  Macintosh Operating
 System  (System/Finder  or  Mac  OS)  and the Atari ST/TT Operating System
 (TOS.)  The ST/TT has always had a  split personality.   There  is the TOS
 side of  it, which  is VERY similar to older versions of MS-DOS.  This was
 originally done for that exact  reason:  make  ST  programming  similar to
 MS-DOS programming  and it won't be hard to port popular MS-DOS  programs:
 a very sound, logical idea.  On the other hand, the ST/TT has GEM.  GEM is
 much more  like the  Mac OS.   Everything is in a window.  There are basic
 structures common to all GEM programs, like the file selector and the menu
 bars.  All GEM programs work basically the same, and thus are very easy to
 learn.  For example, the ST/TT desktop follows the GEM guidelines.  Every-
 thing on  the Mac is similar to GEM, or rather what GEM might have become.
 The Mac OS is much more  powerful and  complex than  GEM, and  there is no
 text based  equivalent to TOS in the Mac.

     Unlike  the  Atari  ST/TT,  the  Macintosh  still loads a considerable
 amount of its operating system off of  the  disk  every  time  the  Mac is
 turned on.   This  is one  reason the  ST has the ability to start up much
 quicker than  the Mac  and the  Mac can  have its  Operating System become
 corrupt.    However;  having  much  of  your operating system on disk also
 allows easy upgrades and modifications.

     While ST  users have  alternate desktops,  such as  NeoDesk, Mac users
 rely on  Apple to  change the  basic desktop (called the Finder.)  For the
 first time in years, System 7 radically changes the Finder.  For  the past
 few years,  Mac users  have had  two alternative  desktops they could use:
 Finder and MultiFinder.   The main  difference being  that MultiFinder al-
 lowed multiple  applications to run at once.  Note that I did not say that
 MultiFinder was MultiTasking, technically it  is  not.    What MultiFinder
 does offer is 99% of multitasking.

     In order  for programs to properly operate under MultiFinder they must
 be "MultiFinder aware", this means  that  the  programmer  must  make some
 basic (but simple) changes to his code as to allow other programs to share
 the computer, and most Mac  Programs  are  MultiFinder  aware.    The main
 difference between MultiFinder and Multitasking is what is known as "pree-
 mptive multitasking" this is the computer's  ability to  tell each program
 exactly how  much time they have before they must give control back to the
 operating system.

     Mac programs work the  other way  around: they  have control  over the
 computer until  THEY decide  to give  it back  to the operating system (so
 control can be passed on to other applications  that are  running.)   If a
 program  is  properly  written,  the  user  will not notice the difference
 between MultiFinder and true Multitasking.

     The reason all of this is so important is that  with System  7, Multi-
 Finder is now standard equipment.  The old single program at a time Finder
 is gone,  and the  new Finder  is a  significant improvement  over the old

     ST/TT desk accessories have always been found under the drop down menu
 on the far left, which is exactly the same as the Mac.  In order to have a
 DA loaded  into your  ST/TT, all  you had  to do was leave it in your root
 directory.  The Mac has always been more difficult with  this process: You
 had to  get a  special utility  called the "Font/DA Mover" to install Desk
 Accessories and Fonts in your Mac, and then  you had  to turn  the Mac off
 and back  on again  so they  could be properly loaded in.  Considering all
 the hoopla most people make about how the Mac is so easy  to use,  this is
 one thing that I always found to be medieval.  All of that is gone.

     Every Mac  has a  "System Folder"  this is where the System/Finder and
 other critical files are located.  Under System 7 to install a  DA or Font
 all you  have to  do is  move it into the "Apple Menu Items" folder inside
 the System Folder.  No restarts needed, they automatically appear.

     There are two ways fonts can be displayed.   The  computer can  keep a
 bitmap of  the way the font is supposed to look in memory, or the computer
 can keep an algorithm  of how  to draw  the font.   Obviously,  the bitmap
 system only  works for  one particular size of the font (you try to make a
 bitmap larger, but it doesn't look very good.)  The algorithm can  be used
 to make the letters any size you want.  This is they way Calamus, PostScr-
 ipt, and the new GDOS create good looking text at any size.  Now Apple has
 finally  adopted  Outline  Fonts  as  a  part of System 7.  Apple calls it
 TrueType and it is supposed to be better than PostScript (although PostSc-
 ript has  made some  major advances  recently.)  TrueType can display text
 either to the screen or to printers to  the best  quality that  the device
 can deliver.  The fact that it is now standard equipment is a major enhan-

                Look for part 2 next week in the MacReport.

               As always.. Email to MacReport can be sent to
                CompuServe: 71630,457   GEnie: j.allbritto2

                            See you next week!




 By: Mark Leair
 Atari SIG Public Relations

     The Cleveland Freenet is the starship of a revolution that is going on
 right now.   This  revolution is  the computerized information revolution.
 What the Cleveland Freenet is leading what public  libraries  were leading
 approximately a century ago; free public access to information.  In Freen-
 et's case, it's free public access to computerized information.

     Upon connecting to the Freenet by modem one gains access  to well over
 100  special  interest  groups  including a medical and dental information
 dispensary.  Other special interest groups (SIGs) include  science fiction
 forums,  veterinary  SIGs,  gaming  and  chess  SIGs,  just to scratch the
 service.   There's even  a USA  Today Headline  news forum!   Freenet also
 has a wide range of computer forums.

     The Cleveland  Freenet Atari  SIG is  one of the many computer forums,
 and the operators of the Atari SIG are proud to announce the grand opening
 of the  newly remodeled  Atari SIG.   We  now feel that this SIG now fully
 covers (or has the potential to as  soon  as  users  start  using  the new
 features)  every  aspect  of  the  Atari  computer (XL, XE, ST, Mega, STE,
 Portfolio, etc.)  and related products (Lynx, etc.).

     The biggest addition to the SIG  is the  Programming and   Development
 forum.   Our newly  acquired S.I.G.  Operator Peter Haller, a professional
 programmer, has taken charge of this section moderating the technical Q&A,
 Graphics  Design,  Hardware  development,  MIDI  development,  Source Code
 Library, and  many other  specialized development  and programming boards.
 This board  can definitely  become a developer and Atari hacker's (The old
 definition of "hacker") delight!

     Other areas include a  somewhat "dumb"  but useful  computer file sec-
 tion, moderated  by newly acquired librarian, Marc Lombardo, and a product
 Information and Support board.   This  board includes  a vast   library of
 support lists  including lists of Atari magazines, dealers,  manufacturers
 phone numbers, Atari Corp. price lists, as well as product news.  Lastly a
 special applications  area has  been added.  Presently there's only a MIDI
 user board there, but this is expected to expand in the future.

     Additionally, the Atari SIG still  has  its  news  sections, usergroup
 newsletter library,  Online magazine section, (where you'll find STReport,
 Znet, etc.),  general as  well as  specific computer  discussion boards (8
 bit, 16/32 bit, Portfolio, and Lynx), and our weekly multi-chat conference
 which meets on channel +Ataricon Sunday at 8 pm EST.

     Accessing the Atari SIG has never been easier.  One can access  it via
 Internet by  telenet'ing to or  "" or by
 calling (216) 368-3888 300/1200/2400 bps.  Once on the system,  a user can
 apply for an account application and logon as a visitor. Once here, simply
 type "Go Atari" to get to the Atari  SIG.   A visitor  can go  anywhere on
 the Freenet  and can  read anything.   They can't post messages until they
 get their permanent accounts, however. For  additional information  on ob-
 taining access  to Freenet  write to myself via the e-mail addresses above
 or by writing the SIG at its US mail address:

                               The Atari SIG
                              P.O. Box 21815
                          Cleveland, OH 44121 USA
     Lastly, a freenet application is available  in the  mail by  writing a
 request to  the above  address if you rather not download it from Freenet.
 The Atari SIG is ready to serve the  thousands of  Atarians throughout the
 world.   We look  forward to seeing you all real soon!  Remember the staff
 of the Atari SIG are volunteering their time for no pay and  the Cleveland
 Freenet,  as  well  as  the  Atari  S.I.G.,  is  a non-profit organization
 existing for the free exchange of information.



                               GET THE RAID!

 by Bill Elledge

     The TOS14FIX patch program  that Atari  distributed to  fix the RS-232
 flow control  bug and  AES file  parse bug in Rainbow TOS 1.4 causes a new
 bug to be introduced.

     The TOS14FIX.PRG is a small patch program that is placed into the AUTO
 folder to correct the above two bugs. There is only one known version this
 file and it is 689 bytes long.  It was originally distributed along with a
 group of  various utilities for TOS 1.4 in an archived file on the various
 on-line services.

     This patch wedges itself into the  XBIOS trap  vector (14)  and checks
 for the  function code of the Rsconf command (15) on the stack.  All other
 XBIOS commands are passed through.The Rsconf command is  used to configure
 the RS-232  port, it  allows the baud rate, flow control, parity, bit size
 and start and stop bit parameters to be set.  The reason for the  patch is
 that the  Rsconf built  into the  TOS 1.4 ROMS does not recognize the flow
 control parameter properly.  The  TOS14FIX  patch  corrects  this problem,
 however in doing so a new bug is introduced.  

     Besides the  ability to set the RS-232 parameters, Rsconf can be setup
 to return the current configuration parameters. A new feature was added to
 TOS 1.4  which allows  the current  baud rate  to be returned. This is ac-
 complished by passing the first argument  to Rsconf  as a  -2. Without the
 TOS14FIX patch, Rsconf works as documented.  

     With this patch installed, attempting to executing Rsconf will cause a
 system crash, most likely an illegal instruction error (4 bombs):

 C Language Example:

   baud_rate = Rsconf (-2, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1);

     The TOS14FIX program contains a simple coding error  (more than likely
 caused by  a typo)  that creates  this problem.   The patch contains a se-
 quence of 680x0  instructions that check for a -2 value on the stack, when
 this is the case the baud rate code is read from the internal RAM location
 where it has been  previously saved  and placed  into the  D0 register for
 return to  the calling  program.  The problem is the instruction that fol-
 lows is a RTS (Return from Subroutine), it  should be  a RTE  (Return from
 Exception).    This  causes  the  stack  of the 680x0 to not return to the
 proper state, thus causing the bombs.

 Below is the code section disassembled from the TOS14FIX program.

         CMPI.W   #-2,2(A0)         ; is baud rate argument = -2 ?
         BNE      NOT_BAUD          ; 
         MOVE.W   $A6E,d0           ; return baud rate code
         RTS                        ; 
         NOT_BAUD:                  ; jump here if not -2
         ORI.W   #$700,SR           ; disable interrupts
     The problem should be corrected by the source  (Atari) and re-released
 to the  public.   However until that time, users can correct their copy of
 the patch by using a file editor changing one byte that will cause the RTS
 to become  an RTE.   Using  a file  editor (like  Gribnif's Memfile 3.0 or
 CodeHead's Look It!), load the TOS14FIX.PRG into memory.

     At byte offset $017D (hexadecimal) from the start of the  file will be
     byte with  the value  $75 (hexadecimal).   Change  this value to a $73
     (hexadecimal) and save the file.

                                That's It. 

 The RTS instruction (opcode $4E75) now  becomes a  RTE instruction (opcode

     It would probably be a good idea to change the name of the file, so as
 not to confuse it with an unpatched version (i.e. TOS14FIG.PRG  instead of
 TOS14FIX.PRG, where  the G  stands for  good version.) Reboot with the new
 file in the AUTO folder and the bug will be eliminated.

     Some people may wonder why this bug was  not uncovered  some time ago,
 since the  patch was  released in  late 1989?   The answer is that the new
 capability of the Rsconf command to be able to return the baud rate is not
 utilized  by  current  software  products  that communicate via the RS-232
 port. Most were released prior to the introduction of TOS  1.4.   With the
 new Mega  STe and  TT models supporting more than one RS-232 port, it is a
 good programming practice for an application to restore  the baud  rate to
 its previous value (the same as it is a good practice to restore the color
 palette.)  With desk accessories and  applications using  the RS-232 ports
 back and forth, saving the RS-232 parameters can avoid program conflicts. 


 > THE FLIP SIDE STR Feature?                   "....a different viewpoint"

                    A LITTLE OF THIS, A LITTLE OF THAT

 by Michael Lee

 From Chris Vogtv on CIS...
   Greetings Atarians.   I am not a member of this forum (my friend is  a 
   member  and  I'm using her Atari)...I'm house-sitting here  and  using 
   this Atari 1040STe to finish up some work while I'm here,  and I'm not 
   having any trouble at all.  In fact I must admit that as an IBM user I 
   believed  until now that an IBM was the ONLY way to go in  a  personal 
   computer. I must say that I was surprised at how versatile and easy to 
   use this unit really is. It seems to adapt well to any application.


 Some comments from Genie about the new game from Accolade "Elvira"...

 Compilation of several posts from Jim Brown....
   This  is a terrific looking and sounding game,  I am  really  enjoying 
   this game.  The graphics are some of the best I've seen, but it is not 
   for the squeamish.   It has some really gross screens and sequences... 
   or really cool, depending on who you ask.  The two 9 year old boys who 
   regularly steal computer time on my system can't wait to get killed in 
   new and grosser ways.
   The animation is a little slow but there is a LOT of it.  The  program 
   appears  to  have  at least 32 colors on the screen at  once  and  the 
   graphics look more like Spectrum 512 than anything else. The animation 
   is whole screen also (well,  whole play area, about 1/2 of the screen) 
   ...With 2.5 meg it seems to remember all graphics once loaded, cutting 
   down  drive  time considerably...This is a case where  the  photo-real 
   graphics  remained  photo-real after being converted from  the  Amiga.  
   Elvira's  character not only looks like her (digitized  graphics)  and 
   sounds like her (digitized sound),  she even acts like her  (digitized 

   The speed is pretty good on my hard drive but I'd hate to run it  from 
   floppy though.Anyway,  I'm having fun,  but the frustration factor  is 
   getting high.

 From Jeff W. (Sysop)...
   You  have to help Elvira find her chest!  Before someone  says,  "Gee, 
   must  be a real easy game," Elvira is being held captive in a  castle, 
   but needs her magic spells that are stored in a hidden treasure  chest 
   in order to escape.  Your job is to search the castle, find the chest, 
   and  return  it to Elvira...I've looked at this game  briefly  at  the 
   store and I'm thinking of buying it. Considering that it comes on five 
   [double-sided] disks and can run off a hard drive,  I am all the  more 

 From M.Chew...
   My  first  impression  is  that it's a pretty  good  game  with  great 
   graphics.  A hard drive is virtually required to play this game though 
   since  it takes forever to load the program and to load new  data  off 
   the  floppies.  I did ran into some problems (bugs ?) with  this  game 
   when running it on my system. I've found that ELVIRA hates the ICDTIME 
   program  -  it would crash unpredictably after running  for  a  little 
   while when you click the mouse on something (4 bombs.) I've also found 
   that  moving items in the inventory window would crash the program  (2 
   bombs)  when I'm running with all 4 megabytes of RAM available  on  my 
   1040STe.  Running CNF1040.TOS to lower the available memory down to  1 
   megabytes seem to solve the problem.

 From Jim Brown...
   I'm running TOS 1.4 with 2.5 meg of RAM and a Megafile 30 hard  drive. 
   I've had no bombs, bugs or other in Elvira.


 Many  folks  have been wondering what his happening with the  Flash  2.0 
 version that was promised several months ago.  Here's some comments that 
 were on CIS about it...

 Compilation of some posts by Alexander Golitsis....
   When Joe Chiazzese used to manage Electronic Playworld,  I would often 
   talk to him about future projects.  He used to tell me that Allan Page 
   _was_  working  on FLASH 2.0 (just one of the new features was  to  be 
   "auto-learning",  i.e.,  no more writing .DO files) and he was working 
   on  the  Amiga  version  of the same program  (I  even  saw  an  early 
   version).  However, In the last couple of years, I have heard nothing.  
   Has anyone even had contact with Alan recently?

 From Jim Ness (Sysop) on CIS...
   Alan  was around a couple of months ago,  and told me that  Flash  was 
   dead.   When  I mentioned the rumor about Antic and Flash 2,  he  knew 
   nothing about it.  So, we have been assuming that Antic was using some 
   other author.

 Compilation  of posts from Bob Brodie (Atari User Group Coordinator)  on 
   ...I  too  was told that Alan was working on Flash  2.0.  Some  of  my 
   friends and sources in Canada even tell me that Alan and Joe have long 
   ago finished their version of Flash 2.0.   All that is waiting is  for 
   Antic Software to make them a "real" deal...but some business problems 
   prevented  them from releasing it via Antic...but all of this is  just's still one of my favorite programs.   I'd dearly like to 
   use it with the TT.

 From Ron Luks (Main Sysop) on CIS...
   The program that has been called "FLASH 2.0" from ANTIC SOFTWARE isn't 
   being done by Alan and Joe.  Its actually a different program from  an 
   Australian  author that has many of the features of the FLASH  written 
   by Alan and Joe (and of course, a bunch of new ones).

   ...Charles  [Cherry]  and I talked quite a bit about  FLASH  2.0  last 
   September/October,  but things have stalled in the development  stage. 
   Last  time I spoke with Jim Capparell,  he didn't know if it would  be 
   finished and released for sale.

   As far as I know, Alan and Joe are not working on any updates to THEIR 
   program called FLASH (the one we now use as ver 1.6),  which is a real 
   shame, because its a GREAT program and has been my favorite for years. 


 About Diamond Back II v2.20 from Bob Luneski (Diamond Back II author) on 
   Retail price for Diamond Back II V2.20 has not changed and remains  at 
   $44.95  I am currently working with my bank to get a merchant  VISA/MC 
   account so I can make it easier on people. Until that happens, you can 
   send a check to:

     Oregon Research Associates
     16200 S.W. Pacific Hwy, Suite 162
     Tigard, OR 97224
     (503) 620-4919

   ...Mail  order would be less expensive,  but V2.11 is what is  in  the 
   distribution  channel  and then you would have  to  upgrade.  Actually 
   there  are not that many V2.11 left in the channels and I  am  working 
   with the distributor houses to get them out of circulation as soon  as 
   possible, however it is something you should be aware of.

   An Update on shipping:

   The good news: Diamond Back II V2.20 is complete and ready to ship
   The good news: I have the manuals from the printer and they look great
   The good news: I have the registration cards from the printer and they 
                  look great
   The good news: I  have the envelopes inserted into the inside  of  the 
                  manuals  (ready  for  disks) and  I  have  the  sealing 
                  sticker from the printer and they look great.
   The good news: I  have the shipping material & envelopes and am  ready 
                  to go
   The bad news: The disk labels will not be ready until next Friday. The 
                  printer  evidently had to farm out the work to a  large 
                  disk  label  company in the east and they will  not  be 
                  able  to  get to them until the middle of next  week  + 
                  shipping time = next friday promised arrival.

   So I have a new projected ship date for V2.20 of March 16, 1991


 From Hagop Janoyan (author of Hagterm) on Genie...
   ...the  long-time promised new Hagterm General Manual is  available... 
   Anyone interested in switching to the new manual(s) can send in $6 to:

     Atari Corner Publishing
     515 Wing Street
     Glendale, CA 91205.

   You  will  receive  the new General manual,  plus  the  new  HagScript 
   manual.  However,  I'd  like  to  mention  that  unless  you  are  not 
   proficient  with Hagterm yet,  or you are writing HagScript  programs, 
   you won't need the new manuals.  Everything you would need to know  is 
   already covered in the extensive HELP screens.

   On a different note, I've been arguing myself whether to use "HagTerm" 
   or  "Hagterm" in the future,  where the 't' is  not  capitalized.  Any 


 From  Lauren  (WordFlair) about the orders from people who  upgraded  to 
 WordFlair from other word processors...
   ...the  swap orders should go out at the end of next week [week of  3-
   15-91].  We  held them up because many people got their  ST  Informers 
   late and requested an extension to the deadline.  To give such a  good 
   price,  we needed to consolidate the orders and have done so.  They go 
   to the duplicator this Monday and should ship Friday, or the following 
   Monday via US Snail.


 Comments about the MegaSTe from D.BECKER on Genie....
   I  have  recently purchased a MEGA STe from Infinite  Grafix  here  in 
   Richmond,  British Columbia and I thought everyone would be interested 
   in my observations and questions...

   Configuration:  TOS 2.5,  4 Meg RAM, 48 Meg hard drive, TT style case, 
   math co-processor built in (not just the socket!),  LAN plug, 2 serial 
   ports, parallel port, VME plug, cartridge and MIDI ports, stereo audio 
   out, RF out, and a detachable keyboard.

   The  hard  drive came pre-formatted with four equal  partitions  (nice 
   touch)  I  simply installed the new AHDI from floppy and  was  up  and 
   running  in a few minutes.  You are required to touch a key after  the 
   hard drive initializes to enter the desktop (or use NOROACH.PRG to set 
   up a delay).  The hard drive runs at approx. 28 milliseconds according 
   to test programs.

   The  new control panel CPX system seems really neat.  I can  set  many 
   parameters from this control panel including system speed (8MHZ, 16MHZ 
   or 16MHZ with cache) 16MHZ with cache causes some incompatibility with 
   the GFA 3.5E interpreter and compiler,  Interlink,  LDW Power 1.0  and 
   many   PD  programs  written  using  GFA  Basic.   The  problems   are 
   intermittent   and  usually  produce  two  bombs.   I  have   had   no 
   incompatibility using 16MHZ without cache or 8MHZ.  I have not  tested 
   any  games.  I  am using a monochrome monitor.  Calamus seems  to  run 
   flawlessly at 16MHZ with cache!

   Yeah!!  The new TOS is a real joy to use. I will not attempt to review 
   its many features.  It is much nicer than 1.4!  Hey Atari...We need  a 
   way  to automatically switch processor speeds when running a  program, 
   any ideas...Experimentation continues here in Canada...stay tuned!


 Comments  about  "Just  Another  War in Space"  from  Hosea  Battles  on 
 Genie...  is  complicated,  but it is a fun game.  It is  very  strategic 
   oriented. You have to read the manual to figure out the game.  I enjoy 
   playing it but it is not for everyone.   All menus are mouse driven. I 
   must  say,  it took me one week to thoroughly learn the game...If  you 
   like strategic oriented games with some action, then I would recommend 
   it.  If you can, see it first.


 From John Eidsvoog (CodeHead Software) on Genie...
   Even though we are planning another official press release real  soon, 
   I  thought  I'd quickly inform everyone of the update  situation  here 
   since people are being daily bitten by the update "trickle" effect...

     CodeKeys 1.3   now shipping
     G+Plus 1.5     now shipping
     MultiDesk 2.2  now shipping
     HotWire 3.0    now shipping
     LookIt 1.1     any day now
     MaxiFile 3.0   may be delayed  as much  as two weeks  for  emergency 
                    last minute "had to have" feature
     Utilities 4    4 weeks or so
     MultiDesk 2.2  is essentially a TT-compatible update so if you  have 
                    version 2.0-2.1 and don't have a TT, save your money.

   All  updates  are  $10.  If you are planning to update  any  of  these 
   products  it would make sense to do them all at once to save  yourself 
   the trouble of multiple mailings of disks.  We have been holding those 
   orders  which  include products that are not quite ready,  but  as  of 
   today,  we will start shipping anything that's ready and send the rest 
   later when it is ready.  It's not fair to those whose HotWire is being 
   held for MaxiFile.


 From Joe Mardo on Genie...
   ...The other day I ran across a power supply that's almost exactly the 
   same size as the Mega's internal supply. It is a Power General 3050-1. 
   It  puts out +5v at 6amps and +- 12v at 1amp each.  It's rated  at  50 
   watts. There were two problems with it.

   1. The +-12v heat sinks were too high an I had to cut off 1/4".
   2. The mounting holes don't exactly match the Mega bracket but can  be 

   The  dealer  [Abbott Electronics in Woburn,  Ma] is currently  out  of 
   3050-1  units  but still has 3050-2.  The difference is  that  instead 
   of +- 12v,  they  are +- 15v.  Since these units use 78xx/79xx  series 
   regulators  for the +- 12v,  and have the two heat sinks that must  be 
   shortened,  it's  a  simple  matter to replace  the  7815/7915's  with 
   7812/7912's  while you're cutting down the heat sink.  My unit is  now 
   running  my  T-16'd  Mega4  with ISAC board  and  is  waiting  for  an 
   accelerator/memory board for the real test...The best part is it costs 
   only $17.88


 From Larry Ellis on Genie...
   In  late 1989 I bought a Toadfile 100 and it had a very loud  fan.   I 
   recently replaced it with a Radio Shack 3" fan (120VAC,  32 CFM,  part 
   #273-242,  approx.  $17.)   The new fan is probably less than half  as 
   noisy.  It has about 8 or 9 blades, compared to the 4 on the old Torin 
   fan. How much quieter is it? Before I couldn't tell how fragmented the 
   drive  was  by listening to the heads thrash around  finding  all  the 
   parts of a file. Afterwards, I could. So the new fan even helped speed 
   up my disk accesses, by getting me to defrag it.


 Until next week.....


 > STR Portfolio News & Information?                  Keeping up to date...

                         THE ATARI PORTFOLIO FORUM

 On CompuServe

 by Walter Daniel  75066,164

     The forum  passed a  milestone this  week:   message number 10,000 was
 posted. That's a lot of activity for a small (by comparison) forum!  Port-
 folio software  from Germany should be appearing soon, I understand.  Read
 message 10124  for an  announcement about  Micro Hedge,  "options and risk
 management software,"  from Naiditch  Consulting.  I'm not really clear on
 what the program does, but it seems to have something to do with the stock
 market and  investing.   PowerBASIC:   Portfolio is  in "final-final" beta
 testing, so you should be seeing it soon.

     See message 10126 if you would like to know how  to use  a Diconix 150
 inkjet printer  with a  Portfolio serial  interface.  Janis Kelly posted a
 diagram of the necessary cable.

     I received my Guide to PBASIC (Version 4.1) this week.  BJ Gleason and
 his cohorts  at the  American University have completed an impressive task
 in documenting BJ's free BASIC interpreter for the  Portfolio.   The guide
 is 250 pages in length with 8.5 by 11 inch pages and spiral bound in order
 to lay flat.  Material covered includes a tour of PBASIC, a description of
 the language,  some power  user tips,  a comprehensive reference, and some
 sample programs.  Each statement is  described, its  syntax given,  and an
 example of  its use  shown.  This manual is well worth the $25 cost, espe-
 cially considering that the  language itself  is free.   Ordering instruc-
 tions are  listed in  the text  file that comes   with the PBASIC package;
 instructions will also be posted in library 1 of the forum.

     New uploads in library 1 this week include EXP.BAS, an expenses logger
 from Hugh  Campbell, and  DZN.BAS, a  puzzle for  PBASIC.   Some kind soul
 uploaded MAIL.ADR, an address  book file  that contains  information about
 mail order vendors that stock Portfolio hardware and accessories.

     Someone sent me a message suggesting that a keyboard macro program for
 the Portfolio would be a good idea.   It turns  out that  there is  one in
 library 3 of the forum.  PORTKEYS, part of the free Portfolio Took Kit 2.0
 by Carl Koop, is a function key reassignment program.  While F1  though F5
 are reserved  by the  Portfolio, F6 through F10 are available while all 10
 function keys are available with the CTRL and ALT keys.  PORTKEYS actually
 creates a  batch file  that must be executed for the reassignments to take
 place, but  then that's  why the  AUTOEXEC.BAT exists.   You  will need to
 install ANSI.SYS into your DOS.

     The  Portfolio  Took  Kit  contains  nine utilities in all:  PORTDISK,
 PORTKEYS.   Just about  every Portfolio  user can use one or more of these
 programs, so  the package  is well  worth downloading.   The  main file is
 PTOOL.ARC while PCLOK.ARC contains updates to PORTCLOK AND PORTDIV.


 > YABOCUD! STR Spotlight?      "...a DIRECT MIND LINK to your computer..."

 Friday, March 15, 1991

  You're a SPECIAL kind of person...

  You KNEW you didn't want to waste your time fighting a ground war so
    you bought an Atari computer...

  You KNEW you didn't want to waste your time bouncing around at SCUD
    level so you discovered CodeHead Software...

  You KNEW what you wanted and YOU GOT IT!

    You're TURBOed...
      You're CHARGED...
        You've got a DIRECT MIND LINK to your computer...
          You're FLYIN' HIGH with CodeHead Software under your wings...

  But you can still see those other guys in your rear-view mirror and...

    You want to go HIGHER,
      You want to go FASTER,
        You want to go STRAIGHTER, SMOOTHER, EASIER...

 After all...isn't that what you've come to EXPECT from CodeHead Software?
  Hasn't CodeHead Software given you more than you thought was possible?
    Wasn't CodeHead Software right there when you wished for something?
      Didn't CodeHead Software show you that the sky's NOT the limit?

       Well, just when you thought we were running on "empty"...

         *                                                       *
         *          CodeHead Software Announces YABOCUD!         *
         *                           or                          *
         *         Yet Another Batch Of CodeHead UpDates!        *
         *                                                       *

 Yes, we've  been working  hard at  CodeHead Software and it shows.  All of
 our products have been cleaned and shined so that you can see  yourself in
 them...and you're  lookin' good,  too!   But that's not surprising because
 everyone looks good in CodeHead Software. 

                             WHAT IS YABOCUD??

 Excuse us now while we pull our tongue out of our cheek,  get serious, and
 tell you a little bit about what's included in the new versions. 


  HotWire 3.0 - The Fastest, Easiest Way to Run Programs

 HotWire 3.0  includes several new features, including a Global Block of 20
 more entries allowing you to instantly run up  to 74  programs, color ent-
 ries  in  the  HotWire  menu,  configurable desktop pattern and color, and
 greatly enhanced screen saver, mouse accelerator and HOT file editor. 

 We've released a separate press release of over 200 lines which elaborates
 on all  of HotWire 3.0's features.  Look for it where you found this docu-


  MaxiFile 3.0 - The SuperTool

 MaxiFile 3.0 has had an unbelievable facelift, adding so many new features
 that we prepared a separate 300-line press release to describe its power. 

                     BUT... EVEN THAT WAS NOT ENOUGH!

 Since the  MaxiFile press  release we've  added the  single most requested
 feature -- simultaneous display of both Source and Destination directories
 in scrollable  windows! And  of course,  there are some unique and special
 touches even here, with  windows  that  auto-scroll  while  you  select or
 deselect  items,  synchronized  double-window  scrolling,  total  keyboard
 control, and much more!

 Look for our detailed press release  to  learn  about  the  power  of this
 SuperTool, or better yet, just buy'll knock your socks off!


  LookIt! & PopIt! - Two Powerful Utilities in One Package

  o   LookIt now  works in  tandem with  any editor, allowing you to easily
     edit the current file being viewed. 

  o  We've added more speed to LookIt's search function...not too much, but
     just enough.


  CodeKeys 1.3 - The Macro Tool

 It seems  like just  yesterday that we released CodeKeys but we've already
 updated it substantially.

 We've added:

  o  Extended ASCII characters -- you can use CodeKeys to insert any chara-
     cter in  the GEM  font, such as umlauts, accents, foreign symbols, and
     graphics characters. 

  o  Time and Date events  -- Two  special events  will output  the current
     time and/or  date.   Each time  or date event can be individually for-
     matted in thousands of different ways, making it easy to stamp docume-
     nts and files with the current time and date in any form. 

  o    Lockout  Abort  Code  provides  a definable code sequence to lock or
     unlock your macros.  Locked macros now play more reliably, too. 

  o  CodeKeys will now automatically  execute any  macros marked  as 'Auto-
     run'  when  a  'linked'  .KEY  file  is loaded, allowing you to create
     macros that  will start  automatically when  their associated programs
     are run. 


  G+Plus 1.5 - The GDOS Replacement

  o  G+Plus 1.5 is now fully compatible with the Atari TT computer, as well
     as all other Atari 68000 series computers including STs and STEs. 

  o  "Font not found" warnings may be enabled or disabled.

  o  Watching of the Alternate key can  be turned  off to  eliminate inter-
     ference with other uses of the Alternate key while starting programs. 

  o  Installation editor has been expanded from 12 to 16 entries.

  o    "Force  Raster"  mode  provides even more compatibility with problem


  MultiDesk 2.2 - The Accessory Loader

  o  MultiDesk 2.2 is now fully compatible with the  Atari TT  computer, as
     well as all other Atari 68000 series computers including STs and STEs.

  o  Accessories that change their  menu titles  will now  be properly dis-
     played in the MultiDesk window.


  CodeHead Utilities - A Collection of Useful Programs and Accessories

 CodeHead  Utilities,  Release  4,  is  in the final stages of updating and
 should be ready on or before May 1st,  1991.   All programs  will be fully
 TT-compatible and many new features will be added as well. 


 As a  current owner  of any  CodeHead product, you can obtain an update by
 sending your original master disk and $10 to the address listed below. 

    Version numbers and suggested retail prices for our products as of
                      Wednesday, March 13, 1991 are:

                Product              Version       Price
                -------              -------       -----

                CodeKeys ............. 1.3 .......$39.95
                G+Plus ............... 1.5 ....... 34.95
                MultiDesk ............ 2.2 ....... 29.95
                LookIt & PopIt ....... 1.1/1.0 ... 39.95
                MaxiFile ............. 3.0 ....... 39.95
                HotWire .............. 3.0 ....... 44.95
                HotWire Plus ..................... 69.95
                MIDIMAX .............. 1.3 ....... 49.95
                CodeHead Utilities ... Rel 4 ..... 34.95

   CodeHead Products are available from your local Atari dealer, through
          mail-order houses, or directly from CodeHead Software:

                             CodeHead Software
                              P.O. Box 74090
                           Los Angeles, CA 90004

                           Phone: (213) 386-5735
                           FAX:   (213) 386-5789
                           BBS:   (213) 461-2095

     CodeHead Software accepts Mastercard,  Visa, and  American Express, as
 well as checks, money orders, and cash.  Shipping charges are $3 U.S.,  $4
 Canada, and $6 elsewhere. 

     Current office hours are Monday-Friday 9AM-1PM  Pacific time.   Prices
 and hours are subject to change without notice. 

                        Thank you for your support!


 > ATARI, NOW!! STR FOCUS?         They will put their "Best Foot Forward"!

                       OPERATION GLOBAL COMP_U_COM!

 by Ralph Mariano

     Computer  Communications,  (Comp-u-com)  globally  speaking; are fast,
 cost effective and beyond a shadow of a doubt, timely.  This  past week we
 are witness  to Atari's  first major thrust toward establishing themselves
 as a worldwide marketing entity.  Atari, has in the last few  months, been
 heavily engaged  in the  overall development  of the 'grand resurgence' of
 our favorite computer company.

     This reporter KNEW the turn-around was imminent at the very moment Sam
 Tramiel announced during his most recent online conference that; 

 A)   "Atari had  a very  clear marketing  direction" along with "trying to
     "sell personal computers to people at the best possible price."

 B)  "We have reorganized Atari U.S. to be a  more responsive  and friendly
     company, a kinder and gentler Atari.  We have even added new people in
     the U.S."

     The times we are in ordain that change is the  enigma to  a successful
 recovery of  Atari Computers  in the  USA.  And change is "the" by-word at
 Atari along with "accommodate and satisfy."  Atari has, in the past, tried
 to accomplish  these things  by mere policy adjustments and public relati-
 ons, it simply wasn't enough.  Now, with the actual  personnel changes and
 additions  one  can  honestly  say,  "real changes are at hand."  STReport
 fully supports Atari's newest efforts at reaching mainstream  America.  We
 feel it  will be reached like its never been reached before.  Atari is, by
 all indications, now headed in the right direction and.... with a level of
 determination never before seen by this userbase and market.

     This  effort  is,  by  all  outward appearances, "just what the doctor
 ordered".  "The STe line of computers is destined to become the  most pop-
 ular  PC  the  USA  has  ever  seen."    To begin with, the 520STe will be
 available in a fabulous software bundle offer.   The bundle  offer will be
 made available through chains like Circuit City, McDuff etc...  The impor-
 tant point to be made here is that the .5mb  machine is  the only computer
 being made  directly available  through mass  merchandisers.  The MegaSTe,
 1040STe and other products  (except the  TT030) will  be available through
 national wholesale  distribution outlets  to dealers only.  The TT030 will
 be made available through Atari Authorized VAR dealers.  
     Atari, by  its design,  has provided  itself an  excellent pipeline to
 mainstream America.  The US marketplace is in for a major boost and upward
 surge.  Most every user will agree Atari's GUI is the very  best available
 in the  marketplace.   Dollar for  dollar, Atari  is 'hard to beat' if not
 impossible.  In most cases, the user who  starts computing  endeavors with
 an Atari  will always  find the system the most user friendly ever encoun-
 tered.  Atari has plans of having something for everyone  in the computing
 world,  even  if  it  means  'wrapping' an excellent platform in an ms-dos
 front end.  And of course,  the exciting  new Unix  environments are right
 around the corner.
     The most  important point  to be made is that Atari IS doing something
 positive and they're doing it now.  The second most important point  to be
 made is; please, do not mistake 'national distribution' for mass distribu-
 tion.  These are two  entirely  different  situations.    Products flowing
 through national  distribution are  available only to retail outlets.  The
 mass distribution in aimed at the consumer level alone.   The only machine
 offered through mass distribution will be the exciting 520STe bundle deal.
 Which by the way, makes an excellent entry level computer.  Also, you read
 it here  first months  ago, now  for the future watch ... This year's Fall
 Comdex Show will be Atari's "Best Ever".   Like the  man says;  "You ain't
 seen nuthin' yet Bud!"



 - Sunnyvale, CA.             THE NEW PRODUCTS ARE TRUE "STATE OF THE ART"!

                       ST Book:  A NEW STE NOTEBOOK 

     The ST Book, runs the new TOS 2.05 (MegaSTe TOS) and will boast having
 built-in software.  The ST Book (not the final name) comes with  an 85 key
 keyboard, top  of the  line LCD,  and joypad.   The  ST Book has a serial,
 parallel, midi, DMA and expansion port.  All reduced in physical size.  It
 is a  68000 based  STe computer will be available with either a 20, 40, or
 80mb built in hard disk.   The ST  Book is  also equipped  with a 'silicon
 drive' (uses RAM/ROM cards)

                  ST Pad: Its applications are LIMITLESS!

     ST Pad  weighs approx.  3 pounds and has an A-4 configuration.   Fully
 ST compatible, the ST Pad (not the final name) will be available  with 1-4
 mb of  RAM and  will run any software written for the 640 x 400 monochrome
 mode.  The ST Pad is equipped with a Pen and two buttons, the interface is
 centered completely  around the  pen.   It is designed to recognize a per-
 son's handwriting and/or written  gestures executed  upon a  pressure sen-
 sitive LCD.   The  ST Pad  is also  equipped with  a "silicon drive", that
 means it will handle ROM/RAM cards.

     It has been made very clear that both of these fine devices are indeed
 prototype units and are subject to change.  However the concept and funct-
 ionality are established and are rock  solid.   Both units  are slated for
 Sept-Oct 1991  debut/release dates  and are expected to be in the pipeline
 60 to 90 days later.  


                            CeBIT '91 NEWSBREAK
 March 13, 1991
     Things are really heating up here  today in  Hannover, Germany  at the
 1991 version  of CeBIT  which is  the largest  computer show in the world.
 Atari surprised everyone with their announcement and demonstration  of two
 exciting new  68000 based computers.  The following was described to me by
 Atari engineers as the were demoing  the equipment.   I  have written this
 because I  felt it newsworthy and an important boost to the moral of Atari
 users everywhere.  I make no guaranty for the accuracy of this information
 but I  have tried  to get  as much detail as possible.  The computer names
 used are only "internal" Atari names and may be changed  before release of
 the products. 
 ST Notebook
     This is  said to  be the  smallest 68000  based computer in the world.
 Its size rivals any PC Notebook style computer  that I  have seen.   It is
 about 1/2 the size of my laptop computer and maybe 3/4 of an inch thick.

     Features include:
 o    A  built in  mouse device  that consists of three buttons.  The large
     center button is direction and possibly velocity sensitive to simulate
     mouse movement in direction and speed.

 o    A laptop size keyboard, possibly a little smaller than standard.  The
     tactile feel was good.

 o   512K ROM capability.  It looked like TOS 2.05 was shown in the protot-
     ype.    This  prototype did have a very professional and finished look
     to it.

 o   1 megabyte or 4 megabyte RAM versions  available.   Uses pseudo-static

 o    2 1/2 inch form factor internal hard drive.  20 megabytes was instal-
     led.  Presently up to 60 megabytes is possible.  Probably an  IDE (AT)

 o    External ports include midi in and out, 1 serial, 1 parallel, 1 combo
     either floppy drive OR ACSI, 2 RAM card slots (128K  cards shown, said
     to  support  up  to  4  megabytes),  128 pin computer direct port (all
     address, data lines, CPU control, etc.), modem connector (for optional
     internal voice/fax  modem), keypad/mouse  port.  Of course to maintain
     the small size, nearly all  connectors  were  shrunk  and non-standard

 o    An  excellent gray-tone LCD display.  It did not appear to be backlit
     which would make sense  for the  battery life.   This  was said  to be
     greater than 10 hours before recharging.  With less hard drive use, it
     would be longer.  

 o   The replaceable battery pack shown was very small and  contained about
     eight AA alkaline batteries.  If Ni-Cads were installed, the universal
     power supply would also recharge them when connected.   When  the bat-
     tery pack  goes down,  the notebook  is automatically  put in a halted
     state that is maintained for weeks  until recharged.   Internal Ni-Cad
     batteries will  maintain the  halted state of the computer for about 5
     hours if the battery pack is removed from the computer.

 o   Atari has a few choices  to transfer  data to  and from  the computer.
     Connect an external floppy drive.  Transfer over the serial ports with
     a modem  or direct.   Transfer  over the  parallel ports  at around 20
     Kbytes/sec.  Connect an ACSI device such as a hard drive externally or
     possibly ACSI to ACSI communications.

     This is similar to ST Notebook and shares most of the features but has
 a futuristic  interface.   A touch  sensitive LCD  display with a pointing
 device was shown for mouse type functions and  handwriting recognition for
 input.   Physically, ST  Pad looked like the "Etch-a- Sketch" drawing toys
 that we grew up with minus the X/Y  knobs.   No keyboard  was attached and
 there is  not an internal hard drive.  The OS software and large amount of
 scratchpad RAM were said to have Artificial Intelligence features to allow
 ST Pad to actually learn your handwriting style!  (Good luck with mine.)
     ST Pad  looked like it needed more time for completion but ST Notebook
 looked like something we may actually  see sometime  this summer  or fall.
 With this exciting new innovative line of computers and Alwin Stumpf (from
 Atari GmbH)  heading up  a new  world-wide marketing  campaign, it appears
 that this time Atari really may be backing the promise with the product.

 Copyright 1991  Tom Harker of ICD, Inc.  Permission for this release to be
 distributed or reprinted is granted but only in its entirety. 

 - ST. Louis, MO                            SOFT-LOGIK TO "FACE THE NATION"

     There will be a real time conference with Deron Kazmaier, president of
 SoftLogik  Publishing  Corporation,  on  Tuesday,  March  26th,  at 9:45pm
 eastern time. The conference will be held in  the SoftLogik  RoundTable on
 GEnie. People  interested in  attending should type SOFTLOGIK or m385;2 to
 attend the conference. All ST desktop publishing enthusiasts  are invited,
 especially PageStream  users. And  yes, there  will be  some news of GREAT
 interest to Atari DTP users at this RTC..!  HINTS OF PAGESTREAM 2.XXX??

 Editor Note:
     The new version of PGST 2.xx is awesome!  When it hits  it'll blow you

 - Los Angeles, CA.                           CODEHEADS TO HOLD CONFERENCE!
     CodeHead  Software   Realtime  Conference!    Your  favorite  CodeHead
 Software has just gotten better.  Learn all about it  in the  CodeHead RTC
 on Wednesday, March 20th at 10:00 pm Eastern.

 - New York City, NY                         DEVELOPERS HELPING DEVELOPERS!

     This text  file, and the TRACKER.KEY files, are copyright 1991 by Step
 Ahead Software. They may be distributed freely as  long as  this text file
 accompanies the  TRACKER.KEY files.  All other Tracker/ST files may NOT be
 distributed to  any one  for any  reason. These  TRACKER.KEY files require
 Tracker/ST v2.5  to run  correctly. For  purchasing or upgrade information
 for Tracker/ST, the premier mailing list,  mail merge  and person tracking
 software for the Atari ST and TT,  please contact:

                            Step Ahead Software
                      496-A Hudson Street, Suite F39
                         New York City, NY  10014

     We are pleased to include some special files for Tracker/ST owners who
 also own  CodeKeys from  CodeHead Software.  CodeKeys is  a powerful macro
 program which  lets you  combine a  series of  keystrokes and mouse clicks
 into a macro which can be called with  a single  key press.  An example of
 one CodeKey  included here  is the  command which sets Tracker/ST's filter
 to names with ranks 1-12, and then prints labels, all with one  key press!
 As you can imagine, this macro would be handy for folks who use Tracker/ST
 to mail out subscriptions for a monthly magazine or newsletter.  We highly
 recommend CodeKeys.  If you  do not  own CodeKeys you may purchase it from
 your local dealer, or contact:

                             CodeHead Software
                              P.O. Box 74090
                           Los Angeles, CA 90004
                           Voice: (213) 386-5735
                           Fax:   (213) 386-5789

     Don't forget  to check  out the  special discount  coupon for CodeKeys
 included with  this version  of Tracker/  can save $10, or 25% off
 this extremely powerful utility..!

            CodeHead Software accepts most major credit cards.


     We have created CodeKey files for  every ST  and TT  screen resolution
 supported  by  Tracker/ST:  ST  Monochrome, ST Medium Resolution Color, TT
 Monochrome (which is the same as the Moniterm Monitor on  the ST),  and TT
 Medium Resolution. The files are named as follows:

                 TRACKERC.KEY (ST Medium Color Resolution)
                  TRACKERM.KEY (ST Monochrome Resolution)
                    TRACKERV.KEY (TT Medium Resolution)
        TRACKERT.KEY (TT Hi Resolution, also for Moniterm Monitor)

     Please note  that if  you are  using a floppy drive system, you should
 use the TRACKER.KEY files  in the  FLOPPY folder  as they  have been timed
 using a  floppy disk  system. While you will find TRACKER.KEY files for ST
 Medium Res  Color and  ST Monochrome  in the  FLOPPY folder,  there are no
 TRACKER.KEY files  for the  TT in the FLOPPY folder as all TTs ship with a
 hard drive.

     You should configure CodeKeys according  to  the  instructions  in the
 CodeKeys manual  to link  Tracker/ST to  the correct  TRACKER.KEY file for
 your  resolution.  Then  use  the  Tracker/ST  TUTORIAL  file  or  another
 unimportant  small  Tracker/ST  file  to  try  out all the macros one at a
 time. Turn the speaker volume up as the  macros will  make beep  when they
 are completed.

     If you  have trouble  using any of these macros, use CodeKeys to incr-
 ease the pause time between events. Also, none  of the  macros are locked,
 so you can abort a macro by moving the mouse.

     Each of  the TRACKER.KEY  files contains  the exact same 26 macros. We
 have left slots 27 through 32  free for  you to  create your  own personal
 macros for  Tracker/ST. Of course, you should feel free to edit the macros
 we've created for your own needs.

 Note:     CTL = [Control] key, ALT = [Alternate] key, LS = Left Shift
           Key, RS = Right Shift Key, CLR = [Clr/Home] key

 SLOT      KEY PRESS           ACTION
 ----      ---------           ------
 1         CTL+A               ENTRY SCREEN: Selects "Add Names" and
                               clicks on "Use Defaults" button. Allows
                               you to add names using your user defaults
                               without reaching for the mouse.

 2         LS+CTL+ALT+I        ENTRY SCREEN: Removes middle initial ("I
                               for Initial"). When adding a new name
                               with a middle initial in the first name,
                               when you get to the Salutation field
                               press this keystroke and the middle
                               initial and the period will disappear and
                               the cursor will go down to the company
                               field. You can also use this macro when
                               you are editing a name and are in the
                               Salutation field.

 3         LS+CTL+ALT+W        ENTRY SCREEN: WordFlair II Export. This
                               macro does a Tracker export using all
                               Tracker fields to the file
                               "D:\WFLAIR\TRACKER.IMP". You will have to
                               edit the macro if WordFlair is not on
                               drive D or not in a folder called WFLAIR.
                               Once you run this macro you can exit
                               Tracker, load WordFlair II, and then
                               import your TRACKER.IMP file for use with
                               WordFlair's graphic-filled mail merges.
                               With version 2.5, Tracker/ST's export is
                               compatible with WordFlair II!

 4         CTL+Delete          ENTRY SCREEN: Deletes a name and clicks
                               on OK. This way you can delete a name
                               without having to reach for the mouse to
                               confirm it.

 5         LS+CTL+ALT+H        ENTRY SCREEN: Selects "How many in file?"
                               menu bar, pauses for 2 seconds so you can
                               see the number of names, and then clicks
                               on the OK box.

 6         LS+CTL+ALT+V        ENTRY SCREEN: Create Long Notes for any
                               entry that does not have any (does a "V"
                               for view, and then presses [Return] to
                               start new notes).

 7         LS+CTL+ALT+L        ENTRY SCREEN: Prints a regular single
                               label for the current name in the Entry
                               Screen. Make sure labels are lined up!

 8         LS+CTL+ALT+D        ENTRY SCREEN: Shows free RAM and free
                               drive space on drive D. You can edit this
                               macro to default to any drive.

 9         LS+CTL+ALT+X        ALL MAIN SCREENS: Exits the program
                               without having to press Return. A quick
                               way to exit.

 10        LS+CTL+ALT+R        POWER STATION: Runs a report to screen
                               using your current settings. Saves a few

 11        LS+CTL+ALT+F        POWER STATION: Selects a Full report with
                               headers and footers.

 12        LS+CTL+ALT+S        POWER STATION: Selects a Summary report
                               (names suppressed) with headers and

 13        LS+CTL+ALT+Z        POWER STATION: Selects the "Filter By Zip
                               Code" menu item so you can enter a Zip
                               Code range without reaching for the

 14        LS+CTL+ALT+G        POWER STATION: Sets filter to Category
                               (think "cateGory") of MYCAT. You should
                               edit this macro to select a category you
                               often filter for (client, prospect, etc.)

 15        ALT+R               POWER STATION: This complex macro sets
                               the filter to Ranks between 1 and 12, and
                               then prints labels. It's great for
                               printing labels for magazines or
                               newsletters on a monthly schedule. Edit
                               this to fit the frequency of your
                               mailings (and don't forget to use
                               Tracker/ST's "Countdown" feature to
                               automatically adjust everyone's remaining
                               subscription time!) Make sure labels are
                               in the printer and lined up correctly.

 16        LS+CTL+ALT+N        POWER STATION: Selects normal LaserBrain
                               printer driver and resets page width and
                               length to standard sizes (80 wide and 60
                               tall). You may edit this macro to select
                               the printer driver of your choice.

 17        LS+CTL+ALT+C        POWER STATION: Selects condensed
                               LaserBrain printer driver and sets page
                               width to 200 characters across so you can
                               successfully print 3 across labels. You
                               may edit this macro to select any
                               condensed printer driver that you have
                               created for Tracker/ST.

 18        LS+RS+R             POWER STATION: Selects Rolodex fields for
                               labels. You must still select the label
                               format you want (or you can extend this
                               macro to select it for you).

 19        LS+RS+S             POWER STATION: Selects Standard fields
                               for labels. You must still select the
                               label format you want (or you can extend
                               this macro to select it for you).

 20        LS+CTL+ALT+B        QUICK LETTER: Builds a Quick Letter and
                               prints it. You may shorten the pause time
                               if you are using a RAM disk and find this
                               macro waiting a bit too long for your

 21        ALT+C               TEXT EDITOR: Copies all text from the
                               position of the cursor to the end of the
                               text to the text buffer. Use this if you
                               have edited a Quick Letter and want to
                               make a new template based on this new
                               version. Position the cursor in the first
                               line below the "Dear Mr. Smith,"
                               greeting. Now type ALT+C. The macro will
                               copy the entire body of the letter. Now
                               close the text editor and ADD a new
                               Template. Then paste the text using the
                               text editor drop down menu or CONTROL+P.

 22        Alt+S               TEXT EDITOR: Saves the current text file
                               and allows you to keep editing. Very
                               handy when typing in extensive Long Notes
                               or editing a merge template. Not for use
                               when personalizing a Quick Letter as
                               Quick Letters are not saved.

 23        ALT+K               TEXT EDITOR: Closes the text editor
                               WITHOUT saving. Careful! Perfect
                               after personalizing a Quick Letter,
                               since Quick Letters are never saved

 24        LS+CTL+ALT+P        TEXT EDITOR: Selects Print menu item.
                               This can't be ALT+P since ALT+P is
                               already taken by Tracker/ST for "Plain

 25        LS+CLR              TEXT EDITOR: Goes to top of text.

 26        CTL+CLR             TEXT EDITOR: Goes to end of text.

     Feel free to change the keys which trigger these macros  (but be care-
 ful not to select a key which is already taken by Tracker/ST, such as CON-
 TROL+L, CONTROL+E, CONTROL+P, CONTROL+Q, etc.), and feel free  to edit the
 commands of the macros as well.

                                Nevin Shalit
                    President, Step Ahead Software, Inc.
                                 March, 1991


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 > A "Quotable Quote"?

              "Snake Oil Salesmen Wear Many Different Hats!"

                                        Fearless Fosdick

                  STReport International Online Magazine?
     Available through more than 10,000 Private BBS systems WorldWide!
 STReport?           "YOUR INDEPENDENT NEWS SOURCE"          March 15, 1991
 16/32bit Magazine        copyright = 1987-91                   No.7.11
 Views, Opinions and Articles Presented herein are not necessarily those of
 the editors, staff, STReport? CPU/MAC/STR? or  ST Report?.   Permission to
 reprint articles  is hereby granted, unless otherwise noted.  Each reprint
 must include the name of the publication, date, issue #  and  the author's
 name.  The entire publication and/or portions therein may not be edited in
 any way without prior written permission.   The  contents, at  the time of
 publication,  are    believed  to  be  reasonably  accurate.  The editors,
 contributors and/or staff are  not responsible  for either  the use/misuse
 of information contained herein or the results obtained therefrom.

         Ed Krimen  ...............................................
   |||   Video Production Major, California State University, Chico
   |||   INTERNET:  FREENET: al661 
  / | \  SysOp, Fuji BBS: 916-894-1261        FIDONET: 1:119/4.0

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