ST Report: 06-Apr-90 #414

From: Phillip M. Chow (aa400@cleveland.Freenet.Edu)
Date: 04/14/90-02:05:36 PM Z

From: aa400@cleveland.Freenet.Edu (Phillip M. Chow)
Subject: ST Report: 06-Apr-90  #414
Date: Sat Apr 14 14:05:36 1990

                *---== CPU NEWSWIRE ONLINE MAGAZINE ==---*
                  "The Original 16/32bit Online Magazine"
                            STR Publishing Inc.

  April 06, 1990                                                  No.4.14
                       CPU NewsWire Online Magazine?
                             STReport ~ Online
                          Post Office Box   6672
                          Jacksonville,  Florida
                               32205 ~ 6672
                               R.F. Mariano
                            Publisher - Editor
                   Voice: 904-783-3319  10 AM - 4 PM EDT
                  BBS:  904-786-4176   12-24-96 HST/14.4
                    FAX: 904-783-3319 12 AM - 6 AM EDT
                  **  F-NET NODE 350 ** 500mb Online  **
                    STR'S owned & operated support BBS 
                  carries ALL issues of CPU/STR Newswire
               An International list of private BBS systems
             carrying CPU NewsWire for their users  enjoyment
 > 04/06/90: CPU Newswire? #414  The Original 16/32 bit Online Magazine! 
     - The Editor's Podium    - CPU REPORT        - CPU STATUS REPORT
     - Online Today           - TAF Report        - Tracker/ST
     - PCD2  NOW WHAT?!       - Modula 3          - CPU CONFIDENTIAL

            ---===***  EXPLORER DARED ATARI TO ACT!!  ***===---
          ---===** HOTWIRE - MULTIDESK 2.0 DEBUT AT WOA! **===---
             ---====*** WOA - ANAHEIM THIS WEEKEND! ***====---

                               CPU  NEWSWIRE?
                  "Only UP-TO-DATE News and Information"
                              -* FEATURING *-
        Current Events, Up to Date News, Hot Tips, and Information
             Hardware - Software - Corporate - R & D - Imports
 CPU/STR's support  BBS, NODE  # 350  invites systems using Forem ST BBS to
 participate in  Forem BBS's  F-Net mail  network.   Or, Please  call # 350
 direct at 904-786-4176, and enjoy the excitement of exchanging ideas about
 the Atari ST computers through an excellent International ST Mail Network.
 > The Editor's Podium?

     The World of Atari Show is a go for this weekend in Anaheim
 California.  The show's roster reads like a who's who of the Atari
 community, alas, there are those of us who must keep the wheels turning
 and the info flowing. <sigh>  

     I would've liked to have attended this particular show, if for nothing
 else than, to be an observer of the ever present politics in the atari
 arena.  The weekend promises to be a very interesting one in terms of
 "power plays" and "hipshots".  Oh, how I would love to publicize the
 whole story about the outrageously vicious games being played behind the
 scenes by a few "self appointed guardian angels" who think they have
 influence and are trying every devious means imaginable to destroy the
 reputation and success of one very well liked individual.  I put this
 information here for all to see as a warning to the few erstwhile,
 egotistical maniacs who would think they wield enough "behind the scenes
 influence" to cause the dismissal, or worse, of this very popular
 individual.  This an open warning to the co-conspirators that if
 <anything> derogatory happens to this person as a result of their
 efforts..  The entire course of events; FROM COMDEX/FALL '90 up to and
 including this weekend will be completely EXPOSED.  The time has come for
 the users to know about and really have a say so concerning the people in
 the Atari community they must deal with, directly or indirectly, on an
 almost daily basis.
     Petty power plays by short sighted people have no place in the multi
 million dollar industry Atari is involved in and as such, Atari absolutely
 must divorce itself from these devious, demented, self centered people on
 the outside who seem to delight in trying to perversely influence the
 corporate activities of Atari.  Sure, the execs at Atari still have the
 choice to either ignore this nonsense or as is the case in most instances
 attempt to quell the uproar by eliminating the cause.  In this case, that
 type of action would be exactly what the perpetrators wish to have occur. 
 Hopefully, Atari will see through this facade of "helpfulness" and judge
 it for what it really is .. meddlesome trouble, a TROJAN HORSE.
     The show this weekend should be a good time for all in attendance.
 STReport, in keeping with its tradition of good service, will carry
 reviews, news and coverage of the show on a full incoming basis.

                                    Thanks for your support,



                    :HOW TO GET YOUR OWN GENIE ACCOUNT:

      To sign up for GEnie service: Call: (with modem) 800-638-8369.

               Upon connection type HHH (RETURN after that).
                         Wait for the U#= prompt.

                 Type: XTX99587,CPUREPT then, hit RETURN.

                       **** SIGN UP FEE WAIVED ****

           The system will now prompt you for your information.


 The Roundtable is an area of GEnie specifically  set aside  for owners and
 users of Atari ST computers, although all are welcome to participate.

 There are  three main  sections to the Roundtable: the Bulletin Board, the
 Software Library and the Real Time Conference area.

 The Bulletin Board contains messages from Roundtable members  on a variety
 of Topics,  organized under  several Categories.   These  messages are all
 Open and available for all to read (GEnie Mail should be used for private

 If you have a question, comment, hot rumor or an answer to  someone else's
 question, the Bulletin Board is the place to share it.

 The Software  Library is  where we  keep the  Public Domain software files
 that are available to all Roundtable members.   You can  'download' any of
 these files  to your own computer system by using a Terminal Program which
 uses the 'XMODEM' file-transfer method.  You can also share  your favorite
 Public Domain  programs and  files   with   other  Roundtable  members  by
 'uploading' them to the Software Library. Uploading on  GEnie is  FREE, so
 you are encouraged to participate and help your Roundtable grow.

 The Real  Time Conference  is an area where two or more Roundtable members
 may get together and 'talk' in    'real-time'.    You  can  participate in
 organized  conferences  with  special  guests,  drop in on our weekly Open
 COnference, or simply join  in  on  an  impromptu  chat  session.   Unlike
 posting messages  or Mail  for other  members to  read at some later time,
 everyone in the Conference area can see what you type immediately, and can
 respond to you right away, in an 'electronic conversation'.



   Issue # 61

 by Michael Arthur

 Remember When....

       Microsoft told Micrografx Inc., a major Windows software company,
 that it would be virtually impossible to design a Porting Tool to convert
 MS-Windows programs to OS/2 Presentation Manager?

       And remember when, after Micrografx had introduced such a tool
 (called Mirrors) and had shown some of its source code to Microsoft for
 evaluation, how Microsoft and Micrografx got into a controversy because
 some of Mirrors' source code reportedly appeared in a Beta-version of a
 Windows/PM Porting Tool that Microsoft was developing?


     Motorola/Hitachi Suit:  Stay on 68030 Injunction, and Quick Appeals

       Recently, the U.S. District Court in Austin, Texas, ruled that the
 hardware memory management unit in Motorola's 68030 microprocessor
 infringed on US Patent #4,646,271 (owned by Hitachi), and that Hitachi's
 H8/532 microcontroller infringed on several of Motorola's US patents.  In
 this decision, Motorola and Hitachi were ordered to stop marketing and
 selling their respective chips in the US until the conflicting patents
 expired.  Motorola also had to pay Hitachi a $500,000 fine, while Hitachi
 was ordered to pay Motorola $1.9 million for patent infringement.  Given
 that Hitachi's '271' patent doesn't expire until the year 2004, this could
 have caused many problems for Motorola, which reportedly makes up to
 $100 million dollars in revenue from 68030 sales.

       However, the Court has recently decided to lift the ban on sales of
 the 68030 microprocessor, pending an appeal of the decision.  However,
 Hitachi is continuing another lawsuit, charging that part of Motorola's
 88000 line of RISC processors infringes on the '271' patent.  Curiously,
 Motorola and Hitachi had previously maintained a 11 year business
 relationship.  It seems that the results of a 1986 Cross-licensing Pact
 between the two companies caused much internal controversy....

 > CPU MacNews?                              Apple shines again....

         Apple Victorious:  Judge Dismisses Much of Xerox/Apple Suit

       A U.S. District Court in San Francisco has recently dismissed five
 of the six charges that Xerox brought up against Apple in early December,
 concerning the validity of Apple's copyrights on the Lisa/Macintosh
 GUI (Graphical User Interface).  Xerox had charged that Apple illegally
 incorporated features of Xerox's Star GUI into the Mac and Lisa's user
 interfaces, and sought over $150 million dollars in damages.

       In the lawsuit, Xerox tried to prove that Apple both copied several
 ideas from the STar GUI (including the concept of Icons), and gained
 unauthorized access to Xerox's secrets when it hired several Xerox
 employees (such as Alan Kay).  However, Apple contended that it had
 not engaged in these practices, and successfully that only the way ideas
 are implemented were copyrightable.  Interestingly enough, another factor
 was the fact that Xerox had waited several years until filing their
 charges against Apple....

       Xerox will be appealing this decision, but its appeal will be
 delayed until the remaining Lawsuit (which seeks a declaration that Xerox
 is the sole owner of its Star GUI copyrights) is resolved.  Interestingly
 enough, it seems that the Apple/Microsoft lawsuit is before the same judge
 as this case....

         Disinfectant 1.7, Mac Virus Protectors, and the ZUC Virus

       Here is an essay from the makers of Disinfectant, a Public Domain
 Virus Protector for the Macintosh, which both details the changes made in
 Version 1.7 of the program, and gives some interesting insights into the
 symptoms and effects of the newly discovered ZUC Virus:

 Disinfectant 1.7

 April 2, 1990

       Disinfectant 1.7 is a new release of our free Macintosh virus
 detection and repair utility.  Version 1.7 recognizes the new ZUC virus.
 Thanks to Don Zucchini and Francesco Giagnorio for discovering and
 reporting this new virus.

 The ZUC Virus

       The ZUC virus was first discovered in Italy in March, 1990.  It is
 named after the discoverer, Don Zucchini.  ZUC only infects applications.
 It does not infect system files or data files. Applications do not have
 to be run to become infected.  ZUC was timed to activate on March 2, 1990.
 Before that date it only spread from application to application.  After
 that date, approximately 90 seconds after an infected application is run,
 the cursor begins to behave unusually whenever the mouse button is held
 down.  The cursor moves diagonally across the screen, changing direction
 and bouncing like a billiard ball whenever it reaches any of the four
 sides of the screen. The cursor stops moving when the mouse button is
 released.  The behavior of the ZUC virus is similar to that of a desk
 accessory named Bouncy.  The virus and the desk accessory are different,
 and they should not be confused.  The desk accessory does not spread, and
 it is not a virus. ZUC does spread, and it is a virus.

       ZUC has two noticeable side effects. On some Macintoshes it causes
 the desktop pattern to change.  It also often causes long delays and an
 unusually large amount of disk activity when infected applications are
 opened.  ZUC can spread over a network from individual Macintoshes to
 servers and from servers to individual Macintoshes.  Except for the
 unusual cursor behavior, ZUC does not attempt to do any damage.  Vaccine
 (a Virus Protection program for the Mac) is not effective against ZUC.
 GateKeeper 1.1.1, however, is effective against ZUC.  ZUC does not change
 the last modification date when it infects a file, so you cannot use the
 last modification dates in the Disinfectant report to trace the source of
 a ZUC infection.

 Other Changes in Version 1.7

       Some people have used ResEdit to add a copy of the standard system
 WDEF 0 resource to Desktop files in an attempt to inoculate their disks
 against the WDEF virus, even though we do not recommend this practice.
 Version 1.6 incorrectly reported that such Desktop files were infected by
 an unknown strain of WDEF. This problem has been fixed in version 1.7.

       Some of the nVIR clones have offensive names.  These names appeared
 in plain text in various resources in Disinfectant version 1.6, and caused
 concern for some people who discovered them using ResEdit or a file
 editor.  Version 1.7 encodes the resources so that the names do not appear
 in plain text.

       Version 1.6 contained an error which could cause crashes, hangs, 
 unexpected error messages, or other unusual behavior in some
 circumstances.  The error is corrected in version 1.7.

 How to Get a Copy of Version 1.7

       Disinfectant 1.7 is available now via anonymous FTP from site [].  It will also be available soon on sumex-aim,
 rascal, comp.binaries.mac, CompuServe, Genie, Delphi, BIX, MacNet, America
 Online, Calvacom, AppleLink, and other popular sources for free and
 shareware software.

       Macinstosh users who do not have access to bulletin boards,
 networks, user groups, or online services may obtain a copy of
 Disinfectant by sending a self-addressed stamped envelope and an 800K
 floppy disk to the author at the address below:

          John Norstad
          Academic Computing and Network Services
          Northwestern University
          2129 Sheridan Road
          Evanston, IL 60208


         SPA Presents Awards for Outstanding and Innovative Software

       The Software Publisher's Association has recently announced the
 winners of its annual Excellence in Software Awards, which were chosen
 from a list of 370 nominated programs in over 25 categories.  Among the
 winners were:

 - Hewlett Packard's New Wave GUI -  Best Design Achievement
                                     Best Business Application:  Graphical
                                                       Display Orientation

 - Sim City, the City Simulator - Best Simulation Program
                                  Best Entertainment Program
                                  Best Curricular Program

 - Compton's Multimedia Encyclopedia - Best School Producticity/Creativity
   (CD-ROM)                            Program
                                       Best New Use of a Computer

       Interestingly enough, both Alan Kay and Steve Jobs tied for the SPA
 Lifetime Achievement Award, while the NextStep Software Development Team
 also won the Andrew Fluegelman Achievement Award....

 But ponder, if you will, these questions:

 1)  Given the currently precarious situation over Motorola's right to
     sell the 68030, should Atari place a higher priority on developing the
     ATW, and on making a 68040-based version of the TT?

 2)  All but two elements (overlapping windows is one) of Apple's lawsuit
     against Microsoft have been dismissed from court.  Given Apple's
     recent gains in the Xerox/Apple suit, what will be the result of these
     lawsuits about Graphical User Interfaces on the industry?



       Cray Research has recently signed a proposed agreement to purchase
 Supertek Computers Inc., a minisupercomputer company.  In the deal, this
 company, who makes the S-1, a Cray-compatible minisupercomputer, will
 become a subsidiary of Cray Research.  Cray will now use this system to
 enter the minisupercomputer marketplace, and is in the process of porting
 its Unix-based UNICOS operating system to it.  Cray Resarch has also
 announced its intention to continue investing 15 percent of its revenue
 into Research and Development....

       Interestingly enough, Supertek also has been developing a system
 which was compatible with Cray's newest Y/MP Supercomputer.  And while
 this product won't be available until 1991, Cray Research will reportedly
 be introducing a low-end version of the Cray Y/MP.  This model, while
 having a speed of only 500 million floating point operations a second (or
 10 - 20 percent of the Y/MP's processing speed), will cost much less in
 terms of both its list price, and its installation and maintenance costs.


       Microlytics Inc., will soon be releasing a Desk Accessory for the
 Macintosh called "Inside Information", which is touted as a new way of
 classifying languages.  This product is actually a hierarchical dictionary
 which organizes words in the English language in Topic-related Categories,
 such as Nature, and Science & Technology.  "Inside Information", has a
 database of over 65,000 root words, which are organized in 20 subclasses,
 125 Categories, and 700 Subcategories.  With this system, one will be
 able to simply type in a definition or topic, and the system will display
 words that are classified under the given subject.

       This product will be available in May for the Macintosh, but is also
 being ported to Microsoft Windows, Unix, and OS/2.  Cost:  $120.00....


       In a Research project at the University of Washington, 20 Graduate
 Students have developed a new Graphics Processing Board called the UWGSP3,
 which supports a 1280*1024 resolution with a display of over 16 million
 simultaneous colors.  The UWGSP3 uses a 50 MHZ TI 34020 Graphics Processor
 in tandem with four TI 34082 Floating Point Graphics Coprocessors (which
 aid in performing mathematically intensive graphics operations), and is
 capable of achieving speeds of up to 160 MFLOPS.  It can also internally
 store up to 161,000 images, using 16 Megs of RAM for a Frame Buffer.  Now
 being licensed by several companies, this product will also be sold as a
 32-bit Color Board for the NeXT Computer.  Cost:  Unknown, but said to be
 around $10,000 per unit....

 - Sydney, Australia              BORLAND TO OPEN AUSTRALIAN OFFICE

     PC software publisher Borland International has announced its
 intentions of establishing a regional office in Australia, using the name
 of Borland Pacific. Following his visit to Australia in October 1989,
 Borland President Philipe Kahn is decided that the positive activity in
 the region justified an intensified and more fully involved presence by

     Up till now, Borland products have been made available by a number of
 distributors in Australia, but over the past couple of years Tech Pacific
 has successfully distributed and supported the range of products offered.
 therefore, Tech Pacific will remain an integral part of the distribution
 chain for Borland.  Perhaps, with the opening of this office in Australia
 along with the already open offices in the UK, the english language
 version of Turbo C for the ST will be forthcoming at an accelerated pace.


 > WOA ANAHEIM STR FOCUS?              Where the action is....!

                    WORLD OF ATARI SHOW -> ANAHEIM, CA.

                              WORLD OF ATARI
                             APRIL 7 & 8 1990

     WORLD OF ATARI will be held at the Disneyland Hotel, Anaheim
 California, on April 7th and 8th.  For Reservations, Car Rentals and
 Airline tickets, call: 1-800-842-9034.  The hours of the show are 10 am
 till 6pm on Saturday, the 7th and on Sunday; 10am till 5pm.   Admission is
 $5.00 per day or $7.00 for both days.
     Atari Corporation will feature their full line of products.  And of
 course, many of the companies we are all familiar with will be displaying
 their latest products. 

 Exhibitor Listing;

               Atari Computer                Best Electronics
               Beckemeyer Development        Brumeleve Software
               Carter Graphics               Blue Chip Software        
               Computer Games +              Codehead Software
               Double Click Software         BRE Software
               Gribnif Software              Soft-Logik
               Gadgets by Small              DataFree Industries
               FAST TECHNOLOGY               ICD INC.
               JRI Inc.                      ASDE Software
               Imagen Corporation            LucasFilms Software
               Maverick Creations            Migraph Inc.
               Megamax Inc.                  MichTron Inc.
               Mid-City Compu-Soft           Micro Creations
               Prospero Software             Sierra Online                
               Seymor/Radix                  Slicc Software
               Softrek Marketing             San Jose Computer
               Talon Technology              Word Perfect Corp.
               Wuztech Inc.                  Sprokits Computer
               Strata Software               STV
                             Zubair Interfaces

  plus many more...



                          Happy Birthday HotWire!

              ANNOUNCING: HotWire 2.0 from CodeHead Software!

 It's been a year since HotWire was introduced at the '89 Anaheim World
 of Atari Show.  In that time HotWire has undergone some radical changes
 (in fact, it's been almost completely re-written!), and has been
 transformed from a unique menu program to a complete alternate operating
 system for any model of Atari ST.

 When teamed up with MaxiFile and MultiDesk, HotWire 2.0 provides a true
 alternative to the GEM desktop (not just a prettied-up imitation of it),
 with unique and extremely powerful file manipulation and program
 execution features unequaled by any other product on the market. 

 HotWire 2.0 is now a full GEM program with a menu bar...which means you
 can get at all of your desk accessories (not just the ones loaded into
 MultiDesk) at any time.  You can even page through your menus while a
 desk accessory is open on screen, as well as run installed programs and
 access any of HotWire's many features. 

 Here's what HotWire 2.0 can do for you:

  o Run any ST program instantly no matter where it's located on your
    system, simply by pressing a "hot" key...even while you're at the GEM

  o Reliably auto-start any ST program at bootup on any version of TOS.

  o Hard disk users: no more wading through folders to find programs. 
    With HotWire, no program is more than a mouse-click or keypress away!

  o Floppy disk users: just pop your program disk in the drive and hit a
    key.  No more waiting for floppy drives to spin and desktop windows
    to open. 

  o Build menus of up to 54 entries including all your most commonly-used
    programs.  Load new menus with a single keypress or mouse click. 

  o Choose from among over 400 possible "hot" key combinations.

  o HotWire has a seamless interface with CodeHead's MaxiFile, the
    ultimate file maintenance tool!

  o Ledger function records the time spent in programs of your choice, also
    showing the total elapsed time since you began working.

  o Passwords may be used to restrict unauthorized access to programs and
    data files.

  o On-screen digital corner clock, that can be automatically turned off
    for certain programs if you choose.

  o Runs perfectly well in all three ST resolutions!

  o If you choose to install HotWire as a resident program, you can
    summon up the HotWire Menu any time you're on the GEM desktop simply
    by clicking the right mouse button or by typing Shift-Help.

  o Use "headings" to customize the look of each menu to your own taste. 
    Easily move, copy, or delete menu entries to group them as you desire. 

  o Documents can be installed in the HotWire menu!  Simply click on the
    data file you want; HotWire will start up the appropriate program
    and load that document automatically.

  o Command lines can be easily entered and saved with your menus to
    provide unlimited possibilities for customizing your operations.

  o Programs can be chained or looped so that the next program
    automatically runs when you quit the current one.

  o Unlike other shells, HotWire works correctly with all programs, just
    like the GEM desktop.

  o Special features, including environment parameters, make HotWire an
    excellent shell for developers no matter what programming language you
    use.  We use HotWire exclusively at CodeHead Software to develop all
    of our products. 

  o Written in 100% assembly language for optimum speed and efficiency.


  o A GEM menu bar with access to all HotWire functions and installed
    desk accessories!  Equivalent key commands for all menu items.

  o Install MultiDesk Setup Files in the HotWire menu allowing you to
    automatically load certain accessories for certain programs.

  o Call MultiDesk as a program simply by clicking on an icon!

  o New Screen Saver program, HotSaver, communicates with HotWire clock
    and ledger files for accurate time tracking.

  o Configurable corner clock with CapsLock indicator! Show time in 24-
    or 12-hour format, with or without seconds, and even switch to a date
    display if you wish.  Turn clock on/off at ANY time.  A clock setting
    program is also included with HotWire.

  o Set up to EIGHT ALARMS that will go off at any time, not just in a
    GEM program (like most other alarm programs).  Each alarm has its own
    34-character message that will be displayed when it goes off.  Even
    set alarms to repeat every day at the same time if you wish!

  o New PROGRAMMABLE command line options let you build your own shells
    for programs like ARC and LHARC.

  o Fully compatible with Atari's new STe computer!

  o New headings box allows use of entire character set in menu titles. 
    Headings can now be displayed in inverse video.

  o Free RAM display, current date display (includes the day of the week)
    and controls for the blitter and zoom boxes.

  o And let's not forget...a new look for the 90s!


 The CodeHead integrated system continues with MaxiFile which is
 available at the press of a key or by clicking on its icon.  MaxiFile is
 the ultimate file maintenance tool, offering all the file features of
 the ST's desktop plus many, many more...some of them never before
 offered anywhere.  It runs as either a desk accessory or a program, and
 has a seamless interface with HotWire that actually allows you to run
 programs and start documents from within MaxiFile!  MaxiFile must be
 seen to be believed.


 Rounding out the system is CodeHead's famous MultiDesk which allows you
 to load up to 32 desk accessories at any time.  And now we have a brand
 new version of MultiDesk as well!

 MultiDesk 2.0 now allows you to clear individual or selected
 accessories.  Many other features have been added such as automatic
 expansion of the MultiDesk buffer to fit a new accessory, configurable
 warnings, automatic enable of Thunder.ACC, quick-shrink to 1K, a title
 display of the current setup, and a special interface with HotWire.  We
 also have a new manual that explains all of the latest features. 


 You can upgrade your existing HotWire or MultiDesk to version 2.0 by
 sending your original master disk plus $7.50 (for each program) to:

                             CODEHEAD SOFTWARE
                              P.O. Box 74090
                           Los Angeles, CA 90004
                           Phone: (213) 386-5735
                            FAX: (213) 386-5789

 A note from the CodeHeads:

 The new versions of MultiDesk and HotWire will be released for the first
 time at the Anaheim World of Atari show this weekend, April 7th and 8th. 
 If you're coming to the show, make sure to stop by the CodeHead booth. 
 And if you already own HotWire or MultiDesk, make sure to bring your
 original master disks so you can upgrade to the new versions.  The
 special upgrade fee for the show will be $5.00 (for each product)
 $2.50 off our usual upgrade price!  Hope to see you there.

                                   CodeHead Software

                                   Charles F. Johnson
                                   John Eidsvoog



                               SUCCESS STORY

 by Dick Biow

     I think I've found more satisfaction writing manuals, advertisements,
 and news releases for Wayne Buckholdt's and Jim Riffe's Turbo ST program
 than from most similar jobs I've done.  In part, this is because Wayne is
 fun to work with, and in part it's because I was invited to become part of
 a success story in a field where success is far from automatic.  But
 mostly it's because of what we learned about how to make money selling
 software. Where did we make out okay, and where could we have done better?
 Hindsight is easy, and it's also fun, so let's use hindsight to re-shape
 the experience of Softrek, publisher of Turbo ST, into a set of rules that
 might help all software writers and investors -- including ourselves -- to
 improve profits.

 1.  Know your market.  The typical ST owner is motivated by a desire to
     "catch up" with what he hoped he was achieving when he bought his ST.
     He's *highly* motivated, in fact he's rather angry because, for
     example, he was led to expect that Atari would sell him a "blitter"
     chip to speed up his ST's operation . . . and he got left holding an
     empty blitter socket.  Wayne Buckholdt happened to come out with the
     right product at the right time: a "software" blitter that did most of
     what Atari's blitter would do and a lot it wouldn't do, thus
     satisfying what marketing people call "a real felt need."  So . . .
     knowing the market is necessary, and being lucky doesn't hurt a bit.

 2.  Control the timing of publicity.  A beta version of Turbo ST was
     described in a magazine about a month before the commercial version
     was ready, and an unsuppliable demand created embarrassment.  Yes, we
     made clear that only beta versions were available at the time of the
     article.  But customers didn't care -- they wanted the commercial
     version and they wanted it *now*.  Oversensitized by years of
     vaporware announcements by you-know-who, some ST users flipped their
     impatience our way.  This didn't do any serious harm in the long run,
     but handling it was a distraction from other work -- an impediment to

 3.  Understand the primary purpose of a manual.  (Almost nobody does,
     especially teachers of writing skills.).  What does a potential
     software buyer usually say just before he pulls out his credit card? 
     Right! "Let me see the manual."  So the primary purpose of a manual is
     to SELL the SOFTWARE!  If it doesn't sell the software in the first
     two pages, the rest of the manual will probably never get read.  We
     must tell the user, right at the beginning, what this software will do
     for *him*, and how happy this will make him, and how easily he can
     make the software perform.  Only then should technical directions
     commence. Now -- just reach for a typical ST manual and what do you
     find in front? "I would like to express my eternal gratitude to my
     wife Gertrude and brother Lemuel for . . ." (Yawn)  Or we read,
     "Please take into consideration how terribly hard we worked on this
     program and how piracy starves our lovely children."  ("Gosh, I'm all
     choked up; I can't read through my tears!")  Remember the immortal
     words of Oscar Hammerstein:  "There is no limit to the number of
     people who will stay away from a lousy show."

 4.  Acknowledge deficiencies in the hardware manufacturer's marketing
     competence. You have to ask yourself, "Would I let Atari's sales
     people sell *my* product?  Would I let Jack Trammiel join *my* sales
     team?"  After that -- no excuses! If we fail to set realistic goals,
     or if we fail to move our goods, it's our own fault.

 5.  Support your product. (I sure was wrong about applying this command!)
     Whenever a registered user phoned us with installation or operational
     problems, Wayne himself would help him get squared away.  I objected:
     "We can't afford to waste our main programmer's time on the phone," I
     said, "You should be isolated."  But Wayne turned out to be right.
     People are willing to pay fair prices for good software, but they feel
     such payments entitle them to professional guidance when needed. (And
     if they can't get the program working, they feel it's over-priced no
     matter how little they might have paid for it.)  Atari users are
     vocal: walk that extra mile for them and they'll praise you in public,
     in club meetings and on bulletin boards.  This  gives your product a
     credibility that ten pages of your *own* boastful claims could never

 6.  "Early to bed, early to rise;
     "Work like hell, and advertise."

     -- So wrote Daniel David Palmer, Canadian inventor of Chiropractic 
     Medicine.  I hate slogans as much as you do, but if one has to have a
     slogan, this should be it.  You simply can't win a place for your
     product in today's markets without advertising, as Atari's top
     management has recently learned at enormous cost, through losses of
     sales and investor confidence.  The argument against software
     advertising typically runs, "We're unique. We don't need to
     advertise, because we don't have any competitors." Wrong!  The money
     you want me to spend for your product could buy a couple of high-class
     dinners, or a dress for a little girl, or -- a million things a
     software salesman never thinks of, and every one of that million is a
     competitor.  No matter how unusual your product, no matter how
     excellent, nobody really *needs* it; nobody's going to die without it.
     But there are ways to make somebody *want* it . . .

 7.  Know how to write entertaining promotional material; then publishers
     will let you mention a few attractive features of your product to the
     public. For example:

     Since Turbo ST first appeared, users have been urging us to come out
     with a second, extra-cost version that would speed up graphics -- not
     just text.  Well, we've added graphic enhancements to our latest
     version, but we haven't increased the $49.95 list price nor the $5
     upgrade price.  If you want to try out the new 1.8 version of Turbo ST
     on your favorite programs, download TURBOSTC.ARC if you use a color
     monitor or TURBOSTM.ARC if you use a monochrome monitor.  The demo
     versions of Turbo ST are full working versions that run for 15 minutes
     each time you boot your computer and should be available this weekend
     on GEnie and shortly thereafter your local bulletin board.

     More boasting: graphic support by Turbo ST 1.8 includes polygon and
     line drawing in all screen resolutions, polygon fills in all
     resolutions, icon and pixel drawing in all resolutions. and high speed
     circle drawing on all monochrome and Moniterm monitors. As for text-
     scrolling speedup, what takes 11.5 seconds on a 1040 ST and 9.5
     seconds on a stock Mega ST, takes only 6.7 seconds with Turbo ST 1.8.
     This represents 19% improvement over Turbo ST version 1.6 and a 40%
     improvement over Atari's blitter. (Who needs a blitter chip? Who needs
     an STe? Don't trade up, just speed up with Turbo ST Version 1.8.!)

     You can order Turbo ST 1.8 from your favorite local or mail-order
     dealer, or you can purchase it for $49.95 direct from Softrek, PO Box
     5257, Winter Park FL 32792, Telephone (407)-657-4611. Registered users
     can upgrade by sending your original disk plus $5.00 to Softrek, or
     free of charge from local dealers who participate in the upgrade
     program [dealer update disks will be mailed within two weeks].


 Conf : Atari Technical
 Msg# : 1233  Lines: 4  Read: 3
 Sent : Apr 2, 1990  at 9:47 PM
 To   : ALL
 From : ED KRIMEN at Fuji BBS, Node 512 - Chico, CA
 Subj : Turbo ST 1.8

 I got it today!  It's sweet!  The off-hand noticable difference is that it
 speeds up the drawing of the dialer on Interlink.  It speeds up the
 drawing of UIS III also.  I don't have Quick ST 2.0 so I can't do any

 Conf : Atari Technical
 Msg# : 1232  Lines: Extended  Read: 4
 Sent : Apr 2, 1990  at 9:10 AM
 To   : ALL
 From : SYSOP WAYNE at STATUS - Node 300 Ct
 Subj : QST II Vs Turbo ST 1.6/1.8 UPDATE!!!

   I got my upgrade to TurboST 1.8 in the mail the other day.  There are
 some pretty impressive advances in some areas.  Here's the updated
 comparison file.

                    /B = Blitter on, otherwise it's off

 Benchmark      Mono      Mono/B    Med       Med/B     Low       Low/B    
 Tos Txt        100%      110%      100%      107%      100%      114%
 Tos String     100%      106%      100%      105%      100%      110%
 Tos Scroll     100%      132%      100%      128%      100%      127%
 Gem Dialog     100%      133%      100%      129%      100%      148%

 TST 1.6        Mono      Mono/B    Med       Med/B     Low       Low/B    
 Tos Txt        314%      314%      337%      337%      436%      436%
 Tos String    1255%     1255%     1420%     1420%      867%      861%
 Tos Scroll     144%      144%      140%      140%      134%      134%
 Gem Dialog     260%      271%      201%      240%      199%      264%

 QST II         Mono      Mono/B    Med       Med/B     Low       Low/B    
 Tos Txt        325%      325%      348%      348%      263%      263%
 Tos String    1271%     1271%     1524%     1524%      475%      475%
 Tos Scroll     134%      134%      131%      131%      129%      129%
 Gem Dialog     255%      260%      231%      240%      111%      174%

 TST 1.8        Mono      Mono/B    Med       Med/B     Low       Low/B    
 Tos Txt        326%      326%      354%      354%      454%      454%
 Tos String    1347%     1347%     2073%     2073%     1997%     1997%
 Tos Scroll     136%      139%      133%      135%      132%      134%
 Gem Dialog     284%      299%      285%      275%      216%      269%

 Using both at the same time, all the numbers except for GEM Dialog are the
 same as TST. For GEM Dialog the numbers are between 5-15% higher than 
 whichever is highest in each category.

   As you can see TST 1.8 has made some impressive increases.  All areas
 where 1.6 was lagging behind QST II have been sped up, and it now
 surpasses QST II in all categories that either program has an affect on in
 the Quick Index program.


 > ONLINE TODAY  CPU/STR OnLine?        The wires are hummin'!


 by Oscar Steele

     Welcome back, and thanks for joining us.  The ST sections on the
 networks such as GEnie or Compuserve are huge places, most of you already
 know that.   Thus, I'd like to begin with GEnie's Atari ST Roundtable and
 move on to include other networks in the coming weeks.  This week we'll
 meet GEnie's SysOp's and get a feel for who they are and what they're

     I was lucky enough to have Darlah J. Pine (better known as DARLAH),
 the Chief SysOp, and Jeffrey J. Williams (JEFF.W), one of Darlah's
 Assistant SysOps answer a few questions.


     I've been a SysOp for 4 years.

     I've been a SysOp on GEnie for 1T'S THE MOST COMMON QUESTION YOU'VE BEEN ASKED?

     "Can I get access to Cat 21?"  Next one is "I am having problems
     uploading or downloading."

     "Will you give me access to Category 21?"  (The Game Category in the
     Bulletin Board that contains explicit help and solutions to games for
     the ST.)


 Dashort period of time.  It is one of the most quiet
     times of the day.

     My second favorite time is at conference time as it gives me the
     opportunity to chat with everyone.

     My favorite time to be online on GEnie is on Wednesday evenings! 
     That's when the weekly RTC's (RealTime Conferences) are held.  Each
     Wednesday evening at 10pm EST.

 4. WHAT DOup the Discover magazine yesterday and was amazed to see
     Atari all over the entire back cover.  Things are starting to happen. 
     I see exciting things in Atari's future.  I feel a bit sad when I see
     some not hang on as I feel a certain closeness to all the folks that
     participate in the GEnie Atari areas.  GEnie's area has grown 60% in
     one year.  This is amazing in itself.  We have become very popular. 
     Atari computers were selling or at least modems were.

     Let's narrow this question down to what do I think about Atari's
     current -online- situation.  I think Atari has some wonderful folks
     online on on GEnie.  I'm very glad that we have folks like John, Bob,
     Elizabeth, Dan, and Allan online.  As wonderful as these folks are, I
     would still love to see someone who could answer marketing and policy
     questions.  The technical support online is excellent, but there are
     lots of non-technical questions that can't always be answered by our
     Atari friends.


     I live in Connecticut right near the New York border.

     I live in Arlington Heights, ILLINOIS.  It's a northwest suburb of


     TV??  What is that??  Actually I am more serious about that than you
     probably realize as I very rarely get the opportunity to sit down and
     enjoy a TV show.  GEnie takes up a big chunk of my life.  Music is
     another story.  I love it and one does not have to find the time to
     watch it.  I just got back from an Eric Clapton concert.  It was
     fantastic.  I enjoy a great variety of music from Michael Bolton,
     Allanah Myles, Journey to such things as WhiteSnake.  I couldn't name
     you every CD or tape or vinyl I own.  Over the years I have slowly
     built up the collection.

     I usually listen to talk radio, so I don't keep up with a lot of
     current music, but I like rock and roll (the good old fashioned kind),
     the Beatles, Roy Orbison, James Taylor, and lots of others.  My
     favorite TV shows are Star Trek: The Next Generation, Night Court,
     LOUISIANA Law, It's The Garry Shandling Show, and Murphy Brown.


 Darlah: I am separated and soon to be divorced (finalized).

 Jeff: Single.


     My age is 34.

     37.  March 18, 1954.  Please, no gifts costing more than $1000. 


     Hmmm... this is a hard one.  I have down everything from working as a
     line person to being a plumber and owning a plumbing company to this. 
     My 1st computer I purchased was an Atari 400 and it was never the same
     since. :-)  I have always been in a service type business; thus, GEnie
     is an extension of it.  I enjoy the opportunity to help others in
     something we mutually enjoy. 
     I grew up all over the place.  Started out in Chicago, then spent most
     of my school life in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho (a wonderful little town in
     a beautiful setting... it sickens me that so many neo-nazis and white
     supremisist hate groups have chosen to make Idaho the base of their
     operations), then a brief stint in Seattle, back to Idaho again, a few
     years in Denver, and finally back to the Chicago area, where I
     finished high school.  After school, I got a job with A Very Big
     Insurance Co in August of 1985.  I still use that very same 520ST, but it
     is now rigged with 2.5 Meg of RAM, a Tweety Board, and a Turbo 16.  My
     particular interest is telecommunications (gee, what a surprise!), but
     I use the ST also for word processing a lot and, yes, I like to play
     some games when I have the time.  I like -anything- from Sierra
     Online.  But my current game pla     through Chip's Challenge.

     Some of these questions got a bit personal, and I offered them as
 optional. But, as I had hoped, both Darlah and Jeff answered all the
 questions.  That's the great thing about the GEnie SysOps, you get to feel
 like you really know them when you talk to them during conferences or when
 leaving/getting mail.

     Darlah was VERY busy this week because of her stint at the World of
 Atari show in Anaheim (it's not exactly in her backyard).  But she took
 the time to answer my questions.  I've noticed she does that a lot - she
 takes the time, whether it's to help a new user or fix something that
 needs a fixin.  New users have something to look forward to on GEnie, that
 homey feel that older users have grown accustomed to.  A BIG THANK YOU to
 Darlah and Jeff!

 Hopefully, next week, I'll begin to dissect the GEnie message base and
 download section to show you the what's and where's of GEnie.  We'll also
 be taking a look at GEnie's weekly conferences.  Hope to see you next



                  The Olivetti Modula-3 Distribution

     Modula-3 [1] is a new programming language that adds objects, threads, 
 exceptions and garbage collection to Modula-2.  We are developing a set
 of tools to support software development in Modula-3.  Our intent is to
 make the tools widely available and we plan to distribute them during the
 third quarter of this year.

     The Modula-3 tools are built from a collection of packages, written
 mostly in Modula-3 but including some C, which are integrated by the use
 of an abstract syntax tree (AST) as the intermediate representation of
 compilation units.  The AST is defined in terms of Modula-3 object types
 and the majority of the tools operate directly off this representation.

     We are actively developing a variety of tools to support Modula-3
 development.  However, in order to make a basic system available quickly,
 not all of these tools will be provided in the first distribution.  The
 initial set will definitely contain the following:

   *  A compiler that translates from Modula-3 source to object code,
      by way of C source as an intermediate step.  Our use of C is quite
      high-level, hence there is a close similarity between names and types
      in the Modula-3 and C domains.  This makes it possible to debug via  
      the generated C code.  The compiler is structured such that it is    
      easy to replace the C code-generator with an     program with the target machine linker.
   *  A 'makefile' generator for Modula-3 libraries and programs.

  Other tools that we are working on and will include in the distribution
  if they are solid enough, include the following:

   *  A tool to generate Modula-3 code to save and restore data structures
      from persistent storage in a type-safe manner.

   *  A tool to build skeleton modules from interfaces.

   *  A pretty printer for Modula-3 source.

   *  A Modula-3 interpreter, operating off the AST.

   *  A tool to build interfaces and modules from a generic specification.

   *  A source-level debugger with a point and show interface.

   *  An interactive compiler tool that monitors changes made to source    
      files and performs recompilations automatically.  This replaces the  
      use of 'make' and provides a fast compilation environment.

   *  A remote procedure call stub generator.

  Run-time Library
     The distribution will contain a library suitable for typical systems 
 programming applications.  We are taking a simple approach to the basic 
 run-time environment to avoid creating unnecessary obstacles to
 portability.  The only significant run-time support is the garbage
 collector, which is by Boehm and Weiser [2].  The library will contain a
 number of modules (30 or  so), some completely portable and some that are
 operating system dependent.  It includes an IO system, based on an
 extensible set of stream classes.

  Tool Portability
     We are developing the tools to run on Sun-3 hardware under SunOS
 3.5/4.0 and  on DEC VAX running Unix(*) BSD 4.3.  We expect that
 portability of the tools to other Unix targets will be straightforward,
 since we make little or no use of facilities that pose portability
 problems.  Porting it to other operating systems will require more work,
 but the changes should be well localized.

  [1] The Modula-3 Report,
      L. Cardelli, J. Dohnaue, L. Glassman, M. Jordan, B. Kalsow, 
      G. Nelson, DEC Systems Research Center, Palo Alto, CA and
      Olivetti Research Center, Menlo Park, CA, Aug 88.

  [2] Garbage Collection in an Uncooperative Environment,
      Hans Boehm and Mark Weiser,
      Software, Practice and Experience, Sep 88, pp. 807-820.

  How to reach us
 If you would like further information, or would like to receive a copy of
 the distribution software, please send e-mail to
 (or modula-3@oli-stl.uucp).  Or write to us at:

          Olivetti Software Technology Laboratory
          2882 Sand Hill Road, Suite 115
          Menlo Park, CA 94025

                    The Modula-3 Tools Project Team

 The distribution software is being developed by David Chase of Olivetti
 Research Center, Mick Jordan, Trevor Morris and Marion Sturtevant of
 Olivetti Software Technology Laboratory.

  (*) Unix is a trademark of AT&T Bell Laboratories.



 TALON.TECH posts;

      I have been very busy at Talon Technology and could not get  the time
 to get on-line until now. I now have made plans to be on  every couple of
 days to answer any technical or other questions.

      There seems to be just a little confusion over just how much  the
 SuperCharger costs. Before I answer that, let me give you just  a little
 bit of back ground on SuperCharger (SC). We have received  FCC class "A"
 approval on SuperCharger. This means it can be sold  as a commercial or
 business device. What does this mean to the end  user? You must be able to
 show that you would use SC in a commercial  or business environment. If
 you would like to see if you would  qualify to buy our present version of
 SC please give me a call at  Talon Technology (619-792-6511).

      Because of FCC class "A" restrictions and other reasons  SuperCharger
 is NOW available with 1 meg of Ram for $450.00.  Because a large number of
 PC's are used for business purposes,  the FCC class "A" restriction will
 not prohibit a good number of  Atari ST/Mega users from being able to buy
 the current version of  SC.

      We are earnestly seeking a FCC class "B" approval. A FCC  class "B"
 approval would allow us to sell to the end user with no  restrictions. Our
 best estimate is  6-8 weeks before we get FCC  Class "B" approval. 

  New Stuff

      A new update of SuperCharger Software will now allow you to  use the
 idle memory in SUPERCHARGER AS A RAM DISK for your Atari  ST/Mega. Now
 when your not using your SC, you can access the idle  memory and configure
 it as a ram disk. 

      The new version of software will allow you parallel process  several
 SuperChargers. You could have two or more SC's placed in  series through
 the DMA. You would then be able to run more than I will give
 you more details later when the  documentation is fully translated. 

      The new software will not be shipped with the current version  of
 SC's but will be available as an upgrade. We will release the  upgrade as
 soon as testing and the translation of the manual is done.

      The VGA card is still two to three months away (this is a 
 disappointment to us too), but wi                       >Richard Betson
                                    >Talon Technology Inc.

 An excerpt from the latest info file from Talon. Folks, they are
 supporting this new SUPERCHARGER with every possible effort.

 - The serial port of the ATARI is now supported as COM2: under
   MS-DOS and can be used accordingly.

 - SETVIDEO.EXE is used to switch to HERCULES mode when a high
   resolutiion monitor (SM124 or Multisync) is connected to the 

   The " / " key above the numerical keypad will toggle the display
   in graphic mode between the lefthand, centred and righthand 

   The graphic mode can be selected from inside MS-DOS with the
   SETVIDEO program at any time between CGA und Hercules.

 - Some programs might have problems when in Hercules mode, if
   the GRAFTABL.COM program has been run from inside of the 
   AUTOEXEC.BAT. This is not a SuperCharger specific problem.
   Removing the GRAFTABL.COM from the AUTOEXEC.BAT will fix it.

 - The new version of SC_INST.TOS has an option for inverse
   video at start up.

 - The screen can be inverted at any time by pressing
   Alternate - S - A.

 - In order to use the DOS-SHELL in DOS 4.01 you have to copy 
   the DOSSHELL.BAT from the Utility-Disk to the DOS-Partition 
   (or the Boot-Disk). The DOS-SHELL is invoked by typing DOSSHELL.

 - ATARIDR.SYS can only work withn MS-DOS compatible FAT and
   sector formats. If you use partitions larger than 16 MBytes or 
   smaller then 4 MBytes you may receive an error message.

   To avoid this we recommened that you use only partitions between 
   4 MBytes and 16 MBytes in size.

   The MS-DOS partition can be as small as 1 MByte but should not 
   exceed 16 MBytes.

 - You should not use the ATARI C: partition as your MS-DOS
   boot partition. You will not be able to autoboot TOS.

 - If you have an older version of the SuperCharger software, 
   you should NEVER mix versions. This will result in a possible 

 - If you have problems using the SuperCharger with your harddisk, use
   ABIO_CON.TOS instead of ABIO.TOS.

                           Toolbox Version 1.30

 This folder should contain the following files:

  - README.1ST    : This Text.
  - RAMDISK.ASM   : V30 source code for SC_RAM.TTP 
  - RAMDISK.BIN   : V30 binary include file for SC_RAM.TTP
  - SCTB.PRG      : Resident Toolbox Program.
  - SCTB_INC.S    : General Include File for Toolbox application programs
  - SC_RAM.TTP    : Sample application program for the SuperCharger Toolbox
                    'SuperCharger as Ramdisk for the Atari'
  - SC_RAM.S      : 680=================== 

  you should perform the following steps:

    o Start SCTB.PRG to load the resident Toolbox. This program may be
      placed in the AUTO folder.

    o Double click on SC_RAM.TTP

    o If no special options are required, simply press RETURN. See above,
      command line syntax.

    o The ramdisk will display a signon message, saying under which drive
      ulator at WOA in Anaheim this weekend, if you go
 to the show, please, make it your business to visit the Talon booth and
 see this jewel in action....


 > PCD Now What?  CPU/STR FOCUS     Dealers are taking deposits?

 DJ.REES posts;
  To whom it may concern:

     I have had my PC-Ditto II working now for about 3 weeks with the  new
 pals installed and here is what I have found:         

     I had to have a socket installed for the 68000 as the tech said to 
 solder the clip on properly he would have to remove it from the Mega 
 motherboard.  It would only work reliably after I had the clip soldered
 onto  the 68000.  Before that sometimes it would lock up at the Hit Return 
 for DOS prompt and sometimes it would work. I am considering having a
 socket installed in my 1040 so I can  move PC Ditto to my other computer
 when necessary.  Most programs seem to work but a few I have tried do

     My main reason for running PC Ditto II was to run the IBM version of
 FoReM Professional BBS program and Binkleyterm a Fidonet mailer program
 without having to shell out thousands for a 286 or 386 machine.

     Unfortunately, neither of these programs will quite work because  I
 seem to be having trouble getting the COM1 port to work at full  speed. 
 Both of these programs require a fossil driver for the COM  port.   I have
 tried 2 different versions of fossil drivers and one of  them will not
 work at all and the other works normal for about 4 lines  of text and then
 slows down to a snails pace.  Once the slowdown  occurs it only sends out
 about 1 character per second to the modem. Even  though the screen from
 the sysops point of view is several lines ahead  and waiting for a
 keypress in response to a prompt.  And if you press  a key on the console
 it speeds up the output to the modem for as long  as you are pressing

  But both of these programs work ok when used from just the keyboard end
 of things.  Also I purchased Gem 3.1 to use in PC mode and it just locks
 up with a white screen and a flashing cursor at the top left corner of 
 the screen when trying to boot Gemvdi.exe.  And last but not least Turbo
 ST 1.6 will lock up my computer if I try to boot it as a accessory in
 native ST mode.  Just locks up the computer with a all white screen.
               Thanks in advance for looking into these problems for me.

                                         DJ Rees

 BOOJIBOY  posts;
     Well, it has been over three weeks and my PC Ditto II is still going
 strong.  As previously noted, I have a Mega 2 with a Rev. 5 board. 
 J.Allen, there is one thing I would like to know.  Exactly how does one
 attach a 74HCT08 between the blitter and the clip?  Do you solder it
 between the top of the clip corresponding to pin 13 and the daughterboard
 pin that is soldered there?  If so, what pins of the 74HCT08 get soldered
 and to what?

     My Spectrum pictures still look fine.  Prodigy is still very buggy.  I
 have no luck at 2400 baud, but at 1200 baud I have had limited success.  A
 couple of times I was able to stay on for an entire session and log off. 
 I strongly suspect that this is software related, as opposed to hardware
 since it is inconsistent.  Perhaps PCD2 doesn't communicate too well with
 the modem. What do you think A-G?  Anyway, I also have Spectre GCR and the
 latest version of the software, Version 2.65 i.d. from 0,0 to something else?  I can't format using DOS.  I try
 the command FORMAT C:/S, it asks for the drive's volume name and since I
 am unable to supply any it refuses to format.     Other than that, I have
 the ultimate home computer.  Runs ST, Mac, DOS, for under $2,000.00!!!

 S.E.SIMON posts;
     Avant-Garde, I too have not yet received my PC Ditto II.  Is there a
 pingham, Mi. 48009 #011373

 P.ANTHONY posts;
     More on my problems with the modem...I was mistaken when I said
 Prodigy didn't echo the characters to the screen when the computer stopped
 sending characters to the modem.  I also did some counting and I found
 that after 114 to 117 key presses, the computer stops sending the key
 presses to the modem.  On the off chance that my pey have no
 problems with terminal emulators and PC Ditto II? 
 Thanks, Perry

 BOOJIBOY posts;
     P.ANTHONY I have problems running Prodigy and other terminal software. 
 I suspect it is a BIOS problem, which is software related.  Hopefully A-G
 will have a \ software fix for this.  Prodigy does work better at 1200
 baud than 2400. Tomorrow I leave for Anaheim.  See you all there at the
 World of Atari Show!


 > ICD ADVANTAGE + CPU/STR InfoFile?    Another quick look....

 In March 1990, ICD introduced three new SCSI Host Adapters for the Atari
 ST and MEga computers. They include new software and all support the full
 SCSI command set.

    1) Advantage Micro ST - designed for the Mega with an internal hard
 drive. The smallest Atari Host Adapter in existence at about 2.7 by 1.3
 inches. Includes a power up delay circuit for autobooting inside your
 Mega.  Drive bracket and cables are included as well as software and

    2) Advantage ST - Full SCSI, 48 ma drivers, Dual mode DMA daisy-
 chaining, parity bit support, and very small size. Includes software,
 manuals, molded 3 ft. DMA cable.

    3) Advantage Plus ST - Same as above but with real-time clock and the
 larger footprint of our old ICD ST Host Adapter.

    Our new Advantage ST software works with all ICD ST Host Adapters and
 includes excellent support for removable media drives (Syquest), high
 speed caching, Up to 128 paritions per system, each being up to 500
 Megabytes and a desk accessory which allows swapping and selecting of
 these partitions. Up to 14 partitions can be active at once. Of course
 autobooting and Atari 3.xx format structure is supported.

     Folks, ICD will also be exhibiting at WOA this weekend, stop by their
 booth and see the new goodies on display...


 > CHOOSING A LANGUAGE CPU/STR InfoFile?   An interesting list...

                Selecting a Programming Language Made Easy

                    Daniel Solomon & David Rosenblueth
          Department of Computer Science, University o2L 3G1

    With such a large selection of programming languages, it can be
 difficult to choose one for a particular project.  Reading the
 manuals to evaluate the languages is a time-consuming process.  On
 the other hand, most people already have a fairly good idea of how
 various automobiles compare.  So in order to assist those trying to
 choose a language, we have prepared a chart th  - A Model T Ford. Once it was king of the road.

 FORTRAN IV   - A Model A Ford.

 FORTRAN 77   - A six-cylinder Ford Fairlane with standard transmission
                and no seat belts.

 COBOL        - A delivery van.  It's bulky and ugly, but it does the work.

 BASIC        - A second-hand Rambler with a rebuilt engine and patched
                upholstry.  Your dad bought it for you to learn to drive.
                You'll ditch the car as soon as you can afford a new one.

 PL/I        - A Cadillac convertible with automatic transmission, a two-
               tone paint job, white-wall tires, chrome exhaust pipes, and
               fuzzy dice hanging in the windshield

 C            - A black Firebird, the all-macho car. Comes with optional
                seat belts (lint) and optional fuzz buster (escape to

 ALGOL 60     - An Austin Mini. Boy, that's a small car.

 Pascal       - A Volkswagon Beetle. It's small but sturdy. Was once
                popular with intellectuals.

 Modula II    - A Volkswagon Rabbit with a trailer hitch.

 ALGOL 68     - An Astin Martin.  An impressive car, but not just anyone
                can drive it.

 LISP         - An electric car.  It's simple but slow.  Seat belts are not

 PROLOG/LUCID - Prototype concept-cars.

 Maple/MACSYMA -All-terrain vehicles.

 FORTH        - A go-cart.

 LOGO         - A kiddie's replica of a Rolls Royce. Comes with a real
                engine and a working horn.

 APL          - A double-de of
                passengers to the same place all at the same time. But, it
                drives only in reverse gear, and is instrumented in Greek.

 Ada          - An army-green Mercedes-Benz staff car. Power steering,
                power brakes and automatic transmission are all standard.
                No other colors or options are available. If it's good
 There's a lot of truth to this list.  I thought everyone might enjoy it
 since we seem to be spending so much time comparing programming languages.

                                             Doc Holiday...


 > TRACKER ST!! CPU/STR InfoFile? 


     Tracker/ST is an exciting new productivity package for the Atari ST,
 which combines mailing list, mail merge, and person-tracking features in a
 single integrated software solution. Fully GEM based for ease of use,
 Tracker is the ideal program for anyone who does mailings on a regular
 basis, or who needs to keep track of people for any reason.  Some of
 Tracker's powerful features include:

         >>>  Powerful and easy to use mail merge. Merge letters to
              everyone or set up exact criteria for a merge. Powerful GEM
              text editor _built in_ with automatic reformatting (no need
              to press the F10 key), bold, italic and underline
              attributes, etc.

         >>>  Computer aided entry saves you thousands of keystrokes when
              entering names--up to 10,000+ keystrokes saved for every
              250 names you enter into Tracker/ST.

         >>>  Sixteen preset label formats for single, 2 or 3 across
              labels, and laser printed labels (with _no_ label
              creeping). Edit these and add your own for custom label

         >>>  One-step "subscription aging" command automatically tracks
              remaining time in a membership or subscription. Great for
              groups with memberships that need to be adjusted on a
              weekly, monthly, or annual basis.

         >>>  Full GEM interface with drop down menus, click on buttons
              and keyboard commands for ultimate ease of use.

         >>>  Unique "Quick Letter" option for those occasions when you
              need to send a single "almost form letter." Great for
              business reply mail and followup letters.

         >>>  Unlimited notes for each person in your Tracker/ST files.
              Notes are not limited to a few characters or words.

         >>>  Category, rank, source and I.D. fields to help you identify
              each entry in your list.

         >>>  Full reports to screen and printer, including easy to use
              sorting, filtering, grouping, counting, and summarizing. No
              need to use complicated "dot prompts" or learn a confusing
              database language.

         >>>  Import and export names in ASCII and Tracker/ST formats.

         >>>  Easy transfer of names from all popular ST data management
              packages into Tracker/ST.

         >>>  Number of names limited only by disk space.

         >>>  Comprehensive manual with full tutorial and complete index.
              Manual is spiral bound.

         >>>  Installs easily on your hard drive--not copy protected.

     Tracker/ST is perfect for businesses of all types, religious and
 school organizations, theater and music groups, photographers, freelance
 writers and artists, clubs, newsletter publishers, salesmen and
 saleswomen, etc.

     Tracker/ST will run on any Atari ST with one megabyte of RAM and a
 double sided disk drive. The program runs in medium resolution color and
 high resolution monochrome, and also completely supports the Moniterm
 large screen monitor. A hard drive is recommended.

                       Tracker/ST is available NOW.

                   See your local dealer or send a check
                        money order for $79.95 to:

                         Step Ahead Software, Inc.
                       496-A Hudson Street Suite 39F
                         New York City, NY  10014

 For more information;
                               Please call:
                            Step Ahead Software
                 during normal East Coast business hours.


 > ERROR CODES  CPU/STR InfoFile?      What they all mean..

 Conf : Atari Technical
 Msg# : 1310  Lines: Extended  Read: 1
 Sent : Apr 5, 1990  at 6:54 PM
 To   : XORG
 From : LORD WASTERAM at RAM Wasteland
 Subj : Re: <1227> TOS error codes

     Ever wondered what those TOS error messages and 'bombs' on your
 monitor signified? Below is a letter, originally written by Darryl May,
 that John Townsend of Atari posted on GEnie in January to provide some
 answers. This letter also appeared in the June 1988 issue of _Current
 Notes_ (122 N. Johnson Rd., Sterling, VA 22170).

 Dear ATARI customer,

     The following is an official list of the errors that can appear
 while you are operating your ST computer. This first list gives you
 the GEM error messages:

          Error description          GEM Error code
             OK (no error)....................0
             Fundamental error................1
             Drive not ready..................2
             Unknown command..................3
             CRC error........................4
             Bad request......................5
             Seek error.......................6
             Unknown media....................7
             Sector not found.................8
             No paper.........................9
             Write fault.....................10
             Read fault......................11
             General error...................12
             Write protect...................13
             Media change....................14
             Unknown device..................15
             Bad sectors on format...........16
             Insert other disk...............17
             Invalid function number.........32
             File not found..................33
             Path not found..................34
             No handles left.................35
             Access denied...................36
             Invalid handle..................37
             Insufficient memory.............39
             Invalid memory block address....40
             Invalid drive specified.........46
             No more files...................49
             Range error.....................64
             Internal error..................65
             Invalid program load format.....66

     Those bombs that appear on your screen are error messages from
 the 68000 micro-processor.

          Description                     of bombs
             Bus Error........................2
             Address Error....................3
             Illegal Instruction..............4
             Zero Divide......................5
             CHK Instruction..................6
             TRAPV Instruction................7
             Privilege Violation..............8
             Uninitialized Interrupt Vector..15
             [unassigned, reserved].......16-23
             Spurious Interrupt..............24
             Level 1 Interrupt Autovector....25
             Level 2 Interrupt Autovector....26
             Level 3 Interrupt Autovector....27
             Level 4 Interrupt Autovector....28
             Level 5 Interrupt Autovector....29
             Level 6 Interrupt Autovector....30
             Level 7 Interrupt Autovector....31
             Trap Instruction Vectors.....32-47
             [unassigned, reserved].......48-63
             User Interrupt Vectors......64-255

                                     Darryl May
                                     Tech Specialist


     After having received a number of requests pertaining to the meaning
 of the number of bombs noticed on the screen from time time, we bring to 
 an excellent list provided through the FNET....


 > Stock Market ~ CPU NewsWire?     Watchin' the Sheckles Grow!

                                                     THE TICKERTAPE

 by Michael Arthur

 Concept by Glenn Gorman

     On Monday, Atari Stock went up 1/8 of a point, and up another 1/8 of a
 point on Tuesday.  Atari Stock stayed even on Wednesday, but shot up by
 5/8 of a point on Thursday, and stayed even on Friday.  Finishing up the
 week at 6 1/2 points, Atari stock has gone up 7/8 of a point since the
 last report.

        Apple Stock was down 2 points from Friday, March 23, 1990.
            Commodore Stock was up 3/8 of a point from 3/23/90.
               IBM Stock was down 1 5/8 points from 3/23/90.

                 Stock Report for Week of 3/26/90 to 3/30/90

 STock|   Monday   |   Tuesday   |  Wednesday  |  Thursday  |   Friday    |
 Reprt|Last    Chg.|Last     Chg.|Last     Chg.|Last    Chg.|Last     Chg.|
 Atari|5 3/4  + 1/8|5 7/8   + 1/8|5 7/8   ---- |6 1/2  + 5/8|6 1/2   ---- |
      |            |             |             |            | 74,200  Sls |
  CBM |8 1/4   --- |8 3/8   + 1/8|8 3/8   ---- |8 3/8  ---- |8 5/8   + 1/4|
      |            |             |             |            | 50,200  Sls |
 Apple|42 1/4  --- | 42     - 1/4|41 1/4  - 3/4|41 1/8  -1/8|40 1/4  + 1/8|
      | IBM |104 1/8     |104 1/2  +3/8|105 7/8      | 106   + 1/8|106 1/8  +1/8|
      |        -7/8|             |       +1 5/8|            |1,426,000 Sls|

        'Sls' refers to the # of stock shares that were traded that day.
        'CBM' refers to Commodore Corporation.
        '----'  means that the stock's price d__________________________________________________

 > TAF SHOW CPU/STR Spotlight?   A look at the TAF show

 Sub: TAF show

     Ralph, just got back from the Toronto show.  It was another packed
 show. They estimate about 2000 people went through.  Atari Canada was
 showing off some new color moniterm-like monitor.  16 colors o all
 time low of $690 ($580 US) which is an _amazing_ deal.  My booth was
 packed all day, and we did quite well sales wise.  There were some other
 pretty amazing deals.  Hopefully WOA will be at least as good.



                      TORONTO, ONTARIO, APRIL 1, 1990

I1      ==Q!M=I =UQ

I=5]%th a disk full of PD software was going for $750
 and most dealers had a good supply of Lynx along with the  usual 4 games. 
 There was at least one Supercharger MS-DOS emulator in a 1 meg version on
 display, but only orders were being taken at the  show, as well as a good
 supply of PC-Speed and Megafile 44's at several booths.  Atari Canada had
 a large well stocked display in the center and showed everything from the
 full PC line (including the 20 MHz 386), to the CD-ROM, Lynx, Stacy and
 Megafile 44.  ISD was very  evident in the Atari booth and was featuring
 Calamus DTP as well as their new Outline to crowds that were amazed by
 the possibilities.  They also had a Mega 4 with a math co-processor and
 Turbo 16 board  using Image Systems colour video board hooked up to a NEC
 D5  multisync monitor running the newest version of Dynacadd.  All of 
 this was being printed on a Roland Size E colour plotter and has to be
 one of the best setups available on any machine.  Ask anyone who saw it.

     Developers such as Strata with STalker, Gribnif with NeoDesk, ASDE 
 with Geography Tutor, Branch Always with QuickST II, and D.A. Brumleve
 with her kids' programs were doing and excellent business as well as
 getting a chance to talk to the people using their products.  A full
 slate of seminars in 2 adjoining rooms gave many of the developers and
 distributers a chance to demonstrate and talk about  their products.  In
 addition, Atari Canada's featured guest was Bob Brodie and he lived up to
 the rave reviews he has gotten from previous visits he has made in the

     While this show may not have been as large as some of those south of 
 the border, it certainly was as successful and the support given by  Atari
 Canada, not only in attending with a very professional booth, but in
 ensuring a good supply of the newest product was available, made everyone
 who attended feel that the Atari is a computer with a future.

 Terry Webb
 National Capital Atari Users Group, Ottawa, Canada.


 > CPU NEWSWIRE CONFIDENTIAL?        Sayin' it like it is.....

 - Mendham, N.J.           *** EXPLORER DARED ATARI TO ACT! ***

     Incendiary statements like these appear in Betsy Staples editorial;
     "Certain managers in Sunnyvale, apparently feeling little obligation
     to pay for the printing of the last issue they had chosen to
     discontinue, ignored the bill for an unconscionable period." 

 Additionally she wrote;

     "We are simply trying to minimize the damage done to our dealers and
     our advertisers by one penny pinching sycophant in Atari's accounting

 This relates to the Atarian magazine, a nice idea that never got off the
 ground.  It seems the printer decided to hold the production and release
 of Explorer up until he was paid for the work done on the Atarian, when
 payment was not forthcoming, the new Explorer was forced to wait in thme arrangements were made for payment, production resumed
 on Explorer but once again problems arose.. the delivery of Explorer was
     "Only to be brought to a screeching halt when the agreed upon payment
     was not received on schedule".  

 The following also points out the frustration felt by Staples and Ahl;  We
 quote from the Staples editorial; 

     "Several calln a few brownie points with the rabidly anti-
     FedEx Tramiels or, perhaps, to such people petty nastiness is its own
     reward--had dropped the envelope containing it into the chaotic
     maelstrom that is the first class mail stream during the weeks before

 While the entire matter truly appears to blown totally out of proportion
 by Atari's gross over-reaction in  smooth
 sounding 'as a matter of fact' type press release saying in so many words,
 "we are re-organizing and re-locating Explorer". This leaves this reporter
 breathless.  The deed was clear cut and simple, Atari was shocked and
 angered because of Explorer hanging out Atari's dirty laundry for all the
 world to see.  Atari reacted accordingly ..or rather, overreacted.  

 Of course, Davindow and downstairs side windows.  David actually lived out the role of
 David and Goliath by taking on Atari's Mr. L.  Hmmm  a bit cryptic but
 when one reads further;  

     "I was sick and tired of taking heat from a certain un-named member of
     the ruling clan at Atari Corp. --call him Mr. L-- who regularly rants
     and raves about things that appear in this column."

 Moving rputer World in England. 
     Specifically, he objected to my saying that the LCD screen doesn't
     reproduce all PC graphics correctly.  A fact subsequently verified by
     two other publications.  I remarked that I wouldn't have to publish
     test results from other magazines if Atari would simply lend the
     editors of its own magazine -ie, us- a Portfolio on which we could run
  re not going
     to get one'".

 Having been there ourselves a number of times, the dialog sounded vaguely
 familiar except, in our case, it came from the commander of the now very
 famous, "ill-fated and circling" Aircraft Carrier.  Certainly a good
 majority of the userbase would very much like to see Explorer restored to
 its true form and not evolve into a very typical company rag....  Displays
 of rabid temper tantrums do nothing but detract from the overall
 productivity of any company.  And we wonder why ALL the products are


 > Hard Disks CPU/STR InfoFile?      Affordable Mass Storage....

                        NEW PRICES! & MORE MODELS!!

                      ABCO COMPUTER ELECTRONICS INC.
              P.O. Box 6672  Jacksonville, Florida 32236-6672
                                Est.  1985

                   Voice: 904-783-3319  10 AM - 4 PM EDT
                     BBS: 904-786-4176   12-24-96 HST
                    FAX: 904-783-3319  12 PM - 6 AM EDT
   All systems are complete and ready to use, included at NO EXTRA COST
                 are clock/calendar and cooling blower(s).
                 (you are NOT limited to two drives ONLY!)
                   (all cables and connectors installed)

                     * ICD ADVANTAGE HOST ADAPTERS * 

         51mb #SGN4951   529.95              65mb #SG60101   669.95
         80mb #SGN296    759.95             100mb #SG84011D  939.00


                                 FROM 30mb

                            :IMPORTANT NOTICE:
                         TAX REFUND SPECIAL OFFER!

                      ****** for $50.00 LESS! ******
                 That's right! A custom two for one sale.
                     Buy with a friend and save money!
                        CALL TODAY and ORDER YOURS!
                   -offer good for a limited ti
     - ICD Mass Storage Utility Software       - 3' DMA Cable 
     - Fan & Clock                             - Multi-Unit Power Supply
                          (1) 44 MB Syquest Cart.

                  Completely Assembled and READY TO RUN!
                  in a shoebox OR under monitor cabinet  
                      As of 3/90 NOW ONLY __$865.00__

                        SPECIALLY PRICED  $1539.00 

         - Syquest 44 Model [555] and the following hard drives -
          50mb SQG51   $1279.00           30mb SQG38    $1199.00
          65mb SQG09   $1339.00           85mb SQG96    $1399.00

            *****  COMING SOON!   INSITE FLOPTICAL DRIVE  *****
                          August-September, 1990

            uses standard 3.5" floppy disks and Floptical disks
           Will access and read your present library of floppys
                              $789.95 approx.  

           Listed above are a sampling of the systems available.
      Prices also reflect various cabinet/power supply configurations
    (over sixty configurations are available, flexibility is unlimited)
            *** ALL Units: Average Access Time: 24ms - 34ms ***

             LARGER units are available - (special order only)

                     NO REPACKS OR REFURBS EVER USED!

       - Custom Walnut WOODEN Cabinets - TOWER - AT - XT Cabinets -
                   Keyboard Custom Cables Call for Info
                      ALL POWER SUPPLIES UL APPROVED

                       -* 12 month FULL Guarantee *-
                         (A FULL YEAR of COVERAGE)


                     DEALERS and DISTRIBUTORS WANTED!
                         please, call for details

                 Personal and Company Checks are accepted.

                            ORDER YOURS TODAY!

                       904-783-3319    9am - 8pm EDT


 > A "Quotable Quote"?

                     THE WIND-UP DOLL OF THE WEEK....

       "You wind it up and it befriends you and eats your lunch... 
             ..then, when you protest, threaten----------------------
 CPU/STR?           "Your Independent News Source"           April 06, 1990
 16/32bit Magazine         copyright = 1990                      No.4.14
 Views, Opinions and Articles Presented herein are not necessarily those of
 the editors, staff,  CPU? NEWSWIRE?  CPU/STR?  or  CPU  Report?.   Reed.  All reprints must
 include CPU NEWSWIRE, CPU/STR or CPU  Report and  the author's  name.  All
 information presented  herein is  believed correct,  the editors and staff
 are not responsible for any use or misuse of information contained herein.


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