ST Report: 18-Jan-91 #703

From: Bruce D. Nelson (aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 01/23/91-12:58:48 PM Z

From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: ST Report: 18-Jan-91  #703
Date: Wed Jan 23 12:58:48 1991

                  *---== ST REPORT ONLINE MAGAZINE ==---*
                  "The Original 16/32bit Online Magazine"
                            STR Publishing Inc.

 January 18, 1990                                                   No.7.03

                         STReport Online Magazine?
                          Post Office Box   6672
                          Jacksonville,  Florida
                               32205 ~ 6672

                               R.F. Mariano
                            Publisher - Editor
                   Voice: 904-783-3319  10 AM - 4 PM EST
                 BBS:  904-786-4176  USR/HST DUAL STANDARD
                    FAX: 904-783-3319 12 AM - 6 AM EST

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       carrying STReport Online Magazine for their user's enjoyment

 > 01/18/91: STReport? #7.03  The Original 16/32 bit Online Magazine!
     - The Editor's Desk      - CPU REPORT        - CPU MacNews
     - Another Convicted!     - Lattice V.5 II    - BYTE Reply
     - The Flip Side          - WPerfect & Atari  - Atari Future
     - WINDOWS BUGGY!         - DESERT STORM      - STR Confidential

                          * TORNADO FLIGHT SIM *
                            * WINDOWS FATAL? *
                         * ATARI LOWERS PRICES! *

                         ST REPORT ONLINE MAGAZINE?
                     The _Number One_ Online Magazine
                              -* FEATURING *-
                "Accurate UP-TO-DATE News and Information"
       Current Events, Original Articles, Hot Tips, and Information
             Hardware - Software - Corporate - R & D - Imports
 STReport's  support  BBS,  NODE  #  350 invites systems using Forem ST and
 Turbo Board BBS to participate in the Fido/F-Net  Mail Network.   Or, call
 Node 350  direct at  904-786-4176, and  enjoy the excitement of exchanging
 information relative to the Atari ST  computer arena  through an excellent
 International ST Mail Network.  All registered F-NET - Crossnet SysOps are
 welcome to join the STReport Crossnet Conference.  The Crossnet Conference
 Code  is  #34813,  and  the  "Lead  Node"  is # 350.  All systems are most
 welcome to actively participate.  Support Atari Computers;  Join Today!

 > The Editor's Podium?

     Once again  the our  issue is  on the  large side.   I  guess we don't
 believe in  teasers and  one liners.  Oh well, I'll keep this short so you
 can get to our latest.   Its packed  with great  stuff!   You'll soon find
 out.  Also; just in... the pricing on the TT030 has been revised somewhat.

                            TT030/2-50 $2399.95
                            TT030/4-50 $2799.95
                            TT030/8-80 $3499.95

     These prices  differ from  those announced  at Comdex  thus, their ap-
 pearance here.  Atari is  pushing  forward  and  upward.    STReport fully
 expects  to  see  some  rather  exciting developments in the next 90 days.
 Also, its rumored that Sam will  have some  very interesting announcements
 at his upcoming online conferences on GEnie & Compuserve.

     Please, don't forget to include a word or two to the Good Lord in your
 prayers for all our young men involved in Desert Storm.

                     Thanks for your strong support......




                          FOR A LIMITED TIME ONLY


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                 WHAT'S NEW IN THE ATARI FORUMS (Jan. 18)


 Atari Developer Support has uploaded TTLANG.ARC to LIBRARY 7 of  the Atari
 Productivity Forum (GO ATARIPRO) for Atari Registered Developers.  This is
 the TT030 "Language Disk" & Advanced  Hard  Disk  Utilities  Disk  that is
 currently shipping with the FCC Class A TT's.


 DCDA1A.ARC,  available  in  LIBRARY  13  of  the  Atari  Vendors Forum (GO
 ATARIVEN).  DCD Auto v1.0a corrects  a couple  of oversights  when 1.0 was
 booted  on  a  color  system.  Also,  a  Bypass  option  was added in the
 configuration process.  DCD Auto lets you select which DC  Desktop modules
 you want  to run during a session.  It uses a unique "graphic icon" inter-
 face allowing you to choose programs,  presets, resolution,  and CABINETs.
 100% Assembly.

 DCMSHF.ARC,  available  in  LIBRARY  13  of  the  Atari  Vendors Forum (GO
 ATARIVEN).  DC MOUSE SHIFT emulates  any  of  the  modifier  keys (SHIFTs,
 CONTROL, and/or  ALTERNATE) by  pressing the  RIGHT MOUSE BUTTON.  Perfect
 for selecting multiple files  at the  desktop or  a MOVE  operation on TOS
 1.4  and  up.    Built-in  configurator  allows  you  to assign key(s) and
 whether or not emulation is  turned  off  in  programs.  ST,  STe,  and TT

 DCMN1A.ARC,  available  in  LIBRARY  13  of  the  Atari  Vendors Forum (GO
 ATARIVEN).  DC MENU V1.0a is a DC DESKTOP extension.  DC MENU  v1.0a fixes
 a small  'oversight' of  1.0: the  path is  now set to that of the program
 being launched.  Programs  launched  will  now  find  their  resources and
 other associated  files.   DC MENU  lets you launch 24 programs with a key
 from DC Desktop without the need for a program icon  on the  desktop. 100%


 The prolific  B.J. Gleason  has generously  provided us  with some heavily
 requested utilities and a new version  of his  PBASIC interpreter.   Check
 out these  files, now  available in Library 1 of the Atari Portfolio Forum




   Issue # 04

 Temporary Editor - Lloyd E. Pulley, Sr.


 - Las Vegas, Nevada                               ATARI LOWERS SOME PRICES

 Surprising  everyone,  Atari  announced at CES that it was  lowering  the
 prices  for the Lynx handheld color video game system and  the  Portfolio
 palmtop computer.  Also announced was an under $500 home computer.

 The  basic Lynx unit price will now be $99.95 with a more  complete  Lynx
 system (including the Lynx,  ComLynx cables, AC adapter and a "California
 Games" cartridge) priced at $149.   There will be several changes in  the
 new  model Lynx which will include cosmetic and   ergonomic  improvements.

 The  current library of 16 games will be expanded to 32 by June  of  this

 The Portfolio  price was lowered to $299 from it's previous price of $399.

 Over  14 new software titles for the Portfolio were unveiled at  CES  for
 3rd party developers.

 The new 1040STe home computer for musicians is MIDI compatible and should
 be available before the end of the first quarter of this year.

 - Tokyo, Japan                                    MEMORY CHIP BREAKTHROUGH

 Fujitsu has developed a technique called "the Slender method" to draw the
 ultra-thin negative-resist,  0.2-micron wide patterns which was needed to
 design a 256 megabit dynamic random access memory (RAM) chip.   This will
 speed up the development of the 256 megabig DRAM.

 Meanwhile,  Yasushi Utsugi of NTT has developed an advanced technology to
 design much larger chips.   This technology makes practical a 6.4 gigabit
 or 6,400 megabit DRAM.

 - San Francisco, California            APPLE IN CONSUMER ELECTRONIC STORES

 Apple USA president,  Robert Puette, said that Apple will try to add low-
 cost,  high volume consumer electronic stores and warehouse operations to
 its  distribution  channels.   These  stores will still  be  required  to
 provide service but only minimal support.

 Puette said,  in the past, Apple has always sold only through consultants
 and store-fronts but due to the changing market and the popularity of the
 new Mac Classic,  Apple USA will segment distribution into three  pieces:
 the low-cost,  high volume stores with minimal support,  computer  stores
 selling into small and large businesses, and highly value-added resellers
 providing custom integration and consulting.

 Puette noted that the new low-end Macintoshes have sold more in the first
 quarter since their introduction than the Macintosh Plus did in its  best
 full year.

 - Tempe, Arizona                     APPLE RETAIL CHAIN BRANCHES INTO IBMS

 Michael  D.  Rather,  president of MacLand Inc.,  a Tempe  Arizona  based
 retail chain,  MacLand Inc.,  says his company will expanded into the IBM
 and  compatible hardware market.   While MacLand will still  be  strongly
 committed  to the Macintosh,  Rather said "We built our business  on  the
 Macintosh line and have no intention of abandoning that market...[but] we
 just  believe the IBM compatible business opportunity was too  compelling
 to pass up." He added that despite the tremendous growth of the Macintosh
 computer line in recent years, the IBM world remains many times larger.

 - Las Vegas, Nevada                         OVER 70,000 AT WINTER CES SHOW

 This year's Winter Consumer Electronics Show (CES) was held in Las  Vegas
 over  the  last weekend and drew over 70,000 attendees from  the  US  and
 around  the  world  and consisted of over  1,550  exhibits  that  covered
 837,000 square feet.

 One  of  the biggest "splashes" was the Philips DCC,  a  digital  compact
 cassette.   DCC  technology,  like  DAT (digital audio  tape)  technology
 encodes  cassettes  with copy protection mechanisms but  unlike  DAT,  it
 still can be used to playback analog as well as digital cassettes.   This
 way the users current tape library won't become obsolete.

 The three largest growth areas of the show was a 50% increase in cellular
 products,  a  22%  increase in mobile electronics and a 25%  increase  in

 - Tokyo, Japan                       JAPAN 6TH GENERATION COMPUTER PROJECT

 The  Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry will  start  a
 6th  generation computer project next year.  The 6th generation  computer
 project  will  study the technology used to process vague  or  incomplete
 data, parallel processing of huge data, speedy processing with an optical
 computer  and  the  development of a neuro computer  that  simulates  the
 mechanism of human brain.

 - Tokyo, Japan                         FOUR MORE TO PRODUCE 64M DRAM CHIPS

 Toshiba,  Fujitsu,  Mitsubishi  and  Matsushita  will  join  Hitachi  and
 introduce  a  new 64-megabit DRAM chip at the International  Society  for
 Solid Circuit Conference (ISSCC) in San Francisco in February.  IBM, AT&T
 and Samsung will not introduce a 64-megabit chip at this time.  Of the 99
 types  of  new  semiconductor  chips  that  will  be  introduced  at  the
 conference,   almost   half   will  have  been  developed   by   Japanese

 - Berkeley Heights, New Jersey       AT7T INTRODUCES LAPTOP MODEM CHIP SET

 AT&T has introduced the VE DSP16A-V32 Data Pump,  a small, 9600 baud V.32
 modem  designed for laptop computers.   The chipset which  competes  with
 products from Rockwell International will sell for about $70.

 - Waltham, Massachusetts                    THE PRIVATE EYE IS CATCHING ON

 Ampro  Computers,   Park  Engineering  Associates,   Selectronics  an  PC
 Connection are the first of ten companies that are starting to ship their
 portable computing products with The Private Eye.   The Private Eye is  a
 one-inch computer display that mounts on the user's head with a  headband
 close  to the user's eye and produces an image that looks like that of  a
 12-inch monitor.   Reflection Technology manufactures The Private Eye and
 also sells it directly to end users for $795.

 - Sydney, Australia                       MAN CONVICTED OF SOFTWARE PIRACY

 Peter Olsen of Lugarno, New South Wales was the first person convicted of
 software  piracy under Australia's Copyright Act 1968.   Olsen was  fined
 AUS  $750 for each of six counts of piracy and AUS $5,000 for  witnesses'
 costs.   The  Australian  Software Distributors  Association  (ASDA)  was
 responsible for taking Olsen to court.

 Olsen  placed an ad in the newspaper selling 1,500 computer disks he  had
 bought at a garage sale for $.10 each.   Instead of reformating the disks
 and  using  them on his IBM PC,  he decided to sell the  disks  with  the
 pirated software on them for $1-$3 each.  The ASDA watches the newspapers
 for  such  ads  and  sent a representative to buy  some  of  the  pirated
 diskettes,  after which the Australian Federal Police were called.  David
 Lewis,  of the ASDA,  said the conviction was a "precedent which has  set
 the  scene  for other similar matters we  are  investigating.  There  are
 hundreds of people out there doing the same thing."


                    :HOW TO GET YOUR OWN GENIE ACCOUNT:

      To sign up for GEnie service: Call: (with modem) 800-638-8369.

               Upon connection type HHH (RETURN after that).
                         Wait for the U#= prompt.

                 Type: XTX99587,CPUREPT then, hit RETURN.

                       **** SIGN UP FEE WAIVED ****

           The system will now prompt you for your information.

               -> NOW!  GENIE STAR SERVICE IS IN EFFECT!! <-


 > LATTICE C V.5 STR Review?          "...using the newer ANSI C compilers"

                    Lattice C Version 5 Compiler Review


 by R. E. Covert

     This is the  second  in a  series  of  articles  describing  the
 Lattice C compiler, Version 5.06, as distributed and developed by HiSoft
 Company in England.  This week I will describe the LC5 Volume II Library
 Manual  with  empathsis  on the unique LC5  functions.  I will  document
 several  of  the  new  ANSI  functions  which  are  missing  form  older
 compilers.  Thus, if you are familiar  with  pre-ANSI C compilers,  this
 week  will help you in using the newer  ANSI C  compilers.  I  recommend
 purchasing  the  Kernighan  &  Ritchie  books  on  C  programming  as  a

     Understanding the ANSI C Library is vital as one design approach
 is to design the main logic and  algorithms  of your TOS program  before
 adding the GEM interface.  A TOS program should not include any Atari ST
 specific  features and would be easily ported to other platforms.  A TOS
 program would use only the functions in the ANSI C Library.  This is the
 way I develope  software for the ST.  Once I am convinced  that my basic
 algorithms are done (never 100% perfect but hey who's  perfect?), then I
 add the ST GEM  interface.  I will  demonstrate  this  process  in later
 articles  when I show how I ported  the public  domain C Pretty  Printer
 program  "cpr" from UNIX to the Atari ST using the LC5  package.  Once I
 had "cpr" running as a TOS TAKES  PARAMETERS  (TTP) program I then added
 the GEM  interface  to make it easier to use from the Atari  Desktop.  I
 will also show how the LC5 package  allows a program to be run as either
 a Desktop Accessory or as a GEM program simply by renaming the file from
 ".ACC" to  ".PRG".  But you need to crawl  before you can walk and using
 the ANSI C Library is your first step  towards  becoming a proficient  C

     LC5 Volume II is the ANSI Standard  Library with  HiSoft/Lattice
 enhancements.  C originated on the UNIX  operating  system and was known
 as the "K&R C" after  Brian W.  Kernighan  and  Dennis M.  Ricthie,  the
 authors  of the C Bible  "The C  Programming  Language"  book.  For many
 years the K&R C compiler and the C Bible were all that  documented the C
 programming language.  Eventually, the UNIX manual pages added functions
 to  the C  Libraries  beyond  those  described  in  the C  Bible.  These
 additional  functions  became  the  foundation  upon  which  the  ANSI C
 Standard Library was built.  Volume II of the LC5 manuals  describes the
 LC5 implementation of the ANSI Standard Library.

     Section  One  of  Volume  II  contains  an  Introduction   which
 describes  that the  purpose of Voulme II, i.e.  to document  the ANSI C
 Library and the UNIX functions.  The  Introduction is only two pages but
 does describe how the functions are used, and what header files are.

     Section  Two  is an  important  section  which  should  be  read
 carefully  as it  documents  the  various  header  files from by LC5.  A
 header file is an ASCII file which  contains  new data type  definations
 (via the typedef or enum statements), and constant declarations.  Header
 files also  contain  declarations  of  external  functions  contains  in
 various C libraries.

     A header  file  should  NOT  contain  statments  which  generate
 executable  code.  Header  files are  customarially  included  in your C
 source code files via the C preprocessor  statement  "#include".  Header
 files are included  outside the body of a statement in your source code,
 and thus are  global  through  the  remainder  of the file.  This is why
 header files shouldn't  include  executable code, as all executable code
 within a C program MUST be  contained  within a function.  Also,  header
 files should not declare  space for  variables  but should only define a
 reference to a variable.  This is because all global variables should be
 declared only ONCE within the scope of a program.

     Section Two of Volume II  documents  only the header  files used
 for the ANSI C  Library  package.  Header  files for  Atari ST  specific
 functions,  such as AES/VDI  functions,  are documented in Volume III of
 the LC5  manuals.  The LC5 ANSI C Library  header  files  agree with the
 ANSI  definitions  as  published  in the ANSI  Standard.  If you are not
 familiar  with the ANSI  standard, but are familiar with the older K&R C
 libriaries the following sections will aid you in using the LC5 package.

 Important ANSI Header Files

         There are several  ANSI header files which were added or changed
 from the K&R C compilers.


 "errno.h"  is  important  because it defines  the  various  error  codes
 returned from functions in the  libraries.  This error  condtions can be
 used to inform the user of system resource failures (such as not opening
 a file properly, or running out of disk space) and should be used.


     A new  feature  of  ANSI  is the  ability  to  process  variable
 argument  lists.  The header  file  "stdarg.h"  contains  references  to
 library   funbction  to  handle  variable  argument  lists.  A  variable
 argument  list is when  you may use the same  functions  with  different
 number  of  arguments.  A  perfect  example  of  this  is  the  printf()
 function.  Printf()  accepts a format string as it first  argument,  and
 then a variable argument list.  this allows printf() to print any number
 of variables or strings.  Without the variable  argument list capability
 you would need a specific printf function for printing one variable, two
 variables,  three  variables, and so forth.  The "stadrg.h"  header file
 was added to the ANSI Standard as a means of allowing portable  variable
 argument  list  functions  to be  written.  Page 25 of Volume II gives a
 code frgament  documenting the use of the "stdarg.h"  header file and of
 the variable arguemnt list functions.


 UNIX has a similar variable argument list capabilty and is documented
 in the "varargs.h" header file.

     There are several good UNIX based C programming books which give
 examples of the variable argument list functions.  Page  25 of Volume II
 of the LC5 manual also gives a code fragment showing the use of variable
 argument lists.

     Another header file to examine is the "signal.h"  file.  Since C
 can be run on many different machines and under many different operating
 systems,  "signal.h"  is where the  signal  functions  for the  specific
 compiler are documented.  Since the Atari ST operating  system is only a
 single  user,  single  tasking  system,  there are few uses of  signals.
 Signals are used under UNIX, for  example, as a means for one process to
 interrrupt  another  process.  But since TOS is a single  process OS you
 can't  run  multiple  process  simultaneously.  Still,  "signal.h"  does
 allows for some level of portability between UNIX and TOS programs.

     There are some grey areas in C  programming.  For  example,  the
 ANSI  standard  does not define how a directory  is to be read.  So, the
 K&R C used in HP-UX  Version  7.0  UNIX  usies  the  functions  opendir,
 readdir,  and  closedir to read the UNIX  directory.  LC5 uses the Atari
 findfirst(), findnext() functions to read Atari directories.  The header
 file  "dos.h"  declares  various date types and  functions  used by LC5.
 this is one area of non-oprtability from UNIX to TOS.

     "Stdlib.h" defines the various standard utility functions.  some
 of the  functions  defined in this header  file are not part of the ANSI
 standard, and are documented in the LC5 manual.

 Section Three - Library Functions

     As mentioned earlier, Volume II of the LC5 manuals documents the
 various standard UNIX type functions.  Additional,  non-ANSI,  functions
 which are  commonly  included  in UNIX C compiler  are  included in this
 volume.  Functions are given a "Category" or "Class"  description  which
 tells where the function was derived (i.e.  is it an ANSI function, or a
 UNIX function, or a Lattice C function).  Class tells where the function
 was derived, and category  tells the type of function.  I will  describe
 various  Lattice  supplied  functions as the remainder can be referenced
 through  either  the ANSI  stanadrd  or  through  one of the many UNIX C
 programming books.

     Argopt()  and  getopt()  are  two  functions  which   originally
 appeared as public domain on various  USENET  networks in the mid 1980s.
 They have been  adapted and  modified  for LC5 by HiSoft.  Argopt()  and
 getopt()  provide a  standard  interface  for  processing  command  line
 arguments in TOS TAKES PARAMETERS  programs.  They are useful since they
 are now common in UNIX written C programs.

     LC5 added various functions to handle complex number mathmetics.
 "Cabs"  returns the absolute value of a complex  number.  "Cadd" returns
 the complex  sum of two complex  arguments.  "Cdiv"  returns the complex
 quotient of two complex  arguments.  "Cmul" returns the complex  product
 of two complex arguments.

     File name searching is a non-portable  process heavily dependent
 upon the computer's  operating  system.  As such, the Atari C programmer
 should become very  familiar with the LC5 library.  LC5 has many usefule
 functions  to read  directories.  There  are the  dfind(),  and  dnext()
 functions in Volume II, which are close to functions used in various IBM
 PCDOS C  compilers.  Dfind()  and  dnext()  use the  GEMDOS  '*' and '?'
 characters for pattern matching.  Fsfirst() and Fsnext() are decoumented
 in Volume  III of the LC5  manuals,  and will be  discussed  in the next
 article.  Another  powerful  LC5  function is  "getfnl" or Get File Name
 List.  Getfnl() returns a file name array containing  filenames matching
 a user specified pattern.  Once again the GEMDOS '*' and '?'  characters
 are used for pattern  matching.  The file name array is NULL  terminated
 and can be  scanned  through  a  simple  loop.  LC5  also  has the  UNIX
 opendir(), closedir(), readdir(),  rewinddir(), seekdir(), and telldir()
 directory manipulation  functions.  These functions are useful to the ST
 programmer in writing code portable to and from UNIX.

     LC5  contains   several   useful   functions  for   manipulating
 filenames.  Strsfn()  splits a  complete  filename  into  four  separate
 strings.  The file  name is split  into its  drive  component,  its path
 components, its node component, and finally into it extension component.
 Stspfp()  parses a file path  into  individual  strings  for each of the
 folders in the path.  Handy to see if your file is in a specific folder.
 Strmfe()  makes a file  name with an  extension.  Strmfe()  replaces  an
 existing extension in the old filename with the specified  extension and
 returns  the new file name.  A handy way to rename  files.  Strmfn()  is
 the opposite of strsfn(), in that  strmfn()  builds a file name from its
 four  components.  Strmfp()  builds a  filename  from its  path and node
 components.  LC5 has three functions which remove the various components
 from a filename.  Stcgfe()  returns  only the file  extension.  Stcgfn()
 returns only the  filename  (the node).  And  stcgfp()  returns the file
 path.  Each of  these  three  functions  do part  of what  the  strsfn()
 function  does.  These are very useful  function and show be examined in
 your designs.

     LC5 also has a series of functions to manipulate NULL terminated
 arrays of characters  (called  strings in C).  You can parse tokens from
 strings,  reverse the order of strings, find break  characters  within a
 string.  Strlwr() converts an string to all lowercase  characters, while
 strupr() converts a string to all uppercase caharacters.  LC5 even has a
 function to duplicate an existing  string by  allocating  memory for the
 new string, and then  copying the  existing  string into the new string.
 LC5 also has four functions to compare strings.

     LC5 has the standard  open(),  close(),  fopen(),  and  fclose()
 functions to open files for non-buffered and buffered I/O  respectively.
 But, LC5 also has a  function  fopene()  which  opens a file  using  the
 environment directory search mechanism.  This allows a program to open a
 file contained in a folder in its PATH environment variable.

    In summary, Volume II of the LC5 manuals contains the header files
 documentation for the ANSI standard header files, as well as  LC5 specific
 UNIX style  header files.  Volume II documents the UNIX/ANSI/LATTICE func-
 tions used to produced non-GEM TOS or TTP programs. Most  of the functions
 in this  section are portable to UNIX systems.  LC5 specific functions are
 noted on their manual pages.

 In the next part I will  discuss the last manual,   Volume II   "The Atari
 Library Manual".


 > BYTE & AUA STR Mail Call?                          Letters to the Editor

     In response to the form letter we published and circulated in STReport
 recently.  (A joint effort of the AUA and STReport).   Please  note we are
 aware of many responses of the same letter sent to our readers who sent in
 the letter we supplied.  Heartfelt thanks to  all who  participated.  Your
 efforts were not in vain and did not go un-noticed.

 From:   L.W.BENJAMIN                    Lee W. Benjamin

 To:     DC.SIGNORINI                    Derek C. Signorini
         ST.REPORT                       Ralph F. Mariano

 cc:     L.W.BENJAMIN                    Lee W. Benjamin

 Sub: Form Letter to BYTE - response

      I sent  off the  form letter from the AUA newsletter to Fred Langa of
 BYTE Magazine (to which I subscribe,  though I  did not  mention this) and
 much to my surprise I soon received the following two-page letter (which I
 transcribed to electronic form).  All-in-all, a very reasonable response.

                                              Lee W. Benjamin
                                              (GEnie: L.W.BENJAMIN)
                                              January 15, 1991


 January 8, 1991

 Dear Mr. Benjamin:

 Thanks for writing! I always appreciate  hearing from  readers---even when
 they're not happy with BYTE.

 I can  understand your frustration. The Atari is a very nice platform that
 pioneered several key areas the rest of the  microcomputing world  is only
 now starting to pay attention to.

 Believe it  or not, my first "real" computer was a very early Atari 800. I
 still have that puppy on a shelf at  home, and  drag it  out from  time to
 time for the sheer fun of it.

 I  got  my  start  in  computing  with  that  800.  A friend and I founded
 "Shelter Software," a tiny  company that  wrote and  sold various programs
 for Apple and Atari computers. I was the staff's Atari programmer.

 So please don't assume there is any anti-Atari bias here at BYTE. It
 just doesn't exist.

 In fact,  a quick  search through the BYTE archives shows me we've covered
 the Atari about every other month in 1990, about the  same level  of cove-
 rage we  had in 1989, too. Now, these weren't splashy cover stories---they
 tended to be references inside other articles.

 That might not seem like much, and I fully realize that your letter was to
 inform me that our coverage is still inadequate.

 However, BYTE covers the Atari far, far more than any other non-Atari-spe-
 cific magazine. That ain't chopped liver.

 Despite the fact that  less than  1% of  BYTE subscribers  have Ataris, we
 feel the  Atari is innovative enough to have covered it in literally every
 section of the magazine. It's been a part of What's New. It's  been in our
 columns. In reviews. Everywere.

 (page 2)

 I'm proud  that we  already cover  the Atari  as much  as we do. And we'll
 continue covering it appropriately; I like  the fact  that BYTE  leads all
 the non-Atari-specific  magazines in  this area,  and want  to see it con-

 But, given limited editorial space, we  have to  draw the  line somewhere.
 And that  "somewhere" means  that occasionally we have to omit coverage of
 the Atai in areas where it might seem to belong. There's a  market reality
 here that I can't ignore; less than 1% of BYTE subscribers own Ataris.

 Why is  that? Ask Atari. If they'll get on the case and give the Atari the
 push it probably deserves, increasing its use among BYTE readers, then for
 sure we'll  increase our  coverage even  more. But  that kind  of push can
 ethically come  only from  Atari---it's not  Editorial's job  to promote a
 product. We report; the companies promote.

 So, in  sum, I'd  like to  reiterate my  understanding of your position: I
 honestly do sympathize. As a former Atari fanatic,  I wish  it enjoyed the
 success of the IBM PC.

 But I  also hope  you'll understand  my position,  and see the "half full"
 nature of BYTE's coverage, rather than seeing it as "half  empty." A care-
 ful reading  of BYTE  will turn up far more coverage of the Atari than you
 may be aware of.

 In any case, we'll  do our  best to  give the  Atari its  due whenever and
 wherever appropriate.

                                        Thanks again for writing!


                                                  Fred Langa

 Item    6319672                 91/01/16        17:13

 From:   DC.SIGNORINI                    Derek C. Signorini

 To:     L.W.BENJAMIN                    Lee W. Benjamin

 cc:     ST.REPORT                       Ralph F. Mariano

 Sub: Form Letter to BYTE - response

 Reply:  Item #3018719 from L.W.BENJAMIN on 91/01/15 at 22:56

 Hello Lee,

     Thanks very  much for  uploading that to us.  I really did not want to
 have to type in my copy that I received from Mr.  seems that he
 decided to  form letter everyone a reply.   I can understand his reasoning
 in his letter and respect him for taking the time to respond.   The impor-
 tant thing  here is  that he DID respond.  That is more than I can say for
 other attempts at letters that various other organizations have made.   We
 definately made an impact!

                                   Thanks again for your support!


 Hi Lee!

     I certainly  appreciate your  participation in our letter writing cam-
 paign and truly look forward to the next  attampt at  making the  Atari is
 not forgotten or ignored.  Glad to see you are active and doing ok.

                                    Thanks again for the help!



 > THE FLIP SIDE STR Feature?                     ....A different viewpoint

                    A LITTLE OF THIS, A LITTLE OF THAT

 by Michael Lee

 I'm  sure  that  some of our readers who are also on  the  major  on-line
 services  might  not find my column very interesting as  they've  already
 read many of the posts that I publish.  But for every ST owner that is on
 one of the major on-line services,  there are probably 50-100 that aren't
 so this information is new to them.  I can only hope that every once in a
 while, I come up with something that might interest the folks who are on-
 line, so they don't get too bored with my column.


    Do  you  get eyestrain when you use your computer?   How  about  head-
 aches?  Back aches?   Tired muscles?   Here's a compilation of posts from
 Genie that might explain the problems and what to do about it...

    From D.A. Edwards...
 One  of  the managers at work had a problem with eye strain and  found  a
 doctor  who really keeps up on the problems relating to  VDTs.  This  guy
 says that the BY FAR most common radiation problem with VDTs is  improper
 lighting  -  and  this  directly causes  eyestrain,  which  due  to  some
 wonderful  design  features  in the human body  can  lead  to  headaches,
 general irritation, neck pain,...


    (1) reduce ambient lighting in the room. This particular manager finds
 that normally the light which leaks through closed blinds is appropriate,
 with NO room lighting during the day.  Obviously,  certain functions will
 need  more  light - you will probably want spot  lighting,  of  very  low
 wattage, in more than one location.

    (2) Put  one  of these spot lights directly on top  of  your  monitor,
 shining straight down.  The ENTIRE light source (the bulb) should be just
 behind the plane of the screen, so that the light does not actually shine
 on the screen at all, but does shine on the desk directly in front of the
 monitor (as close as seems consistent with the stability of the lamp). Of
 course,  the  fixture should be positioned in such a way that you  cannot
 normally see the light source at all.

    (3) Avoid florescent lights. There are two reasons for this:
      (a) even  the smallest common florescent desk lamps  simply  produce
 too much light;
      (b) fluorescent lights DO flicker,  you may not be consciously aware
 of  it but it causes eyestrain nonetheless - unless you get one of  those
 special  fixtures which convert the normal 60 Hz AC to a few  hundred  Hz
 AC. These special fixtures typically do not come in small sizes, and cost
 a small fortune in comparison to an ordinary desk lamp.

    (4) Avoid  other  sources of flicker.  Almost  any  interlaced  screen
 (typically 30 Hz net flicker) is bad, a non-interlaced screen (60 Hz) can
 be  bad  if  it  is slightly out of adjustment  (as  often  happens  with
 components which met one spec when new, but age into a slightly different
 spec).  There may be color sensitivity as well - at work I deal with some
 nice,  pricey  Compaq VGA devices,  and I find that these  devices  (I've
 looked at about 25 screens,  each on a different unit,  and it's true  of
 all of them) simply CANNOT sustain a bright screen without flicker  which
 is visible to me.  Everyone else in the office likes their screen  paper-
 white with dark features;  mine is black with light features. Nobody else
 admits  to  seeing the flicker - and most of them have more  symptoms  of
 eyestrain  than I do.  BTW,  my home machine (an Atari ST,  natch) has  a
 bright screen with dark features - that video driver can sustain it.

    (5) Pay attention to the audio component as well. Just for fun, figure
 out the frequency of your HORIZONTAL scan,  and compare it to the "normal
 upper  limit"  of human hearing range.  Now consider what  "normal  upper
 limit"  really  means:   roughly  1/6  the  population  can  hear  higher
 frequencies.  I would consider a full octave clearance over the  "normal"
 to be reasonable.  In case you don't know:  "a full octave" is DOUBLE the

 There  is  precisely  ONE monitor I have  checked  the  specs  on,  which
 provides adequate clearance: the Atari ST monochrome monitor. (Guess what
 I have on my home machine.)

 A  monitor  which  is working completely to spec,  will  not  produce  an
 audible whistle;  but remember what I was saying about aging  components.
 The  effect - on me - of this high-pitched whistle...  you know how  some
 people  react  when  chalk or fingernails  squeal  across  a  blackboard?
 Imagine  that  for SEVERAL HOURS.  I am aware of the squeal -  but  I  am
 strongly  suspicious  that  many people who are  NOT  aware  of  it,  are
 similarly affected and have no idea why.

 Not  only have I swapped terminals off my desk to move  these  high-pitch
 whistles away from me - I have in extreme cases moved terminals off OTHER
 people's desks (with permission,  of course) THREE CUBICLES AWAY to  move
 these high-pitched whistles away from me.

 Oddly enough,  if you find yourself stuck with a whistling  monitor,  you
 can  often make the whistle - along with its unpleasant effects -  appear
 to go away,  by turning UP the volume on the monitor's internal  speaker.
 This may have ofsetting disadvantages,  though,  particularly if you like
 to play video games on your machine at work.

    From Mike Valent...
 Combining florescent light flicker with 60hz screen flicker (and  whether
 you can "see" the flicker,  your eye and brain ARE registering it),  with
 the usual casual CRT/keyboard placement, and poor chair/desk matching and
 you've got a perfect recipe for "unexplainable" fatigue.

 Then,  if the computer operator doesn't get up and move around regularly,
 stiffness sets in, hastening and intensifying the effect.

 If  you have an SM124 sitting next to your color monitor,  work with  the
 SM124 for a while,  then switch to the color monitor - you'll notice  the
 flicker. The brain tends to "mask" these things, but they still are being
 taken in by your eyes and "processed" by the brain.

    From M. Jones...
 When I set up my system,  I needed some light on the desk - to easily see
 the keyboard,  read manuals or copy,  disk labels, etc. A table lamp atop
 the monitor with the shade tilted forward works real fine.  I get a  soft
 light bounce off the wall behind,  with no direct light in my eyes.  (If,
 when you close your eyes, you see an afterimage of the screen, the room's
 light level is too low.)

 One additional suggestion: at short intervals, 15 minutes, look away from
 the screen for a moment - at the opposite wall,  out the window, etc., to
 stretch and relieve tension in the focussing muscles. It do help.

    From John Barnes...
 In my comment on this subject I used the term "myopia".  For those who do
 not know what this is it translates into "nearsightedness".  Older people
 have  a problem with their eye muscles shaping the  lens  properly.  Some
 people who normally use bifocals have a different prescription for  those
 occasions  when  they have to spend a lot of time staring at  a  computer
 screen.  I  am one of these and I fend that my eyestrain is much  reduced
 when I do not have to struggle to focus on the screen.

 I  suspect  that such vision problems and the orthopedic  problems  (neck
 strain, back strain, etc.) caused by poor posture are the dominate health
 effects of VTD's.

    Again from D.A. Edwards...
 Everyone:  PLEASE,  if you can figure a way to do it,  get things at  the
 right  height.  This requires some flexibility.  My own computer desk  is
 actually  an arrangement of HIGHLY adjustable metal shelves,  I can  move
 any  horizontal  surface in units of 1.5 inches.  Start with  your  LEAST
 adjustable component, whatever it may be - in my case, it's chairs. (I am
 also going to assume no significant physical abnormalities.)

 You  may have seen some of those odd-looking "balance"  chairs.  Just  in
 case  you haven't figured it out:  your knees go on the lower  pad,  your
 buns  on the upper pad.  They are VERY comfortable,  and may actually  be
 good for your back,  provided (a) you are not excessively overweight, and
 (b)  you  don't have joint problems in  the  knees,  hips,  or  tailbone.
 Recommended if you meet these requirements - and the cheap ones are quite
 adequate, you may manage to pick one up for under $40 new.

 Alternatively,  you want a chair with a straight back,  not much padding,
 of such a height that you can sit comfortably with your feet flat on  the
 floor  (or some sort of flat-topped footrest,  if you are very  short  or
 your chair is very tall).  Arm rests are nice,  IF they are at the  right
 height for your elbows to rest on them naturally - your elbows should not
 fall off the armrests.

 Keyboard  height should be such that your arms can be straight  from  the
 elbow  to the 2nd knuckle.  Bending your wrist and typing for hours at  a
 time  every  day for months,  is an excellent way to  get  carpal  tunnel
 syndrome,  which (I am told) is QUITE painful,  causes long absences from
 work, and occasionally requires surgery.

 Screen  height is the one most often the worst messed up (and the  effect
 show  up  the  fastest  - after 2-3 hours  the  neck  strain  can  become
 obvious).  If you have a 24-line screen, about the 6th to 8th line should
 be  at eye level.  Setting your monitor on top of an IBM PC-size  box  on
 your desk, probably does not cut it.

 Aside  from that,  basically arrange your commonly-reached-for  stuff  to
 avoid stooping or stretching.


    About the new version of LDW Power 2.0 from Mike Squire on Genie:
 The new version 2.00 of LDW Power comes with a 68-page "Addendum #1" that
 covers all of the changes made to LDW Power in versions 1.10 and 2.00.

 LDW  Power 2.00 has been expanded to support the extended  macro  command
 set of Lotus 1-2-3,  v.  2.01,  that's all.  It does not claim to run all
 Lotus 2.2 macros.  Many of the new commands involve window management  or
 support the new Graphics Editor included now in LDW Power 2.00.

 LDW  Power  2.00 appears to me to be bug-free.  The only bug that  I  was
 aware of in the previous v.  1.10 was when your cursor rested in a column
 on the far right of your screen and you executed a /Range Erase. {Insert}
 {Down}  command,  the  screen became confused and displayed  a  different
 section  of the worksheet than the one you were working on.  I am  -very-
 pleased to report that that bug no longer exists in v.2.00.

 Other improvements in v. 2.00 include (scanning the new addendum):

 o  Improved  window  management  of imported 1-2-3 files  so  that  their
    function is identical to that in 1-2-3
 o  Easy changes to frozen title areas by means of temporary duplication
 o  Column width adjustment using the mouse and/or cursor keys
 o  Identification  of cells with hidden "notes" by displaying  them  with
    bold text (very handy)
 o  Protected   cells  are  displayed  using  either  color   or   shading
    depending on which monitor you're using
 o  The  ability  to designate that you be alerted before  doing  a  /File
    Retrieve  so that you can verify that you saved the  worksheet  you've
    just finished with.
 o  A  new  configuration  program  that  allows  you  to  delete  program
    features in order to increase free RAM for worksheets
 o  Up  to  4  graph  windows can be open at  once  (maximum  of  5  total
 o  An  additional 2 data ranges are permitted in the /Data  commands  for
    a new total of 8 (A-H)
 o  A  draw  option  allows you to add text,  boxes,  and  lines  to  your
 o  A  new /Graph Save Dump Screen command has been added for  users  with
    printers  that lacked a GDOS driver and whose only alternative in  the
    past  was to do an Alt-Help screen dump that gave them the GEM  window
    as  well as the graph,  logarithmic scaling can now be done on  graphs
    instead of only normal linear scaling
 o  3 new graph types (Manhatten,  Stacked Line,  and High-low) have  been
 o  A 3-D display for graphs (nice!) has been added
 o  Exploding pie charts can now be created with user-selectable shading
 o  24-pin printer support is now included
 o  The  device  number  for  your GDOS printer  is  now  modifiable  from
    within  the  program (in case you have more than  one  printer/plotter
    attached to your system, I suppose)
 o  Grid  lines can now be printed along with the worksheet provided  that
    the SIDEWAYS printing program is not used

 I think you get the general idea.


 Until next week....


 > WORD PERFECT & ATARI STR FOCUS?                 Who is the Derby Winner?

                             WORD PERFECT IS!

 by R.F. Mariano

     Who is the Derby Winner?  That's easy: WORD PERFECT!   Many folks have
 complained about WP's price,  the  complexity,  and  the  overall learning
 curve.  Surprise, surprise.. all the intimidation is ill-conceived nonsen-
 se.  WP may  be purchased  through mail  order houses  at very competitive
 prices.  True, the program itself has a learning curve, but its not unlike
 those of other high quality, powerful and efficient  programs ie; Calamus,
 PageStream etc.. The combination of the built-in help files and the docum-
 ention is excellent and easily understood.  For those who  find themselves
 at an  impasse, the  "800" number  provides fast, expert assistance.  Word
 Perfect Corp. has provided, in Word Perfect, an outstanding word processor
 whose  features  and  abilities  are recognized world-wide as the industry

    For example:

     A - Superb, easy to read and follow documentation.
     B - Outstanding (800 number) telephone user support.
     C - Frequent and substantial updates (most free or at cost)
     D - Responsive, helpful and co-operative personnel

     The time has come for Atari to gain real and very strong allies in the
 industry.   Word Perfect  Corp. is, without a doubt, an industry leader in
 every sense of the word.  Imagine if you will,  the CREDIBILITY  Atari and
 its computers  would gain if Word Perfect Corp. announced; the very power-
 ful, graphical version 5.1 was about  to  be  released  for  the ST/MEGAS-
 TE/TT030 series of computers.  My, my what a crystal ball! ssssh!

     Below, presented  as "proof of performance" in the ongoing support for
 the Atari userbase is an accurate,  up to  date, chronological  listing of
 the superb  support efforts afforded to the Atari userbase by Word Perfect

                     WordPerfect 4.1 for the Atari ST
                       August 01, 1988 Modifications

 1.   Because of the changes implemented in this release, it will be neces-
 sary  to  delete  the  file;  "SYS___.WP" from your WordPerfect directory.
 You will need to re-select your colors, defaults and printer selections.

 2.   The printer drivers have been  completely rewritten  for this release
 as well  as the way WP handles printing.  Not all of these new definitions
 have been tested.  If the new definition for your  printer does  not work,
 please report  the results  to Technical  Support so they can be fixed and
 use the definition from the previous  release.    If  you  have  created a
 custom printer  driver, you  should make a back up of it before installing
 the update.

 3.   Due to limitations in the Diablo emulator for the Atari Laser SLM 804
 laser  printer,  this  printer  has  been  classified as a Limited Support
 Printer.  This means that WordPerfect print quality to the  SLM 804 cannot
 be improved  with the  existing Diablo  emulator.  The public domain Epson
 emulator seems to work fine with WordPerfect.

 4.   Single key macros now support numbers as well as letters.  This means
 you can define single key macros as alt-1, alt-2 and so on.

 5.    System  configuration files  for both  color and monochrome monitors
 are supported.  The SYS___.WPC file will be used for  color monitors while
 SYS___.WPM is the default for monochrome monitors.

                     WordPerfect 4.1 for the Atari ST
                        July 31, 1989 Modifications

 1.    *IMPORTANT*  Single drive users should not change their virtual path
 to A: or B:.  The virtuals are defaulted to C: and should not  be changed.
 Swapping disks with virtual files on them may cause virtual information to
 be corrupted.  If  you have  created a  custom printer  driver, you should
 make a  back up of it before installing the update.  If you have a version
 of Atari WordPerfect that is older than August, 1988, you  must delete the
 "SYS___.WP"  file  from  your  WordPerfect directory.  Therefore, you will
 need to re-select your colors, defaults, and printer  selections.   If you
 currently  have  a  'SYS___.WPC'  or  'SYS___.WPM',you  must  delete them.
 Otherwise your default changes will not be recognized.

 2.   A running Word Count has been added to the  status line  during spell

 3.    A file may now be viewed, complete with headers, footers, footnotes,
 endnotes, and page numbers before  being  printed.    To  use  the preview
 option you must 1) Go into Printer Control and select (3) for Select Prin-
 ters.  If a short list of printers appears (i.e. less than 14) when selec-
 ting printers,  you will  need to press CTRL-[DOWN-ARROW] and choose "yes"
 to reselect your printers from the LONG list. 2) Choose  the 'Atari Screen
 Printer (Preview)'  and press  return.  3) Choose 'other' for destination,
 and type in the path and filename where you want the file to be  saved (we
 suggest the  filename "preview").   4)  Select continuous for Form Type, 1
 for  Number  of  Copies,  0  for  Binding  Width  and  'yes'  to  Save the
 Definition.   With this selection available, you may preview your document
 by first going into Printer Control, selecting item  (1) for  Change Print
 Options, then  (1) for  Printer Letter.   Select the 'Atari Screen Printer
 (Preview)' definition and exit from Printer  Control.   Now you  can print
 your document  to disk  by selecting  Full Text  from the Print Menu.  The
 file can be viewed by going into List Files, highlighting  the file  to be
 viewed, and  selecting the 'Look' option (or pressing [return]).  The file
 will appear with all text inits proper position.

 4.   Available disk space can be seen in  list files  by clicking  on Disk
 Info or by pressing ?.

 5.    It  is now  possible to  search for all three types of hyphens: soft
 hyphens, hyphens, and hard hyphens.

 6.   The  WP Defaults  are now  stored in  memory, reducing  the number of
 times needed to swap disks.

 7.    You  are now  able to use the Atari File Selector or any other third
 party file selector system.   If  you have  not installed  a file selector
 system,  WordPerfect  will  default  to  the Atari File Selector.  You may
 choose to use the WordPerfect file  selector    system  found  in previous
 versions.   To do  so, go  into WP START.PRG and click on Run WordPerfect.
 Select the Gem File Selector option and then click on  'NO' when  asked to
 use Gem File Selector.

 8.    Improved Postscript printer support for extended characters has been
 added.  Also Ultrascript is now supported.  (Note: Be sure to copy PSCRIP-
 T.PS or  USCRIPT.PS to  the current  default directory  when printing to a
 Postscript printer or with Ultrascript.Note:   When using  the Ultrascript
 driver, your  output should  be directed  to a file and then printed later
 with the Ultrascript program.)

 9.   A non-proportional spacing driver has been added for the Atari SLM804
 Laser printer.   It  uses the  ATTP10LS font  only.   You install the font
 using the SETUP630.PRG with the following styles:

               1)Normal                           5)Outline
               2)Bold                             6)Bold Outline
               3)Italics                          7)Italic Outline
               4)Italics & Bold                   8)Light

 If your printer is not supported, please check with our  customer support.
 We have  some additional  printer drivers that were not included with this
 release due to limited disk space.  WordPerfect  Corporation is continuing
 to add  features and enhancements to WordPerfect 4.1 for the Atari ST.  If
 you have features or  enhancements that  you would  like to  see in future
 releases, please write to:

                 WordPerfect Corporation Atari Development
                          1555 N. Technology Way
                              Orem, UT  84057

 If you  are experiencing difficulty with your WordPerfect software, please
 take advantage of WordPerfect's toll-free, technical  support lines.   You
 will be asked for your WP Registration number.

                     WordPerfect 4.1 for the Atari ST
                        Nov 01, 1990 Modifications

 1.  Support for  the large  screen monitors  has been  added.  It has been
 tested on a Moniterm 1280x960  monochrome  monitor  and  an  Image Systems
 (ISAC Board)  1024x768 16 Color Board with a multisync color monitor.  Any
 incompatibilities should be reported to our customer support dept.

 2.  Some RamDisk Software and other Desk Accessories would  cause only the
 Directories to  be seen  in "List  Files".   This incompatibility has been

 3.  Better FSEL support has been added to correct  display problems caused
 by using the System File Selector option.

 4.  The complete document path and name is now display in the window title

 5.   The window positions and sizes are automatically saved  when you exit
 WordPerfect.  If this option is not desired then leave the window the full
 size and no change will be noticed.  It is  advised to  reduce your window
 size on  a large  screen monitor to reduce the time it takes to update the

 6.   If you are using a single floppy system  and you  should not  use the
 drive B:  option, due to a flaw in the System File Selector (FSEL), switc-
 hing to disk B  will confuse  the system  and possibly  garbage your disk.
 Most third party file selectors don't seem to have this problem.

 7.  The LOOK  option in  List Files has been changed to use a window to be
 compatible to the large screen monitors.

 8.  Options that use a dialog at the bottom of the screen with  the window
 resized now behave better when using the mouse.

 9.  Support for  retrieving and  saving IBM  WordPerfect 4.2 files and IBM
 text files has been added to the menubar  as "Import/Export"  under "File"
 and the  "Text In/Out"  option (C-F5).  Print/Font Disks Instead of just a
 Print disk and a  Font disk,  there are  now 4  Print/Font disks  with the
 printer definitions  and font  definitions on  the same disk.  This should
 make printing a little easier with  not as  much disk  swapping for single
 drive users.  We have broken them down as follows:

 Print/Font Disk 1   Dot Matrix, Daisy Wheel, Ink Jet Printers
 Print/Font Disk 2   Laser Printers
 Print/Font Disk 3   Postscript Printers
 Print/Font Disk 4   Limited Support Printers All of the utility programs
                     (PRINTER.PRG,  SPELLER.PRG,  etc.)  now  work with the
                     large screen monitors.

                     WordPerfect 4.1 for the Atari ST
                        Dec 06, 1990 Modifications

 1.   Changes have been made in the WordPerfect Program  to now  be compat-
 ible to the Atari TT030 systems.

 2.   Printing from List Files has been corrected.

 3.   Scrolling with  the window  off the  screen will  no longer cause the
 display to leave residual marks.

 4.  The default colors will  now be  your systems  default colors  and the
 colors can  be modified  by using  Control Panel or some other desk acces-
 sory.  The changes  will automatically  be saved  upon exiting WordPerfect
 and your desktop's original colors will be restored.

 5.  Reveal Codes better utilizes it's window space.

     In  summation  WordPerfect,  worldwide, offers terrific support, enth-
 usiastic promotion and of  course,  much  greater  user  participation and
 awareness thus,  assuring users of many years of ongoing support.  In many
 cases, the difference between a good  job and  a great  career position is
 whether or not the applicant is skillful in the use of WordPerfect.


 > The Future of the ST STR Feature?                " man's opinion"

                          LIFE AFTER THE ATARI ST

 Part 4

 by Darek Mihocka,

 President, Branch Always Software

     After the  last few  articles on Windows, I certainly got an earful of
 comments from Atari ST users. But just as any discussion  of the  Atari ST
 would naturally  lead to a discussion on GEM, so then does a discussion of
 the PC lead to a discussion on Windows. My articles here cover may topics:
 PC hardware,  software, and operating systems. This is not just a "Windows
 vs. the TT" debate as some people seem to believe.

     This week I'll talk a little  bit about  applications for  Windows and
 DOS. Due to the sheer volume of software available for PCs, what I'm going
 to talk about here is simply the tip of the  iceberg of  what's out there.
 And, contrary  to popular belief, PC software is not that much more expen-
 sive than ST software and some is even less expensive.

     I'm going to focus on two  main  areas:  software  for  the  user, and
 software for  the developer.  This week I'll cover user software, and next
 week I'll do developer tools.

     First, let's clear up a few things about  a comment  I made  last time
 and  replies  I  received  about  it. I mentioned that with Windows, users
 don't have to spend hundreds of dollars on utilities to  make the computer
 more usable. What I was refering to are the dozens of AUTO folder programs
 and desk accessories that ST users use every  day to  improve TOS  or GEM,
 such as  custom desktops,  desk accessory loaders, command line interpret-
 ers, corner clocks, mouse accelerators, screen accelerators, load acceler-
 ators, custom  file selectors,  RAMdisks, disk caches, print spoolers, TOS
 bug fixers, macro recorders,  GDOS, and  the list  goes on.  Some of these
 programs are in the public domain, but most of them cost from about $20 to
 $70. And from my observations, most ST users I've met tend to load up ther
 machines to  the max with these utilities. Not only does this eat up a lot
 of RAM, but the cost of all these programs easily  goes into  the hundreds
 of dollars.

     When running  Windows, many  of these  features are either built-in to
 the Windows control panel, or are available with  programs that  come bun-
 dled with  Windows.   So the  $99 or so you shell out for Windows gets you
 more than just a pretty set of icons. The standard  Windows setup includes
 the typical contol panel for adjusting parameters like mouse acceleration,
 desktop backgrounds, multitasking priorities,  screen colors,  fonts, set-
 ting time  and date,  etc. Also included are a set of utilities which inc-
 lude the Write word processor,  a  terminal  program,  a  RAMdisk,  a disk
 cache, a print spooler, a text editor, a desktop clock, a graphics editor,
 a macro recorder, and some video games to boot. So  if all  you install on
 your machine  is Windows (in addition to DOS of course) you're ready to do
 productive work. Boot up  an ST  and you  get a  desktop and  nothing else
 without spending hundreds of dollars on software such as the above.

     Last week, someone made a comment about some utility package available
 for Windows that includes such things  as  a  screen  saver.    Well, that
 person should check his facts out.  The package in question is the Windows
 Entertainment Pack, a package of about  a half  dozen Windows  video games
 and a  screen saver  which includes,  among other things, the real Tetris.
 For $39, it certainly isn't expensive in relation  to what  you would nor-
 mally spend  on a  single video  game, and  by including a screen saver it
 doesn't qualify it as a utility package.

     Let's get into real utility packages. The most popular one is probably
 Norton  Utilities  from  Symantec.  I  picked up version 5.0 for $139. The
 Norton utilities are probably famous for  two things:  the SI benchmarking
 program and  the vast  array of  disk and file recovery utilities. It also
 includes a hard disk defragmeneter to speed up hard disk  I/O, and several
 other utilities  to optimize  the performance  of a  hard disk. I've found
 that these utilities work  great with  PC Ditto  when used  on an  ST hard
 disk, because  most of these utilities simply don't exist on the ST. Until
 the end of the month you can also  get a  free copy  of the  Norton Backup
 when you  purchase the  Norton Utilities. There are other similar packages
 such as PC Tools and they all sell for roughly $100 or $150.

     Another popular area in PC  software  are  the  so  called "integrated
 packages". These are programs that include a word processorg, spell check-
 er, thesaurus, spreadsheet, database, charting, and  terminal emulation in
 one easy-to-use  package. The  origin of  these packages,  called Works by
 several different software companies, goes back  to pre-Windows  days when
 it was  not easy to switch from one program to another without exiting one
 to run the other.

     A trip to Egghead showed both Microsoft Works and Lotus  Works selling
 for $109,  although list  is $149.  So what do you get for this price? For
 one thing, these programs will run  on  any  PC,  because  text  modes are
 supported. So  even if you have a floppy disk based 512K PC or XT, you can
 easily run these packages. Another feature of these packages is that it is
 easy  to  move  information  between  the  various modules. If I type some
 numbers in the spreadsheet and graph them, I can now paste that graph into
 a word  processor document.  Then I can take that document and transmit it
 by modem using the terminal module to another Works user.

     Integrated packages are a great starting point for any home user. With
 them one  can write  letters, make  mailing labels,  call bulletin boards,
 keep track of names and addresses, and of  course, do  what computers were
 REALLY designed  to do all along: balance the checkbook. And compared to a
 typical package of word  processor,  spreadsheet,  database,  and terminal
 software on  the ST,  the integrated  packages on the PC are even cheaper!
 Microsoft Works contains a complete tutorial showing how  to use  any fea-
 ture of the program without ever having to open the printed manual.

     For the power user, there are of course the heavyweights: Lotus 1-2-3,
 Dbase, Word, Excel, Word Perfect, Quattro, etc. All of these packages tend
 to cost  about $495  EACH, although discount software dealers like Egghead
 will typically discount the price to about $249.

     In the word processing ring, in this corner we have  Word Perfect, the
 best  selling  word  processor  available  on  pretty well any machine out
 there. It's popular but not easy  to  learn,  due  to  the  keyboard based
 interface. But,  by popular  demand, Word  Perfect should be available for
 Windows soon. In this corner we have Microsoft Word, which currently comes
 in two  flavors: Word 5.5 which is text based and runs on any PC, and Word
 For Windows, which of course, requires Windows. Both  versions have almost
 identical drop-down  menu interfaces and file compatibility with most word

     The heavyweight word processors are the way to go if  you do  a lot of
 writing of  large documents,  and need  the almost desktop publishing-like
 features. Lotus recently  spent  about  $60  million  to  purchase another
 company that  makes a  Windows based  word processor,  so it very probable
 that Lotus will enter the Windows arena with its own word processor.

     Now we move to the spreadsheet  warzone.  The  long  time  king, Lotus
 1-2-3, is  slowly but  surely losing  ground to several other competitors.
 Spreasheets have traditionally been  used  to  add  up  lists  of numbers,
 balance  books,  and  solve  equations.  But  many of today's spreadsheets
 exploit the graphics  capabilities  of  the  machine  to  generate amazing
 graphs.  Wingz  and  Excel  (version  3.0  was just released this week for
 Windows) both take this to the extreme. You want to  draw 3-D  stacked bar
 graph and  view it  from above and behind? You can. Want to draw a 3-D pie
 chart with thousands of slices? You can. By combining the  spreadsheet and
 graphs on the same screen, you can do things like have your monthly totals
 on one line, and a graph of that data right below it. With database capab-
 ilities and macros, it is possible to customize a spreadsheet to look like
 almost anything: a tax form, a calendar, a database, you name it.  You can
 even build dialog boxes right into spreadsheets so anyone can use it.

     Spreadsheets are  powerful things  if you know how to use them, and go
 far beyond  the simple  number crunching  and graphing  capabilities of ST
 spreadsheets. With  Lotus announcing a Windows based version of 1-2-3, and
 companies like Borland putting their hats in the  ring with  products like
 Quattro and  Quattro Pro,  this area  will have  a lot  of competition for
 years to come. It will be interesting to see if Lotus, who  just shut down
 Paperback software  for "look  and feel"  issues, will be able to come out
 with Windows based word  processors and  spreadsheets that  actually offer
 something unique instead of simply copying the others.

     In  the  database  area,  there  is Dbase by Ashton-Tate. They are the
 folks who  followed Lotus's  lead and  sued their  competitor, Foxbase, on
 look and feel issues. Unfortunately for them, last month the judge decided
 to not only throw  out Ashton-Tate's  lawsuit but  to also  invalidate the
 copyrights on  Dbase II and Dbase III! I hope this will send a message out
 to the other sourpusses of the industry that suing your competition is not
 a way  to maintain  market share.  As a  side note,  the trials concerning
 Apple suing Microsoft over  look and  feel issues  of graphical interfaces
 and Xerox suing Apple for the exact same reason, are still pending.

     Anyway,  back  to  what's  left  of Dbase. Some people like Dbase III,
 claiming that Dbase IV is full of bugs, while others  claim that  Dbase IV
 is  great!  Whichever  you  choose,  keep  in  mind  that Dbase III is not
 copyrighted, so feel free  to modify  the code  as you  wish. I'm kidding!
 Foxbase is  a competing  database that  apparently took the Dbase idea and
 improved it. Frankly, I'm not a power database  user, so  I can't  go into
 detail about either program. For my own uses, I use the database capabili-
 tes of spreadsheets and use a word processor to generate the output.

     Now that we've covered the big titles that  are constantly  on the top
 10 bestseller list, what else is available?

     Certainly there  is no  shortage of  video games. What is available on
 the ST is most likely available on the PC. Most video games require only a
 CGA or  EGA graphics  card, which will provide graphics similar to that of
 an ST, but certain video games can take advantage of a VGA card.

     There are also desktop publishing programs. Yes, really! The package I
 use is  Timeworks Publish-It.   It is almost identical to Timeworks Publi-
 sher ST, and even includes GEM 3 for use on the PC.  At $149,  it offers a
 few less features than Pagestream, such as color and color separation, but
 in other areas is similar to  Pagestream.   I used  Publish-It to generate
 the BraSoft  News a  few weeks  ago, and I was actually quite impressed by
 the speed of GEM 3 and also the font quality.  This  is partly  due to the
 speed of  the 386 and the higher screen resolution I was using (640x480 on
 the PC compared to 640x400 on the ST). But even  taking into  account dif-
 ferences in  CPU speed,  the screen redraws were very quick. I assume that
 since GEM has been refined more on the PC that its graphics  routines have
 also been optimized. The screen fonts and fonts on the printed output were
 of much higher quality than what I get with Pagestream, so I went with it.

     Publish-It is not the only thing available. There  is $39  "lite" ver-
 sion, which  has less  features than regular Publish-It. And for only $599
 you can move up to Ventura Publisher, the granddaddy of  them all.  I have
 never used  Ventura and  don't care to spend $599 to find out. Hey Nathan!
 How about Calamus for Windows? Then there is Print Shop,  and a  number of
 other packages selling from as low as $30 and into the hundreds.

     Not  to  be  forgotten,  there  is  always the large library of public
 domain, freeware, and shareware  titles available  on online  services and
 bulletin boards.  Two "must  have" utilities  are ARC and LHARC. These are
 almost identical to the ST versions, which are  ports of  the PC versions.
 One thing I noticed again is the huge speed differences between the PC and
 ST versions. On a 386, UnARCing a typical issue of ST Report takes about 2
 seconds. LHARC  takes about  4 seconds.  Once you have these tools you can
 then download thousands of other files.

     I hope this brief  journey through  the PC  software world  opens some
 eyes. PC  software does  not have to be expensive. Some is, but the expen-
 sive software  usually includes  hundreds, if  not thousands,  of pages of
 documentation.  Many  Windows  applications, and some non-Windows applica-
 tions now include online tutorials and help screens that go far beyond the
 few dialog boxes of help information some ST programs have.

     With software  discount stores  such as Egghead (which sells Apple II,
 Apple IIGS, Macintosh, and PC software)  you can  get up  to 50%  off list

     So look  around. Don't  just take my word for it. Go to a PC dealer or
 software store. Look at the software and the prices of  PC and  Mac softw-
 are. If  ST software  is so  great and  cheap, then there is nothing to be
 afraid of.

 Next week: what you need to develop software on the PC.




    The  new  Windows   3.0   environment,   with its  greatly improved in-
 terface,  memory  management  and  developer and user capabilities, gained
 near-universal acclaim when it was released by Microsoft on May 22.

    But now, thousands of users around the country are asking the ques-
 tion: What is the REAL price of using Windows 3.0? In addition to  the
 more  mundane  problems affecting any major new software release, many
 users are reporting serious difficulties with Windows  3.0.  And  some
 have  had  disk  failures  and  file  losses  because  of  severe  in-
 compatibilities between Windows and certain large hard disk drives and
 disk formatting programs.

    As users buy new, more powerful systems and upgrade  existing  ones
 to tap the power of Windows 3.0, a wave of disk problems and data loss
 is starting to sweep the MS-DOS world.

    In  July  1989, Microsoft released a limited-circulation memo which
 stated, in part:

      Many non-standard (i.e. non-FDISK) disk partitioning schemes
      will cause problems when used with Windows and/or the
      SMARTDRV.SYS disk caching utility.  This information applies to
      Windows/286, Windows/386, and Excel.  Specific partitioning
      methods that will ALWAYS cause problems include the following:

      -  Disk Manager by Ontrack & Seagate (DMDRVR.BIN)

      -  Priam disk partitioning (supplied with Priam hard disks)

      -  Golden Bow V-Feature Deluxe

      -  Partitioning used by CORE hard disks (cannot be changed; contact

      -  Any system with a XENIX or UNIX partition on the hard disk

      Windows  will  NOT  work  properly on ANY system using one of the
 above methods for disk partitioning. Other brands of utilities may  or
 may  not  cause  problems  .  .  .  Because  of  the  large  number of
 partitioning-utility versions and methods  of  partitioning  the  hard
 drive  with them, it is impossible to say whether a given utility will
 definitely cause a problem in a particular configuration.

    The underlying reason for these problems is that some  routines  in
 Windows,  for  performance  reasons, bypass DOS disk services (and as-
 sociated disk utilities like Disk Manager and SWBIOS which change  the
 way  disk writes occur in normal operation) and write directly to disk
 through BIOS. Symptoms of the resulting discrepancy range from mild to
 severe, with file systems damaged and data lost.

    Yet, in  its  general  publicity  and  documentation  for  Windows,
 Microsoft has utterly failed to warn hundreds of thousands of affected
 users  that  their programs and data are vulnerable to these problems.
 Nowhere in the Windows 3.0 manual or in associated literature (such as
 the Hardware Compatibility List) are these limitations mentioned.  For
 example,  the Windows 3.0 manual (pp. 513-514) strongly encourages op-
 timizing hard disk interleave, which  "can  drastically  improve  your
 system's  speed."  But  there is no warning about the dangers of using
 Disk Manager or other such programs which provide low-level formatting
 and interleave selection!

    The purpose of this message, therefore, is  to  alert  current  and
 potential  Windows users to these problems, and to provide impetus for
 Microsoft to address this situation in a timely and effective manner.


    PROBLEM: The first type of difficulty occurs with 80386-based  sys-
 tems  using:  (1) a "permanent swap file" under Windows 3.0 in 386 en-
 hanced mode; and (2) using a non-Microsoft disk formatter such as Disk
 Manager, SpeedStor or Vfeature. Many users have noted the inability to
 load and run certain programs,  and  non-destructive  system  lockups.
 With  the  exception  of  very  large  hard  disks, as noted below, no
 problems occur as long as Windows is not running in 386 enhanced mode,
 or a permanent swap file is not in use.

    WORKAROUND: Microsoft has published a workaround on  CompuServe  to
 address  this  problem.  Briefly,  two  things  must  be done to avoid
 problems while using third-party disk formatters: (1) switch the  per-
 manent swap file to a temporary swap file (see the Windows 3.0 manual,
 pp.  525529); and (2) add the line: virtualhdirq=off to the SYSTEM.INI
 file in the [386ENH] section. Note: The temporary swap  file  is  much
 slower  than  the permanent one, because the latter creates a block of
 contiguous disk space which is written to directly by Windows.


    PROBLEM: Windows (all versions),  like  DOS,  only  recognizes  the
 first 1,024 cylinders of a hard disk. But unlike most software, it can
 write  directly  to disk through BIOS. This is a major risk for larger
 hard drives, which may be using SWBIOS or similar  software-based  ex-
 tenders  to  address  cylinders beyond the 1,024th. A mismatch between
 the DOS-level situation provided by SWBIOS and the  BIOS-level  situa-
 tion  encountered in a direct disk write can be fatal. One Windows 3.0
 beta tester in Portland, Oregon recently had a  Conner  150  MB  drive
 trashed by Windows 3.0. Many other incidents of similar disasters with
 large hard disks have been reported.

    WORKAROUND:  At present, there is no reliable workaround.

    Some RLL and ESDI drive controllers support "sector translation" at
 the  hardware  level, making the drives they support appear to have no
 more than 1,024 cylinders. Use of or conversion to  these  controllers
 may  avoid  the  problem.  However,  not  all  large  MFM  drives  are
 RLL-compliant. In  any  event,  reformatting  hard  disks  is  costly,
 tedious and error-prone.

 If you are unsure about the safety of your system: STOP USING WINDOWS

    The  following  is a partial list of commonly available drives with
 more than 1,024 cylinders (number of cylinders in parentheses):

 Conner Hopi CP-30104 (1,522), CP-3204F (1,366), Stubby CP-4044 (1,104)

 Control Data 94186-383 (1,412), 94186-383H (1,224), 94186-442H (1,412)

 Fujitsu M2247E (1,243), M2248E (1,243), M2249E (1,243)

 Imprimis 94186-383 (1,412), 94186-383H (1,224), 94186-442H (1,412),
          94196-766 (1,632), 94246-383 (1,747)

 Maxtor XT2085 (1,224), XT2190 (1,224), XT4380 (1,224), XT8760 (1,632)

 Micropolis 1551 (1,224), 1554 (1,224), 1555 (1,224), 1556 (1,224), 1557
                 (1,224), 1558 (1,224), 1653  (1,249),  1654  (1,249), 1663
                 (1,780), 1664 (1,780)

 Microscience HH-1090 (1,314), HH-1120 (1,314), HH-2160 (1,276)

 Miniscribe 3085 (1,170), 3130 (1,250), 3180 (1,250), 9230E (1,224),
            9380E (1,224), 9780E (1,661), 9000E (1,224)

 NEC D5655 (1,224), D5662 (1,224), D5682 (1,633)

 Priam 630 (1,224), V185 (1,166)

 Rodime RO5040 (1,224), RO5065 (1,224), RO5090 (1,224)

 Seagate Swift 94354-230 (1,272), Wren 94244-383 (1,747), Wren 94246-180
               (1,453),  Wren  94186  (1,412),  Wren  94186H  (1,224), Wren
               94286-380 (1,747),


    The two main sources  of information  for this  message have  been  the
 Microsoft   Windows   forum   on   CompuServe  and the Ontrack Systems BBS
 (612/937-0860). Ontrack is now  intensively testing   Disk   Manager   and
 Windows 3.0 and promises daily bulletins on their findings.

 7 June 1990

 Fred Heutte
 Sunlight Data Systems
 PO Box 40260
 Portland, Oregon  97240

 CompuServe: 72461,2224

 This file is a capture of bulletin 12 on the Ontrack systems  BBS  ex-
 plaining  the  exact  nature  of  possible  incompatibilities  between
 Microsoft Windows 3.0 and the Ontrack Computer  Systems  Disk  Manager

                                                 June 12, 1990
 To   : Windows 3.0 and Disk Manager users
 From : Ontrack Computer Systems
 Re   : Windows 3.0 and Disk Manager

 Ontrack  Computer Systems is very concerned about reports of data cor-
 ruption on systems which are  using  MicroSoft  Windows  3.0.  We  are
 devoting  a  great deal of time and effort to track down this reported
 problem, but are unable to produce even one byte of corrupted data  on
 any  of our computers running Windows 3.0. We have determined the fol-
 lowing to be true and verifiable:

 1. If Windows 3.0 is used on a 386 computer which  has  a  hard  drive
 with  more than 1024 cylinders and our DMDRVR.BIN is being used to al-
 low DOS (and of course Windows) to access that portion  of  the  disk,
 then  the  "[386enh]"  section  of the SYSTEM.INI file in Windows must
 contain the following line:


      See pages 528-9 in the index of the Windows Users Guide  for  ex-
 amples on how to modify SYSTEM.INI.

 NOTE:  Many  ESDI drives exceed the 1024 cylinder barrier but due to a
 translating controller card, appear to the operating  system  to  have
 fewer than 1024 cylinders. Such a drive is not considered to have more
 than  1024  cylinders  and  does  not fall into the category described
 above. This is because our SWBIOS.COM utility is not required  to  set
 up  the drive and the DMDRVR.BIN will also not utilize that portion of
 the driver.

 2. The Swapfile program, which is used to set up a permanent swap file
 on the disk, checks for ANY partitioning device driver  including  the
 DMDRVR.BIN  in  the CONFIG.SYS file and will not run if it exists. The
 swap files are hardcoded to use a 512 byte sector and in DOS  versions
 earlier  than  4.0,  Disk Manager increased the logical sector size to
  allow access to partitions greater than 32 megabytes.  Since  this is
 the  case,  a  permanent  swap file cannot be used on a disk using the
 DMDRVR.BIN device driver though temporary swap files  will  work  just

      Using a temporary swap file instead of a permanent one should not
 degrade  performance on a disk that has an optimization utility run on
 a regular basis. Running such a utility is  a  good  idea  anyway  for
 general  system  performance  as well as increasing the possibility of
 recovering data should your system encounter some sort of problem.

 3. Finally, on page 53 of the Windows User's  Guide,  users  are  cau-
 tioned  against  running  CHKDSK  /F  as well as any utility that will
 modify the file allocation tables (FAT). The  utilities  mentioned  in
 this  section of the Windows User's Guide are designed to operate in a
 single-tasking environment and include such things as undelete or  op-
 timization utilities.

      In the multi-tasking environment created by Windows, there may be
 many  programs  creating, manipulating and deleting files. While these
 operations are in process, the FATs will not  be  accurate.  When  the
 operation is complete, the FAT will accurately reflect that operation.
 Since  there  are  (or  at  least  could be) multiple programs running
 simultaneously, another application could  be  in  the  middle  of  an
 operation at any given point in time.

      Since  the  file  structure is constantly in a state of flux, any
 utility that assumes the structure to  be  static  (unchanging)  could
 cause  problems if run in this multi-tasking environment. Be safe, run
 your applications from within Windows and your utilities before enter-
 ing or after exiting Windows.

 NOTE: These utilities can be run successfully after exiting Windows or
 before running Windows; the caution only applies while Windows is run-
 ning. Going to the DOS prompt from within Windows is not the  same  as
 exiting Windows and the caution will still apply.

 Windows  has  brought  to the PC environment power that has previously
 only been available in mainframe and mini computer environments.  Even
 though  Windows  makes  it  look like computing just got simpler, with
 this increased power comes increased complexity. As users we  need  to
 be  aware  of  this  and  take precautions such as backing up our data
 before we get on with 'business as usual'.

 In as much as data  integrity  is  the  cornerstone  of  our  software
 family,  we  will continue to verify the compatibility of Disk Manager
 and Windows 3.0 (not to mention many other software packages). In  the
 event  that  you  or  someone  you  know has actually experienced data
 corruption, we ask that you help us by calling our BBS at 612-937-0860
 and filling out our Windows Survey form.


 > STR Portfolio News & Information?                  Keeping up to date...

                         THE ATARI PORTFOLIO FORUM

 On CompuServe

 by Walter Daniel  75066,164

     A interesting  and exciting thread got started when someone noted that
 WordPerfect 5.1 has been released on ROM card for the  Poqet PC.   Someone
 else mentioned  that he  was running  WordPerfect Jr. without the spelling
 checker (would not fit on a  RAM card)  on his  Portfolio.  Unfortunately,
 WordPerfect Jr.  has been  discontinued, so it will only be available from
 existing stocks on store shelves or  through  used  software  dealers.   A
 person from  WordPerfect Corp.  pointed out  that WordPerfect Executive is
 still on  the market  and its  word processor  is essentially  the same as
 WordPerfect Jr.   The  Executive package also includes some small programs
 such as a calculator, calendar, and PlanPerfect 3.0.

     Atari can now produce 512k ROM cards for  the Portfolio,  so sysop Ron
 Luks  suggested that WordPerfect Corp. market a Portfolio version of their
 word processor.  An advantage of running software from cards  is that .RUN
 files are  executed as  if they were in memory, so it might be possible to
 work around the 128k internal memory limitation.  If you are interested in
 WordPerfect for  the Atari  Portfolio, send  a message  to 73760,2460 that
 includes the number of copies you think you or your organization would buy
 if it were available.  This is only a survey, not a product announcement.

     A private  message area  has been  opened in  the forum for PowerBASIC
 beta testers (no, you can't read the messages).  This  impressive compiler
 is nearly  finished, so  look for it at your Atari dealer in the very near

     Don Messerli continues to add software tools to support his PGC Portf-
 olio  graphics  standard.    PGEdit  1.10 (PGED11.ZIP) is an update of the
 desktop PC  graphics file  creator/editor that  now supports  both EGA and
 VGA.   PGLIB.ZIP is  a library  of Portfolio-specific graphics routines in
 the C language.  Both Microsoft and Borland versions are included.  PGComp
 1.10 (PGCMP1.ZIP)  is an  update of the utility to compress PGF files into
 PGC format.  PGCHEK.ZIP is a tool for  checking format  and compression of
 PGC files to aid programmers in debugging.

     BJ Gleason  uploaded a  version of PBASIC 3.1 to fix a couple of small

     Download PB31A.EXE if you  just want  the executable  file; otherwise,
 PBAS31.ZIP now contains the full package.  ACOM 1.10 is a new version of a
 terminal program/PC file transfer utility from  Charles Cook.   As  a ter-
 minal program,  ACOM features a 100-line scrollback buffer and XMODEM file
 transfers.  As always, these files can be found in Library 1 (New Uploads)
 of the forum.



 A listing of most of the U.S. NAVY SHIPS deployed to:

                          OPERATION DESERT STORM

     The following information was provided by the Public Affairs Officer,
     Commanding Officer Naval Surface Forces Atlantic


              Note All addresses are in the following format:

     Commanding Officer         Example:    Commanding Officer
     USS ship name (XXX-XX)                 USS Missouri (BB-63)
     FPO city, state zip-xxxx               FPO San Francisco 96698-1120

  **adding the additional 4-digits in the ZIP code will save 1-3 days
  **of mailing time!

 You can also address it to: Any Service member c/o Vice Commanding Officer


 USS BLUE RIDGE (LCC-19)              FPO SAN FRANCISCO 96628-3300
                      (Flagship, Commander 7th Fleet
              Commander, U.S. Naval Forces, Central Command)

     USS LASALLE (AG-3)                   FPO NY 09577-3320
                             (Flagship Commander Middle East Force)
     USS MISSOURI (BB-63)                 FPO SF 96698-1120
     USS NASSAU (LHA-4)                   FPO NY 09557-1615
     USS IWO JIMA (LPH-9)                 FPO NY 09561-1625
     USS TRENTON (LPD-14)                 FPO NY 09588-1716
     USS PORTLAND (LSD-37)                FPO NY 09582-1725
     USS PENSACOLA (LSD-38)               FPO NY 09582-1726
     USS GUNSTON HALL (LSD-44)            FPO NY 09573-1732
     USS MANITOWOC (LST-1180)             FPO NY 09578-1801
     USS SAGINAW (LST-1188)               FPO NY 09587-1809
     USS SPARTANBURG COUNTY (LST-1192)    FPO NY 09587-1813
     USS WISCONSIN (BB-64)                FPO NY 09522-1130
     USS WORDEN (CG-18)                   FPO SF 06683-1142
     USS MACDONOUGH (DDG-39)              FPO MIAMI 34092-1257
     USS DAVD R. RAY (DD-971)             FPO SF 96677-1209
     USS O'BRIEN (DD-975)                 FPO SF 96674-1411
     USS REID (FFG-30)                    FPO SF 96677-1148
     USS RENTZ (FFG-46)                   FPO SF 96677-1500
     USS NICHOLAS (FFG-47)                FPO MI 34092-1501
     USS VANDEGRIFT (FFG-48)              FPO SF 96682-1706
     USS TAYLOR (FFG-50)                  FPO MI 34093-1504
     USS FORD (FFG-54)                    FPO SF 96665-1508
     USS BARBEY (FF-1088)                 FPO SF 96661-1448
     USS AVENGER (MCM-1)                  FPO MI 34090-1921
     USS LEADER (MSO-490)                 FPO MI 34091-1917
     USS ADROIT (MSO-509)                 FPO NY 09564-1919
     USS IMPERVIOUS (MSO-449)             FPO MI 34091-1911


     USS SARATOGA (CV-60) (With Air Wing 17 Embarked)  FPO MI 34078-2740
     USS BELKNAP (CG-26) (Flagship, 6th Fleet)         FPO NY 09565-1149
     USS BIDDLE (CG-34)                   FPO NY 09565-1157
     USS THOMAS S. GATES (CG-51)          FPO NY 09570-1171
     USS SAN JACINTO (CG-56)              FPO NY 09587-1176
     USS PHILIPPINE SEA (CG-58)           FPO MI 34093-1178
     USS SAMPSON (DDG-10)                 FPO MI 34093-1240
     USS SPRUANCE (DDG-963)               FPO MI 34093-1201
     USS ELMER MONTGOMERY (FF-1082)       FPO MI 34092-1442
     USS THOMAS C. HART (FF-1092)         FPO NY 09573-1452
     USS DETROIT (AOE-4)                  FPO NY 09567-3015
     USS YELLOWSTONE (AD-41)              FPO NY 09512-2525

                      GULF OF OMAN AND INDIAN OCEAN:

     USS MIDWAY (CV-41) (With Air Wing 5 Embarked) FPO SF 96631-2710
     USS BUNKER HILL (CG-52)             FPO SF 96661-1172
     USS STERRETT (CG-31)                FPO SF 96678-1154
     USS OLDENDORF (DD-977)              FPO SF 96674-1210
     USS FIFE (DD-977)                   FPO SF 96665-1229
     USS CURTS (FFG-38)                  FPO SF 96662-1493
     USS KISKA (AE-35)                   FPO SF 96670-3001
     USS SACRAMENTO (AOE-1)              FPO SF 98799-3012
     USS RANGER (CV-61)                  FPO SF 96633-2750
     USS PRINCETON (CG-59)               FPO SF 96675-1179

                        AMPHIBIOUS READ GROUP ALPHA

     USS OKINAWA (LPH-3)                 FPO SF 96625-1630
     USS FORT MCHENRY (LSD-43)           FPO SF 96665-1731
     USS DURHAM (LKA-114)                FPO SF 96663-1701
     USS OGDEN (LPD-5)                   FPO SF 96674-1708
     USS CAYUGA (LST-1186)               FPO SF 96662-1807

                      EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN/RED SEA:

     USS JOHN F. KENNEDY (CVN-67) (Air Wing 3 embarked)  FPO NY 09538-2800
     USS MISSISSIPPI (CGN-40)            FPO NY 09578-1167
     USS MOOSEBRUGER (DD-980)            FPO MI 34092-1218
     USS SAMUEL B. ROBERTS (FFG-58)      FPO MI 09586-1512
     USS SEATTLE (AOE-3)                 FPO NY 09587-3014
     USS SYLVANIA (AFS-2)                FPO NY 09587-3031
     USS T. ROOSEVELT (CVN-71) (Air Wing 8 embarked) FPO NY 09599-2871
     USS CARON (DD-970)                  FPO NY 09566-1208
     USS PLATTE (AO-186)                 FPO NY 09582-3022
     USS SAN DIEGO (AFS-6)               FPO NY 09587-3035
     USS LEYTE GULF (CG-55)              FPO MI 34091-1175
     USS VREELAND (FF-1068)              FPO MI 34093-1428
     USS NITRO (AE-23)                   FPO NY 09579-3002
     USS RICHMOND K. TURNER (CG-20)      FPO MI 34093-1144
     USS HAWES (FFG-53)                  FPO MI 34093-1507
     USS AMERICA (CVN-66) (Air Wing 1 embarked)  FPO NY 09531-2790
     USS VIRGINIA (CGN-38)               FPO NY 09590-1165
     USS PREBLE (DDG-46)                 FPO NY 09582-1264
     USS KALAMAZOO (AOR-6)               FPO NY 09576-3028
     USS NORMANDY (CG-40)                FPO NY
     USS WILLIAM V PRATT (DDG-44)        FPO MI 34092-1262
     USS HALYBURTON (FFG-40)             FPO MI 34091-1495
     USS SANTA BARBARA (AE-28)           FPO MI 34093-3006

                        AMPHIBIOUS READY GROUP 3-90

     USS INCHON (LPH-12)                 FPO MI 09529-1655
     USS NASHVILLE (LPD-13)              FPO NY 09579-1715
     USS NEWPORT (LST-1179)              FPO NY 09579-1800
     USS FAIRFAX COUNTY (LST-1193)       FPO NY 09569-1814
     USS BARNSTABLE COUNTY (LST-1198)    FPO NY 09565-1818

                         AMPHIBIOUS READY GROUP 3

     USS TARWA (LHA-1)                   FPO SF 96622-1600
     USS TRIPLOI (LPH-10)                FPO SF 96626-1645
     USS NEW ORLEANS (LPH-11)            FPO SF 96627-1650
     USS MOBILE (LKA-115)                FPO SF 96672-1702
     USS VANCOUVER (LPD-2)               FPO SF 96682-1706
     USS DENVER (LPD-9)                  FPO SF 96663-1712
     USS JUNEAU (LPD-10)                 FPO SF 96669-1713
     USS ANCHORAGE (LSD-36)              FPO SF 96660-1724
     USS MOUNT VERNON (LSD-39)           FPO SF 96672-1727
     USS GERMANTOWN (LSD-42)             FPO SF 96666-1730
     USS PEORIA (LST-1183)               FPO SF 96675-1804
     USS TUSCALOOSA (LST-1187)           FPO SF 96679-1808
     USS BARBOUR COUNTY (LST-1195)       FPO SF 96661-1816




 1st Marine Expeditionary Force (1 MEF)
     1st  Marine  Divisions  (Comprised  largely  of  the ground units that
     deployed with the 1st nad 7th Marine  Expeditionary Brigade)

 3rd marine Aircraft Wing (composed largely of the air units  that deployed
     with the 1st and 7th Brigades)

 1st Force  Service Support Group (composed largely of the supporting units
     - supply, maintenance, medical that deployed with the brigades)

                       BRITISH 1ST ARMORED DIVISION

 Note:    Two additional marine Expeditionary Brigades - the 4th  and 5th -
          plus two  marine Expeditionary  Units - the 13 and the 26th - are
          afloat with  amphibious  task  forces  (see  below).   Additional
          brigades will deploy with the 2 MEF.


 > PROFLIGHT STR Review?                       The Tornado Flight Simulator


 FROM: Hisoft
       The Old School, Greenfield,
       Bedford MK45 5DE UK

         What makes  a GOOD  flight simulator  program?  Is it the ultimate
 in private aviation realism, a quick shoot'em up arcade style  contest, or
 the heart  pounding -  "beads o'sweat" tension of realistic aerial combat?
 For myself it's the "beads o' sweat" version!   But  look, if  suddenly in
 the  heat  of  battle  I  find  myself flying THROUGH my adversary without
 become part  of the  landscape I  get a  little annoyed  at the simulation
 program.   (Not to mention myself!)  All of the neat graphics in the world
 won't help if the aircraft doesn't "feel right".

         Enter "PROFLIGHT - The Tornado Flight Simulator" from HiSoft.  The
 aircraft in  this simulation  is the  Panavia Tornado.  A swing-wing, twin
 engine fighter/bomber built by  a european  consortium.   The package con-
 tains one single-sided disk and a two ring binder for the 146 page manual.
 The program is not  copy protected  in any  way.   No code  wheels or page
 flipping required!   Just  double-click and  go.  Proflight runs in either
 low or high resolution and can  be  copied  to  your  hard  drive  and run
 without the need for a keydisk.

         Control is  by mouse or joystick.  The README.TXT file on the disk
 suggests the mouse as the prefered controller and I have to concur.   Even
 with adjustable  sensitivity and auto-level on, joystick control is tough.
 Don't fret, after your first snap roll using the mouse you'll   forget all
 about the joystick option!

         Once you  start the  program you  find yourself immediately in the
 cockpit looking down the runway.  No title screens or other delays.  After
 a few  seconds of inactivity a very nice demo will start.  Be patient here
 as the sim sets up the way points from the map and  flight options because
 the demo  is worth  at least  one run through.  (Be sure to watch for com-
 ments in the lower right of the screen as the demo  runs!)

         You can interrupt the demo at  anytime  and  take  control  of the
 Tornado in  flight.   This is  great for  a little hands-on before digging
 into the manual.  A Crash Inhibit mode is available as well  as all manner
 of "auto-"  options for  the beginner  pilots.   Depending on  the  "mode"
 setting at take-off (In combat mode you can't select crash  inhibit!) most
 of these  options can be set while in flight.  Drop down  menus are called
 with function keys and selections can be made without  stopping the simul-

         The graphics  in Proflight are distinctly reminiscent of SubLogics
 Flight Simulator II.  The  smooth  coloring  techniques  used  in Spectrum
 Holobytes Falcon  are missing  here.  The FS II analogy holds true in that
 you can select daylight,  dusk and  night conditions  as well  as wind ef-
 fects  and  turbulence.    In  the night mission settings you can actually
 display a star map!  Speaking of maps, waypoints for  the autopilot system
 are set  by the  user on  a mission planning map.  Any combination targets
 maybe selected in the 200 square nautical mile operating area.


 Some examples:

 Low level flight produces "ground effect".  Not just turbulence  or "boun-
 cing" but a noticeable increase in lift and control sensitivity.

 "Knife edge"  flight causes  loss of altitude due to loss of lift that can
 be corrected with rudder input.

 Flying through debris from an aerial "kill" causes the aircraft  to buffet
 and can damage the aircraft.  Also you can't fly through an aerial target!

 Ejecting from  the aircraft  is not 100% safe and results in an eerie sort
 of disconnection from the airplane which can be seen to  fly off  into the
 distance on its own!

         While the  graphics may  not be quite state of the art, the flight
 animation is as smooth and glitch free as any I've  encountered.   Even on
 my non-blitter,  TOS 1.0  1040 ST!  I've run Proflight on my Mega ST4 with
 TOS 1.4, a friends Mega ST2 with TOS 1.2 and the above  mentioned 1040 STf
 with no problems at all.  My only complaint is that Proflight doesn't have
 a means of exiting to the Desktop without rebooting the machine.

         So if you're not booting up  that favorite  flight simulator quite
 as often  these days,  you really  should look  into Proflight.  As an ac-
 curate simulation of  flight  with  a  complete  set  of  "novice" options
 Proflight would also make a nice first package for those who would like to
 add a little combat while learning  the  basics.  Good  hunting  and don't
 forget - "Check Six!"

                                             a.k.a. - Bitstream Warrior


 > STReport CONFIDENTIAL?                            "ATARI NEWS & EVENTS!"

 - Sunnyvale, CA                                STUMPH STAY TO BE TEMPORARY

     The word is he, A. Stumph, is here to serve in an advisory capacity, a
 valued and much needed service.  But for a temporary period of  time only.
 Atari Corp. is actively persuing the importation of the "cream of the crop
 in European Software for the US market.  Shortly, the new wave of software
 will begin to make its debut.

 - Girard, OH                                  OH BOY! ANOTHER BBS TO CALL!

                            COMMAND HEADQUARTERS II
                           24 hours - 1200/2400 baud

 Home of  Chet Walters  and Dr. Bob (WizWorks!), each has their own message
 base they use to answer any questions you might have, plus their  own file
 directories where  you'll find  lots of utilities, graphics/printer stuff,
 etc., that they have programmed for us over the past  few years.   CHQ has
 100 meg  of storage  plus some of the finest public domain/shareware down-
 loads available anywhere.

                                  CALL NOW!!!

 - Erie, PA                                       ATARI COMPUTER CONFERENCE

       We are planning an Atari Computer Conference in Erie, PA  in June of
 1991.  We are looking for developers, programmers, and users interested in
 giving technical presentations or seminars related to the Atari ST/Mega/TT
 line  of  computers.    If  you  are interested, please contact me, Dennis
 McGuire.  Call voice at 814-833-4724 or leave  a message  to the  Sysop at
 the SAGE BBS (FNET Node 478 814-833-4073).

 - Rockville, MD                          GENIE ATARI RT TO HOST S. TRAMIEL

     The Atari ST Roundtable is happy to welcome Sam Tramiel,  President of
 Atari Corporation,  as our  special guest  for the  Realtime Conference on
 Wednesday, January 30, 1991.  Please make plans to attend and participate.
 Mr. Tramiel will welcome your questions and comments.

            That's Wednesday, January 30th at 10:00pm Eastern.


 > Hard Disks STR InfoFile?                      Affordable Mass Storage....

                      NEW LOW PRICES! & MORE MODELS!!
                               ALL SPECIALS
                       ** EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY! **

                      ABCO COMPUTER ELECTRONICS INC.
              P.O. Box 6672  Jacksonville, Florida 32236-6672
                                Est.  1985

                   Voice: 904-783-3319  10 AM - 4 PM EDT
                     BBS: 904-786-4176   12-24-96 HST
                    FAX: 904-783-3319  12 PM - 6 AM EDT


   All systems are complete and ready to use, included at NO EXTRA COST
                 are clock/calendar and cooling blower(s).

                 (you are NOT limited to two drives ONLY!)
                   (all cables and connectors installed)


                           Conventional Shoe Box
            Model        Description      Autopark       Price
            SGN3038      31Mb 28ms   3.5"    Y          419.00
            SGN4951      51Mb 28ms   3.5"    Y          519.00
            SGN6177      62Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          619.00
            SGN1096      85Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          649.00
            SGN6277     120Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          889.00
            SGN1296     168Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y         1069.00
            SGN4077     230Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y         1669.00


            20mb #AI020SC   379.95      30mb #AIO3OSC   419.95
            50mb #AI050SC   449.95      65mb #AI065SC   499.95
                          85mb #AI085SC  $559.95
                       MEGA ST Internal Hard Drives

                     (500 - 600k per sec @ 16 - 33ms)

                         FROM 30mb 28MS @ $419.00!
                      Ask about our "REBATE SPECIALS"




       * SYQUEST 44MB (#555)>> ABCO "44" << REMOVABLE MEDIA DRIVE *

          - ICD Utility Software        - 3' DMA Cable
          - Fan & Clock                 - Multi-Unit Power Supply
                          (1) 44 MB Syquest Cart.

                 --->> SPECIAL NOW ONLY __$ 719.00__ <<---
                        EXTRA CARTS:      $  79.50
                        DRIVE MECH ONLY:  $ 439.95

                       ***** for $75.00 LESS! *****

                       SPECIALLY PRICED ** $1329.00 **

         - Syquest 44 Model [555] and the following hard drives -
             50mb SQG51   $ 939.00      30mb SQG38    $ 819.00
             65mb SQG09   $ 969.00      85mb SQG96    $1059.00

           Listed above are a sampling of the systems available.
      Prices also reflect various cabinet/power supply configurations
    (over sixty configurations are available, flexibility is unlimited)

            *** ALL Units: Average Access Time: 24ms - 34ms ***

             LARGER units are available - (special order only)

                      *>> NO REPACKS OR REFURBS USED! <<*

       - Custom Walnut WOODEN Cabinets - TOWER - AT - XT Cabinets -
            * SLM 804 Replacement Toner Cartridge Kits $42.95 *
                          Replacement Drums; CALL
                   Keyboard Custom Cables Call for Info
                      ALL POWER SUPPLIES UL APPROVED

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                     DEALERS and DISTRIBUTORS WANTED!
                         please, call for details

                 Personal and Company Checks are accepted.

                        ORDER YOUR NEW UNIT TODAY!

           CALL: 1-800-562-4037   -=**=-    CALL: 1-904-783-3319
           Customer Orders ONLY               Customer Service
                                9am - 8pm EDT
                                Tues thru Sat


 > A "Quotable Quote"?

                  "WE WILL RELEASE ALL NEW PRODUCTS.....
                           ....IN THE USA FIRST"

                                             S. Tramiel

                        STReport Online Magazine?
     Available through more than 10,000 Private BBS systems WorldWide!
 STReport?           "YOUR INDEPENDENT NEWS SOURCE"        January 18, 1991
 16/32bit Magazine           copyright = 1990                   No.7.03
 Views, Opinions and Articles Presented herein are not necessarily those of
 the editors, staff, STReport?  CPU/STR?  or  ST  Report?.    Permission to
 reprint articles  is hereby granted, unless otherwise noted.  Each reprint
 must include the name of the publication, date, issue #  and  the author's
 name.  The entire publication and/or portions therein may not be edited in
 any way without prior written permission.   The  contents, at  the time of
 publication,  are    believed  to  be  reasonably  accurate.  The editors,
 contributors and/or staff are  not responsible  for either  the use/misuse
 of information contained herein or the results obtained therefrom.

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