Atari Explorer Online: 4-Jul-92 #9206

From: Bruce D. Nelson (aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 07/13/92-02:29:36 PM Z

From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: Atari Explorer Online: 4-Jul-92 #9206
Date: Mon Jul 13 14:29:36 1992

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         July 4, 1992      Volume 1, Number 6      Issue #92-06

        Published and Copyright (c)1992, Atari Computer Corporation
                     1972-1992 (20 Years Of Service)
                           Editor - Ron Kovacs
                     Contributing Editor - Ed Krimen
                       Assistant Editor - Bob Smith
                       PD Reviews - Ron Berinstein
                         Atari Corp - Bob Brodie
                      (Director of Communications) 
                     | | |  TABLE OF CONTENTS  | | |

       ||| THE EDITORS DESK..............................Ron Kovacs
           What's New!
       ||| THE Z*NET NEWSWIRE......................................
           Latest Atari and Industry News Update
       ||| ATARI ADVANTAGE EXCLUSIVE...............................
           Info on the next HOT issue of Atari Advantage!
       ||| MISSIONWARE CONFERENCE HIGHLIGHTS.............CompuServe
           Conference on Flash II
       ||| LYNX OWNERS UPDATE...........................Robert Jung
           Reviews from AtariUser Magazine
       ||| TELECOMMUNICATIONS UPDATE...............................
           Special rates and information from GEnie!
       ||| OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING................Zack Urlocker
           Portfolio Owners Column
       ||| THE SOFTWARE SHELF........................Ron Berinstein
           Latest PD software available!
 | | |  By Ron Kovacs
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 We are now releasing weekly issues!  This is Issue #6 and contains a
 Portfolio folder that accompanies the Portfolio Owners Column in this
 This week marks the 8th anniversary of the Tramiel family ownership of
 Atari Corporation and the 20th anniversary of the original Corporation
 started by Nolan Bushnell.  Sam Tramiel addressed company employees
 this week at the annual company held picinic outside Atari headquarters.
 Atari Advantage Magazine will have an exclusive article and interview
 with Bill Rehbock about the new Atari Falcon computer.  Atari reviewed
 the article this week and we are told that it is something EVERYONE
 should read as it goes into great detail.  Subscription information
 along with more on the Falcom story appears in this weeks edition.
 Lastly, I would like to welcome Bob Smith of Orlando Florida to the
 staff of Atari Explorer Online.  Bob has over 10 years expirence with
 Atari computers and will be writing articles for Z*Magazine and Atari
 Explorer Online.  Look for his first article next week.
 Have a safe and happy holiday weekend.
 | | |  From Z*Net News Service
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 Last weekend Atari held a developer conference in London with over 120
 developers in attendance on June 27th.  Attendance at the confernce was
 by invitation only which included staff from Atari Sunnyvale including
 Sam Tramiel, Bill Rehbock and John Skruch.  In addition to the Atari
 personal, a few experts where brought along to discuss features of the
 Falcon and specific information on programming the DSP.  Reactions from
 the intense one day affair were positive and widly enthusiastic.  While
 some at this event were not Atari developers, the features of the new
 machine captured the imaginations of all.
 Last week Issue #826 of ST-Report contained defamitory information about
 AtariUser Editor in Chief John Nagy and Atari Corp..  Nagy called the
 editor of the publication to complain and request removal of the issue
 from all the distribution services, later a new issue was released minus
 the offending comments.  The file however generated over 355 downloads
 on GEnie alone before the replacement was uploaded.  Nagy was pleased
 with the action taken, however, officials at Atari Corp had no comment
 on the matter.
 At a news conference next week, the National Association of Counties
 (NACo) and IBM will announce an agreement promoting a new methodology
 for use by county governments.  The methodology was originally developed
 by IBM Corporation to enhance decision-making and organizational
 planning at IBM and other companies within the private sector.  Adapted
 to the public domain, the process, called Strategic Choices for Local
 Government Leaders, will assist counties in establishing shared visions
 and priorities through consensus and in making critically important
 choices and tradeoffs as they implement them successfully.
 The Software Publishers Association and Consolidated Micro Services
 announced the settlement of a copyright infringement suit brought
 against Los Angeles area computer dealer Consolidated Micro Services and
 its owner, Gary Johnson, by SPA members Fifth Generation Systems, Lotus,
 Microsoft, Novell, and WordPerfect.  As part of the settlement of the
 suit, CMS agreed to make a contribution to SPA's Copyright Protection
 Fund and to distribute a policy against unauthorized copying or
 distribution of software to all CMS employees.  Since 1988, the Software
 Publishers Association has filed over 150 lawsuits on behalf of its
 members and obtained numerous search and seizure orders against
 businesses, computer dealers, bulletin board services, and educational
 institutions that have violated its members' copyrights.  The SPA's
 anti-piracy hotline, 1-800-388-7478, accepts calls reporting software
 50/50 Micro Electronics announced this week Wednesday that its PC/
 TELEVISION" product is now shipping.  PCT is a new add-on board for
 IBM-compatible computers that incorporates a 119 channel tuner capable
 of handling VHF, UHF and cable TV frequencies.  Standard cable TV
 coaxial cable can be connected directly to the card as well as an
 external TV antenna.  Other input devices can include a VCR, laser disc
 player, a video camera or an internal private broadcast TV cable.  The
 product is compatible with all IBM XT/AT (286/386/486) style computers
 and runs under MS-DOS 3.1 or higher.
 IBM has announced the availability of Multimedia Presentation Manager/2
 (MMPM/2), a set of  extensions to the 32-bit OS/2 2.0 environment,
 providing an architected platform for applications to incorporate sound,
 graphics, video and images through the use of an easy-to-program, high-
 level interface. 
 Adobe announced the acquisition of OCR Systems, developer and marketer
 of optical character recognition systems for DOS and Windows-based, and
 Macintosh computers, and provides leading edge technology for
 recognizing hand print for pen-based computers and forms processing.
 Adobe will continue to support current OCR Systems products and existing
 customer obligations.  OCR Systems and NTI operations and continuing
 employees will be moved to Adobe's Mountain View headquarters
 Maxtor has introduced the MXT-340, an inch-high drive with 340-megabytes
 of formatted storage capacity.  The MXT-340 uses the same components and
 features the same fast seek times and data transfer rates as its parent
 drives, the inch-high MXT-540 and the full-height MXT-1240, which
 provide 540MB and 1.2 gigabytes of formatted storage capacity,
 Microsoft terminated its licensing agreement with Z-Nix Computer and
 brought suit against Z-Nix and three of its distributors.  The lawsuit
 follows a two-month Microsoft investigation revealing distribution of
 tens, and possibly hundreds of thousands, of copies of Microsoft Windows
 3.1 software manufactured by Z-Nix and sold stand-alone (without Z-Nix
 hardware).  Microsoft sued the company for copyright and trademark
 infringement, as well as breach of License Agreement.
 Nintendo and Atari Corp. announced that Atari has withdrawn its appeal
 of a jury verdict and judgment in favor of Nintendo in Atari's antitrust
 case against Nintendo, which was recently tried in Federal Court in San
 Francisco.  Nintendo will not proceed with its request to recover
 certain court costs from Atari.

 | | |  Special Announcement
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
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 | o |    ATARI ADVANTAGE is proud to announce the first North     | o |
 |   |          American hands-on preview of Atari's hot           |   |
 | o |              new '030 computer -- THE FALCON.               | o |
 |   |                                                             |   |
 | o |  Complete Falcon coverage in the June/July issue of ATARI   | o |
 |   |  ADVANTAGE features over 10 devoted pages, including        |   |
 | o |  uncensored, up-close photographs that give you the first   | o |
 |   |  look at Atari's new entry level marvel.                    |   |
 | o |                                                             | o |
 |   |  Detailed explanations on Digital Signal Processing, video  |   |
 | o |  capabilities, and many other Falcon facets take you into   | o |
 |   |  the architecture and clarify all rumors.  We will also     |   |
 | o |  unravel the mystery of true color, stereo digital sound,   | o |
 |   |  how RAM sizes work, and other Falcon features which has    |   |
 | o |  everyone else guessing.                                    | o |
 |   |                                                             |   |
 | o |  Don't have a subscription yet?  If you'd like to get your  | o |
 |   |  hands on this issue before it has sold out, you can do so  |   |
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 | o |                                                             | o |
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 | | |  From CompuServe
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 Pattie) Tonight, we have as guest speaker John Trautschold of
 MissionWare Software.  John's company brings us FLASH II, the long-
 awaited sequel to Antic's popular telecommunications package.  First
 off, John, would you like to share any opening comments?
 Pattie) What made you decide to market Flash II?
 John Trautschold) The opportunity came up to pick up the program from
 Antic.  They were originally going to market Flash II from SunSoft
 Systems.  When Antic went under, we moved in and bought the rights to
 the program.  Missionware Software needed something big and this was it!
 Terrence M. Miller) There has been talk about Flash II supporting
 Shadow transfer protocol.  Comments?
 John Trautschold) Flash II doesn't support Shadow, however, it includes
 its own background transfer program called Silent Line.
 Terrence M. Miller) What form of protocols does Silent Line support and
 does it use the "ramdisk" method that Shadow utilizes?
 John Trautschold) Yes, Silent Line is a type of's reset
 proof so it should maintain any files in the system if the system
 crashes or is reset.  Right now, SL supports Xmodem, Ymodem, Modem7,
 WXmodem and SEAlink.  It'll eventually support Zmodem and (hopefully)
 CIS B as well.
 Bill @ AIM) If I'm a fence sitter currently using some other package
 (Flash, Interlink, STalker, etc.), what specific features does Flash II
 have that could lure me into getting off the fence?
 John Trautschold) ooohhhh...big question. Let me try to answer in
 general terms and then let you all ask any specifics.  First of all,
 Flash II fully supports Vidtex here on CIS as well as the B transfer
 protocol.  Additionally, we support VT100, 101, 102, 2 and 300
 emulations.  Online GIF and RLE viewing is also possible (87a GIF only
 for now).  All popular protocols are built in, as just mentioned earlier
 for the Silent Line question.  Unlike Flash I, you can now "point and
 click" all of your setup paramemters for each board you call.  You don't
 need to create a DO script for that purpose anymore (although you still
 can if you want).  We now support a total of 30 online function key
 macros...20 are individually set for *each* board, the other 10 are
 global.  I've probably forgot a bunch, but let's leave it at that for
 Bill @ AIM) The DO file capabilities of Flash II are compatible with the
 old Flash...are all the old commands still implemented?  They do the
 exact same things?
 John Trautschold) Yes, all old commands are still implemented.  We have
 found, unfortunately after the first release, of some incompatibilities.
 We've now got Al Fasoldt on board as a beta tester.  Al's rather famous
 for his extensive notes on DO scripts, and he's helping us find
 problems.  We've also added some new script commands for the added
 features in Flash II.
 john barnes) Is Flash II MultiTOS aware?
 John Trautschold) Well, let's say we're working on becoming MultiTOS
 compatible.  Currently we are not, but we should be by the time Atari
 releases MT.
 john barnes) What about Kermit support for mainframe users?
 John Trautschold) oops...yea, I forgot (see, I told you) to mention that
 Kermit is also supported.
 RobH) Back to protocols, I'm afraid.  Will or does Flash II support the
 CIS B+ protocol. I want those resumable d/l's on my Atari.
 John Trautschold) Yes, Flash II fully supports CIS B+ and B.
 Pattie) When will Flash II be available?  I understand it's being
 John Trautschold) Flash II is available right now.  We're working on a
 maintenance upgrade which will be made available to all current owners.
 It's not quite ready yet...I'm hoping it'll be done in a month or so.
 It'll be shipped to all registered owners for free.
 Terrence M. Miller) What is the suggested retail on Flash II?  And why
 should the added protocols entice me from some excellent(cheaper!)
 John Trautschold) The suggested retail is $49.95.  We're also upgrading
 from older versions of Flash for $29.95 (plus $4 shipping and handling).
 As far as why to upgrade to Flash?  Well, it depends on your needs.
 There are some good shareware programs out there.  In addition to the
 added protocols, we've also got much more support for terminal
 emulations, and will be adding more later.  We've also got support for
 ANSI emulation and support the IBM graphics character set.  Again, it
 all depends on what you are happy with and what your needs are.
 Terrence M. Miller) FULL ANSI emulation?
 John Trautschold) As far as well can tell, yes!  I regularly dial in to
 one ANSI board that uses a lot of graphics, and it works great (with a
 caveat I'll explain later) and we also have a beta tester who's been
 testing ANSI games and is quite happy with the results.  Now, the
 caveat.  We've got a bug we're working on the TT *only* that munges up
 the lower half of the IBM graphics set.  Paul is working on that and
 should have it fixed shortly.  There are no problems on an ST though in
 either color or mono.
 john barnes) Are there any enhancements in the typeahead and editing
 areas?  Does it support the Clipboard using, for example, STeno?
 John Trautschold) Typeahead first...We now support a separate pseudo
 typeahead 3-line window.  We currently do *not* have a TA history
 buffer, but we'll get that in eventually.  The TA also has limited
 (replace only) editing capabilities (I'm using it now).  We don't
 currently support the Clipboard protocol, but it's on our to-do list and
 will be included in a future upgrade.  The editor has a lot of
 enhancements, such as better cursor control, the ability to separately
 edit line feed and carriage return characters, and the ability to either
 display or turn off the control characters separately from the CRs.
 Added cursor controls include control cursor functions for moving a word
 at a time or to move the cursor to the top of the window or the bottom;
 shift cursor functions for page scrolling, home to move the cursor home,
 or shift home to move the cursor to the end of the buffer.  We also
 support more block functions such as cut and paste and copy and move
 john barnes) How well does three-line TA work for conferencing?
 John Trautschold) Well, I'm using it now and it works great!  I can pre-
 edit my message and send the whole buffer at once!
 john barnes) Finally, will you support an X-Windows server soon :-)?
 John Trautschold) Uh....

 Ron Hunt) John, what do I need to do to upgrade my old (1.52) version
 of Flash?
 John Trautschold) All you need to do, Ron, is send in your old Flash
 1.52 master disk, along with a check for $34.00 (or $33.95 if you
 prefer).  You'll get your old disk back, along with an entirely new
 Flash II package, including a 226 page manual, etc.
 BTW, for those of you interested, the address for upgrades and orders is
 Missionware Software, 354 N. Winston Drive, Palatine, IL 60067-4132...or
 call 708-359-9565.  We take checks, Visa & MC.
 Brian Amundsen) John your new program sounds really nice.  Will my 1.6
 script files import and be used by the new version?
 John Trautschold) Well Brian, they should, however, as I mentioned
 earlier, we've found some incompatibilities, especially in the area of
 the use of double and single quotes for strings, '|' conversions to CRs,
 etc.  We're working on fixing those problems.  You may have to make some
 modifications to get your current scripts to work.  If in doubt, you
 could email me a script and I could check it out ahead of time for you.
 Brian Amundsen) If my master disk was Version 1.12 but updated from CIS
 downloads what will be my upgrade costs?
 John Trautschold) No long as you've got a master disk.  The
 upgrade is still $30 plus the $4 s&h.
 Bill @ AIM) John...what shows will Missionware be attending in the "near
 term" and do you do upgrades at the shows for people who bring in their
 old Flash master disks?
 John Trautschold) Right now we'll be at Milwaukee this Sunday and in
 Indianapolis in July.  We're also making plans for Glendale, although
 that's not firmed up yet.  Yes, we do upgrades at the shows as well, but
 of course you don't have to pay s&h there! :-)  Upgrades at shows are
 the same as by the get an entirely new package...I just need
 to see and mark your old disk.
 Bob Cummins) OK, will there be any converter for dial directories?
 John Trautschold) No, at the present time there is no plan to convert
 the old dial.dir file into a flash2.lst file.  The differences between
 the two are so many, it would be quite difficult to do.
 Pattie) Before we close up, John, can you tell us about the other
 products MissionWare has?
 John Trautschold) Yes, Missionware Software has two other products.  One
 is called lottODDS and is a lottery game playing program.  The other is
 a printer text driver utility program called Printer Initializer.
 Ron Hunt) John> a quick question about do you implement it in
 medium resolution?  4 colors?  Also, does the GIF option work in
 monochrome and if so do you use dithering?
 John Trautschold) Ron...yes, 4 colors on the ST but a full 16 on the TT.
 No dithering least not yet.  GIF does work in monochrome but it
 takes the lighter colors and makes them white and the darker colors and
 makes them black! :-)
 Pattie) John, how are the sales of Flash II doing?  I understand that
 Antic was proud of the number of Flash packages out in the market over
 John Trautschold) Pattie...sales have been pretty good!  I think they'll
 pick up even more when we start heavy advertising later, in conjunction
 with the upgrade.

 | | |  AtariUser Reviews
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 The following article is reprinted in Atari Explorer Online by
 permission of AtariUser magazine.  It MAY NOT be further reprinted
 without specific permission of AtariUser.  AtariUser is a monthly Atari
 magazine, available by subscription by calling (818) 332-0372.
 Awesome Golf (Lynx)
 Forget those 5:00 AM tee-offs.  With AWESOME GOLF, you can now play the
 links on the Lynx.  This is a full featured golf game, allowing you to
 play on one of three courses.  Each hole features an overhead map where
 you survey the course and aim your shot.  You pick your club from a bag
 of 14, then take your best stroke, done with a power bar using three
 button presses: one to start the swing, a second to set the strength,
 and a third to determine hooks, slices, and fades.  To round things out,
 hints are available to beginners, and a driving range reports useful
 AWESOME GOLF plays golf with detailed realism.  Each club's range,
 usage, and effect on the ball are accurately duplicated, and the texture
 and properties of the terrain and green are crucial factors.  Games can
 be for either 9 or 18 holes, feature three levels of wind, and
 handicapping of individual players.  You can even select the clothing,
 race and sex of your player, and women golfers are allowed to tee off
 closer to the hole.  The only flaw is the multiplayer option (up to
 four); the ComLynx option is almost pointless, as it would have been
 easier to allow multiple golfers to play on one Lynx.
 Graphics on AWESOME GOLF are highly detailed and smoothly animated.
 Swings are seen from behind your player, while the ball's flight is
 viewed from overhead.  Still images highlight events such as bogeys,
 penalties, and birdies.  The voice of your caddie is occasionally heard,
 making remarks, congratulating strokes, and laughing at blunders.
 This is a very good golf game, capturing the details of the sport with
 enough features to enhance its appeal.  AWESOME GOLF should not be
 missed.  Atari Corp., $29.95.  - Robert Jung
 Tournament Cyberball (Lynx)
 Welcome to the 21st century, where robots play in sports too deadly for
 humans.  This is TOURNAMENT CYBERBALL, the futuristic game based on
 American football--to a point.  The ball heats up during play, so the
 offense must carry the ball far enough to cool it down, else face an
 explosion.  Smart coaches save game funds to replace the basic robot
 players with enhanced models at any time during play.
 Up to four can play TOURNAMENT CYBERBALL, against each other or one of
 four computer coaches.  On field, each player controls a robot, making
 the passes and blitzes needed to win.  But once play begins, weaknesses
 appear in this arcade conversion.  There is no difference in ability or
 in plays among the six available teams.  Handoffs are unpredictable,
 reducing the value of running plays, and opposing passes are difficult
 to intercept.  Robots never suffer any damage, and the "turbo defense"
 option has been removed.  The game pace is too fast in some spots and
 very sluggish in others.
 Additional flaws are largely shortcomings of the Lynx conversion, a loss
 only by comparison to the arcade version.  While a player unfamiliar
 with the original may be interested, the legion of arcade TOURNAMENT
 CYBERBALL fans should avoid this title.  Atari Corp., $39.95.  - Robert
 XYBOTS (Lynx)
 The robots are at it again.  EarthBase 26-B has been overrun by alien
 Xybots, and now you must infiltrate the station, battle the enemy, and
 stop the takeover.  XYBOTS is an adaptation of the Atari Games arcade
 title, where one or two players explore a space station from a first-
 person perspective.
 This is a respectable conversion that retains all the features of the
 original.  You wander through each level's maze, grabbing coins and
 keys, while fighting Xybots with unlimited shots or an energy-draining
 zap.  Reach the exit, and you can buy more equipment before going to
 deeper levels with more surprises and dangers.
 The game is easier than the coin-op--the robots aren't too bright and
 you start off well-armed.  Experienced players can use Warp Exits to
 travel to higher stages quicker.  About every tenth level is a fight
 with a Master Xybot, but the main game is maze-running and robot-
 The Lynx graphics are almost identical to the arcade.  The stations are
 sparse, but your fighter, Xybots, and other items are animated and
 detailed.  A minor gripe is that rotating the view is done in harsh 90-
 degree increments, which can be disorienting.  Sounds effects are copied
 closely, and although the mechanical voices have been removed, in their
 place are several techno-rock background tunes.
 While the difficulty has been scaled back from the arcade version,
 XYBOTS on the Lynx offers enough of a challenge to keep the typical
 player back for more.  Atari Corp., $39.95.  - Robert Jung

 | | |  Special GEnie News!
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 Whether you're a serious business user seeking research tools and
 software to help you do your job, or just one of those people who simply
 can't get enough of a good thing, GEnie's "Hot Summer Days" sale is for
 From June 15 to September 7, GEnie's prime time hourly connect charge is
 being reduced from $18.00 per hour to $12.50 per hour; in Canada the
 reduction is from $25.00 to $16.00 per hour.  That's savings of over
 30%!  And it makes GEnie Services rates most competitive with
 CompuServe's -- 24 hours a day.  (Note: GEnie*Basic pricing is NOT
 applicable during prime time hours.  Reduced prime time rates are in
 effect in the United States and Canada only, and apply at speeds up to
 2400 bps.)
 If you're looking for software, GEnie has over 100,000 downloadable
 files of shareware, freeware and demoware covering the spectrum from
 business utilities and productivity tools, to graphics and fonts, and
 education and games.  Software is available for virtually all personal
 computing platforms.  GEnie also features online support from many
 hardware and software vendors.
 GE Mail is also included in the sale, with the same lower connect
 charges in effect.
 And when it comes to fun, don't forget GEnie's industry-leading
 selection of Multi-player Games!  The lower daytime rates mean more
 competitive action in such hits as Kesmai's award-winning Air Warrior,
 the all-new MultiPlayer Battletech, Dragon's Gate, Federation II and
 Gemstone III.
 For the business user, or serious researcher, GEnie's new gateway to
 Advanced Research Technologies' ARTIST system provides an intelligent
 interface to databases provided by Dialog Information Services, Inc.
 The first three offerings are:
 GEnie Reference Center (keyword REFCENTER), with reference information
 on subjects such as business management and directories, industry news,
 the environment, computers, engineering, the sciences and world events.
 GEnie NewsStand (keyword NEWSSTAND), with access to more than 900 full-
 text publications, including 12 major newspapers such as the Los Angeles
 Times, Chicago Tribune and the Washington Post, plus hundreds of popular
 magazines and industry newsletters from 1980 to the present.
 GEnie BookShelf (keyword BOOKSHELF), which accesses the electronic
 version of R.R. Bowker's "Books in Print" directory of more than
 1,000,000 titles and more than 40,000 book reviews.
 GEnie and ART will continue developing and providing new business-
 related services.  Watch for their introduction coming soon.
 GEnie also offers access to:
 Dow Jones News/Retrieval (R) (keyword DOWJONES), one of the world's most
 comprehensive services for the investor and researcher, with more than
 50 databases containing information from thousands of sources.
 Investment ANALY$T (keyword ANALYST), providing vital stock market
 information without requiring the use of specialized software.  Three
 essential services are available to investors: Current and Historical
 Quotes, Stock Performance Analysis and Stock Screening & Selection.
 Charles Schwab Brokerage Services (keyword SCHWAB), the leader in
 cutting edge technology for fast securities trading at a discounted
 price.  GEnie users receive an extra 10% commission discount on every
 online trade executed.  You can trade in stocks, bonds options and
 mutual funds, enter special trade conditions on your orders, receive
 real-time quotes, check trade confirmations and review your detailed
 account balance and position data.
 Public Opinion Online (keyword POLL), a comprehensive collection of
 public opinion surveys conducted in the United States.  POLL covers the
 spectrum of public interest: politics, government, public institutions,
 international affairs, business, social issues and attitudes, and
 consumer issues and preferences.
 The Trade Names Database (keyword TRADENAMES) is a worldwide directory
 listing more than 280,000 consumer brand names and their owners or
 distributors.  It is the electronic equivalent of the Gale Research Inc.
 print publications "Brands and Their Companies" and "International
 Brands and Their Companies."
 The Business Resource Directory(TM) (keyword BRD), a searchable database
 that functions like an electronic "Yellow Pages," an electronic
 Personnel Service/Resume database, and an electronic reference library
 -- all rolled into one.  The BRD is a marketing tool for businesses and
 for individuals looking for work, and a way for individuals or
 businesses to locate services, supplies, associations, agencies,
 wholesalers, distributors, software for business, and other business
 The Official Airline Guides Electronic Edition (R) Travel Service
 (keyword OAG) not only offers access to airline schedules, fares and
 availability, but also arrival and departure information from selected
 major airports, access to more than 42,000 first-class and deluxe
 hotels, essential destination details like climate and visa
 requirements, and over 90,000 listings of vacation adventures, tours and
 But all good things come to an end, and so will this sale.  These rates
 are in effect until September 7, 1992.   Some services mentioned above
 are subject to additional charges.  Check the online rate pages for
 additional details.
 So enjoy a Summer of Savings on GEnie, the home of Hot Summer Nights III
 and Hot Summer Days, too!
 Here are some questions about Hot Summer Days which may come up, along
 with the appropriate answers.
 1.  Are GEnie*Basic Services included in the Hot Summer Days Sale?
 No.  This is a sale on GEnie's prime time hourly connect rate.
 GEnie*Basic Services remain applicable only during non-prime time hours.
 2.  Is 9600 baud service included?
 No.  The sale is applicable on speeds up to and including 2400 baud.
 3.  Are remote access surcharges applicable?
 Yes.  The sale does not affect our cost for those lines, so the $2 per
 hour charge will still apply.
 4.  Are all countries included?
 No.  This sale includes the U.S. and Canada only.
 5.  What are the rates?
 The U.S. hourly rate will be $12.50 per our instead of the normal $18
 per hour rate.  The Canadian hourly rate will be $16.00 per hour instead
 of the normal $25.00 per hour.  These rates are in effect Monday through
 Friday from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM local time.
 6.  Are Chat Club rates in effect?
 No.  Chat Club rates are in effect only during non-prime time hours.
 7.  Are databases and services subject to surcharges?
 Yes.  The same surcharge rate structure which applies now will apply
 during the sale.  This sale is only on GEnie's connect charge.
 8.  Can I use my Gift of Time during the sale hours?
 Of course!  Gifts of Time apply to connect rates at any time of the day
 or night.
 9.  How long will the sale last?
 Hot Summer Days will be in effect from Monday, June 15 until Monday,
 September 7.
 10. Why is GEnie offering this promotion?
 GEnie wants to make this summer an exciting time for its customers.
 GEnie hopes to attract daytime usage currently spent on other services.

 | | |  by Zack Urlocker
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 Although many of the concepts of object-oriented programming originated
 on powerful workstations developed at Xerox Palo Alto Research Center
 (PARC), there's no reason they can't be used on even the tiniest of
 today's computers, including my favorite palmtop, the Portfolio.  In
 this article, I'll explain the fundamental concepts of object-oriented
 programming and show how they're applied in writing a simple video poker
 game called Tahoe 5.  The Tahoe 5 program and Turbo Pascal source code
 are attached to this edition of Atari Explorer Online.
 Why Objects?
 Although structured programming goes a long way towards encouraging
 programmers to build efficient, reliable systems, these techniques
 ignore one important fact: it's generally easier to reuse something than
 to create something new from scratch.  Object-oriented programming
 extends structured programming to allow you to create software
 components, known as objects, which can be reused across a variety of
 applications.  The more reusable objects you have at your disposal, the
 less time you need to spend writing, testing and debugging new code.
 There are three cornerstone concepts that describe object-oriented
 programming.  These concepts are encapsulation, polymorphism, and
 inheritance.  Encapsulation means that an object consists of both data
 and related functionality.  We can think of an object as "smart data"
 since it has embedded functionality.  For example, in the Tahoe 5
 program, I defined a deck of cards as an object that contains data,
 including an array to keep track of the cards that have been dealt, and
 functionality in the form of procedures for initializing the deck and
 dealing the next card.  In Turbo Pascal, an object definition is like a
 record definition, but it contains procedure headers for the object's
 functionality.  For example, here's the definition of the deck as an
  TDeck = Object
  dealt : array [0..52] of boolean;
  procedure init;
  function nextCard : integer;
 We can declare variables of type TDeck just like any other user-defined
 type. When we want to call one of the object's procedures, known as
 methods, we use the familiar dot notation.  For example, I can declare
 a deck, initialize it and deal five cards as shown below.
  MyDeck : TDeck;
  for I := 1 to 5 do 
 Anything in a program that consists of data and related functionality
 can be defined as an object.  In the Tahoe 5 program I created objects
 for the deck (TDeck), the cards (TCard), the poker game itself
 (TPokerHand), and for controlling the user interface (TDisplay).  The
 most interesting of these is the TPokerHand object which contains the
 data for the game (such as the amount bet and cards dealt), plus the
 rules for dealing and evaluating the hand.  The TDisplay object contains
 all of the code for managing the user interface, including handling
 keyboard input, displaying help messages, drawing the cards, etc.  Since
 all of the user interface code is encapsulated into a single object,
 this is the only code that needs to be rewritten to port Tahoe 5 to
 another machine.  The Cards and Poker units are shown in Listings 1 and
 2 respectively.
 Polymorphism, the second cornerstone concept, comes from Greek and means
 literally "many shapes."  We use the term to describe the fact that
 different objects can respond to the same generic method call in
 different ways.  For example, I could have a different type of card
 deck, perhaps a pinochle deck, which would define its own init and
 nextCard procedures.  Even though a pinochle deck might be stored
 differently in memory (using a larger array), it can use the same names
 for its methods.
 In one sense, you can think of polymorphism as allowing us to define
 objects that share a common protocol of methods, much like you might
 have different hardware components that all connect to a standard serial
 interface.  The benefit of polymorphism is that you can create objects
 that are "plug compatible," since they respond to the same method calls.
 That allows you to write more maintainable code, since you tell the
 objects what to do using a generic method call, and the objects
 themselves handle the details of how to do it.  Polymorphism is
 implemented in Pascal by declaring methods to be "virtual," so that a
 generic method call can be used.
 Inheriting Code
 The third cornerstone concept is inheritance.  Inheritance allows us to
 create new objects from existing ones.  This makes it easy to create
 objects that are just like existing ones, but a little different.  For
 example, if I wanted to create a poker game that plays "deuces wild"
 instead of 5 card poker, I could just create a new object that inherits
 from the standard TPokerHand object and defines different methods for
 evaluating the hand.  The rest of the code, for dealing, holding,
 initialization would be inherited automatically.  Here's how we declare
 an object type that inherits from an existing one:
 { An object which inherits much of its behavior }
 TDeucesWildHand = Object(TPokerHand)
  procedure eval;  { evaluate the hand differently}
 Note that we don't have to copy any of the code from the ancestor object
 type TPokerHand.  The compiler takes care of these details for us.
 Inheritance makes it possible to easily customize applications for
 different needs without rewriting code.  The more you use object-
 oriented programming, the more adept you become at creating reusable
 objects that can be extended via inheritance.
 Learning more
 The concepts of object-oriented programming are straightforward and, in
 some ways, deceptively simple.  The real challenge comes in applying the
 concepts to a programming problem and creating your own reusable
 objects.  I invite you to explore the code for Tahoe 5 and come up with
 your own variations by using the three cornerstone concepts of
 encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance.  If you've been waiting to
 break into object-oriented programming, or programming your Portfolio,
 now you've got a perfect reason to do both.
 About the author
 Zack Urlocker is product manager for Turbo Pascal at Borland
 International and has taught object-oriented programming to thousands
 worldwide.  The author appreciates the kind support of BJ Gleason for
 his Turbo Pascal Portfolio unit.  The Tahoe 5 program and source code
 may be obtained by sending $10 US to the author at P.O. Box 67301,
 Scotts Valley CA, 95067 USA.  Add $5 for shipping outside North America.
 The Portfolio Turbo Pascal Unit
 Tahoe 5 was written using B.J. Gleason's Portfolio unit for Turbo
 Pascal.  The Portfolio unit emulates many of the standard functions and
 procedures from the standard Crt unit and also provides many procedures
 to take advantage of the Port's unique capabilities.  For example, there
 are functions and procedures for displaying menus, messages, changing
 the status line, and using the speaker.  Some of the procedures are
 shown below.
 PortBox(X1,Y1,X2,Y2,Border : Integer);  
 PortMessageWindow(X,Y : Integer; Title, Message : String);
 PortSetCursorMode (Mode : Integer);
 PortStatusLine(X,Y,OnOff : Integer);
 PortDial(Number : String);
 PortSound(Tone, Length : Integer);
 In Tahoe 5, all of the user interface code is contained in the TDisplay
 object.  This object uses mostly standard Crt procedures such as gotoXY,
 writeLn, readKey, etc.  However, I also used a few of the Portfolio-
 specific procedures to provide more control over the cursor and to add
 some music.  For example, if you win big, you'll hear a lively tune
 played as follows:
  procedure soundWin2;
  portSound(50, 15);
  portSound(48, 15);
  portSound(48, 15);
  portSound(50, 15);
  portSound(52, 30);
  portSound(52, 30);

 | | |  By Ron Berinstein
 | | |  ----------------------------------------------------------------
 "Ladies and gentleman, you are all invited to the great Atari software
 sale!  Yes sir, quaranteed specials.  Specials so good that you'll leap
 for joy, run to computer, feed it your disk, and sit joyously for hour
 after hour!"
 "Folks the proof is simple," said the above quoted Atari software
 dealer.  "Just come to my Yucca Valley store on Sunday early in the
 morning and I'll show you some Atari Computers with so many software
 bargains that the ground will rumble under your feet, that the earth
 will move, that you will postively feel the power, and you will be
 saved, yes sir, saved from the possibility of weekend boredom forever!"
 Well, being that I am your consumer representative I went to the store
 and feel compelled to tell you he certainly did whip up some earth
 shaking specials!  Right after the demonstration news crews came from
 everywhere to cover the event.  Hustle and bustle filled the town.
 People went in all directions, at once!  The only folks that seemed
 unmoved had their offices in the Maytag appliance building.  Reports did
 mention that certain real estate salesman however, were not too terribly
 moved by the demo and were seen packing up their IBM's, and moving to
 other terrains.
 Unfortunately soon after the Avant Vector program ran, his hard drive
 crashed, half the store in fact crashed, so did a nearby mountain, and
 most of the buildings that were once located next door.  People sure do
 respond to good price on a program I concluded.
 The following programs aren't on sale, though they are guaranteed to be
 rewarding, and worthy of your attention.
 ANIMAP program to animate the color satellite weather maps available on
 Compuserve.  Displays first as downloaded, second with enhanced
 geographic boundaries, and last with computer enhanced graphics to
 highlight active weather areas.  Color only.
 CALAMUS CONTEST WINNERS    (graphics file)
 These are the winners of the Calamus Creativity and Design contest.  In
 most cases, you will need Calamus 1.09, Calamus SL, or a Calamus demo
 program to view these files.  First place through fifth place honarable
 mention are included.
 Here is a little helper for Pagestream PostScript linotronic service
 bureau users.  It will strip out unwanted and unneeded Type 1 fonts from
 your PS files, making them _considerably_ smaller.  If you don't know
 why you would want to do this in the first place, enclosed with this
 program is David Troy's article all about PostScript, Lino service
 bureaus, and all sorts of related material.  Practically free shareware
 by D.Small.
 This is the file MACREAD.TOS.  It transfers Mac files to the St line of
 This is the DEMO version 1.2 of Isostasis.  It is a DEMO to the extent
 that vowel conversion is not complete. (AEIOU) This program will convert
 WordUp 3.0 files to Word Perfect (Atari) format and vice versa.  Version
 1.2 includes Word Perfect 4.2 (IBM) capabilities.  It will also permit
 you to import ASCII files into those formats.  Eventually, it will be
 expanded to include a variety of different formats.  WordFlair is to be
 one of those formats.
 New release of the ZOO archiver.  This version contains a couple of
 minor bug fixes.  ZOO now comes very close to LH5 (Quester LZH) in terms
 of compression.
 HPChrome prints DEGAS and NEOCHROME pictures in color on DeskJet
 This is a German calculator CPX.  It's very easy to figure out, even
 though the docs and CPX title are in German.
 ERG Spacewar version 1.27 (newest version to date)....a strategy board-
 type game for the ST in medium resolution.  1-4 players, each takes
 turns.  When "Play-by-mail" option is enabled, the game is saved after
 each turn, and can then be file transfered to the other (next) player.
 VERY ADDICTING.  Shareware fee is $5 (game is completely UNcrippled and
 playable though.)
 New Features: 
 - [1.1m]: IFF-Color-Images now will load right (wrong only in 1.1l)
 - [1.1l]:
   o Greyscale-Dithering Algorithmus for 4, 8, 16, 64 and 256.
   o GEM-View now run under MultiGEM without any problems.
   o 'CNTRL-SPACE' iconifies the application (needs IconManager)!
   o A GEM metafile can translate into rasterfile in each resolution.
     Posible prombles in HC- or TC-modes.

 - [1.1i]:
   o Supports MacPaint- and PBM-Pictures.
   o Supports ImageLab- and JPEG-Images.
   o Color scale adjust (GLOBAL-Dialog).
   o Color-Dithering Algorithmus for 4, 8, 16, 64 and 256 colors.
   o [HELP]- and [UNDO]-Keys. Reset the colors for the picture, &
     restores the old color.
   o Supports TRUE-COLOR BMP images.
   o Processes TRUE-COLOR images.
   o GEM-View run on HC- and TC-graphic cards.
              (Tested on Wilhelm Spectrum1TC)

 Note:  You may have to be careful when using this program in Medium
 A program to ease the construction of Menus in GFA basic.
 A utility that allows you to set the amount of memory on your ST in 512K
 blocks from 512k to 4 meg, useful if you want to check if a program will
 run with all memory configurations.
 Shareware accounting package, for home accounts.  Simple to use with
 quite powerful features.
 Utility to scramble files and make them only accessible with a password.
 This program is for Atari developers that want to port a GEM based
 program to Windows.  It converts a resource file (designed for the ones
 created by Laser C resource editor) to a Windows .RC file.  You'll need
 the .DEF file (on the Atari side) that contains the symbol names and
 wincvt will make you a new one with definitions appropriate for Windows.
 It does NOT convert icons or boxchar's but does get all your text,
 boxes, and edit entries in the right places.  Source file is INCLUDED.
 As is.  Runs only on Atari.
 A GDOS font non slanted italic Times.  Includes files for 3 screen
 resolution plus printer files for 360DPI printer (NEC 24 pin PANA 1124
 and bubblejets).  Screen fonts are not great.  Printer fonts quite good.
 Font sizes 6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20,24,30 and 36 point.  TYMILS.LZH,
 This file will compare the length of a file with its expected length, if
 it is too long (or too short) you will be notified.  It knows about the
 internal structure of 20 different file types.  It is handy for cleaning
 up downloaded files that contain extra bytes at the end.  It can operate
 in batch mode.
 If you downloaded RUF110.LZH and have a color monitor, you need this
 file!  The package as originally uploaded has a RSC file tuned to mono
 monitors which caused problems reading some dialogs.  This file is a
 color tuned resource file for you to use to replace the mono one.  (If
 you downloaded RUF110.LZH and it has two folders labeled Color and Mono,
 you DON'T need this, you already have it!)
 Newest version of RUFUS, the German telecom program.  This is version
 1.10 Latest update to RUFUS, the great German Telecom program.  This is
 version 1.10 and is in English.  Many improvements over the previous
 version including a completely reworked capture buffer with full text
 editing features, a new phone directory unlimited in size, and more!
 Tested on TOS 2.05 and 3.05 (according to author).  If you tried RUFUS
 before and like it get this update! (This file replaces previous upload
 and contains RSC files for mono and color.
 New version! WHATIS 6.1 identifies over 125 file types - ARCs, LHarcs,
 PRGs, pics, ACCs, animations, etc...
 4 files of GhostScript fonts.  All 4 files un-LZH to a total of 2.3Mb of
 fonts  (about 80 or so).  Use the latest Questor LHARC utility to
 GhostScript is a freeware PostScript interperter for the Atari ST/TT
 computers.  It allows PostScript file output on HP DeskJet, HP LaserJet,
 Epson compatibles, Bubblejets and others.  This LZH includes two
 versions of the TTP file, one is the original version of GS and the
 other includes 2 drivers for the HP DeskJet 500C.
 GEMvelope 2.84, an easy envelope printer for the ST/TT.  Fully usable
 demo with a couple of convienece features removed.  It can extract
 addresses from any word processing document and merge a series of
 addresses from a database file.  Support for Tracker/ST, Cardfile and
 other database users.  Can print POSTNET bar codes.  Ideal for laser
 printers (inc SLM804/605).
 Paint Pot -  an DEGAS-like art program designed just for kids, and
 adults who like to play with kid's software.  Color only.  Use latest
 version of QUESTER's LZH program to extract (-lh5 archive) TT Compatible
 in ST Low Resolution using 24BIT.PRG only.  No docs in archive.
 This replaces the TOS Critical Error Handler...the alert box that says
 "Disk Not Responding...RETRY|CANCEL" when you don't have a disk in your
 drive.  This new version includes a 'FAIL' options which lets you escape
 the unending RETRY|CANCEL dance.  However, it doesn't use an Alert box
 so your screen gets messed up. Use UNLZH.PRG  Docs are in German.
 V1.8 is designed to quickly handle the daily point of sale transactions
 for a recording studio or other business that charges an hourly rate,
 time for a technician and vends a limited amount of items.  Calculates
 transactions, keeps track of balances and inventory, prints receipts and
 custom forms & does a variety of reports.  Calendar, address book, &
 This is a wine making data base, containing several recipies and other
 info needed for the production of wine.  From the United Kingdom.  TT
 Compatible using 24BIT.PRG only.  ST High Resolution ONLY (monochrome)
 The Cowboy Serial Port Expander will expand your serial port buffer to
 up to 31K.  It expands the input buffer, not the output buffer like some
 programs (i.e.AUXINIT).  This way, if you happen to run a BBS for
 example, you can still get maximum use from STalker on that machine
 while also having your board running, avoiding batch download problems.
 This is SoundLab, Damien M. Jones' long awaited sample editor.  This
 program is fully operational, and is not crippleware.  It IS shareware
 for $20.  Registration includes some next extras, outlined in the
 If you've already downloaded Sound Lab, you don't need the entire
 archive again, just this file.  This is the Soundlab.TOS file with the
 bug fix in it.
 Improve the readability of text on your high resolution screen with this
 font.  Requires Warp-9 to load.  Refer to its manual for auto-loading
 Jeckyll 1.20 is a new full streaming full duplex file transfer protocol.
 This archive comes with Hyde 1.1 which is the easy-to-use shell program
 for Jeckyll.   Author claims that this is the best file transfer
 protocol around!  Comes with full documentation.  Shareware from
 Format 11 v3.0 by Matt Orsie.  With this diskette formatter you can
 format Single-sided or Double-sided, choose 9, 10, or 11 sectors per
 track, and choose 80, 81, 82, or 83 tracks; with or without verify.
 MS-Dos boot sector option too.  You must use a utility that can insert
 a Random Boot Serial #(ala Knife ST) since all disks have same boot
 serial #
 A database dedicated to the storage, retrieval & printing of recipes.
 Allows organization of recipes into 22 catagories.  Can print in ASCII,
 NX-1000 or GDOS formats.  Allows batch printing of up to ten recipes at
 once.  Will compute which recipes will fit together on a page.  Search
 feature allows easy locating of your favorite recipe.
 This file contains Astrological data for Bill Aycock's excellent
 Calendar program.
 Universal Program UNPACKer v1.08  (92/06/08)  Currently, the recognized
 formats are: Pack-Ice, Pack-Fire, LArc's PFXPAK, 4PAK/PACK ENGLISH,
 DCSquish, BRAsoft, "POPI" (POmpey PIrates?), JAM Packer, Paradox Packer,
 and more!
 P.S.  I checked with the author of WHATIS to try and find out the true
 meaning of the filetypes demo'd in Yucca Valley, and I am sure he'll
 update you in his next version.  Also, I passed along a good copy of a
 PD terminal program to several of the local airports, you know, to help
 them reconstruct.  Plus...  well enough for now!

 To  sign up for GEnie service call (with modem)  (800) 638-8369.   Upon
 connection type HHH and hit <return>.  Wait for the U#= prompt and type
 XTX99436,GEnie and hit <return>.
 To sign up for CompuServe service call (with phone) (800) 848-8199. Ask
 for operator #198.  You will be promptly sent a $15.00 free  membership
 A special limited time offer  is available for subscribers to AtariUser 
 Magazine.  The regular $19.95 subscription price is now just $15.00 for
 a  full  year  or  $25.00  a  year  for  first class mailing.  For more 
 information contact AtariUser at (818) 332-0372. Credit card or billing
 is available.
 Editorial material, including article submissions, press releases,  and
 products  for  evaluation,  should  be  sent  to the Z*Net News Service 
 Post   Office   Box   59,   Middlesex,  New  Jersey,  08846.
 You can subscribe to the bi-monthly hard copy  Atari  Explorer Magazine
 for $14.95 for 6 issues, $39.95 for  18 issues.   Canadian  subscribers
 should add $5.00 per 6 issues,foreign subscribers should add $10.00 per 
 6 issues.  Checks must be drawn in US funds on a US bank.  Send  orders
 to Atari Explorer, Post Office Box 6488, Duluth,  MN  55806.  VISA  and
 MasterCard orders, call (218) 723-9202.
 Atari Explorer Online Magazine is  a weekly  publication  covering  the
 Atari computer  community.  Material published in  this edition may  be
 reprinted in non-commercial publications unless otherwise noted  at the
 top of  the  article.  Opinions  presented  herein  are  those  of  the
 individual authors and do not necessarily reflect those  of  the staff.
 Atari Explorer Online Magazine  is  Copyright (c)1992,  Atari  Computer
 Corporation.   Z*Net and the Z*Net Newswire are copyright(c)1992, Z*Net
 News Service/Ron Kovacs.
                      Atari Explorer Online Magazine
                   "The Official Atari Online Journal"
               Copyright (c)1992, Atari Computer Corporation

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