ST Report: 30-Nov-90 #648

From: Bruce D. Nelson (aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 01/05/91-12:22:31 AM Z

From: aj434@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Bruce D. Nelson)
Subject: ST Report: 30-Nov-90  #648
Date: Sat Jan  5 00:22:31 1991

                  *---== ST REPORT ONLINE MAGAZINE ==---*
                  "The Original 16/32bit Online Magazine"
                            STR Publishing Inc.

 November 30, 1990                                                  No.6.48

                         STReport Online Magazine? 
                          Post Office Box   6672
                          Jacksonville,  Florida
                               32205 ~ 6672
                               R.F. Mariano
                            Publisher - Editor
                   Voice: 904-783-3319  10 AM - 4 PM EST
                 BBS:  904-786-4176  USR/HST DUAL STANDARD
                    FAX: 904-783-3319 12 AM - 6 AM EST
     **  Fnet Node 350 * FidoNet Node 1:112/35 * NeST Node 90:03/0  **
               STR'S privately owned & operated support BBS 
              carries ALL issues of STReport Online Magazine
       carrying STReport Online Magazine for their user's enjoyment

 > 11/30/90: STReport? #6.48  The Original 16/32 bit Online Magazine!
     - The Editor's Desk      - CPU REPORT        - CPU MacNews
     - MEDUSA!                - 16mb DRAM CHIP!   - Atari & DTP 
     - Atari's Year?          - Portfolio News    - Bundle Mania 
     - Back to Basics         - Mail Call         - STR Confidential

                      * ATARI HAS STRONG INVENTORY! *
                        * EXPOSE' DEMO RELEASED!! *
                      * WORDFLAIR II SPECIAL OFFER! *

                         ST REPORT ONLINE MAGAZINE?
                     The _Number One_ Online Magazine
                              -* FEATURING *-
                "Accurate UP-TO-DATE News and Information"
       Current Events, Original Articles, Hot Tips, and Information
             Hardware - Software - Corporate - R & D - Imports
 STReport's  support  BBS,  NODE  #  350 invites systems using Forem ST and
 Turbo Board BBS to participate in the Fido/F-Net  Mail Network.   Or, call
 Node 350  direct at  904-786-4176, and  enjoy the excitement of exchanging
 information relative to the Atari ST  computer arena  through an excellent
 International ST Mail Network.  All registered F-NET - Crossnet SysOps are
 welcome to join the STReport Crossnet Conference.  The Crossnet Conference
 Code  is  #34813,  and  the  "Lead  Node"  is # 350.  All systems are most
 welcome to actively participate.  Support Atari Computers;  Join Today!

 > The Editor's Podium?

     How many shopping days left before  Christmas?   According to  all in-
 dications this  will be a decent Christmas for Atari and its dealers after
 all.   That's right,  product is  arriving at  the warehouse  and Atari is
 filling orders.  In fact, they are quite busy.  
     Comdex is behind us and some of the sparks are still glowing.  As most
 folks now know, there have been  mixed impressions  emanating from Comdex.
 For most  of us the bottom line is where we will be next year.  Atari will
 be at Comdex and most likely in the  same location.   The  word has leaked
 that there was at least 1800 new leads obtained at Comdex of folks wanting
 to be Atari dealers.  Also, the newer products are fully anticipated to be
 available during  the first  quarter of  1991.  Looks like the dealers and
 developers will have good things to look forward to.
     Seems the TT030 units are in  the warehouse  just waiting  for the FCC
 ticket.... Now  that's what's  called being "Ready Freddy"!  1991 may just
 be the year to pay attention to Atari after all.

     The Portfolio  and its  third party  goodies continue  to dominate the
 scene and rightfully so, remember the Portfolio is the "bridge" to other
 computer platforms.   This  is great  since it shows folks, who would have
 never heard of Atari, that Atari Computer is a serious player.  

                                        Thanks for your support!




                          FOR A LIMITED TIME ONLY


                              to the Readers of;
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                         NEW USERS; SIGN UP TODAY!

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   Issue # 93

 by Michael Arthur



       Ever since their introductions, the  Atari  ST  and  Commodore Amiga
 have competed  against each  other in  the low/middle  end of the computer
 market.  When a consumer decides between the  two, the  main issue  is the
 quality of  software available for a particular computer.  With the advent
 of Macintosh and PC Emulators for both computers, such a  consumer doesn't
 have to give up the use of Mac/PC software if they buy an ST or Amiga.

       As such,  a choice  between the  ST and  Amiga has invariably been a
 choice between the software arenas that each computer excels in.   One may
 have chosen  the Amiga  for its  graphics and  Desktop Video capabilities,
 but doing so would  keep one  from enjoying  the superlative  MIDI and DTP
 software available  for the  ST.   Recently, a string of ST Emulators have
 appeared for the Amiga that have the potential to change this situation.

       One of the first to appear  on the  scene was  AMIGA1.   Unlike most
 computer  emulators,  this  was  a  Public Domain utility that promised to
 emulate the Atari ST without the need for TOS ROMs.  In order to do this,-
 the unknown  programmer of  AMIGA1 decided  to pirate a version of TOS and
 simply "hack" it into the emulator itself.  Obviously, this made AMIGA1 an
 illegal product  that caused  people using  it to pirate Atari's operating
 system software.  This, in addition to the facts that AMIGA1 was extremely
 buggy and  would not  multitask with other Amiga programs, made AMIGA1 the
 worst possible solution for ST Emulation.

       Next to enter the ST Emulation Arena was  a commercial  product cal-
 led Chameleon.   Like  AMIGA1, Chameleon  was an all-software solution for
 ST Emulation that didn't require one to install additional hardware to use
 TOS ROMs.   It  supports the ST's Low/Medium/High Resolution displays, and
 allows one to easily  switch between  resolutions.   It can  read/write to
 Atari ST  disks, and  recognizes the ST's MIDI port to allow the use of ST
 MIDI software.  In addition, it can use Microway's FlickerFixer  board (or
 the Amiga  3000's flickerfixer  chip) to provide an interlace-free display
 in High Resolution.  Cost:  90 DM (Deutsche marks).

       However, Chameleon isn't very  compatible with  ST software,  and it
 is slow  enough that although one can multitask Chameleon with other Amiga
 programs, the resulting slowdown in performance would be intolerable. Fur-
 ther more,  the method that Chameleon goes through to avoid using a cartr-
 idge slot or board (like Spectre GCR and Amax) to  hold TOS  ROMs makes it
 illegal to  use in  the US.   To use it in Germany, one has to use special
 hardware to copy the TOS ROMs onto a floppy or hard disk.   When Chameleon
 is first  started, it loads this "hacked disk version" of TOS 1.6 into the
 Amiga's 16 or 32-bit RAM for use.   However, this  use of  ROM software is
 apparently illegal  in the  US, and  Atari seems  able to stop attempts at
 selling the Chameleon in the US.

       With few viable options for emulating  the ST,  an Amiga  user (or a
 person choosing  between the  ST and  Amiga) would  have been  in the same
 situation as before.   However, another  German company  has introduced an
 ST Emulator  that may actually be legal to sell in the US.  Called Medusa,
 this emulator requires the TOS ROMs to be installed in sockets found  on a
 small Amiga  2000 expansion  board that  comes with  the package.  When it
 first starts up, it loads TOS  directly into  Amiga 16-bit  or 32-bit RAM,
 and  uses  the  Amiga's  Enhanced  Chip  Set  to support the ST's standard
 resolutions.  It can read/write to ST floppy disks, and is compatible with
 ST SCSI Hard Disk drivers.

       Running as  a single  task, Medusa can perform at 85 - 95 percent of
 the 1040 ST's speed.  However,  one can  also multitask  Medusa with other
 AmigaDOS  applications.    Another  benefit of Medusa is its comparatively
 high compatibility rate (approximately 90 -  95%) with  non-copy protected
 ST Software.   Like the other ST emulators, Medusa requires TOS 1.6 to run
 on 68020/68030 Amiga accelerators.  Since  Medusa uses  the TOS  ROMs in a
 manner similar  to that which Spectre GCR and Amax use Mac ROMs to emulate
 the Macintosh, a US  company may  start marketing  it in  the US  by early
 1991.  Cost:  550 DM, or 300 dollars.

 CPU MacNews?


       Apple Computer has teamed up with VLSI Technology and Britain-based-
 Acorn Computer to form  Advanced RISC  Machines (ARM)  Ltd., a  joint chip
 research and  development company.  Apple and VLSI will be investing a sum
 of approximately 1.75 million pounds into the venture, which will  also be
 obtaining  Acorn  Computer's  32-bit  RISC  (reduced instruction set chip)

       ARM Limited intends to  use Acorn's  RISC Chip,  which has  very low
 power consumption  requirements, to focus on areas like portable computing
 and embedded control systems for automotive  and aeronautical electronics.
 However, Apple  appears to  have invested in ARM Ltd. as part of an effort
 to develop a  RISC-based  "notebook  computer"  to  replace  the Macintosh
 computer  line.    For  years,  Apple  has  said  that this was one of its
 long-term plans, and Larry Tesler (head of Apple's Advanced R&D Group) has
 praised  "ARM's  advantages  (in  its  RISC-based  chip  architecture)  of
 high-performance, low-power consumption, and low  cost  for  a  variety of
 applications".  Apple is also funding General Magic Inc. (a company formed
 by Andy Hertzfield and Hypercard creator Bill Atkinson) in its  efforts to
 develop  sound/graphics  data  compression  techniques suitable for future
 "handheld" computers.  However, any results from ARM Ltd's efforts (like a
 RISC-based Notebook  Computer marketed  by Apple)  are not  expected to be
 available until after 1992....



       Matsushita  Electronics  Corp.  has  announced  that  it  will begin
 shipping prototype  samples of its 16 Megabit DRAM memory chips during the
 Spring of 1991.   With this  move, Matsushita  is following  several other
 semiconductor  manufacturers  (including  Toshiba,  Texas Instruments, and
 NEC) in announcing plans to begin  sampling 16  Megabit DRAM  chips during
 1991.  Like NEC, Matsushita has said that it will begin mass producing its
 new memory chips during 1992.


       According to a study recently released by ADAPSO (the Association of
 Data Processing  Service Organizations),  the US  Software Industry is now
 worth over $60 billion dollars a year, or  1.2 percent  of the  US's total
 Gross  National  Product  (GNP).    This  study  also revealed that the US
 Software  industry  employs  approximately  750,000  people,  and  that it
 generated $12.1 billion in overseas sales for the Fiscal year of 1989.


       Robert  Riggs,  who  recently  pled  guilty  to  illegally  entering
 BellSouth's computers and stealing computer source code, is  now appealing
 a part of his jail sentence that forbids him from using computers while in
 jail.  Attorneys for Riggs  believe  that  this  segment  of  the sentence
 violates  his  First  Amendment  rights,  stating  that  there  are  "less
 restrictive alternatives" for punishing Riggs. In addition to the computer
 prohibition, Riggs  is also  serving 14  months in jail, and many analysts
 feel that the Judge's sentencing was clearly meant to send a strong signal
 to other "Computer Crackers"....

       Riggs is  one of  the three  members of the "Legion of Doom" cracker
 group who were convicted of breaking  into a  Bell South  computer network
 within a 3 year period.  Interestingly, this group now has to pay $700,000
 to compensate BellSouth for the cost of repairing the network, even though
 they didn't  actually damage any data on the network.  But while BellSouth
 says that it cost $4.5 million  to investigate,  repair, and  increase the
 security measures in its network, the Defense Attorneys for the "Legion of
 Doom" didn't have the resources to verify BellSouth's findings.

 CPU Errata:  The last issue of CPU Report mentioned that the Atari TT
 ===========  didn't come with a Motorola 68882 Floating Point Math Chip,
              However, all models of the Atari TT come with a 68882 math
              chip running at 33 MHZ.  Also, the Macintosh LC does not have
              a 32K CPU Cache, as previously mentioned.


                    :HOW TO GET YOUR OWN GENIE ACCOUNT:

      To sign up for GEnie service: Call: (with modem) 800-638-8369.

               Upon connection type HHH (RETURN after that).
                         Wait for the U#= prompt.

                 Type: XTX99587,CPUREPT then, hit RETURN.

                       **** SIGN UP FEE WAIVED ****

           The system will now prompt you for your information.

               -> NOW!  GENIE STAR SERVICE IS IN EFFECT!! <-


 > ATARI DTP STR Feature?                  "Atari? For DeskTop Publishing?"

                        THE OVERLOOKED ALTERNATIVE

                   To the high cost of Mac and PC DTP:  
         Atari ST or Mega hardware running Calamus or PageStream.

 By Stephen Frye

 With contributions from:
 Nathan Potechin, Fred Murray, and Nevin Shalit.

     "Atari? For desktop publishing?  Give  me  a  break!    Do  yourself a
 favor, and  go out  and get a real computer!"  Someone actually said those
 exact words to me not more than a month ago, and for those of  us who have
 used the ST/Mega platform during the last five years -- for everyday tasks
 like word processing, spreadsheet and database calculations, telecommunic-
 ations, CAD and Desktop publishing (DTP) -- them's fightin' words!

     Many people  are not aware that Atari's ST and Mega computers have the
 horsepower under the hood to handle  top-notch DTP  applications, and that
 these applications do exist.  There are numerous reports of people running
 service bureaus who, after being impressed with the quality of a document,
 are astounded when they find out it was created on an Atari system.  

     The two  top packages,  ISD's Calamus and SoftLogik's PageStream, have
 no problem holding their own in comparisons with the best packages for the
 Mac and  PC.   The cost-effectiveness  of the  Atari platform?  Many Atari
 retailers will be happy  to sell  you a  complete DTP  system --  4MB RAM,
 monitor, hard  drive, either Calamus or PageStream, and 8PPM laser printer
 -- for substantially less than $4,000.00.

     When the October 1990 issue of BYTE Magazine featured a  comparison of
 DTP  packages  for  their  lead  article,  they neglected to include Atari
 packages in their comparison.  Well, if BYTE won't do it, we'll  take care
 of it  for them.   This article is the result, and it outlines how Calamus
 and PageStream handle the tasks covered  in BYTE.   There  is also  a com-
 panion comparison table of Atari, Mac, and PC packages.

     In order to make room for PageStream and Calamus in the tables, I used
 only three of the seven packages from BYTE  -- PageMaker  4.0 (Mac), Quark
 XPress 2.12 (Mac), and Ventura Publisher 3.0 (DOS).  While it's clear that
 PageStream and Calamus do not have every feature in the list, keep in mind
 that the  Mac and  DOS packages  also fall short by about the same degree.
 Also note that major upgrades to  both Calamus  and PageStream  are in the
 pipeline, and should be available sometime within the next six months.

                  Installation and Hardware Requirements

     Both Calamus  and PageStream  require a  minimum of 1MB of RAM to run,
 and are happiest with 4MB.  Calamus requires  a monochrome  monitor, while
 PageStream uses  either monochrome  or color.   Both packages also support
 the Moniterm Viking 19" monitor available for the Atari system.

     Both packages are installed similarly -- copy the program files to the
 hard disk,  and edit the system paths so the program can find fonts, prin-
 ter drivers,  documents, etc.   Neither  program is  copy-protected in any
 way, nor do they require write-enabled master disks.

                            Preliminary Layout

     Like most  of the  other page-layout  packages, Calamus uses the frame
 method for placing items on the page.  PageStream, on  the other  hand, is
 similar  to  PageMaker,  where  both  graphics  and text "objects" such as
 headlines can be placed anywhere on the page.  PageStream also uses frames
 called "columns"  for the body text of a document.  Once a column has been
 placed, it can be manipulated in a similar manner to other objects  on the

     PageStream and  Calamus both  use clipboards to store design elements.
 PageStream has the normal  cut/copy/paste clipboard  for text  and graphic
 elements, plus  a special clipboard for cropping bit-image pictures before
 they are pasted into the document.   Somewhat  more convenient  is the ap-
 proach used  by Calamus,  which has  five different clipboards for frames,
 each of  which is  large enough  to provide  a preview  of the clipboard's

                               Master Pages

     PageStream uses  the same  method as  PageMaker and Quark XPress, with
 one right and one left  master  page  available  per  document.   Calamus'
 approach is more like Ventura Publisher.  Any frame in the document can be
 grouped and treated as a  header/footer  for  the  document,  and  thus be
 repeated  on  every  page  of  the  document.  The contents of headers and
 footers can be changed in the middle of the document, and the changes will
 only affect  those pages  after the change was made.  Separate headers and
 footers can be defined for right- and left-hand pages.  Once these header-
 /footer frames  have been  created, the page can be stored in a disk file,
 allowing a collection of "master pages" to be built.

     Neither PageStream  nor  Calamus  support  on-screen  thumbnail views,
 although these can be printed to paper if desired.

                             Rulers and Guides

     PageStream and  Calamus both  allow use  of rulers and guidelines, and
 multiple measuring systems.  Elements can be snapped to guides,  grids, or
 guides and grids at the same time.

                          Typography Capabilities

     The only  limit on  the number  of fonts  in either  ST program is the
 amount of memory in  the machine.   More  memory allows  more fonts  to be
 loaded and  used.   Point-size increments  are 0.1  point for Calamus, and
 0.01 point for PageStream.

                       Leading, Tracking and Kerning

     PageStream has defaults built  in for  leading and  tracking.   If the
 default  values  don't  work  right,  they  can be changed, either for the
 entire document or selected blocks of text.   Leading can  either be fixed
 or variable,  depending on  the size of the letters in each line.  Kerning
 is handled by editable kerning tables, as well as manual overrides.

     Calamus also  uses the  default with  override method  for leading and
 tracking, and also supports fixed or variable leading.  Kerning in Calamus
 is a  function of  the font  itself, and  the only  kerning control within
 Calamus is  a manual  override.  Full control of kerning requires the com-
 panion Calamus Font Editor, which installs as a desk accessory  and allows
 the user  to modify  the "outline"  around each character, and thus change
 the kerning value.  If the font designer has done their work well, this is
 seldom required.  Leading and tracking values in both Calamus and PageStr-
 eam can be included  as part  of a  style tag  or macro,  allowing as many
 levels of tracking as are deemed necessary

                               Style Sheets

     Ventura Publisher  they're not,  but each package does allow paragraph
 tagging and the creation of the equivalent of  style sheets.   The current
 version of  PageStream does not allow collections of tags to be loaded and
 saved from disk, but this promised for the  next version,  due out  by the
 end of the year.

     Calamus' "style  sheets" are  actually two separate items: page-layout
 information, and tags created as macro  lists that  define any combination
 of typography,  paragraph style, and text strings.  Layout files and macro
 lists can be stored in disk files, and either one retrieved as needed.

                        Hyphenation & Justification

     H&J is one area where the current versions  of Calamus  and PageStream
 do not  measure up  to the other packages.  Neither Calamus nor PageStream
 allow alteration  of the  default H&J  algorithms.   PageStream does offer
 three justification options that allow some fine-tuning in the document.

                               Text Editing

     As with  most DTP packages, Calamus and PageStream can't hold a candle
 to specialized text editors and word processors for power and ease of use.
 They're not  entirely helpless  either.   Both have approximately the same
 level of capability as the  Macintosh  products,  with  cut,  copy, paste,
 search, and  replace of  both text  and style  attributes.  Calamus adds a
 separate text editor similar to Pagemaker's Story Editor.


     Different hardware platforms tend to generate  different file formats,
 and the ST is no exception.  Calamus and PageStream support a wide variety
 of formats for  graphic  importation  that  are  generated  by ST-specific
 graphics software.   "Foreign"  file formats  are generally limited to GEM
 metafiles and  .IMG bitmaps,  although PageStream  also imports PostScript
 and EPS images.

     For internally-generated  graphics, Calamus  has the  basics -- lines,
 boxes, circles, and other  pre-defined  shapes  --  with  border  and fill
 control.    PageStream  truly  goes  above and beyond most other packages,
 providing object-oriented  drawing tools  that may  negate the  need for a
 separate object-graphics  program.   Both packages allow grouping of elem-
 ents on a page.

     As far as text  flow around  graphics, Calamus  does not automatically
 flow around irregular objects, but PageStream does.

                             Bells & Whistles

     Drop  caps  are  done  manually  in both packages.  PageStream handles
 "step and repeat" with a "duplicate"  feature that  defines the  number of
 times an object is duplicated, as well as the x and y offsets.

     Calamus supports rotation of selected text to any angle in tenths of a
 degree.  PageStream allows the rotation  of  ANY  object  (text  column or
 graphic image) to any angle in whole degrees.

                         Long Documents and Books

     With  its  automatic  footnote  and  index generation, Calamus is more
 suited to  handling long  documents than  PageStream.   Calamus allows the
 text in  a document  to be exported with its style and formatting informa-
 tion embedded in the file, allowing relatively easy  updates, and  has the
 ability to  name graphic  frames, allowing  them to remain empty until the
 final graphic image has been supplied, or reserving the space for a photo-

                         Printing and Typesetting

     There's a big difference in Calamus' and PageStream's printing capabi-
 lities: PageStream can output in PostScript, and supports 4-color separat-
 ions.   Calamus does  not, although both PostScript and color capabilities
 are on their way in the next upgrade.

     For everyday 300DPI output,  this is  not an  issue, but  the need for
 high resolution  typesetting means  that Calamus users will need to find a
 service bureau that has an ST with Calamus hooked up directly to an image-
 setter,  bypassing  the  PostScript  RIP.    PageStream users can create a
 PostScript disk file and  either modem  or carry  the file  to the nearest
 PostScript service bureau.

                            Do They Measure Up?

     Whether or  not Calamus  and PageStream  will serve  your needs as DTP
 packages is something that only you can determine.  The point of  all this
 is that  there is  a third  option in  DTP hardware  and software that can
 provide  a  competitive,  cost-effective   alternative  to   Mac  and  DOS
 solutions.   Even if  initial purchase  cost is not an issue, find a local
 Atari dealer or user group and explore Calamus  and PageStream  before you
 make a  final decision.   You'll  probably be  pleasantly surprised at the
 abilities of these packages, and amazed at their cost!

     Aldus Corp.                             ISD Marketing, Inc.
     (PageMaker 4.0)                         (Calamus 1.09N)
     411 First Avenue South                  P.O. Box 3070
     Seattle, WA  98104                      Markham Industrial Park
     (206)622-5500                           Markham, Ontario
                                             Canada L3R 6G4

     Quark, Inc.                             SoftLogik Publishing Corp.
     (Quark XPress 2.12)                     (PageStream 1.82)
     300 South Jackson Street                P.O. Box 290071
     Suite 100                               St. Louis, MO 63219
     Denver, CO  80209                       (314)894-0431

                         Ventura Publishing Co.
                         (Ventura Publisher 3.0)
                         15175 Innovation Dr.
                         San Diego, CA  92128


                         Calamus Page    Page    Quark   Ventura
                         1.09N   Stream  Maker   XPress  Publisher
                         (Atari) 1.82    4.0     2.12    3.0
                                 (Atari) (Mac)   (Mac)   (PC)
 + = yes  - = no  M = manual

 Price                   $299    $199    $795    $795    $795
         Font Editor     $99

 Configuration           1MB     1MB     1MB     2MB     640K
                         RAM     RAM     RAM     RAM     RAM
                         Mono Monitor                    DOS 2.1

 Page layout
 Configurable ruler 
      lines              +       +       +       +       +
 Show cursor position on 
      ruler              +       +       +       +       +
 Report cursor 
      coordinates        +       -       -       +       -
 Guidelines              +       +       +       +       -
 Grid overlay            +       +       -       -       +
 Configurable grid       +       +       -       -       +
 Master pages            -       +       +       +       -
 Multiple master pages   -       -       -       -       -
 Turn master page on/off -       +       +       -       -
 Pasteboard              -       -       +       -       -
 Tool palette            +       +       +       +       +
 Style catalog on screen +       -       +       -       +
 File catalog on screen  -       -       -       -       +

 Max. font size          999.9   1310    650     500     254
 Smallest increment
      (points)           0.1     0.01    0.1     0.25    0.5
 Kerning precision (ems) 0.1pt   0.1     0.01    0.1     0.01
 Edit kerning tables     -       +       -       +       -
 Tracking control 
      (levels)           M       M       5       Unlim.  2
 Edit tracking graphs    -       -       -       +       -
 Leading increment 
 (points)                0.1     0.1     0.1     0.001   0.01
 Subscripts              +       +       +       +       +
 Superscripts            +       +       +       +       +
 Shift baseline          0.1pt   0.1pt   +       0.01pt  0.01pt
 Column balancing        -       -       -       -       +
 Vertical justification  -       -       -       -       +
 Widow/orphan control    M       M       +       +       +

 Text editing
 Search & replace text   +       +       +       +       -
 Search & replace fonts  +       +       +       -       -
 Spelling checker        -       +       +       +       -
 ASCII markup language   -       -       -       -       -
 Automatic text flow     +       +       +       +       +

 50%                     +       +       +       +       +
 200%                    +       +       +       +       +
 400%                    +       -       +       -       -
 800%                    -       -       -       -       -
 User specified          +       +       -       -       -
 Edit facing pages       -       +       +       +       +
 Thumbnails              -       -       -       -       -

 Scale                   +       +       +       +       -
 Tiling                  M       +       +       +       -
 Print crop marks        -       +       +       +       +
 Spot color overlays     +       +       +       +       +
 Print to PS/EPS file    -       PS      +       +       +

 Precise control
 Manually enter 
      coordinates of 
      frames/objects     -       +       -       +       +
 Move objects 
      with cursor keys   -       -       -       +       -
 Numeric entry for 
      tab stops          -       -       +       +       +
 Align objects           -       M       M       -       -

 Document control
 Two-way link to 
      text file          -       -       -       +       +
 Revision tracking       -       -       -       -       -
 Change bars             -       -       -       -       -
 Multiple files open     -       +       -       -       -

 Document specifications
 Maximum pages           9999    254     999     100     Unlimited
 Max. page size          27.5x27.5       18x18   17x22   48x48   18x24
 Double-sided            +       +       +       +       -
 Mix portrait and 
      landscape pages    -       -       -       -       -
 Reorder pages           +       +       -       +       -

 Long documents
 Automatic index 
      generation         +       -       +       -       +
 Automatic TOC 
      generation         -       -       +       -       +
      updated            +       -       -       -       +
 Index of figures        -       -       -       -       +

 Network support
 Simultaneous users      -       -       +       -       +
 Lock files              -       -       +       -       +
 Read only               -       -       +       -       +
 Lock elements           +       +       -       -       -

 Tabling                 -       -       +       -       +
 Equation editing        -       -       -       -       +

 File Formats
 Microsoft Word          -       -       +       +       +
 XyWrite                 -       -       +       -       +
 WordPerfect             +       +       +       +       +
 MacWrite                -       -       +       +       -
 Write Now               -       -       +       +       -
 EPS                     -       +       +       +       +
 TIFF                    -       -       +       +       +
 PICT                    -       -       +       +       +
 Sun Raster              -       -       +       +       +
 HPGL                    -       -       -       -       +
 WMF                     -       -       -       -       +
 PCX                     -       -       -       -       +
 GEM                     +       +       +       -       +
 MacDraw                 -       -       +       +       -
 MacPaint                -       -       +       +       +
 RTF                     -       -       +       -       -
 DCA                     -       -       -       -       +
 DBF                     -       -       -       -       -
 SYLK                    -       -       -       -       -

 Graphics manipulation
 Flow text around 
      graphics           +       +       +       +       +
 Run around irregular 
      shape              -       +       +       +       -
 Text repel              +       +       -       +       +
 Anchor graphics to 
      text               -       -       +       -       +
 Anchor graphics to 
      position on page   +       +       +       +       +
 Suppress display of 
      graphics           +       -       +       -       +
 Automatically scale
      graphic to 
      fit frame          +       +       +       -       +
 Manually scale graphic  +       +       +       +       +
 Cropping                +       +       +       +       +
 Contrast control        -       -       +       +       -
 Halftone screening      +       +       +       +       +
 Custom screening        +       +       +       +       +
 Customized screening
      angle              -       +       +       +       +
 Dithering controls      -       -       -       +       -
 Negative                +       +       +       +       -

 Rectangles              +       +       +       -       +
 Circles                 +       +       +       -       +
 Polygons                +       +       -       -       -
 Constrained lines       +       +       +       +       +
 Other shapes            +       +       -       -       -
 Free-form drawing       -       +       -       -       -

 Special effects
 Rotate text 
      (Degree increments)0.1     1       90      -       90
 Rotate graphics 
      (Degree increments)-       1       -       -       -
 Flip graphics           -       -       -       -       -
 Pour text into shapes   -       -       M       -       -
 Shapes for 
      graphical frames   -       -       +       +       -
 Step and repeat         -       -       +       +       -
 Repeat frame 
      across pages       +       -       -       -       +
 Gravity                 -       -       +       -       -
 Condense/expand text    -       +       +       -       -

 Spot colors             +       +       +       +       +
 Process                 -       +       +       +       -
 Pantone                 -       -       +       +       -

 Charting functions      -       -       -       -       -


 > Stock Market ~ STReport?                      ATARI STOCK AT $2 A SHARE!

                                                     THE TICKERTAPE

 by Michael Arthur

     The price of Atari stock stayed the same  on Monday  and Tuesday.   On
 Wednesday its  price was  down by  1/8 of a point.  No stock was traded on
 Thursday, due to the Thanksgiving holiday.  On  Friday the  price of Atari
 stock went  down 1/8  of a  point, ending  the week  at $2.00 a share.  On
 November 23, the price of Atari  stock was  down 1/4  of a  point from the
 price on November 16.

      Apple Stock was up 1 1/4 points from Friday, November 16, 1990.
            Commodore Stock was up 1 1/8 points from 11/16/90.
                 IBM Stock was down 1 point from 11/16/90.

               Stock Report for Week of 11/19/90 to 11/23/90

 STock|    Monday    |   Tuesday   |  Wednesday  | Thanks  |    Friday    |
 Reprt|Last      Chg.|Last     Chg.|Last     Chg.| Giving  |Last      Chg.|
 Atari|2 1/4     ----|2 1/4    ----|2 1/8   - 1/8|  -----  |  2      - 1/8|
      |              |             |             |         |  22,200 Sls  |
  CBM |8 3/8    - 3/8|  9     + 5/8|  10      + 1|  -----  |9 7/8    - 1/8|
      |              |             | 499,200 Sls |         | 222,400 Sls  |
 Apple|36 3/8  +1 1/4|35 1/2  - 7/8|36 1/8   +5/8|  -----  |36 3/8   + 1/4|
      |1,999,200 Sls |             |             |         | 475,000 Sls  |
  IBM |114 3/4 +1 1/8|113 3/8      |114 1/8  +3/4|  -----  |112 5/8 -1 1/2|
      |              |       -1 3/8|             |         | 465,500 Sls  |

   '#' and 'Sls' refer to the # of stock shares that were bought that day.
                  'CBM' refers to Commodore Corporation.


 > ATARI! STR FOCUS?                  "Keep the faith..... its on the way!"

                            "THE YEAR OF ATARI"

 by Brad Martin

     I must  say that  I am  not happy writing this article.  I have been a
 long time supporter of Atari Computer and video games.  I have owned Atari
 machines since  they released Atari Pong, and when they released their new
 computers, the 400 and the 800, I knew that these  were the  computers for

     Since that  time I,  and a  lot of other Atari enthusiasts, have had a
 love hate relation with the company.  We all love the computers,  but hate
 the companies lack of ingenuity in selling them.  Atari, under the manage-
 ment of Warner Communications, had no idea what to do  with their computer
 company.   They placed  the 400/800  in toy  stores, and sold them as game
 machines with a keyboard attached.  Even through  this giant mismanagement
 a  select  group  of  computer  purchasers saw through all the competitors
 rhetoric, and purchased the most powerful computer on  the market  at that
 time.   Unfortunately the game market died, and Atari could not figure out
 how to overcome the game machine image and  market their  computers effec-
 tively, so they lost hundreds of millions of dollars.

     Along came  Jack Tramiel and bailed out Atari.  Jack had recently left
 Commodore Business Machines, which  he founded,  after losing  an internal
 power struggle  and was looking for something he could use his talents in,
 and something that he could leave his sons.  As soon as he purchased Atari
 and  took  control  from  Warner Engineering he consolidated Atari, firing
 hundreds of workers.  He brought over many  of his  design team  from Com-
 modore and  they instantly  started working on the next generation of com-
 puters.  And thus the Atari ST was born.

     Introduced at the 1985 Consumer Electronic Show, the ST was  a instant
 hit with  the press.   Dubbed the 'Jackintosh', due to the similarities it
 had with the Apple Macintosh, the  press  predicted  big  things  for this
 upstart computer.   And  in the first year of it's life it looked like the
 predictions might come true.

     Well, things did not work out the way everyone planned.   The European
 market took  off, sales  were much higher then in the States, and with the
 dollar exchange rate Atari was making more money over there then they were
 in the  United States.   Then  came the straw that broke the camel's back,
 the DRAM market dried up.  Atari had  to cut  back heavily  on production,
 and most units that were produced were shipped to Europe.  Since there was
 a lack of units for sale in the United States Atari felt  that advertising
 was a useless waste of money.

     Well, since  that time  nothing much  has changed.  Increased sales in
 Europe, and lack of increase of production has, for the  last three years,
 meant lack  of product  here in  the United  States.  That, mixed with the
 steady decline of dealers, who have moved to other platforms,  or gone out
 of business  entirely, and  lack of  advertising has  led to an absence of
 consumer interest in Atari's computers.

     This has led to a lack of support for third-party  supporters.  Almost
 all  ST  related  magazines  have  fallen  by the wayside, and third-party
 software support is at the lowest  it has  every been.   It  has been many
 months since the last major software release, and the bulk of the software
 that has been released has come from Europe.  Major  Atari supporters such
 as  Michtron  and  Antic  have  stopped  supporting  Atari, or gone out of
 business.  Things are bleak in the Atari community.

     The past two years, so claimed  "The Year  of Atari"  by Atari's upper
 management have  not turned  out to  be.   Promises that  all new hardware
 would be released in the United States at the same time as  in Europe have
 turned out  to be not true.  Cries from developers and owners for Atari to
 do something  to promote  this computer  in the  U.S. have  fallen on deaf
 ears.  The Atari community is in chaos.  Long time supporters of Atari are
 at each other's throats.  This is not surprising as  people seemingly have
 no outlet for their frustrations.

     This years  fall Comdex  was to be (again) the turning point.  Atari's
 new high end Computer, the TT/030 (which had been shown one year before at
 the last  fall Comdex),  was to be released to dealers at the same time is
 was being shown.  They were going to introduce their new software bundles,
 that had  proven so  successful in  Europe.   This, and other exciting new
 announcements were to signal  Atari's reemergence  into the  U.S. computer
 marketplace.   Unfortunately I  don't believe  that Atari is going to make
 good on their objectives.

     First off, contrary to MANY  statements  made  by  Atari  officials to
 dealers and  developers the  TT/030 did not ship immediately after Comdex.
 One long time Atari dealer when asked his  feeling after  finding out that
 Atari's promises were false, and that the TT/030 had not yet been approved
 by the FCC, and might not  ship until  next year  expressed disappointment
 but at  the same  time saw  the Portfolio  holding its own through all the
 "wait states."

      Therein lies  the secret.   Atari  has been  actively advertising the
 Portfolio, and  selling them  very well.   You might think that this would
 send a message to their upper management.  You advertise a product  and it
 sells,  you  don't  advertise  a  product,  and nobody wants nor buys that
 product.  But besides an adequate co-op program  Atari has  no advertising
 for the  ST or TT/030, nor is any planned.  When pressed on the subject at
 Comdex an Atari official admitted that  their advertising  for the  ST and
 TT/030 would probably not change from what it is now.  

     Atari's major  effort now  seems to  be a variety of software bundles.
 Atari has used this plan with great success in Europe.  The bundles usual-
 ly include  fifteen or  more of the latest, hottest software at an unbeat-
 able price.  This should be a great plan for Atari U.S.   Software Bundles
 open an  instant window  to the new user and this is exactly what's needed
 to get the Atari platform's juices running once again. 


 > STR Portfolio News & Information?                  Keeping up to date...


 by Walter Daniel 75066,164.

     This column marks the  beginning  of  regular  coverage  of  the Atari
 Portfolio Forum (GO  APORTFOLIO) here in ST-Report.  The forum is a thriv-
 ing community where you can find answers to  your Portfolio  questions and
 the latest  freeware uploads.  Next time you're logged on CompuServe, give
 us a visit!

     The  message  areas  are  Forum  Business,  Communications, Utilities,
 Entertainment, Editors/Word  Processors, Database Functions, Applications,
 Programming, Mac-to- Portfolio, and New Products.  Comments about terminal
 programs will  be in  the Communications area, talk about games will be in
 Entertainment, and so forth. 

     The file libraries have similar topics:  New  Uploads, Communications,
 Utilities,  Entertainment,    Editors/Word Processors, Database Functions,
 Applications, Programming, New  Products,  and  Misc.  Files.    New files
 should be  uploaded to Library 1 (New Uploads); they will remain there for
 about a month, then be distributed to the appropriate library.


     There are a few files of interest to just about all Portfolio users. 

 UPDATE.COM from Atari fixes several  bugs  in  the  operating  system (UP-
 DATE.ARC in library 3).  

 XTERM2    from  Jim  Straus  is  a terminal program that uses the optional
 serial interface for file  transfer  and telecommunications.   See XTERM2-
 .COM and XTERM2.DOC in library 2.   

 SLAVE from  Atari Australia uses the serial interface for file transfer to
 a desktop machine (SLAVE.ARC in library 2).  

 PBASIC from BJ Gleason  is  a  free  Portfolio-specific  BASIC interpreter
 that has floating-point variables, arrays, and more.  The  current version
 is 2.1 (PBAS21.ZIP in library 8),  but version  3 with  an improved manual
 is on the way.  

     You might  wish to  download CATALO.ZIP  in library 1 for a compressed
 text file that lists all the files in all the libraries as of November 12,

     In future columns, I'll cover what's being discussed in the forum mes-
 sages, mention  new uploads to the libraries, and cover a topic in depth.

     Topics I plan on examining include  connectivity with  various desktop
 computers, types  of programs  (utilities, games, etc.), and new products.
 I would appreciate any feedback and suggestions  you have,  so please post
 messages in the forum to me:  

                                             Walter Daniel 75066,164.


 > BUNDLE MANIA! STR FOCUS?                        "...psst, Hey Buddie..."

                              BARGAIN BUNDLES

 by Larry Karowski

       Just before  I began  writing this  article, I took a few moments to
 read Neven Shalit's new column in St Informer.  He said something  in this
 month's column about Atari that is just so vividly true it bears repeating
 here.   But, first,  I would  like to  mention one  very important thing..
 Neven and Ralph both write a great deal of articles that could be taken as
 being Anti Atari.. But both of  them Love  Atari... They  hate to  see the
 company in  its present  state of affairs and maybe, just maybe...  That's
 why they write these  "attention getting"  columns, in  hopes that perhaps
 someone in  Sunnyvale will read these columns and change their ways.  Nice
 thought huh? 

      Rumor City Fantasy: "At this point the only  fantasy worth  having is
 survival.   Hey, I  am not  being negative here.  With the new MacIntoshes
 selling at $779 Atari  has got  to do  something to  get more  dealers, to
 create and  execute an advertising campaign, to attract new developers, to
 differentiate their product by either price or performance, and to manufa-
 cture and  deliver machines  in a consistent and timely manner.  They have
 failed for 2 years at every single one of these  tasks, and  there is only
 so much  failure you  can have  before the  entire company just collapses.
 This is not "gloom and Doom" this is reality. There is no room for fantasy
 when you are bleeding from 5 major places."  

      Well lets  get into the topic at hand, The new Atari bundles.. Talked
 about for 2 years they are finally here.  And what a  disappointment.  The
 idea  started  in  England  where  Ataris were not selling all that well..
 Atari UK entered into  negotiations  with  some  of  the  English Software
 developers.    They came up with some really nice bundles of software that
 they sold with the computer at very attractive prices.  Sales skyrocketed.
 Why not?   You  could purchase  an Atari ST with 10 games cheaper then you
 could buy a Nintendo with 5  games!   Yeppers that's  right!   A real live
 computer with  a disk  drive and  10 games  cheaper then a Nintendo with 5
 games. It sold really well in the UK.  

     The end result of 2 years of hard work with detailed market studies by
 many people  in Sunnyvale and of course, the UK, are the following bundles
 which are planned to be offered to the US Market.

  *     520STFM HOME ENTERTAINMENT PACK: 520STFM, Missile Command, Star
        Raiders, Crack'd, Moon Patrol, NEOChrome, Joust.
        Retail: $579.65

     For entertainment this is a nice package for the new user.  The 520 ST
 and 5  games and very successful coloring program.  The games may be fami-
 liar to us, but they are  indeed "new"  to a  brand spanking  new computer
 user.   The pricing  on this  bundle may be somewhat steep but in the end,
 hopefully the results sought, an enlarged userbase, will prevail.

  *     520STFM COMMUNICATIONS PACK: Computer, SX212 modem, STALKER and
        STENO telecommunications software.  Retail: $529.85

     This is a decent telecommunications package for the Novice user.   One
 comment though,  a 2400  baud modem is more up to date and is recommended.
 Stalker and Steno are very good programs.   A Supra  2400 modem  is around
 $100.00 so,  for a  few dollars  more, a 2400 modem could make this bundle
 very attractive.  Interesting story about the SX212 modem.   When this was
 first announced  many, many years ago most 1200 baud modems were $150-300.
 Atari announced the SX212 at $99.00 at Comdex and had 3 or 4 there, set up
 and working.   However,  it was  not ready for sale, (would you believe it
 was not FCC approved!), by the time Atari started selling it, over  a year
 later, there  were 3 or 4 companies selling 1200 baud modems for $99.  But
 even worse Supra was selling a 2400 baud modem for only $129.  

        Touch-Up, Easy Draw 3.0.  Retail: $1,398.90

     With the Scanner included, this is an excellent  offering.   Not a big
 savings over  retail, but a good deal for the new user at entry level.  In
 the end,  most people  who would  want a  scanner, Easy  Draw and Touch-Up
 would  ultimately  want/need  more  memory  or  a higher end computer.  An
 excellent way to intro the new TT030.

        PAINT ANIMATOR.  Retail: $799.90

     Out of all the companies writing software for  the ST,  to pick  EA to
 have a  program in  the bundle is a surprise.  Wonder what those companies
 who have supported the ST from day one  have to  say.   In reality, Deluxe
 Paint  is  quite  the  program  and should ensure this bundle's being very

  *     DTP PACKAGE #1: Mega 2 computer, SM124 Mono Monitor, Megafile 30
        hard drive, SLM605 Laser Printer, CALAMUS.    Retail: $2,199.00

     Now comes the "Big Gun" in the DTP arena on the Atari platform.  ISD's
 Calamus is the "creme de la creme" when it comes to powerhouse DTP progra-
 ms.  This bundle is a sure fire seller.  All the  products in  this bundle
 are very capable of delivering more than satisfying results.

  *     DTP PACKAGE #2: Mega 2 Computer, SM124 Mono Monitor, Megafile 30
        hard drive, SLM605 Laser Printer, DESKSET II.  Retail: $2,099.00

  This area reserved for comments from the sole reviewer of Desk Set II.

                 As for my opinion, the hardware is great.

    Next week lets talk about the little bundle that could.......


 > THe Flip Side STR Feature?                    "...a different viewpoint"

                    A LITTLE OF THIS, A LITTLE OF THAT

 by Michael Lee

 Hello out there?  Is anyone there?  Is anyone reading this column?  Am I 
 publishing  stuff that you folks are interested in or am I  boring  you?  
 The  only  way that I will know is if you let me know (via  ST  Report).  
 Also, one other thing I feel I need to remind our readers about.  When I 
 put a post in my column that contains hardware fixes or modifications to 
 your system, neither I nor ST Report are advocating these fixes/mods.  I 
 am  just  passing along information that might,  nor might  not,  be  of 
 interest to you.

    From Larry Rymal on The Gadgets by Small RT on Genie:

 If you can,  save up about $230 and get a NEC MultiSync GS 2A multisync. 
 It is a paper white like the Atari monitor,  and when the video plug  is 
 adapted to fit the ST,  will give you a superior image over that of  the 
 Atari monochrome monitor. Your image can be easily sized and the monitor 
 is a great crossover monitor in that it can be used with either an  IBM, 
 ST, or real Macintosh.


 Are  you  a little confused about the new GDOS (FSMGDOS) that  Atari  is 
 coming out with?   Here's a couple of posts that might help to clear  up 
 some of that confusion...
    From John Towns (Atari Corp.) on Genie:

 ...FSMGDOS has a font cache option which makes the fonts get MUCH faster 
 as they are used. I am talking about on the screen.
 ...As for point sizes it works like this:
 ...There  is  a  file  called  EXTEND.SYS  that  contains  all  of   the 
 information about your scalable fonts.  You specify specific point sizes 
 in this file that will be recognized in your GDOS applications.
 ...In  addition to this method there is a new GDOS call that will  allow 
 you to get an arbitrary point size.  If the GDOS application is aware of 
 this call (most of the popular application should be by the time FSMGDOS 
 ships!)  then  you  can select any point size you want  from  1  to  999 
 ...The  method  described above allows for  the  additional  flexibility 
 while maintaining the maximum compatibility with existing applications.

    From Ken Badertscher (Atari Software Engineer) from Genie:

 ...To summarize,  to a user's point of view, what's been discussed here, 
 with a few points of my own:
    - FSM  (Font  Scaling Module) GDOS supports characters of  any  size, 
 rotated at any angle, with any aspect ratio, skewed at any slant.

    - FSM  GDOS is compatible with GDOS Release 1.1.  It works just  fine 
 with  Microsoft  Write,  Word  Flair,  Easy  Draw,  and  other  existing 
 applications which use GDOS.

    - Because  FSM GDOS can scale characters to any size,  outline  fonts 
 don't  require  separate font files for different sizes  of  screen  and 
 printer fonts. Each font style requires an average of roughly 50K of on-
 disk data in 2 files for all devices in all point sizes.

    - Not  only  can you still use your bitmapped fonts  with  FSM  GDOS, 
 those fonts work even better with it.  It uses a font cache so that  you 
 can  install as many fonts as you like in your ASSIGN.SYS,  as  long  as 
 there's  enough room in the cache for the largest font.  FSM  GDOS  will 
 move fonts in and out of the cache as they are needed.

    - There is one important thing that FSM GDOS does NOT do. It does NOT 
 slow  down  your  system!  The way that GDOS does  its  stuff  has  been 
 streamlined. The CodeHead "Zoombox" benchmark shows that FSM is now only 
 slightly slower than G+PLUS,  and considerably faster than GDOS  Release 
 1.1. So not only does FSM GDOS give you more, it gives it to you faster.

    - Speaking of speed,  character generation from outline fonts is also 
 fast. It can pretty much keep up with my typing on an ST, and I clock in 
 at around 80 wpm. On a TT, FSM GDOS can generate characters considerably 
 faster than I can type. I can't say the same for ATM under Spectre...

    - FSM  GDOS  will  come with a couple  of  utilities:  an  accessory/ 
 program/CPX  which allows you to specify various  operating  parameters, 
 and  an application program that will take full advantage of FSM's  font 
 power,  letting  you create and print simple single page  posters/flyers 
 with rotated, arbitrarily sized text and imported graphics.

 ...Availability?  Best answer I can give is RSN.  What with the vagaries 
 of  distribution  and productization (geez,  I  love  marketing-ese),  I 
 haven't  a  clue how long before it will get into  users'  hands.  As  I 
 mentioned,  we're just now getting feedback from developers on technical 
 issues.  They may come up with something we left out, which will require 
 revising and testing.
 ...I must say that FSM GDOS is solid and bug-free as far as I can  tell. 
 The last major bug I can remember was squashed a couple of weeks ago.  I 
 use  it  daily--I'm  working on that single-page  creator  FSM  show-off 
 program I mentioned above.

    From Jim Tittsler (Atari) on Genie: 

 The TT030 does not include a BLiTTER or other graphics coprocessor. Much 
 of  the  VDI  was rewritten to exploit the  68030  instruction  set  and 
 cache... so it is faster even without one.

    Mike Valent on Genie:

 ...Sheaffer's Scrip jet black works fine with the new-ink cartridges. It 
 *may*  (the  new ink) mix better with the Scrip refill ink - I'm  on  my 
 third or fourth refill of my first new-ink cartridge and am getting  the 
 exact same print quality that I got when the cartridge was new.
 ...Anyway,  refilling  the  new  cartridges works at least  as  well  as 
 refilling the old ones, and may turn out to work better.
    From Dave Heine on Genie:

 ...I  just  recently  started  refilling the  new  ink  cartridge  (non-
 smearable type) with my usual Sheaffer Skrip ink and have found that  it 
 works  great.  The ink is no longer non-smearable,  but at least  I  can 
 continue to extend the life of the cartridge.

 Until next week....



                         CUSTOMER IS ALWAYS RIGHT?

 by R. F. Mariano

     Ever since  I was  able to  plunk down  10 cents for a soda pop at the
 corner candy store, I have been aware of one basic fact of  doing business
 and that  is; "The  Customer is  ALWAYS right".  That principle has served
 many business concerns, both large and small, extremely well.   Ask any PR
 executive at any successful corporation or, the proprietors of a small mom
 and pop grocery or deli how they feel about that basic premise.   You will
 most certainly hear them exclaim; 

        The customer, no matter how aggravating or satisfying, is:

          (a) the life blood of ANY business...
          (b) they pay the bills...
          (c) they give direction to R&D...
          (d) they must be satisfied...
          (e) without them... there is NO business!

                 Therefore, THE CUSTOMER IS ALWAYS RIGHT!

     Of  course,  there  are  those  who  will  immediately say, "If you do
 everything the customer wants... you can  give  the  business  away."   An
 attitude such  as this  can cause real problems for any company because it
 immediately leans towards the premise that the customer is the  enemy, not
 to be  trusted, not  to catered  to and most of all, to be given only what
 the company "thinks" or "perceives" exactly what is due the customer.
     In all honesty, it is difficult  to not  say, "Atari,  more often than
 not, acts  like the  customer is the ENEMY!"  After all, stop for a moment
 and examine some of the more memorable events of the past two  years.  But
 first,  let's  look  at  another  premise that seems to go continually un-
 noticed, "We all learn from our mistakes."   One  would think,  after over
 three years  of hit  and miss  decisions, they  would learn a little about
 solid marketing and good customer relations. 
     One can go on and on  concerning  certain  decisions  coming  from the
 "hallowed halls"  of Atari  that have  had a negative influence time after
 time.  What do they  do  when  the  userbase  criticizes  these decisions?
 They do hear the commotions but it is very doubtful that they listen.  
     Its a  good bet that Atari is really beginning to pay closer attention
 to the plight of the users, developers and dealers. This may not have been
 the real  "year of Atari" but that does not by any stretch of the imagina-
 tion mean that the show is over... it really has yet to begin, all we have
 been seeing  so far  are the coming attractions.  Hang in there folks, its
 going to get better....


 > EXPOSE' STR InfoFile?            "View graphic files from a GEM window!"

 Demonstration Version

                           EXPOSE' (VERSION 1.0)

                        Produced by Maxwell C.P.U.
                          Developer Randy Angove
                              Copyright 1990
                      Suggested Retail Price- $39.95

     Thank you  for reviewing  our new  product Expos .   Expos   is a desk
 accessory designed  with desktop  publishers in  mind.  View graphic files
 from a GEM window, create, save and load  a notepad  which will  send text
 directly to  your main  application - right from Expos  and without having
 to exit your application. And there is more!

     The desk  accessory Expos    offers  the ST  user the  ability to load
 graphic files,  view them from a GEM window and save a clip area as an IMG
 file.  With the notepad function the user  can save  ascii text,  save and
 reload as  needed and  send the text from the Expos  notepad directly into
 a main program without having to  load or  import the  text.   Expos  also
 comes with an editable date/time and also a GEM based function for quickly
 viewing diskette/partition free memory.  Free RAM is also always  shown on
 the Expos  main window.

     Expos  also  offers a diskette formatting function and a  screen snap-
 shot function which saves in IMG  or  DEGAS  formats.  The  extended ASCII
 character set  is available  and one can  create a string of these charac-
 ters and send them into the  notepad or directly  into the  main applicat-
 ion.   To quickly  access any of the Expos   features one need only select
 Expos  with a control-shift-alternate combination depressed.

    ==============  EXPOSE'  QUICK  REFERENCE  MANUAL  ===============

 Note:  Key functions have been disabled in  the demo  in order  to protect
        our product. 

     Expos  requires  an ST  system operating under medium or high ST reso-
 lution.  Program memory requirements are 150 kbytes (due to  window memory
 demands);   systems with  1 or  more megabytes should maintain enough free
 RAM for major applications.

           Use EXPOSEM.ACC  for monochrome monitors - high rez.
             Use EXPOSEC.ACC  for color monitors - medium rez.

 Resource files (*.RSC) have been compiled into the desk accessory program.



     I.   Disk/partition  free memory space.  Click on any of  the 
     active partitions and the free memory available will show  up 

     II.   Digital time/date. Edit the time or date by clicking on 
     the  black box which says 'set time/date'.  Time  travel  not 
     included in demo version.

     III.  The  Expos   Title.  Click on  the title and  the  file 
     selector box will be brought up.

     IV.   View/Load  Functions.  First   load  a  graphics  file. 
     Loading  the file will bring up a GEM window for viewing  the 
     file.  Repeated viewing of the same file is done by  clicking 
     on the View function.

     V.    Pad Function. Bring up the notepad feature of Expos .

     VI.   Format Function. Format a diskette with this function.

     VII.  Snap Function.  Take a snapshot of the screen and  save 
     in either DEGAS or IMG format.
     VIII. Exit Function. E.T. phone home!


 Access directly by depressing the Control key before selecting Expos .

     I.    Creating text.  Type in the 6 line page moving from one 
     line to the next by using the up/down arrow keys.  There  are 
     up a 99 lines to a notepad file.

     II.   Save Function. Save  the complete notepad as a file. It 
     defaults to *.EXP. Notepad files can alternatively be created 
     in a text editor.

     III.  Load Function. Reload notepad files.

     IV.   Send Page.  Send the  present 6 lines of text from  the 
     notepad  directly  into  your  main  application,  e.g.  word 
     processor  or desktop publisher.  Alternatively one can  send 
     one  line  at  a  time by clicking  on  the  numbered  button 
     adjacent  to the line of text.  The text is loaded  into  the 
     document beginning at where the cursor presently resides.

     V.    Clear Function. Clear the notepad to start a new list.

     VI.   Extended Ascii Function.  Access the dialogue box  with 
     the extended ascii character set.

     VII.  Adding a Return.  One can switch off the addition of  a 
     RETURN  command between lines of notepad  text.  This  causes 
     lines  of text to run together allowing the main  application 
     to word wrap properly.

     VIII. Exit  Function.  Sends you back to the main box if  you 
     entered  from  that  direction.   Otherwise  it  returns  you 
     directly back to the main application ...  you had entered by 
     depressing the Control key.


 Access the Extended ascii box by depressing the Alternate key 
 before selecting Expos .

     I.    Extended  Ascii  Character Set.  Click on  any  of  the 
     characters and this will load them into the character  string 

     II.   The  character string.  One can type normal  characters 
     into the string as well as click on the extended ascii set.

     III.  Send  Function.  This function will send the string  of 
     characters directly into your main application.

     IV.   Send  to Pad.  Alternatively,  one can send the  string 
     into the notepad for safe keeping.

     V.    Ascii  Code Function.  Click on the underline  area  to 
     send  the  cursor to it.  Type a ascii code number  and  then 
     click   on   the  function's  text.   The   ascii   character 
     corresponding  to  the  code  number  will  be  sent  to  the 
     character string.


     When the user selects the LOAD function from the main  Expos  dialogue
 box, he/she  will be presented a choice of file formats that can be loaded
 (presently disabled in the  demo except  for DEGAS  format).   Select one.
 Load the  file from  the file  selector.  A gem window will pop up and the
 graphics will be shown.

     Now one can clip an area of the image and save it  as either  a IMG or
 DEGAS file.  The Function keys are used for this purpose and more.

     F1-  Load a new image.
     F3-  Clip a picture.  You can press the right mouse button at
     any time to abort the clipping.   Click  on  the   upper-left  
     portion  of the area of interest and then move the  mouse  to 
     the  lower right.  When ready click once more.  IMG or  DEGAS 
     formats will be offered as a choice.

     F5-   Save first 32k of picture as IMG file.


 To quickly  access parts  of the desk accessory Expos , depress one of the
 following combinations before clicking  on  Expos   on  the  Desk dropdown

          Shift Key           View a loaded graphic file.
          Control Key         Enter the Notepad.
          Alternate           Enter the Extended Ascii Set.
          Control-Alt         Format a disk.
          Shift-Alt           Open the File Selector.
          Control-Alt         Take a screen Snapshot.

     Expos  will  be available  in December  1990.  Presently the manual is
 going to press.  You will be able to purchase Expos  from  your local dea-
 ler,  through the E.A. Brown Catalogue or directly from Maxwell C.P.U.

     If   you have  any comments  regarding this product please direct them
 to T.REYES on Genie or present a message  to the  message area  of MAXWELL
 CPU vendorship in the Atari Vendorship Forum on CIS.

                              Maxwell C.P.U.
                          2124 W. Centennial Dr.
                           Louisville, CO. 80027
                              (303) 666-7754


                                 Tim Reyes

                                 dba Maxwell Computer 
                                     Products Unlimited



 > STR Mail Call?                        Letters concerning STR articles...

 In response to last week's issue;

 Letter 1

 Ralph -

      You solicited responses to the two post-Comdex articles you
 published.  Here you go:

                                 - - -

      I think it's necessary to inject a "user's viewpoint" into the 
 topic generated by two articles in the 11/23/90 ST Report.  I am not a 
 commercial developer, and don't have the financial interests and needs 
 that a developer has.  I think that makes a difference.  

      I can understand the plight of the ST developer.  Anybody whose 
 business depends to some extent on the success of another business is 
 in constant jeopardy.  The developer gambles that the "lead" company is 
 growth oriented and will be successful, thus pulling the developer's 
 business along with it.

      The problem with this method, in our case, is that Atari shows no 
 indication that it wants to play this game.  It apparently is not at 
 all interested in growth, and gives every appearance of trying to 
 limit, or even reduce, its unit output.  This breaks the rules.  And 
 this is what is so devastating to ST developers.

      But, how does this affect the rest of us?  Long term, of course, 
 we end up losing developers to other platforms.  A nicely assembled 
 list of alumni was printed in one of the previous articles.  Many of 
 those who have not yet left are already producing products for other 
 machines, alongside their ST products.

      On the other hand, we can expect new people to fill some of those 
 gaps.  The gap left by Tom Hudson (Degas, CAD-3D) will soon be filled 
 by Lexicor Software.  Lexicor will expand the graphics capabilities of 
 the ST line well beyond Tom's efforts.  Alan Page and Joe Chiazzese have
 left Flash! behind, but we have Strata Software's STalker and STeno 
 expanding that envelope.  Matt Singer has walked away from his Forem 
 BBS for the ST, but T2 Ltd. has given the BBS world a steroid injection 
 with the new BBS Express.  This is a progression that will continue for 
 some time, even if Atari goes completely away.

      As users, we have to keep our situation in perspective.  Long 
 term, we have to expect that the ST is never going to be the Holy 
 Grail.  We will always have friends wondering why we own this machine, 
 instead of a PC or a Mac (none of our friends own filthy Amigas, of 

      But does the machine do what we need it to do?  Can it handle our 
 text processing/DTP/spreadsheet needs?  Can it entertain us, flashing 
 and bleeping and blooping all day?  Of course it can.  Only a very very 
 few people need 10 MIPS performance, or 256,000 colors onscreen, or 
 1.44 meg of storage on a floppy, or even 8 megs of RAM.  The rest of us 
 can survive very nicely on a mundane 1040ST.

      The point of all this?  We can and should sympathize with the 
 plight of the ST developer, but our ST machines will remain useful and 
 usable for many years to come, regardless of who remains in our group 
 of leading developers.  And regardless of what dopey business decisions 
 are made in Sunnyvale.

                                        Jim Ness


 Letter 2


     _After_ I spent hours driving the 1900 miles back to my home, thinking
 about what Atari's dismal (to those of us who have a clue what's going on)
 appearance at  Comdex meant.  _After_ I had hit bottom in my attitude tow-
 ards Atari Corp. No, I am well aware what a disaster Comdex  was, from the
 viewpoint of  a US  Atari owner.  I can't depend of them for anything, and
 nothing I do seems to affect that.  But I can depend on some of the devel-
 opers, and I can do something to affect that.  

     The developers  will leave  when they  can't make money.  Granted that
 Atari's selling a few  million machines  would significantly  help the de-
 velopers make  money, but  I can't effect that, so I have to do what I can
 to help them make money.  That means getting out my checkbook,  and buying
 something I  can use,  or paying  a shareware  fee for something I do use.
 Call it grassroots support, if you will.  If 4000 ST owners (less than 10%
 of the US market) spent $30 on a piece of Codehead software, that $120,000
 would affect whether or not they would continue to develop  for the  ST. I
 don't  expect  everybody  to  throw  a couple hundred More? dollars out on
 software or hardware, but some of  us  who  have  been  putting  off those
 purchases,  waiting  for  who-knows-what,  certainly  could.  Screw Atari,
 let's support the developers!



 Letter 3

 From:   DOUBLE-CLICK                    Michael B. Vederman
 To:     ST-REPORT    -> ST.REPORT       R.F. Mariano

 Sub: Your inaccuracies

 Dear Ralph -

 We at Double Click Software deeply protest your  statement of  fact in the
 last issue  of ST  Report that Double Click Software was moving on to ano-
 ther computer.  This is completely inaccurate and has no basis of fact.

 The fact is that we have never publically stated that  we are  leaving the
 Atari market or are expanding in any way.

 Your issuance of information as a statement of fact, without consulting us
 is extremely disconcerting. Your statement has already had an influence on
 our users  and business. Users are calling and writing e-mail wondering if
 they are going to be left our in the cold when we 'move on'.

 The fact is this:

 We have absolutely no plans to abandon the Atari market.

 We are diligently working on updates to our existing software,  as well as
 developing new software for both the ST and TT.

 We  have  _absolutely_  no  programs  in development on any other computer
 system.  Our primary focus and attention is  completely on  the Atari mar-

 Now, it  is not  unreasonable to say that all of the Double Click Software
 programmers have experience in other machines  and operating  systems, and
 that some  even currently program in those environments in their full-time

 However, to blatantly state that we are moving  out of  the Atari computer
 arena is  a complete,  unadulterated non-fact.   You  would have been well
 served to consult us before publishing such unsupported claims.

 We therefore request that you place a complete and undisputable retraction
 of your comments in the next issue of ST Report.  We also request that you
 include this letter so our exact thoughts may be accurately represented.

                                             Double Click Software

     STReport does apologize to the folks  at Double  Click Software, there
 indeed was  an honest  mistake in last week's issue that may have led some
 readers to think that Double Click was leaving the Atari US market.   That
 is NOT  the case,  Micheal Vederman  of Double  Click has  assured us that
 their support for the ST market will remain in place.


 Letter 4

 RE:The Comdex Mystery?!
 From: DPJ 

     I've read all of the reports that came  out of  Comdex while  the show
 was going  on.  I've read the Comdex reports in ST Report and Z-Net Online
 magazines.  I've  seen  various  messages  here  and  on  GEnie.    I just
 finished reading this week's installment of ST Report.

     My reasoning  behind the  message header I used is "what is going on?"
 What the bejeezus is Atari doing - anything?  Is the information I've been
 reading for  real?   The "Doll  House" analogy in ST Report was beautiful,
 albeit disheartening.  I  can actually  visualize these  things happening!
 al!   The plight  of the  dealers is  real!  The plight of the userbase is
 real!  Is Atari real anymore?  Was Comdex a failure this year?

     I'd like to hear some firsthand  accounts from  any of  the developers
 here that attended Comdex.  What is your reaction?  I've always considered
 myself an optimist, but I'm having more than a few  doubts at  the moment.
 I have no intention of abandoning my STs - I really enjoy them TOO much to
 do that.  I have no interest in other platforms - Atari is what I want.




 - Livermore, CA                               GoGo->ST GOES SHAREWARE!!

     GoGo->ST is a file executor and work session log utility that replaces
 the ST desktop for 90%  of the average users time.  GoGo->ST  was designed
 from the ground up to be user friendly,  and it has become an inexpendible
 part of the ST for those who use it.

     Macrosoft Shareware is owned by Mark Cawthon. Mark also wrote GoGo>ST,
 and has continued to develop the product over the past two years. Origina-
 lly sold commercially by MaxWell CPU, MaxWell has  relinquished all rights
 to GoGo  for reasons  unrelated to the product and Macrosoft Shareware was
 created to continue distribution of the product now as shareware.

     Currently the suggested contribution  is  just  $5.00,  and  about 300
 downloads have  taken place  on GEnie  alone in  the past  month since the
 first release  was made  to the  public.   At present,  11/24/90, the most
 recent version of GoGo->ST is V.21. 

 - Sunnyvale, CA                     THOSE PESKY TOS ERRORS REVEALED


 The GEM  function which  displays "TOS Error #..." does not display in the
 alert box the actual error value returned by GEMDOS or  BIOS. Those return
 values are  negative numbers  (e.g. GEMDOS  error -66  is "Invalid program
 load format").   Negative  GEMDOS error  returns are  translated to MS-DOS
 error numbers  for the form_error() alert box you see.  BIOS errors result
 in a "Critical Error" alert, which gives you  a chance  to retry  the disk
 access that caused the error.

                            GEMDOS  MS-DOS
  Error description         error   error    Alert text (TOS 1.4 and later)
  ------------------------- ------  ------   ------------------------------
  Invalid function #         -32      1      TOS Error #1.

  File not found             -33      2      This application cannot
  Path not found             -34      3      find the folder or file
  No more files              -49     18      you just tried to access.

  Too many open files        -35      4      This application does not
                                             have room to open another
                                             document.  To make room,
                                             close any document that
                                             you do not need.

  Access denied              -36      5      An item with this name
                                             already exists in the
                                             directory, or this item
                                             is set to Read Only status.

  Invalid handle             -37      6      TOS Error #6.

  Insufficient memory        -39      8      There is not enough memory
  Invalid memory block addr. -40      9      in your computer for the
                                             application you just tried
                                             to run.

  Invalid drive              -46     15      The drive you specified
                                             does not exist.

  Not same drive (on rename) -48     17      TOS Error #17.

  Seek out of range          -64     n/a     TOS Error #33.
  Internal error             -65     n/a     TOS Error #34.
  Invalid prg load format    -66     n/a     (the infamous) TOS Error #35.
  Setblock failed            -67     n/a     TOS Error #36.

 Note that  some MS-DOS  error codes  do not have equivalent GEMDOS errors,
 and some GEMDOS error codes do not exist in MS-DOS.

 TOS Error #35, probably the most  common  error  alert  that  is  not self
 explanatory, happens when a program you are trying to run has somehow been
 corrupted.  What it means is that TOS can not  find some  magic numbers it
 expects to find either at the beginning or at the end of the program file.

 This error is usually attributable to  operator  error  (as  in  trying to
 execute an archive or text file as a program), or to bit rot.

 Here are  the BIOS "Critical" errors, and the alert text you see when they

  Error description          TOS error   Alert text (TOS 1.4 and later)
  -------------------------- ---------   ------------------------------
  Basic, fundamental error       -1      Your output device is not
  No paper                       -9      receiving data.
  Unknown device                 -15

  Drive not ready                -2      Drive X: is not responding
  Unknown command                -3      Please check the disk drive,
  Bad request (invalid length)   -5      or insert a disk.
  Seek error                     -6

  CRC error                      -4      Data on the disk in drive
  Unknown medium                 -7      X: may be damaged.
  Sector not found               -8
  Write fault                    -10
  Read fault                     -11
  General failure                -12
  Bad sectors on format          -16

  Write protect                  -13     The disk in drive X: is
                                         physically write-protected.

  Media change                   -14     The application cannot read
                                         data on the disk in drive X:.

  Insert other disk              -17     Please insert disk X
                                         into drive A:.

  "To err is human, but to really screw things up, you need a computer."
  - anon.

 - Larkspur, CA                             WORDFLAIR II SPECIAL OFFER!!

     Goldleaf Publishing, Inc. cordially  invites  users  of  the following
 word processing  programs to  switch to Wordflair II to attain a new level
 of document processing power:

                  1st Word Plus (GST) -  Microsoft Write
              Word-Up (Neocept) -  Word Writer St (TimeWorks)

 Now through February 15,  1991 only,  users of  any of  these programs may
 order Wordflair II direct from Goldleaf Publishing, Inc. for half price.

 In order to qualify for this special offer, users must send their original
 disk(s) and a check or money  order  in  the  amount  of  $75  to Goldleaf
 Publishing, Inc. at 700 Larkspur Landing Circle, Larkspur, CA 94939.

               For more details, contact us at 415/461-4552.

           Wordflair II will ship on or before January 2, 1991.

 - Sunnyvale, CA                             ATARI HAS STRONG INVENTORY!

     According to our sources, Atari added the following to their Christmas
 (shippable) inventory:

       Stacy (4mb) ~ Mega 2 Computers ~ SC1435 Color Stereo Monitors
                 1040STe Computers ~ SM124 Mono Monitors 

     These have been LARGE quantity additions to the existing goods  in the
 Atari warehouse,  also, according  to our  source, sales have been "brisk"
 and are expected to become even more so as we get closer to the holidays.
 This all adds up to a positive first quarter for Atari.  


 > Hard Disks STR InfoFile                      Affordable Mass Storage....

                      NEW LOW PRICES! & MORE MODELS!!
                             HOLIDAY SPECIALS!
                       ** EFFECTIVE  -> 11/19/90 **

                      ABCO COMPUTER ELECTRONICS INC.
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                     BBS: 904-786-4176   12-24-96 HST
                    FAX: 904-783-3319  12 PM - 6 AM EDT
   All systems are complete and ready to use, included at NO EXTRA COST
                 are clock/calendar and cooling blower(s).
                 (you are NOT limited to two drives ONLY!)
                   (all cables and connectors installed)

                           Conventional Shoe Box
            Model        Description      Autopark       Price
            SGN4951      51Mb 28ms   3.5"    Y          519.00
            SGN6177      62Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          619.00
            SGN1096      85Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          649.00
            SGN6277     120Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y          889.00
            SGN1296     168Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y         1069.00
            SGN4077     230Mb 24ms   3.5"    Y         1669.00


         20mb #AI020SC   379.95              30mb #AIO3OSC   419.95
         50mb #AI050SC   449.95              65mb #AI065SC   499.95
                           85mb #AI085SC  $559.95
                        MEGA ST Internal Hard Drives

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                         FROM 30mb 28MS @ $419.00!
                      Ask about our "REBATE SPECIALS"




       * SYQUEST 44MB (#555)>> ABCO "44" << REMOVABLE MEDIA DRIVE *

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         - Syquest 44 Model [555] and the following hard drives -
          50mb SQG51   $1039.00           30mb SQG38    $1019.00
          65mb SQG09   $1109.00           85mb SQG96    $1119.00
           Listed above are a sampling of the systems available.
      Prices also reflect various cabinet/power supply configurations
    (over sixty configurations are available, flexibility is unlimited)
            *** ALL Units: Average Access Time: 24ms - 34ms ***

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       - Custom Walnut WOODEN Cabinets - TOWER - AT - XT Cabinets -
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                          Replacement Drums; CALL
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 > A "Quotable Quote"?



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     Available through more than 10,000 Private BBS systems WorldWide!

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