Vocational Training Vocational courses (job-oriented courses) are becoming more and more popular. Educators and employers have begun to realize that a college degree is unnecessary for certain jobs. Many careers in data processing, in particular, require more specialized training and less of the general education acquired at colleges and universities. It is not at all unusual to find many people without college degrees in computer-related jobs. Where did they get the necessary training to become data preparation specialists, computer operators, programmers or even systems analysts? At vocational training centers, at private business schools, in a two year job training program at a junior college, with a computer manufacturer or in an on-the-job training session paid for by a new employer. A four or five year college or university program is not essential to begin a career in data processing. There are, of course, computer careers which require a college education and some highly specialized training. Those we will look at in the next section, "Going on to College." Right now, let's look at some of the jobs which might be best suited to short-term training-jobs which do not require a college education.Some of the most likely are data preparation clerk, computer operator and computer programmer. The jobs of systems analyst can also be obtained without a degree but often requires some advanced study in business administration. Other jobs with computer manufacturers or, related businesses which require only specialized training courses are customer engineer, equipment salesman and computer service representative. The schools which offer training for these jobs offer a variety of courses, but their. costs vary according to the length and completeness of the course. The chart (previous page) will show you some types of vocational' training schools, the courses they offer, and the general cost of the training. If you think you would like to look into computer training after high school, you can check into enrolling in one of these schools. Notice that home study schools and commercial data processing schools are rather high in cost. The junior college courses, on the other hand, will cost only the price of tuition and books. Home study courses are primarily meant for those who live in remote areas and have no other source of training. A word of warning about commercial data processing schools - some of the schools are not as honest as they appear to be. If you decide on a data processing school for your training, check carefully into the school's reputation and see that they actually can train you for the job or that their tuitions are reasonable for what they offer. Again, you can consult your school job counselor, the computer science teacher in your school, or your school library for information on vocational training for computer careers. Going on to College A college degree is not essential for many jobs and careers in data processing, as you have seen. For some computer careers, however, a college education is either very helpful or even necessary to achieve a certain level of employment. Such specialized positions as systems programmer, software specialist, computer hardware designer and scientific systems analyst usually require a college degree. If you have decided on a career in a specialized computer field - scientific data processing, computer design and manufacturing, or teaching computer science, for example-you would do well to explore now the many possibilities for a specialized education. Colleges and universities usually offer computer-related degrees which combine education in a major field with computer courses. lf, for example, you wanted to become a systems analyst and work primarily in business, you would probably study business administration with computer science courses included as part of your course of study. lf, however, you wanted to become a systems analyst for scientific research in computers, you would most likely have computer science as your major field. For whatever the specialized computer career you may want to pursue, college and university admission offices are usually helpful in supplying you with catalogs, pamphlets and other information about their computer science courses. High school counselors are trained to aid students in choosing the right college and the proper college courses for a particular career. You can begin now to explore the paths to a college education open to you by consulting these sources. The care and feeding of the computer is the responsibility of the computer operator. Here at the console of an IBM 360/125 he and a company manager examine a printout showing the runs made the previous night.