Z*Net: 29-Dec-90 #551

From: Bruce D. Nelson (aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 01/17/91-08:29:24 PM Z

From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: Z*Net: 29-Dec-90  #551
Date: Thu Jan 17 20:29:24 1991

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                            December 29, 1990
                                Issue #551

                      Publisher/Editor : Ron Kovacs
 Z*Net USA:   John Nagy                    Z*Net New Zealand: Jon Clarke
 Z*Net Canada: Terry Schreiber             Z*Net Germany:   Mike Schuetz

 by Ron Kovacs

 Just a couple of days till then end of the year and we wish everyone
 a Happy and Prosperous 1991.  The first issue of 1991 will be released
 on Saturday, January 5, 1991.

 This has been an interesting year and is filled with many good and bad
 memories.  We hope to see better communication and support in 1991 not
 only from Atari but from it's user base.  The negative commentaries
 consistently discussed by many Atari users should turn into constructive
 positive commentary.  Let's help bring more users to the community and
 show everyone we own an excellent computer that can out perform the
 others currently available at the same price.

 Don't swallow everything you read in any Atari publication as gospel
 statements.  Check and ask questions to be sure what you are reading is
 accurate.  We all make mistakes from time to time, no matter what
 publication it is and false information is far worse then the accurate
 true story.  When you think something we printed or others have
 published might be wrong, ask that question and challenge the writer.
 Don't let up until you are satisfied you have an understanding of the

 After reviewing a few publications over the last three months, I find
 we are being presented with many opinions and commentaries, reviews that
 are not fully reviews, opinions that are unknown to the average reader,
 stories not followed up and commentaries used to destroy character.
 Z*Net and ZMagazine has tried to progress in all areas and will continue
 to do so in 1991, all we ask is that you read everything available and
 make up your own minds on what is fact and fiction.  You have the
 ability to insure the news you read is true, that the reviews you read
 are fair and the commentaries you read are indeed presented fairly.

 The best way to change what you read is respond to the editors of all
 the publications online or hardcopy.  To be sure your voice is heard,
 carbon copy other publications about the stories you read, they will
 comment through the mail or email areas.

 Our goal is to provide the Atari user the real news without our comments
 used as fact.  Best to all in 1991.

 by John Nagy
 (Original for ST Journal Magazine, presented with additional material
 for Z*NET)

 CONCLUSION (Part 1 appeared last week in Z*NET)

 1990... was it the year of Atari?  It was a year filled with hope and
 with disappointment.  It was a year of promises and some fulfillment.
 Let's continue our look at the highlights and the lowlights together.

 I've focussed on Atari and added only a few major third-party
 announcements.  While I know some folks will feel slighted by being
 omitted, sorry.  I'll be blaming it on the editor. (Grin!)

 JULY 1990:

 Dealer information from New Zealand and the Netherlands indicate that
 the Atari TT030 machine is being redesigned to be 32 Mhz rather than the
 16 Mhz as announced.  Atari USA and Atari Corp both deny the story.

 Atari USA is said to be looking at relocation sites in BOSTON as a place
 to move to from Sunnyvale, CA.  Incoming manager Elie Kenan is being
 offered a free hand by the Tramiels, and is thought to be looking for a
 way to separate Atari USA and Atari Corp, now both based out of the same
 Sunnyvale building.

 Additional layoffs occur at the line level at Atari, fueling relocation

 A replacement for the SLM804 Atari laser printer is expected shortly.
 It will be a essentially a standard Epson unit, customized for Atari.
 The old SLM804 unit can no longer be obtained from the manufacturer.

 The STe is troubled by recurring reports of loss of data when used with
 a hard drive.  Some stores test and find their entire shipments will not
 operate with hard drives.  Atari denies that it is a systematic or
 design problem, but agree to replace any units found to be inoperative
 regardless of age or having been opened for inspection.

 A fraudulent FAX message purporting to be from Bob Brodie is received by
 MICHTRON and GADGETS BY SMALL, urging them to join a "boycott" of the
 WOA shows.  Meanwhile, Atari reverses its decision and agrees to provide
 equipment as possible for the August WOA in San Jose.

 AUGUST 1990:

 San Jose WOA succeeds with a small but happy turnout of 1,500 people.
 Many Atari officials attend, including Sam and Leonard Tramiel and Elie
 Kenan.  Atari supplies free equipment, but WOA refuses to participate in
 its safe return.  Bob Brodie personally picks up the equipment and
 overhears promoter Richard Tsukiji discussing his plans to "have Brodie
 fired" from Atari.

 Second quarter net income for Atari: $1.5 million.

 Charles Cherry resigns from Atari.  Developer projects are left
 partially on hold, and SoftSource is stalled while many developers ask
 for extensions of time to get the required submissions.  Meanwhile,
 other developers complain that they got their materials to Atari on
 schedule and don't want the project delayed.

 START MAGAZINE announces that they will skip their September issue, then
 join with ANTIC into a single, larger publication for October 1990 in a
 major redesign and rededication of the magazine.

 Gordon Monnier of Michtron confirms that he has his company for sale.
 George Miller, Michtron's #2 man, leaves to join ABACUS, a book and
 software house in Michigan.

 B. N. GENIUS, an upscale gadget store with a major mail order following,
 features the Portfolio on the cover of their national catalog.  Atari
 dealers are concerned about losing business.

 Atari attends GENCON in Milwaukee and provides major equipment and floor
 presence.  About 10,000 visitors witness Atari as a major "player" in
 the gaming convention.

 Frank Foster resigns from Atari in a mutual decision that leaves Atari
 without a leader of its MIDI support section.

 42,000 (Yes, FORTY-TWO-THOUSAND) visitors attend an all-Atari show in
 Duesseldorf, Germany.  The TT and ATW are major features, and developers
 from all over the world convene to maximize their sales potential.

 Hong Kong's largest English magazine, the "NEW STRAITS TIMES", conducted
 a reader survey and 41.8% of the votes declared the Atari ST to be their
 choice for "Computer of the Decade".  Second place went to the Commodore
 Amiga with only 5.2%, third was the Macintosh with 5.1%, tied with the


 Glendale has the largest Atari Show ever in the US measured by number of
 vendors, but turnout is a somewhat disappointing 2,500.  The user-group
 show is supported by over $20,000 of advertising by Atari Corp,
 extensive equipment supplies, and a full house of Atari executives and
 employees visiting and hosting the Atari area of the floor.  Leonard
 Tramiel personally participates in two seminars.  New Manger of Atari
 USA, Canada, and France Elie Kenan meets and shares his plans for Atari
 in private meetings with each developer during the show and gets a
 unanimous if cautious "thumbs up" from them.

 Atari formally announces new specs for the TT030 - it will be 32 Mhz
 after all, despite the denials, and will feature a new GEM desktop that
 looks similar to Gribnif's NEODESK 2 but is not related to it.

 After a multi-party investigation, Richard Tsukiji is forced to admit in
 writing that the fraudulent FAX message that defamed WOA and ST World
 Magazine in Bob Brodie's name did in fact come from his own office at ST
 WORLD.  Tsukiji adds it was sent by persons unknown at a time when he
 himself was out of the country.  Dave Small resigns from ST WORLD staff
 in protest.  ST WORLD magazine is announced to have been sold in mid
 summer to its staff for the sum of $1.00, but not to its editors who had
 expected to be given the magazine.  They leave in protest.

 The STe hard drive problem is fixed.  Any existing STe computers should
 be checked for proper operation with a hard drive and returned for
 repair or exchange if they fail.  Atari does not formally announce this
 event, as they do not concede to the fact that the problem existed in
 the first place.

 ICD Inc. introduces ADSPEED, a 16 Mhz accelerator board for ST and MEGA
 computers that features faster operation and 100% compatibility with
 existing software.  $300.

 Gribnif starts sales of NEODESK 3, selling out at Glendale.

 TALON is rumored to be considering the purchase of MICHTRON.

 The Atari Elite, an organization of Atari owners in Pittsburgh, PA,
 threatens to sue as many as 33 persons, developers, and publications for
 allegedly defaming their group in news coverage and commentary about the
 PACE show in April.  Z*NET and editor Ron Kovacs is among them.  Elite's
 commercial software rental library is a major discussion point in
 allegations of organized or permissive piracy.

 OCTOBER 1990:

 WAACE holds its third DC ATARIFEST and attracts 2,000 people to a wide
 display of Atari and third party developers.  Sales are in record
 numbers for attending vendors, and Atari provides similar backing to
 that of the Glendale show a month earlier.  Elie Kenan again attends and
 meets with developers.

 Bob Brodie meets with ELITE members at WAACE to attempt to resolve their
 concerns and stem their threatened lawsuits.  No immediate solution
 seems at hand as the parties assume a standoff position.

 Elie Kenan leaves Atari USA and Canada to return to Atari France.  In
 the single most devastating blow to Atari morale in years, the departure
 of Kenan is met with disbelief and denial in the Atari community.
 Details are of course not released, but Kenan left after a meeting with
 Jack Tramiel immediately upon Kenan's return from Boston, where it is
 thought that he was choosing a relocation site for Atari.  Greg Pratt,
 formerly in the Atari financial division, is named General Manager of
 Atari USA.

 Jim Fisher, Atari's VP of Advertising and Marketing as well as the
 official editor for Atari Explorer Magazine, resigns in an decision
 unrelated to Kenan's departure.

 Atari Canada now includes Neodesk 3.0 with every ST or STE sold.

 A new color monitor to compliment the STE's stereo sound is released in
 Canada, tagged the SC1435.  The monitor is not a re-structured SC1224 as
 was first thought but of a completely different design with a larger

 Both Fast Technology (Jim Allen) and Gadgets by Small (Dave Small) show
 68030 boards INDEPENDENT from one another at WAACE since a splitup this
 summer.  The COMPLETED Gadgets 030 board contained 8 megs of on-board
 RAM (boosting a Mega 4 to 12 megs of RAM total) as well as a 68882 math
 co-processor, all running at 18.4 mhz (it can run it up to a max of 33
 Mhz).  The board has TOS 1.6 on board, with Atari committed to licensing
 TOS 1.6 to Gadgets for use in the board.  It can run 10.66 times the
 speed of the standard ST at 16 mhz - using most existing ST software.
 Price and availability cannot be set until Gadgets get quantity pricing
 on parts.


 Atari Stock trades at prices as low as $1.75 on the American Exchange.
 This is down from a peak of nearly $20, only 18 months ago.

 After a five year-long effort the Software Protection Association was
 pleased to see the passage of a bill that makes software rental (other
 than non- profit library loans) programs illegal.  One hour and a half
 before Congress recessed to start campaigning for reelection, the so-
 called "software rental bill" was finally passed.  The bill makes it
 illegal for companies to rent software in a manner that allows users to
 copy and keep the program then return the original disks and
 documentation for re-rental.

 Computer Shopper Magazine, a 800 page monthly magazine that once covered
 all computers, drops regular Atari coverage.  Amiga, Mac, and IBM

 START magazine announces that beginning in December, the Z*NET News
 Service will be included in every issue.  START ONLINE replaces the
 dormant ANTIC ONLINE on CompuServe, offering reprints of articles and
 featured software.

 A file called "TOS 2" circulates on private bulletin boards.  The
 program provides an early version of the new TT Desktop which will
 operate on an ST.  Atari reminds users both that the file is a STOLEN,
 PIRATED file that belongs to Atari, and that it is an early version that
 is known to be incomplete and unstable.

 Atari says they will have the TT READY FOR SHIPPING by COMDEX, with
 retail pricing for the base TT030 (2 meg RAM and a 50 megabyte hard
 drive) of $2,995 plus either $450 for a multiresolution color monitor,
 or $999 for the new 19" monochrome monitor.

 COMDEX arrives at Las Vegas, and Atari has the biggest booth yet.  The
 MEGA/STe is introduced, featuring the TT look, LAN ports, 16 MHZ, built
 in hard drive, and the new TT desktop.  Availability is planned for
 January, with new retail prices basing around $1,700 for 2meg RAM, 40
 meg HD.  The new monitors are shown, and a Scalable GDOS is demonstrated
 for imminent release.  The TT030 is still shown but not available due to
 engineering changes that have prevented FCC testing.  Most of the crowds
 pass up the ST line to see the Portfolio.  MANY dealers ask to carry it,
 and some agree to offer the entire line.  Eight bundles are announced,
 offering a variety of software with computers at savings over retail.

 MICHTRON is sold to a Newark, Delaware company, who will take over
 support and sales for the remaining Michtron products.  PC-SPEED and
 AT-SPEED are taken over by TALON, and the HIGHSOFT line is apparently
 being marketed by GoldLeaf.

 MIGRAPH announces a Color Hand Scanner, to be available for the ST line
 in early 1991.  It will require a minimum of 2 meg of RAM, and will
 benefit by the added speed of the Mega/STe or TT.


 Atari Corporation reports a third-quarter (ending Sept. 30, 1990) net
 income of barely over three million dollars on sales of $89 million,
 compared to a loss of $5 million on sales of $81 million for the same
 period last year.  This year would have been a $3 million loss except
 for an offset of a $6 million gain from Atari repurchasing debentures at
 a favorable term.  Net income per share is $.05.

 Downscaling hits Atari magazines overseas as well as in the USA.  ST
 WORLD (UK) drops its publishing schedule back to QUARTERLY releases.

 An Atari emulator for the Amiga computer continues to draw comment and
 fire as it develops.  Purporting to be "public domain", the file
 "ATARI1" (now in general BBS distribution worldwide) includes illegal
 copies of TOS and GEM internally.  Reports are that the thing actually
 works, at speeds up to half of that of an Atari, although desk
 accessories do not work, and many, even most common programs do not
 operate.  Screen appearance is also said to be very poor.  Atari's
 stance continues to be that this file is a violation of Atari's
 copyrights, and that distribution will not be permitted.

 Atari's new MEGA/STe passes the FCC testing as a Type B (Consumer)
 product, and will begin US distribution as soon as mid-January.  This
 marks the first time in memory that ANY Atari product has been approved
 for consumer release within 30 days of the first product announcement.

 The TT030 machine begins shipping to US dealers as a TYPE A COMMERCIAL
 USE device.  The price for the base unit, a 2 MEG RAM, 50 MEG hard drive
 device, is still $2,995.  Only VARs (Value Added Resellers) and
 "qualified dealers" can get the TT, and must send Atari a letter
 assuring that the machines will not be sold to consumer, residential

 Antonio Salerno, Vice President - Applications for Atari Corporation,
 resigns.  Salerno had been in charge of efforts to persuade major
 software companies to bring their well known products to the Atari line,
 and had less than dramatic success.

 James Grunke, technical man for the super group BEACH BOYS, is to leave
 the band to replace Frank Foster at Atari as the Music Industry
 Representative and MIDI promoter.  James will begin work on January 1,

 Formerly of NEOCEPT, makers of the powerful WORD UP graphic word
 processor for the Atari, programmer Mike Fulton is hired and begins work
 in Atari's customer and developer support area.  This fuels earlier
 speculation that Atari may eventually buy and support Word Up as an
 Atari brand product.

 Dennis Hayes, the Cincinnati resident who pleaded guilty in late October
 to selling more then 5,000 copies of pirates MacIntosh ROMS, many of
 them to Atari users for MAC emulation, is sentenced to 5 years in

 Until December 31, 1990, Atari Canada offers a $450.00 trade in on any
 520 or 1040 towards a new Atari TT.  Trade in machines will be
 refurbished and given to charity or used in an educational program.
 U.S. customers wishing more information can call (604) 275-7944.


 If 1990 was the Year of Atari, what will 1991 be?  While there is reason
 for optimism in the new products and new staff at Atari, users and
 developers continue to leave the fold for apparently greener fields of
 MACs and 386 clones.  Others are holding the course, hoping for better
 days ahead within the Atari line.

 What will come next for or from Atari?  It is clear that the most
 outside interest is now being generated by the Portfolio and the LYNX.
 While we ST types may feel left out, it is just as clear by recent
 events that Atari intends to build and support the ST/TT platform for
 some years to come... and if that support is funded in part by sales of
 the MS-DOS style Portfolio and the game consoles, so be it.

 New products to come?  There is considerable talk about a new 68000
 based game machine called the PANTHER.  This is NOT expected to be an ST
 compatible or any derivation of the existing lineup.  When?  Maybe mid-
 '91.  And what about the Unix-compatible TT with multiple slots?  This
 was known as the TT/X (eXpandable) as compared to the TT/D (Desktop)
 machine in press information gone by... but has the concept also gone
 by?  A smaller, cheaper version of the LYNX handheld game unit is also
 still being promised... for SOMETIME.  A new remodeled STacy is also
 rumoured in 1991.

 We have no firm predictions to offer for what will or will not
 eventually come in 1991.  But here's hoping that we will all be here a
 year from now, wondering about '92!

 Happy New Year (of Atari) From All Of Us At Z*NET!


 (courtesy GEnie Online Services)
 Effective January 1, 1991, GEnie Service for subscribers in Canada will
 be subject to the 7% GST.  Thus, the amount charged to your credit card
 will reflect the amount of your usage, sales and fees, plus 7%.  The GST
 will be remitted to Revenue Canada by General Electric Canada Inc whose
 GST registration number is R101979730.HEADLIN2.ARC - NEW VERSION -
 generates tabloids headlines, now allows headers.

 Atari Canada this week started shipping the new Mega STE's to their
 dealers.  Dealers should have them available for retail about the end
 of next week.

 New pricing to reflect the new GST Tax will be announced next week by
 Atari Canada.  The new pricing is said to take a minimum of 5% off the
 end user prices couple that with their recent drop in 1040STE pricing
 and you have a very, very price competitive system.  Atari Canada and
 it's Canadian Dealers wish everyone the best over the Holiday Season and
 look forward to serving you in the New Year.

 Last week ICD released a new version of their Host Adaptor software.
 This update is available ONLY through the pay services CompuServe and
 GEnie and through ICD directly.  Here is a list of the current versions
 available and included in the 400K file.

             COPYFIX   Version 1.5      HDUTIL    Version 3.62
             ICDFMT    Version 4.77     ICDBOOT   Version 4.8.7
             HDPARK    Version 1.0      ICDTIME   Version 1.5
             TIMESET   Version 1.5      COLDBOOT  Version 1.41
             CFGCBOOT  Version 1.10     HDPARTS   Version 1.10
             CACHEOFF  Version 1.1a     CACHEON   Version 1.1a
             CLDEMO    Version 3.23     IDCHECK   Version 1.54
             DESKTOP   Version 2.60     RATEHD    Version 1.57
             WHEREIS   Version 1.81     BOOTFIX   Version 1.20
             HOST      Version 1.10

 The State of New York will soon require CompuServe to add sales tax to
 CompuServe charges.  Connect charges, telecommunications surcharges,
 product surcharges, and items ordered from CompuServe's product ordering
 area will be taxed.  New York members who have filed a sales tax
 exemption form may mail a copy to:  CompuServe Incorporated, Customer
 Administration, PO Box 20212, Columbus, OH  43220.  Please include both
 your CompuServe User ID number and member name.  Sales tax will then be
 discontinued where appropriate.

 by Jon Clarke

 (Editors Note:  Thanks for all the assistance this year and best wishes
 for 1991 for you and your family.)

 1990 - The 'Global village' suddenly shrunk.

 It was not long ago I first picked up my first Z*Net and started reading
 about all the great things happening half a world away.  Now some three
 years later it is great to be able to be part of the rapidly moving
 Atari world.

 With the advent of on-line services being able to be accessed from most
 countries world wide it has brought the Atari community closer together.
 With services like GEnie we had this week people in the weekly RTC from
 Germany, Japan, Australia, Canada, United States and New Zealand.  This
 brings a true international flavour to us.  I must confess it was the
 first time on any on-line service outside New Zealand and Australia I
 have had three people from my own time zone.

 The amount of quality public domain files available on GEnie is second
 to none. Imagine GEnie as the largest PD store in the _world_ and you
 would not be wrong.  The latest and greatest software gets its airing
 on here in the files section.  Not to be out done by the files area the
 'BB' or bulletin Board section, where you get things from heated debates
 to help with Calamus or help directly from Atari itself. The resource in
 this area is the best available and outdoes any of the other systems I
 personally have seen.

 Now that GEnie has established itself as THE Atari-ONLINE resource world
 wide it is great to able to pop on there and ask questions from the
 developers of sorts of software and interact with them in the RoundTable
 Conferences.  This would not have been possible a few years ago from our
 part of the world as the Public Data Network did not allow access into
 these on-line services.  Where ever I go weather on a BBS or Usenet or
 even reading computer magazines I continually see mention to GEnie, so
 if you do not have access onto GEnie yet I suggest as a New Years
 resolution you attempt to gain access.

 Another on-line service that has been a backbone to international users
 is Compuserve.  For some five years now people in the pacific have been
 able to pop on and interact with users world wide.  Now the good folks
 at Compuserve have allowed access into Usenet/Internet for messaging it
 has opened a whole new world to its users who have not been able to
 access "The NET's".  By a whole new world I mean exactly that.  You can
 now drop mail into your local Usenet/Internet/bio-net/aarnet and the
 likes and if you know the users Compuserve i/d it will pop out in his
 mailbox in the USA.  For instance when you download some public domain
 software or get a disk that says support is availble on Compuserve and
 authors mail address is 72000,355 all you do is address it to him or her
 like this ...... 72000.3555@compuserve.com.usa .  Your mail is then
 dropped into their  mailbox with your question / compliment / gripe.
 Compuserve is truly interfacing users world wide.

 During 1990 we have seen a flurry of activity from Atari and many of 3rd
 party developers, which with the help of these on line services and
 online magazines like Z*Net have been announced worldwide within days of
 the actual happenings.

 Things that spring to my mind are ... The Atari shows in America like
 the WACE/PACE/Comdex shows.  With the availability of digitized pictures
 from Z*Net I have seen many of the faces places and equipment I would
 not normally see half a world away.  I loved the digitized pictures from
 the WAACE show where I got to see many of the people you read about here
 in Z*Net and also in all the Atari paper based magazines.

 Other items of note are ....

 [a] The new willingness of Atari to help its users regardless of what
     country you reside in. I had an episode recently where we had three
     different countries and three different Atari companies involved.  I
     had an answer and a result with in days of my first query, so I for
     one was impressed with the speed in which all the people concerned
     responded.  I think this is also borne out in the readiness of Atari
     companies world wide to get involved with the user groups and
     computer shows.  I was lucky enough to visit two computer shows this
     year both here in the nether regions of this place we call earth.  I
     was impressed to say the least so keep up the good work people.

 [b] The introduction of the TT after much speculation has proved a great
     success in countries where it has been released.  I must say the
     announcement I made in Z*Net New Zealand earlier this year sure kept
     the "UseNet" 'comp.sys.atari.st' flaming for a month or more.  But
     we can now all see the TT and make our own judgements.

 The highlight of my year has to be the availability to the world of
 Atari users via all the on line services and BBS.  This has brought the
 old saying of a "GLOBAL VILLAGE" well and truly home to me.

 To all the readers out there have a safe and happy New Years eve and may
 1991 be a year of peace and happiness for you and your families.

 ========================                         Press Release

 Practical Solutions, Inc.
 1135 N. Jones Blvd.
 Tucson, AZ 85716     Phone:  (602) 322-6100    FAX:  (602) 322-9271

 For Immediate Release

 December 1, 1990-Tucson, AZ.  Practical Solutions, Inc. announces the
 development and release of Safekey(TM), an exciting innovation in copy-
 protection technology.  Compatible with all computers using a standard
 RS232 port, including the Atari ST/STE/TT, Safekey is the first software
 protection device commercially available to implement an advanced
 command set, enabling more sophisticated encoding to provide a much
 higher level of security than ever previously available.

 According to company president Mark Sloatman, "Safekey is truly the next
 generation in copy-protection, and is totally transparent to normal
 computer operations.  It can be plugged in and forgotten by the user."

 Each year, millions of dollars in potential software sales are lost
 because of the unauthorized duplication of copyrighted applications.
 Copy-protection has long been attempted but is often unreliable for
 general use.  Other hardware "keys" can interfere with the port they are
 connected to or employ simple logic circuitry that can be easily
 defeated, while disk-based protection is generally too inconvenient for
 use by consumers.  Safekey provides the convenience of a hardware key in
 conjunction with the state-of-the-art CMOS microprocessor that allows
 the adaptability of complex functions, such as math and memory
 operations, and therein lies the real power.  Essentially functioning as
 a microcomputer, Safekey can be completely customized by Practical
 Solutions for a particular application.  This gives software developers
 the flexibility to adapt protection for either entire production runs or
 for each individual package.  According to Sloatman, "Safekey's design
 makes it very difficult to defeat and provides a maximum level of

 Because it connects to a standard RS232 port and uses standard RS232
 protocol in its communications, Safekey is compatible with any operating
 system driving an RS232 port.  In this way, all communications are
 handled by the operating system (eliminating the need for specialized
 drivers), making hardware differences between host systems
 inconsequential.  Its size is unobtrusive, being similar to a null-modem
 connector, and connects easily to the serial port of the host computer.
 Safekey allows other serial devices to connect via its pass-through
 port, and will not interfere with the user's ability to make backups or
 a hard drive installation.

 Software developers can obtain any of three standard models of Safekey
 depending on the level of sophistication required.  The copy-protection
 features can then be implemented by designing an application so it will
 only execute properly with a Safekey connected.  A Safekey is then
 provided with each authorized copy sold.  Information or a Developer's
 Kit may be obtained from Practical Solutions at the address and phone
 listed above.  Depending on the model, Safekey will sell for $29-$49.
 Future versions are planned for Macintosh and NeXT computers.

 ==============                             MESSAGE From ISD Marketing

 Allow me to take this opportunity, on behalf of ISD Marketing, to wish
 you all the best through the coming holiday season and a very Happy New

 Calamus, Version 1.09N

 In our last mailing, I mentioned the many revisions, improvements and
 enhancements that Calamus has undergone since its release 2 years ago.
 In fact, in the past 22 months we have updated this product no less than
 8 times, without cost to you, our valued customers.  This is the last
 update to the 1.09 series, specifically 1.09N, which includes two major

 Text Raster allows you to define the percentage of black that you choose
 to use with your text, from 0% (white) to 100% (black) and Dynamic
 Weight Definition allowing you to define the weight of your text outline
 in our usual increments creating some very interesting graphical effects
 with any character.

 In addition, once again, the hyphenation algorithyms have been improved,
 as has the overall performance of the software.

 Most of you chose to upgrade but some decided to wait for Calamus S and/
 or SL.  Please don't.  Your upgrade cost to 1.09N will be applied to
 your upgrade of Calamus S or SL.  There is an upgrade charge of US
 $29.95 or $34.95 CDN. to Calamus 1.09N.  If you wish, call or order
 ONLINE to expedite delivery.  You will be charged $2.00 for the disks.

 Vector Graphic Clip Art Libraries

 Still available is a selection of over 800 Vector Graphic images for use
 in Calamus, Clipart Library #1, 2 or 3.  To Registered owners only, your
 cost is US $49.95 or CDN $59.95, each 2 disk set contains approximately
 250 images.  A print-out will not be included.

 The Guide to Calamus Desktop Publishing

 This book contains over 250 pages of hints, tips and tutorials on
 Calamus, the Calamus Font Editor and Outline Art.  This Guide is
 available directly from us to Calamus Owners.  Again, I personally
 recommend this Guide to all our Owners, regardless of their level of
 expertise.  It is truly excellent.  Your cost is US $29.95 or CDN

 The current status of Calamus S and SL as of last Friday, is that the
 product is now in beta testing in Germany.  The team that wrote the
 Guide to Calamus Desktop Publishing has been hired by us to translate
 and re-write the new German manual.  At this point I anticipate the
 release of the product sometime in early March.  Remember, there will be
 clear upgrade paths.  No customer of ours will ever be penalized for
 owning a previous version of any of our products.  We all look forward
 to the release with great anticipation.  A few of the new features of
 Calamus S include; opening up to 7 documents simultaneously, increments
 in .00001, 360x rotatable vector graphics, hundreds of user-definable
 defaults, modular structure to allow easy access to other Calamus
 products etc..  Look for a new spec sheet with all of the additions in
 our next mail-out.

 Outline Art Contest Winners

 Thank you all for participating in the 1st annual Outline Art Contest.
 Some of the entries that we received were truly impressive.  Next years
 contest will be broken down into categories so more people can win.
 Congratulations go out to our 4 prize winners.  1st prize to Robert
 Gillies for his rendition of a Jitney, 2nd prize to Joey Sherman for his
 offering of The Gunth, 3rd prize to Theresa McMahon for her Horse
 creations and 4th prize to Dave Webber for his logo design.  Again, my
 congratulations to you all.

 Moniterm 19" Monitor

 ISD is pleased to announce a one-time special promotion that we have
 arranged with Moniterm on behalf of our Calamus and DynaCADD Owners.

 Between now and January 31, 1991, you can purchase directly from
 MonitermCorporation, in Minneapolis, Minnesota, a Viking 2/91 Monitor
 with a Mega ST Controller Card for US $995.00, a savings of US $900.00
 off the regular retail price of US $1,895.00.  This 19" monochrome
 monitor has a resolution of 1280 x 960 and is fully compatible with your
 Mega ST.  Note: One year parts and labor is Moniterm's standard
 warranty.  This product has been successfully utilized by thousands of
 Mega ST Calamus and DynaCADD users worldwide over the past two years.
 There is no question that this monitor can increase productivity and
 ease of application use.  At US $995.00, this special offer from them is
 difficult to pass up.

 For ordering, call Moniterm directly, in the US at 1 (800) 933-5740,
 from Canada call (612) 933-4151 and ask for Customer Service.  Payment
 is by company check, Mastercard or VISA.  Shipping costs are based on
 F.O.B. Minneapolis or Toronto for Canadian orders.

 Compugraphic Fonts

 And once again, for a very limited time only, from now until January 31,
 1991, all Compugraphic fonts are 30% off.  This will be the last time we
 ever offer a discount of this nature.  Give yourself a present this
 holiday season.

 The Calamus Font Editor

 Until January 31, 1991 only, allow me to offer you our Font Editor, to
 our registered Owners only.  Create your own fonts and logo's or
 manipulate ours.  Regular retail is US $99.95.  Your cost US $49.95, CDN
 $ 59.95.

 Once again, thank you for supporting ISD Marketing and the Calamus
 family of products.  We look forward to sharing a vibrant and exciting
 future together.

 =============================                   Press Release


 Manteca, CA -- Just Released! The REVOLUTION HANDBOOK is now available
 in paperback.  Designed to appeal to two distinct markets, the new
 REVOLUTION HANDBOOK creatively appeals to potential new computer buyers
 and the powerful existing base of enthusiastic Atari computer users.
 The book combines the best aspects of the 16-bit disk-based version
 released in the second half of 1989.  In addition, 7 new informative
 chapters have been added to assist computer buyers in their efforts to
 shop for the optimum computer.

 Author, Donald A. Thomas, Jr. indicates that the time has come to offer
 a printed version which can benefit everyone... not just 16-bit Atari
 computer users.  Now it is easier than ever for 8-bit and non-Atari
 computer users to appreciate the swelling movement designed to improve
 the public awareness of one of the best computer alternatives available
 in the U.S. marketplace.  The illustrated book was entirely published
 using the Calamus desktop publishing system and artwork was scanned
 using the Migraph hand scanner... providing a formal testimonial to the
 impact of a low-cost, yet powerful computer configuration.

 Beyond the offering of a user-friendly guide to computer shopping, the
 latter portion of the book offers numerous suggestions and ideas that
 existing Atari users can economically implement to show their
 endorsement of their favored computer choice.  Such ideas specifically
 address teachers, users' groups, individuals, publications, sysops,
 celebrities, dealers and more.  A helpful index references key words
 throughout the book to help newcomers learn to understand the terms many
 of us take for granted.

 Noteworthy contributions include a Forward by Robert G. Brodie, Manager
 of User Group Services of Atari Computer Corporation.  D.A. Brumleve,
 San Jose Computers, Atari Explorer, ISD Marketing, Shareware Connection
 and Computer Studio also helped by contributing advertisements to help
 offset initial expenses of producing the book.  In addition, the
 publisher wishes to thank the many patient pre-orders, all of whom
 helped to make the book possible.

 Dedicated to the Atari Computer Users of North America, The REVOLUTION
 HANDBOOK is one more statement of Artisan Software's commitment to the
 Atari line of computers.  Its use as a multifaceted tool will help to
 fuel the energetic forces targeted for productive use of the Atari

 Look for The REVOLUTION HANDBOOK at better Atari Computer dealers or
 order a personally signed copy direct from Artisan Software.  Send
 $14.95 (U.S. funds plus $1.50 shipping and handling) to Artisan
 Software, P.O. Box 849, Manteca, California 95336.  California, add 6%
 sales tax.  One Dollar of each book sold will be contributed to Atari to
 purchase Atari computers for schools.

 Look for REVOLUTIONARY CONCEPTS, a continuing series of articles in
 support of The REVOLUTION, distributed through GEnie on-line services
 and picked up by Atari journals and bulletin boards everywhere!

 Compiled by Jon Clarke

 From uucp Tue Dec 25 21:46 NZS 1990
 >From coma.uio.no!OPRESNO  Tue Dec 25 21:46:33 1990 remote from
 Date: Mon, 24 Dec 1990 15:01:26 +0100
 X-To: GOLLUM::"stt@kcbbs.gen.nz"
 Subject: The KIDS-91 discussion list
 To: stt@kcbbs.gen.nz

 Dear friend of the KIDS-91 project,

 We have set up a Listserv discussion group called "KIDS-91" to serve our
 global project.  It's meant to be a central meeting place for ALL
 interested persons. This is where we can

  * post announcements of local KIDS-91 activities.
  * exchange experiences, ideas and information.
  * upload student's responses.

 You can subscribe to KIDS-91 by sending mail to listserv@vm1.nodak.edu
 (or LISTSERV@NDSUVM1 on BITNET) with the BODY or TEXT of the mail
 containing the command

 SUB KIDS-91 yourfirstname yourlastname

 For example:

 SUB KIDS-91 Chen Wei

 Please be sure to send the command to LISTSERV and NOT to the list.
 Also note that the command should be in the body of the mail (in other
 words after the blank line following the headers) and not in the

 The LISTSERV will receive a message which would look like this:

   Date: ...
   From: someuser@somehost
   To: listserv@vm1.nodak.edu

   SUB KIDS-91 Chen Wei

 and you will automatically become a member.

 See you there,
 Odd de Presno
 KIDS-91 Project Director

 From uucp Tue Dec 25 21:46 NZS 1990
 >From coma.uio.no!OPRESNO  Tue Dec 25 21:46:36 1990 remote from
 Date: Mon, 24 Dec 1990 15:00:58 +0100
 X-To: GOLLUM::"stt@kcbbs.gen.nz"
 Subject: Newsletter #4
 To: stt@kcbbs.gen.nz

 The KIDS-91 Newsletter
 A Global Dialog for Children 10-15 Years
 Issue number 4, October 26 1990.

 1. The KIDS-91 project
 2. The Newsletter
 3. Progress report
 4. How teachers can participate in KIDS-91
 5. For more information about KIDS-91.

 1. KIDS-91
 The aim is to get as many children in the age group 10 -15 as possible
 involved in a GLOBAL dialog continuing until May 12th 1991.  We would
 like their responses to these questions:

 1) Who am I?
 2) What do I want to be when I grow up?
 3) How do I want the world to be better when I grow up?
 4) What can I do now to make this happen?

 We would also like the children to illustrate their future vision, for
 example in a drawing, a video tape, or something else.

 On May 12th, 1991, the children will be invited to "chat" with each
 other in a global electronic dialog.  Exhibitions of selected parts of
 the responses will be shipped back to the children of the world for them
 to see and enjoy.

 is an information bulletin for participants, sponsors, teachers,
 mediators, promoters, and other interested persons.

 Suggestions and contributions to the next issue are more than welcome.
 We hope to port it within 45 days or so.  Write the Editor to receive
 future issues of the newsletter.

 Editor:               Odd de Presno, Saltrod, Norway.
 Online addresses:
  Internet:           opresno@coma.uio.no
  UUCP/EUnet:         uunet!coma.uio.no!opresno
  S.H.S. BBS:     SYSOP (Phone: +47 41 31378)

 KIDS-91 is now available through Internet/BITNET through the list
 KIDS-91@VM1.NODAK.EDU and KIDCAFE@VM1.NODAK.EDU (see under "Level 3:
 Online - Participative" below".  Here are some recent responses in the
 data base:

 Question #1:     Who Am I?
 I am Arvind Howarth.  I am an eleven-year-old girl.  I love dolphins and
 hate the killing of them (pollution, tuna nets etc).  I like drawing,
 reading, swimming and basic outdoor sport.  I hope that someone will
 save the world, and stop the wars.  Wars and the thought of them scare
 me.   (from London, England)
 My name is Lucy and I am 15 years old.  I enjoy acting, reading and
 playing the saxaphone.  I am concerned with the welfare of our planet.
 I find myself feeling very exasperated when my careers teacher asks the
 class what we want to become when we grow up!  As if we actually have a
 choice!  The way the planet is going, there is only one thing left to
 work towards, and thats saving ours and many other creatures world!
 (from Australia)

 Question #2:     What Do I Want To Be When I Grow Up?
 I would like to go to art school and become an artist.  I'm not that
 bothered about money, but I would love to have a job that I enjoy and
 that I look forward to.  (Arvind)
 I find myself feeling very exasperated when my careers teacher asks the
 class what we want to become when we grow up!  As if we actually have a
 choice!  The way the planet is going, there is only one thing left to
 work towards, and thats saving ours and many other creatures world!  As
 you may have guessed, I am of the opinion that there is only one thing
 to grow up for!  Our planet!  So I intend to become an activest
 (hopefully in theatre). (Lucy)

 Question #3: How Do I Want The World To Be Better When I Grow Up?
 I think everyone should ride a bicycle.  No pollution, no petrol, and
 you get fit.  I also think there should be no wars.  Why don't the prime
 ministers battle it out themselves?  Instead of killing the rest of the
 world.  But it would be better if no-one had to improve anything.  If
 everything was satisfactory without modernising.  But that's too
 idealistic I suppose. (Arvind)
 By the time I am an adult, I would like the world to be like one big
 peaceful commune, with no seperate countries, no need or abuse of
 anything and a loving bond between all things.  I think this may take a
 little time, so maybe our children will experience such peace!   (Lucy)

 Question #4:     What Can I Do Now To Make This Happen?
 I honestly don't think I can do anything (on my own).  If everyone did
 the right thing - recycling, composting, demonstrating and basically
 living contentedly - then there would be no problem.  But on my own I
 can't help the world.  So I'll do my bit and hope everyone does their's.
 If this dream is to become reality, we will have to begin now by
 treating each other with love and care, and then all things around us!
 Peace can only be achieved by each person taking the initiative!  For my
 part, I am in the process of starting an action group in the Byron Bay
 for young caring people.  (Lucy)

 4. How teachers can participate in KIDS-91
 We assume that a copy of the KIDS-91 "Letter to Teachers" and the other
 material is available.  If not, please ask for copies.  The guidelines
 below is just meant to give additional details about how teachers can

 Here are the different ways you can choose to participate in KIDS-91
 with your class:

  Level 1: Ordinary Mail!
  Level 2: One-Way Electronic Mail
  Level 3: Online - Participative
  Level 4: Online - Full Interactive Communications
  Level 5: Online - Interactive and Planning.

 These different levels of teacher involvement have the following

 Level 1: Ordinary Mail!
 Have the students respond to the four questions.

 Responses to question 1:
 Each response should contain the child's name, age and city/place (as
 the last phrase of the response).

 Responses to question number 2-4:
 After each child's responses, add his or her name.  Like this:
 (Alberto Blanco).

 Save the responses on computer diskettes (MS-DOS 5.25" or 3.5" or
 Macintosh) as an ordinary DOS or ASCII text file (text written with Word
 Perfect is also acceptable).  Write the text with left margin 0 and
 right margin 60.

 You may want to let the students enter it themselves as part of the
 exercise. - If the school does not have computer equipment, perhaps the
 class could use one owned by a parent or local business for this

 Sort the student's responses by question, e.g. first all the responses
 to question number 1, then all responses to question number 2, etc.

 On the top of the file, write the teacher(s) names, the class name, the
 school name and mailing address.  Add the electronic address, if any.
 (Don't forget this, if you want the school to be added to the mailing
 list for the final exhibition.)

 Note: We strongly urge you to send us the responses in electronic form
 (on diskette).  This is the only way that we can be sure to enter the
 student's names correctly.  Also, in this way only can we guarantee that
 their responses will end up in the global data base.  We may be able to
 input hand-written responses, but can give no guarantees.

 Mail the diskette(s) to:
  KIDS-91, c/o SciNet, 131 Bloor Street West, Suite 200,
  Box 326, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1R8, Canada.

 The next step is to let the students make the drawings/paintings.
 Remember to have the students write their name, age and place/school
 CLEARLY on the front page.  If the contribution is selected to be
 exhibited, then the audience should be able to see the name of the

 Challenge them to find more creative ways of 'drawing themselves as
 adults in their desired future world'.  Ref. the "Letter to Teachers"
 for ideas.  Tell them that there is a competition going on with prizes
 for the most innovative creators.

 Mail the Creative Contributions to:
  KIDS-91, c/o Odd de Presno, 4815 Saltrod, Norway.

 We will add your school to our mailing list for the final exhibition,
 that we plan to send back to the world after the conclusion of the
 project's phase 1.

 Level 2: Online - One-Way Electronic Mail
 Prepare responses to the four questions as above.  Here we'll only
 comment on the differences.

 Send the responses as electronic mail to the following electronic

 (if it fails, try:  opresno@coma.uio.no)

 Here are some backup solutions:
  * upload the file to my BBS at +47 41 31378
  * if your network is connected to DASnet, send to [DEZNDP]opresno
  * send a fax to Odd de Presno at +47 41 27111 and ask how to send it.

 Remember: tell what electronic mailbox(es) that you are currently using.

 Level 3: Online - Participative
 Locate a suitable, participating networking system, and access the
 'local' KIDS-91 area.  Here are some alternatives:

 * SciNet in Canada and USA (upload to items 11-14 in the "KIDS-91" con).
 * Internet/BITNET etc. Upload to KIDS-91@vm1.NoDak.EDU

 Join this LISTSERV by sending the command SUB KIDS-91 yourname to
 LISTSERV@vm1.NoDak.EDU (for example: SUB KIDS-91 Ole Olsen).  The
 command should be in the BODY of the text.   Keep the subject blank.

 Another list called KIDCAFE is established for dialog between
 participating children (SUB KIDCAFE yourname).

 * TWICS (Tokyo): use the "KIDS91" conference in PARTIcipate.
 * Compuserve: upload to library 10 in the Education Forum.

 If you want the children to upload their responses personally, use
 library 0 (or messages sent to section 0) in the Student's Forum.
 Children acting on their own should upload their responses to library 15
 of the IBM Special Needs Forum.  You can also use section 1 (Getting
 Started) of the HamNet Forum for interactive participation.

 * The "KIDS.91" conference on Pegasus (Australia),
 * The "KIDS-91" folder under "Classroom Projects" in the AGE folder on
 * The "KIDS91" conference on IRIS.
 * The "KIDS91" topic on MetaNet (in Salon).
 * GreenNet (England),
 * The "KIDS.91" conference on The Web (Canada).
 * The "KIDS.91" conference on FredsNaetet (Sweden)
 * The "KIDS.91" conference on PeaceNet/EcoNet (US)
 * The "KIDS91" conference on SHS BBS in Norway (Phone: +47 41 31378)
 * The KIDS-91 area on Merlin BBS (Maryland, USA).

 Download other childrens' responses and use them in your classes.  You
 may want your students to upload their responses individual.

 Level 4: Online - Full Interactive and Communications
 Read and respond to all KIDS-91 topics online.  Read and enter responses
 to the four questions directly.  Send private electronic mail to other
 participants - form 'keypals' relationships with new friends.

 Let the students participate in regular online 'chats' with other
 children.  For example, through KIDCAFE with Krystal on SciNet or Kid to
 Kid in IBMSPECIAL forum on CompuServe.  Encourage them to explore the
 world with new tools.

 Regularly download and print out new responses from the global data base
 on SciNet.  Use the information in geography, environmental studies,
 history, etc.

 Encourage and prepare the students to participate in the global
 electronic "chat" that will take place on May 12, 1991.

 Level 5: Online - Interactive and Planning
 Access SciNet in Canada (from anywhere), ask to be a member of KIDPLAN,
 and join the KIDS-91 staff of volunteers to help pull this here thing

 Send e-mail to jonno@scinet.UUCP about how to get access to SciNet and

 about KIDS-91 or if you want to help out or participate, contact the
 editor or one of the following persons:

 Nancy Stefanik:   MetaNet=stefanik, PeaceNet=nstefanik, AppleLink=x0447,
 Jonn Ord/SciNet:  jonno@scinet.UUCP

 You can also write to:

   KIDS-91, c/o SciNet, 131 Bloor Street West, Suite 200,
   Box 326, Toronto, Ontario, M5S 1R8, Canada

 Compiled by Jerry Cross
 Text downloaded from GEnie ST Roundtable

 BBS operators in Indiana complain that GTE is forcing them to accept
 extra-cost business rates rather than the residential rates they have
 been paying.  Derry Nelson, sysop of the 1149 BBS in Elkhart, Ind.,
 says that the changes were a surprise.  The worst part of the surprise
 seems to be the large jump in monthly rates.  A typical BBS would find
 its monthly bill increased by almost 200 percent.

 The new tariff appears to give GTE wide-ranging control over its
 customers.  As an example, the company can limit the length of calls
 "when in [GTE's] judgement such action is necessary."  GTE claims
 authority to change a BBS to business rates because the service is
 provided "for use [of] the general public."  Additional information is
 available from the Utility Consumer Counselor at 317/232-2494.  The
 1149 BBS can be reached at 219/293-1149.

 FROM:    Mike Marotta
 TO:      Bbs Users  MSG # 130, Apr-7-90 0:31am
 SUBJECT: Why Business Rates

 These excerpts are from MPSC documents.  It is established in regulatory
 commission administrative law that the PROVIDER files a tariff.  For
 instance, it is a principle of regulatory law that a tariff cannot be
 effective prior to its filing date.  A tariff that allowed this would
 "jump out" at a regulator who read it.  Generally, however, the
 regulators ACCEPT the filing of the carrier and leave it to competing
 carriers or clients to file a complaint.

 Michigan Bell Telephone Company Tariff MPSC No. 7 was issued on November
 21, 1966.  Its age alone speaks volumes.

 <quote> "Original Sheet 11.


 1. The determination as to whether telephone service is Business or
 Residence is based on the character of the Use to be made of the
 service.  Service is classified as business service where the use is
 primarily or substantially of a business, professional, institutional,
 or otherwise occupational nature.  Where the business use, if any, is
 incidental and where the major use is of a social or domestic nature,
 service is classified as residence service if installed in a residence.

 2. Business rates apply at the following locations, among others:

 a. In offices, stores and factories, and in quarters occupied by clubs,
 lodges, fraternal societies, schools, colleges, libraries, hospitals and
 other business establishments.

 b. In residence locations where the place of residence is in the
 immediate proximity to a place of business and it is evident that the
 telephone in the residence is or will be used for business purposes; and
 in the residence locations where an extension is located at a place
 where business rates would apply.

 c. In the residence of a practicing physician, dentist, veterinary,
 surgeon or other medical practioner who has no service at business rates
 at another location.

 d. In any residence location where there is substantial business use of
 the service and the customer has no service elsewhere at business rates.

 B.1.a.(2). A customer engaged in furnishing services of a secretarial
 nature may not use Telephone Company facilities to receive messages for
 one party to be forwarded to another party, unless such forwarding is
 of a temporary or occasional nature."   <end quote>

 FROM:    Mike Marotta
 TO:      All Bbs users    MSG # 131, Apr-7-90 0:32am
 SUBJECT: more on rates - 2

 As a result of the "Variety and Spice BBS" incident of March 1990, the
 MPSC issued a statement. Excepts follow:


 If bulletin boards or access to bulletin boards is provided to calling
 parties at no charge other than that which may be associated with the
 telephone call, and are not provided in conjunction with a business, a
 profession, an institution or other occupation, then it would appear
 that the service should not be classified as a business.  If, however,
 there is a charge associated with any level of access to the bulletin
 board, whether the charge is rendered to cover costs or produce a
 profit, then the service would be considered a business or
 classification as such.  This would also apply if any of the previous
 conditions mentioned were not met."  <END QUOTE>

 FROM:    Mike Marotta
 TO:      All Users    MSG # 134, Apr-7-90 0:25am
 SUBJECT: Michigan Bell and You

 04/06/1990  This statement was specially prepared by Michigan Bell to
 explain to the bulletin board user community their position on the
 question of business rates.  The statement was given to me at my request
 by Michigan Bell's district manager for state government.
 -- Mike Marotta.

 <quote>"Telephone Service Classifications

 Recently the question has arisen whether Michigan Bell is attempting to
 charge commercial rates to all computer bulletin boards in the state.
 Michigan Bell has not instituted a "program" to impose a specific class
 of service on any group of customers, i.e., computer bulletin boards.
 In fact, the decision on which class of service is required for computer
 bulletin boards is no different than it is for any other service.  In
 making the decision, Michigan Bell is required to comply with tariffs
 approved by the Michigan Public Service Commission, which cover the
 matter of appropriate classification of telephone service.

 The applicable tariffs require Michigan Bell to classify service
 primarily in accordance with the use that is to be made of the service.
 The tariffs specify the conditions under which a service is classified,
 for rate purposes, as business or residence service.  For example,
 service is classified as business where the use is primarily that of a
 business.  In the case of computer bulletin boards, for instance, is
 there is a charge associated with any level of access to the board, or
 money is solicited in conjunction with the board, that is considered
 conducting a business within the meaning of Michigan Bell's tariffs.
 The service, therefore, would be classified as business and business
 rates would apply.  On the other hand, service that is used primarly for
 domestic purposes is classified as residence service.  Again, using the
 example of computer bulletin boards, if the board is not associated with
 a business and no charge is assessed or solicited for access to the
 board, then service may be classified as residence in accordance with
 the application tariffs." <quote>




 James R. Monk, Chairman
 Mark W. Cooper, Chief Administrative Law Judge

 On June 4, 1990, Randy Wilson, Derald A. Nelson, Clamies J. Lambright,
 David A. Reynolds, Thomas Battler, Don Billey, Jeff Jacobs, Jean Ludwig,
 George Himebaugh, Jr., and Delmar Mineard, Jr. (Complainants") filed a
 complaint with the Commission pursuant to IC 8-1-2-54 against GTE North
 Incorporated ("Respondent").  By their complaint, the Complainants state
 that certain of the provisions of the Respondent's tariffs on file with
 this Commission are unjustly discriminatory and unreasonable to the
 Complainants" detriment.

 Pursuant to notice duly published as required by law, a Prehearing
 Conference was held in this Cause on July 27, 1990 at 1:30 P.M., EST, in
 Room 908, State Office Building, Indianapolis, Indiana.  At the
 Prehearing Conference, the parties informally agreed as to procedural
 and scheduling matters to be operative in this Cause.  However, counsel
 for the Respondent indicated that it would be subsequently submitting a
 motion to dismiss herein and the Commission withheld the issuance of the
 Prehearing Conference Order pending the submission and ruling upon
 Respondent's Motion to Dismiss.

 On August 10, 1990, the Respondent filed its Answer and Motion to
 Dismiss, which filing appears in the following words and figures, to-


 Based upon the applicable law and the filings of the parties, the
 Commission now finds as follows:

 1.  Commission Jurisdiction.  The Respondent is a "public utility"
 within the meaning of the Public Service Commission Act, as amended.  IC
 8-1-2-54 provides the complaints may be filed against public utilities
 with the Commission pertinent to the practices and acts of those
 utilities.  The complaint initiating this Cause was filed under the
 provisions of IC 8-1-2-54 and appears to satisfy the requirements
 thereof.  The Prehearing Conference was conducted pursuant to notice
 duly published as required by law.  IC 8-1-2 et seq.  and the
 Commission's Rules and Regulations of Practice provide the Commission
 with the authority to appropriatley adjudicate and dispose of cases
 pending before it.  Therefore, the Commission has jurisdiction over the
 parties and subject matter herein.

 2.  Commission Discussion and Findings.  The Complainants allege that
 certain provisions of Respondent's tariffs are unjustly discriminatory
 and unreasonable and the Complainants have been caused harm thereby.
 The Complainants state that they are customers of the Respondent and are
 engaged in the hobby of operating a Computer Bulletin Board System
 ("BBS").  The Complainants allege that pursuant to these tariff
 provisions the Respondent is billing them at a business rate rather that
 a residential rate whic is inappropriate and to their detriment.  The
 Complainants contend that the operation of a BBS is a hobby and not a
 business venture.  The Complainants also contend that applying a
 business rate to them consititutes a rate change which must be subjected
 to public hearing prior to the application thereof.  Respondent points
 out that the tariff complained of by the Complainants was approved by
 the Commission on January 31, 1990 pursuant to IC 8-1-2-42.  Respondent
 also points out there is no dispute between the parties as to whether
 this is the appropriate tariff under which the Complaintant's service
 should be provided.  Complainant citees certain language set forth at
 Section 6.5 of the tariff which reads, as follows:

 The Company shall determine if business or residence rates apply to a
 customer service.

 Respondent goes on to set forth additional language from the tariif
 which set forth situations under which a business reate is properly
 applied.  Respondent concludes that BBS clearly fits the categories set
 forth by the tariff under which a business rate applies

 Respondent goes on to set forth additional language from the tariif
 which set forth situations under which a business reate is properly
 applied.  Respondent concludes that BBS clearly fits the categories set
 forth by the tariff under which a business rate applies and the fact
 that Complainants allege that BBS is a hobby does not remove it from the
 categories as defined within the tariff.

 Respondent's Motion to Dismis does not clearly set forth the authority
 or rule under which the Motion is brought.  Therefore, we must first
 determine the precise character of the Motion that we may know the
 criteria under which its propriety is to be considered.  Although
 Respondent's filing is denominated as a "Motion to Dismiss", a review of
 that Motion reveals that it does not clearly fall within the parameters
 of the familiar request for involuntary dimissal under T.R. 41 or
 matters properly raised under T.R. 12 (B).  It appears that Respondent's
 filing is most akin to a Motion for Judgement on the Pleadings as
 provided by T.R. 12(C) or a Motion for Summary Judgement pursuant to
 t.R. 56.  In any event, a review of T.R. 12(C) directs that a motion
 brought under that rule in circumstances such as these should be treated
 as one for summary judgement and be disposed of as provided by T.R. 56.
 T.R. 56(C) sets forth the standard under which a moving party may
 prevail on motion for summary judgement.  The Rule provides that the
 judgement sought shall be rendered if there is no genuine issue as to
 any material fact and that the moving party is entitled to a judgement
 as a matter of law.  This standard appears to be applicable in this
 situation.  A review of the Complaint and Respondent's filing indicates
 that the parties agree upn the operative facts and that there exist no
 genuine dispute as to any material fact.  The question remaining to the
 Commission is no then fact sensitive but whether Respondent's tariif
 provisions which allows the Respondent to bill the Complainants under a
 business rate constitutes the improper charging of a reate without prior
 Commission approval and/or whether that tariff provision is unjust and
 discriminatory.  Both of which are conclusions of law for the Commission
 as contemplated by T.R. 56 (C).

 The Complainants allege that the Respondent's application of a business
 rate to the Complainants constitutes a rate change for which prior
 Commission approval must be obtained after holding a public hearing.
 The cleand and unambiguous terminology of Respondent's tarriff which was
 approved by this Commission allows the Respondent to determine wheter a
 particular service is appropriatley billed under a residence rate or a
 business rate.  Clearly the tariff approved by the Commission authorizes
 the appropriate rate.  The Complainants have not alleged that Respondent
 acted in a fashion inconsistent with the tariff.  Therefore, when
 information comes to the Respondent that leads it to believe that a
 particular customer's situation has changed it is authorized under the
 tariff to impose a rate change consistent with the terms of the tariff.
 The Respondent's review of circumstances and decision to impose a
 different rate authorized under the tariff clearly does not constitute a
 rate change as contemplated by IC 8-1-2-42.  Therefore, considering the
 undisputed facts the Complainants would not be entitled to prevail on
 this issue.

 The Complainants next allege, without specifically stating the reasons
 therefor, that Respondents tariff in question is unreasonably
 discriminatory.  This Commission has for many decades been charged with
 the duty to review utility tariffs under the mandate that utility
 services should not be discriminator and must serve puble interest.  A
 review of the official files of the Commission disclosed the provisions
 of Respondent's tariff in question are of a standard type and kind for
 local exchange telephone service.  Further, we note that such tariff
 provisons were reviewed by the Commission's Engineering Division which
 was properly delegated with the authority to consider the propriety of
 that tariff and make ultimate approval or rejection thereof.  Base upon
 a review of Respondent's tariff, we find that the tariff provisions are
 not unreasonable and discriminatory either as written or by their
 application.  Therefore, we find that the Complainants are not entitled
 to prevail upon this issue as a matter of law.

 Based on forgoing, we find that Summary Judgement should be granted in
 favor of the Respondent and the Complaintants request to investigate the
 acts, practices and rates of the Respondent and for the holding of
 public hearing on the matter of the imposition of a business rate to the
 Complainants should be DENIED.


 1. The Respondent shall be deemed to have prevailed on the matters at
 issue herein and that Complaintants request for an investigation into
 the acts, practices and rates of the Respondent and the holding of
 public hearing upon the Respondent's imposition of a business rate upon
 the Complainants shall be, and hereby DENIED.

 2.  This Order shall be effective on and after the date of its approval.

 NOV 21, 1990


 On January 29th and 31st, a hearing will be held before an
 administrative law judge concerning the case of the Variety & Spice BBS
 (Gross Point, MI) and Michigan Bell.  In March, Michigan Bell informed
 the sysop that they would begin charging him business rates for his
 phone lines because they determined that his charging for access does
 not qualify him for residencial rates.

 Several cases of this nature have, or are currently being faught around
 the country.  These files are being circulated to inform those who use
 or run BBS's of pending legislation in Michigan and Indiana.

 For more information, or if you would like to testify before the MPSC
 on the above date, please contact one of the following sources.

 Jerry Cross (voice)313-736-4544
             (bbs)  313-736-3920

 Variety & Spice BBS

 or check out one of the many Michigan BBS's that carry the Michigan
 ECHO message system.

 Please send comments or questions to
    G.Cross (Genie)
    75046,467 (CompuServe)
                          Thanks for your support!

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